Martin S. Angst

Anesthesiologist

Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at the Stanford University Medical Center

Anesthesia Preoperative Evaluation Clinic

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-723-6412
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Residency: University of Bern - Switzerland (1994) Switzerland

Residency: Regionalspital Burgdorf (1990) Switzerland

Medical Education: Berne University School of Medicine (1987) Switzerland

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Clinical recovery from surgery correlates with single-cell immune signatures.
Gaudillière, B., Fragiadakis, G. K., Bruggner, R. V., Nicolau, M., Finck, R., & Nolan, G. P. (2014). Clinical recovery from surgery correlates with single-cell immune signatures. Science translational medicine, 6(255), 255ra131.

Analgesic and sympatholytic effects of low-dose intrathecal clonidine compared with bupivacaine: a doseresponse study in female volunteers
Ginosar, Y., Riley, E. T., & Angst, M. S. (2013). Analgesic and sympatholytic effects of low-dose intrathecal clonidine compared with bupivacaine: a doseresponse study in female volunteers. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, 111(2), 256-?.

Changes Resembling Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Following Surgery and Immobilization
Pepper, A., Li, W., Kingery, W. S., Angst, M. S., Curtin, C. M., & Clark, J. D. (2013). Changes Resembling Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Following Surgery and Immobilization. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 14(5), 516-524.

In reply.
Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2013). In reply. Anesthesiology, 118(1), 230-231.

Postoperative Subcutaneous Instillation of Low-Dose Ketorolac But Not Hydromorphone Reduces Wound Exudate Concentrations of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 and Improves Analgesia Following Cesarean Delivery
Carvalho, B., Lemmens, H. J., Ting, V., & Angst, M. S. (2013). Postoperative Subcutaneous Instillation of Low-Dose Ketorolac But Not Hydromorphone Reduces Wound Exudate Concentrations of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 and Improves Analgesia Following Cesarean Delivery. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 14(1), 48-56.

Analgesic tolerance without demonstrable opioid-induced hyperalgesia: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of sustained-release morphine for treatment of chronic nonradicular low-back pain
Chu, L. F., D'Arcy, N., Brady, C., Zamora, A. K., Young, C. A., & Clark, J. D. (2012). Analgesic tolerance without demonstrable opioid-induced hyperalgesia: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of sustained-release morphine for treatment of chronic nonradicular low-back pain. PAIN, 153(8), 1583-1592.

Pain sensitivity and opioid analgesia: A pharmacogenomic twin study
Angst, M. S., Phillips, N. G., Drover, D. R., Tingle, M., Ray, A., & Clark, J. D. (2012). Pain sensitivity and opioid analgesia: A pharmacogenomic twin study. PAIN, 153(7), 1397-1409.

Aversive and Reinforcing Opioid Effects A Pharmacogenomic Twin Study
Angst, M. S., Lazzeroni, L. C., Phillips, N. G., Drover, D. R., Tingle, M., & Clark, J. D. (2012). Aversive and Reinforcing Opioid Effects A Pharmacogenomic Twin Study. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 117(1), 22-37.

Sensitivity of gait parameters to the effects of anti-inflammatory and opioid treatments in knee osteoarthritis patients
Boyer, K. A., Angst, M. S., Asay, J., Giori, N. J., & Andriacchi, T. P. (2012). Sensitivity of gait parameters to the effects of anti-inflammatory and opioid treatments in knee osteoarthritis patients. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 30(7), 1118-1124.

Integrative Approach to Pain Genetics Identifies Pain Sensitivity Loci across Diseases
Ruau, D., Dudley, J. T., Chen, R., Phillips, N. G., Swan, G. E., & Angst, M. S. (2012). Integrative Approach to Pain Genetics Identifies Pain Sensitivity Loci across Diseases. PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY, 8(6).

Modulation of remifentanil-induced postinfusion hyperalgesia by the beta-blocker propranolol in humans
Chu, L. F., Cun, T., Ngai, L. K., Kim, J. E., Zamora, A. K., & Clark, D. J. (2012). Modulation of remifentanil-induced postinfusion hyperalgesia by the beta-blocker propranolol in humans. PAIN, 153(5), 974-981.

Sex Differences in Reported Pain Across 11,000 Patients Captured in Electronic Medical Records
Ruau, D., Liu, L. Y., Clark, J. D., Angst, M. S., & Butte, A. J. (2012). Sex Differences in Reported Pain Across 11,000 Patients Captured in Electronic Medical Records. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 13(3), 228-234.

Collecting and measuring wound exudate biochemical mediators in surgical wounds.
Carvalho, B., Clark, D. J., Yeomans, D., & Angst, M. S. (2012). Collecting and measuring wound exudate biochemical mediators in surgical wounds. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (68).

Necessity and Risks of Arterial Blood Sampling in Healthy Volunteer Studies
Oertel, B. G., Vermehren, J., Zimmermann, M., Huynh, T. T., Doehring, A., & Loetsch, J. (2012). Necessity and Risks of Arterial Blood Sampling in Healthy Volunteer Studies. CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS, 51(10), 629-638.

Selective nociceptor activation in volunteers by infrared diode laser
Tzabazis, A. Z., Klukinov, M., Crottaz-Herbette, S., Nemenov, M. I., Angst, M. S., & Yeomans, D. C. (2011). Selective nociceptor activation in volunteers by infrared diode laser. MOLECULAR PAIN, 7.

The Endogenous Opioid System Is Not Involved in Modulation of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia
Chu, L. F., Dairmont, J., Zamora, A. K., Young, C. A., & Angst, M. S. (2011). The Endogenous Opioid System Is Not Involved in Modulation of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 12(1), 108-115.

The Role of Interleukin-1 in Wound Biology. Part I: Murine In Silico and In Vitro Experimental Analysis
Hu, Y., Liang, D., Li, X., Liu, H.-H., Zhang, X., & Peltz, G. (2010). The Role of Interleukin-1 in Wound Biology. Part I: Murine In Silico and In Vitro Experimental Analysis. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 111(6), 1525-1533.

Continuous Subcutaneous Instillation of Bupivacaine Compared to Saline Reduces Interleukin 10 and Increases Substance P in Surgical Wounds After Cesarean Delivery
Carvalho, B., Clark, D. J., Yeomans, D. C., & Angst, M. S. (2010). Continuous Subcutaneous Instillation of Bupivacaine Compared to Saline Reduces Interleukin 10 and Increases Substance P in Surgical Wounds After Cesarean Delivery. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 111(6), 1452-1459.

The Role of Interleukin-1 in Wound Biology. Part II: In Vivo and Human Translational Studies
Hu, Y., Liang, D., Li, X., Liu, H.-H., Zhang, X., & Peltz, G. (2010). The Role of Interleukin-1 in Wound Biology. Part II: In Vivo and Human Translational Studies. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 111(6), 1534-1542.

Effect of a Preemptive Femoral Nerve Block on Cytokine Release and Hyperalgesia in Experimentally Inflamed Skin of Human Volunteers
Carvalho, B., Aleshi, P., Horstman, D. J., & Angst, M. S. (2010). Effect of a Preemptive Femoral Nerve Block on Cytokine Release and Hyperalgesia in Experimentally Inflamed Skin of Human Volunteers. REGIONAL ANESTHESIA AND PAIN MEDICINE, 35(6), 514-519.

The Analgesic and Antihyperalgesic Effects of Transcranial Electrostimulation with Combined Direct and Alternating Current in Healthy Volunteers
Nekhendzy, V., Lemmens, H. J., Tingle, M., Nekhendzy, M., & Angst, M. S. (2010). The Analgesic and Antihyperalgesic Effects of Transcranial Electrostimulation with Combined Direct and Alternating Current in Healthy Volunteers. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 111(5), 1301-1307.

Opioid Pharmacogenomics Using a Twin Study Paradigm: Methods and Procedures for Determining Familial Aggregation and Heritability
Angst, M. S., Phillips, N. G., Drover, D. R., Tingle, M., Galinkin, J. L., & Clark, J. D. (2010). Opioid Pharmacogenomics Using a Twin Study Paradigm: Methods and Procedures for Determining Familial Aggregation and Heritability. TWIN RESEARCH AND HUMAN GENETICS, 13(5), 412-425.

Opioid Pharmacotherapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain in the United States: A Research Guideline for Developing an Evidence-Base
Chapman, C. R., Lipschitz, D. L., Angst, M. S., Chou, R., Denisco, R. C., & Weisner, C. M. (2010). Opioid Pharmacotherapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain in the United States: A Research Guideline for Developing an Evidence-Base. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 11(9), 807-829.

Ketamine for Managing Perioperative Pain in Opioid-dependent Patients with Chronic Pain A Unique Indication?
Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2010). Ketamine for Managing Perioperative Pain in Opioid-dependent Patients with Chronic Pain A Unique Indication?. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 113(3), 514-515.

Identification of a complex between fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain in synovial fluid of patients with painful meniscal pathology
Scuderi, G. J., Woolf, N., Dent, K., Golish, S. R., Cuellar, J. M., & Hanna, L. S. (2010). Identification of a complex between fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain in synovial fluid of patients with painful meniscal pathology. CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, 43(10-11), 808-814.

Intrathecal Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors in Humans Don't Throw in the Towel!
Angst, M. S. (2010). Intrathecal Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors in Humans Don't Throw in the Towel!. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 112(5), 1082-1083.

Cytokine evaluation in individuals with low back pain using discographic lavage
Cuellar, J. M., Golish, S. R., Reuter, M. W., Cuellar, V. G., Angst, M. S., & Scuderi, G. J. (2010). Cytokine evaluation in individuals with low back pain using discographic lavage. SPINE JOURNAL, 10(3), 212-218.

Selective Antagonism of Opioid-Induced Ventilatory Depression by an Ampakine Molecule in Humans Without Loss of Opioid Analgesia
Oertel, B. G., Felden, L., Tran, P. V., Bradshaw, M. H., Angst, M. S., & Loetsch, J. (2010). Selective Antagonism of Opioid-Induced Ventilatory Depression by an Ampakine Molecule in Humans Without Loss of Opioid Analgesia. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 87(2), 204-211.

Epidural Interferon Gamma-Immunoreactivity A Biomarker for Lumbar Nerve Root Irritation
Scuderi, G. J., Cuellar, J. M., Cuellar, V. G., Yeomans, D. C., Carragee, E. J., & Angst, M. S. (2009). Epidural Interferon Gamma-Immunoreactivity A Biomarker for Lumbar Nerve Root Irritation. SPINE, 34(21), 2311-2317.

No evidence for the development of acute tolerance to analgesic, respiratory depressant and sedative opioid effects in humans
Angst, M. S., Chu, L. F., Tingle, M. S., Shafer, S. L., Clark, J. D., & Drover, D. R. (2009). No evidence for the development of acute tolerance to analgesic, respiratory depressant and sedative opioid effects in humans. PAIN, 142(1-2), 17-26.

Determining heat and mechanical pain threshold in inflamed skin of human subjects.
Angst, M. S., Tingle, M., Phillips, N. G., & Carvalho, B. (2009). Determining heat and mechanical pain threshold in inflamed skin of human subjects. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (23).

Cytokine profile in human skin in response to experimental inflammation, noxious stimulation, and administration of a COX-inhibitor: A microdialysis study
Angst, M. S., Clark, J. D., Carvalho, B., Tingle, M., Schmelz, M., & Yeomans, D. C. (2008). Cytokine profile in human skin in response to experimental inflammation, noxious stimulation, and administration of a COX-inhibitor: A microdialysis study. PAIN, 139(1), 15-27.

Opioid-induced hyperalgesia in humans - Molecular mechanisms and clinical considerations
Chu, L. F., Angst, M. S., & Clark, D. (2008). Opioid-induced hyperalgesia in humans - Molecular mechanisms and clinical considerations. CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN, 24(6), 479-496.

Local and systemic release of cytokines, nerve growth factor, prostaglandin E2, and substance P in incisional wounds and serum following cesarean delivery
Carvalho, B., Clark, D. J., & Angst, M. S. (2008). Local and systemic release of cytokines, nerve growth factor, prostaglandin E2, and substance P in incisional wounds and serum following cesarean delivery. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 9(7), 650-657.

Chronic morphine administration enhances nociceptive sensitivity and local cytokine production after incision
Liang, Dy., Shi, X., Qiao, Y., Angst, M. S., Yeomans, D. C., & Clark, J. D. (2008). Chronic morphine administration enhances nociceptive sensitivity and local cytokine production after incision. MOLECULAR PAIN, 4.

Human in-vivo bioassay for the tissue-specific measurement of nociceptive and inflammatory mediators.
Angst, M. S., Tingle, M., Schmelz, M., Carvalho, B., & Yeomans, D. C. (2008). Human in-vivo bioassay for the tissue-specific measurement of nociceptive and inflammatory mediators. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (22).

Collecting and measuring nociceptive and inflammatory mediators in surgical wounds.
Carvalho, B., Clark, D. J., Yeomans, D., & Angst, M. S. (2008). Collecting and measuring nociceptive and inflammatory mediators in surgical wounds. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE.

Morphine reduces local cytokine expression and neutrophil infiltration after incision
Clark, J. D., Shi, X., Li, X., Qiao, Y., Liang, Dy., & Yeomans, D. C. (2007). Morphine reduces local cytokine expression and neutrophil infiltration after incision. MOLECULAR PAIN, 3.

When Opioids cause pain
Davis, M. P., Shaiova, L. A., & Angst, M. S. (2007). When Opioids cause pain. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 25(28), 4497-4498.

Comment on Koltzenburg et al.: Differential sensitivity of three experimental pain models in detecting the analgesic effects of transdermal fentanyl and buprenorphine. Pain 2006;126 : 165-74
Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2007). Comment on Koltzenburg et al.: Differential sensitivity of three experimental pain models in detecting the analgesic effects of transdermal fentanyl and buprenorphine. Pain 2006;126 : 165-74. PAIN, 128(3), 292-294.

Experimental heat pain for detecting pregnancy-induced analgesia in humans
Carvalho, B., Angst, M. S., Fuller, A. J., Lin, E., Mathusamy, A. D., & Riley, E. T. (2006). Experimental heat pain for detecting pregnancy-induced analgesia in humans. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 103(5), 1283-1287.

Blockade of the complement C5a receptor reduces incisional allodynia, edema, and cytokine expression
Clark, J. D., Qiao, Y., Li, X., Shi, X., Angst, M. S., & Yeomans, D. C. (2006). Blockade of the complement C5a receptor reduces incisional allodynia, edema, and cytokine expression. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 104(6), 1274-1282.

Opioid-induced hyperalgesia - A qualitative systematic review
Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2006). Opioid-induced hyperalgesia - A qualitative systematic review. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 104(3), 570-587.

Pharmacology of drugs formulated with DepoFoaM (TM) - A sustained release drug delivery system for parenteral administration using multivesicular liposome technology
Angst, M. S., & Drover, D. R. (2006). Pharmacology of drugs formulated with DepoFoaM (TM) - A sustained release drug delivery system for parenteral administration using multivesicular liposome technology. CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS, 45(12), 1153-1176.

Opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia in chronic pain patients after one month of oral morphine therapy: A preliminary prospective study
Chu, L. F., Clark, D. J., & Angst, M. S. (2006). Opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia in chronic pain patients after one month of oral morphine therapy: A preliminary prospective study. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 7(1), 43-48.

Activation of naloxone-sensitive and -insensitive inhibitory systems in a human pain model
Koppert, W., Filitz, J., Troster, A., Ihmsen, H., Angst, M., & Schmelz, M. (2005). Activation of naloxone-sensitive and -insensitive inhibitory systems in a human pain model. JOURNAL OF PAIN, 6(11), 757-764.

Dexmedetomidine and opioid interactions: Defining the role of dexmedetomidine for intensive care unit sedation
Maze, M., & Angst, M. S. (2004). Dexmedetomidine and opioid interactions: Defining the role of dexmedetomidine for intensive care unit sedation. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 101(5), 1059-1061.

Management of perioperative pain in patients chronically consuming opioids
Carroll, I. R., Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2004). Management of perioperative pain in patients chronically consuming opioids. REGIONAL ANESTHESIA AND PAIN MEDICINE, 29(6), 576-591.

Comparative analgesic and mental effects of increasing plasma concentrations of dexmedetomidine and alfentanil in humans
Angst, M. S., Ramaswamy, B., Davies, M. F., & Maze, M. (2004). Comparative analgesic and mental effects of increasing plasma concentrations of dexmedetomidine and alfentanil in humans. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 101(3), 744-752.

The site of action of epidural fentanyl in humans: The difference between infusion and bolus administration
Ginosar, Y., Riley, E. T., & Angst, M. S. (2003). The site of action of epidural fentanyl in humans: The difference between infusion and bolus administration. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 97(5), 1428-1438.

The site of action of epidural fentanyl infusions in the presence of local anesthetics: A minimum local analgesic concentration infusion study in nulliparous labor
Ginosar, Y., Columb, M. O., Cohen, S. E., Mirikatani, E., Tingle, M. S., & Riley, E. T. (2003). The site of action of epidural fentanyl infusions in the presence of local anesthetics: A minimum local analgesic concentration infusion study in nulliparous labor. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 97(5), 1439-1445.

Short-term infusion of the mu-opioid agonist remifentanil in humans causes hyperalgesia during withdrawal
Angst, M. S., Koppert, W., Pahl, I., Clark, D. J., & Schmelz, M. (2003). Short-term infusion of the mu-opioid agonist remifentanil in humans causes hyperalgesia during withdrawal. PAIN, 106(1-2), 49-57.

Naloxone provokes similar pain facilitation as observed after short-term infusion of remifentanil in humans
Koppert, W., Angst, M., Alsheimer, M., Sittl, R., Albrecht, S., & Martin, S. (2003). Naloxone provokes similar pain facilitation as observed after short-term infusion of remifentanil in humans. PAIN, 106(1-2), 91-99.

Seizure duration with remifentanil/methohexital vs. methohexital alone in middle-aged patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy
Smith, D. L., Angst, M. S., Brock-Utne, J. G., & Debattista, C. (2003). Seizure duration with remifentanil/methohexital vs. methohexital alone in middle-aged patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy. ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, 47(9), 1064-1066.

The mu-opioid agonist remifentanil attenuates hyperalgesia evoked by blunt and punctuated stimuli with different potency: a pharmacological evaluation of the freeze lesion in humans
Lotsch, J., & Angst, M. S. (2003). The mu-opioid agonist remifentanil attenuates hyperalgesia evoked by blunt and punctuated stimuli with different potency: a pharmacological evaluation of the freeze lesion in humans. PAIN, 102(1-2), 151-161.

Input characteristics and bioavailability after administration of immediate and a new extended-release formulation of hydromorphone in healthy volunteers
Drover, D. R., Angst, M. S., Valle, M., Ramaswamy, B., Naidu, S., & Verotta, D. (2002). Input characteristics and bioavailability after administration of immediate and a new extended-release formulation of hydromorphone in healthy volunteers. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 97(4), 827-836.

Opioid-induced hyperalgesia and incisional pain
Li, X. Q., Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2001). Opioid-induced hyperalgesia and incisional pain. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 93(1), 204-209.

The relationship between tracheal width and left bronchial width: Implications for left-sided double-lumen tube selection
Brodsky, J. B., Malott, K., Angst, M., Fitzmaurice, B. G., Kee, S. P., & Logan, L. (2001). The relationship between tracheal width and left bronchial width: Implications for left-sided double-lumen tube selection. JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC AND VASCULAR ANESTHESIA, 15(2), 216-217.

A murine model of opioid-induced hyperalgesia
Li, X. Q., Angst, M. S., & Clark, J. D. (2001). A murine model of opioid-induced hyperalgesia. MOLECULAR BRAIN RESEARCH, 86(1-2), 56-62.

Pharmacodynamics of orally administered sustained-release hydromorphone in humans
Angst, M. S., Drover, D. R., Lotsch, J., Ramaswamy, B., Naidu, S., & Stanski, D. R. (2001). Pharmacodynamics of orally administered sustained-release hydromorphone in humans. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 94(1), 63-73.

Painless Electrodiagnostic Current Perception Threshold and Pain Tolerance Threshold Values in CRPS Subjects and Healthy Controls: A Multi-Center Study
Raj PP, Chado HN, Angst MS, & et al. (2001). Painless Electrodiagnostic Current Perception Threshold and Pain Tolerance Threshold Values in CRPS Subjects and Healthy Controls: A Multi-Center Study. Pain Practice.

Antinociceptive effects of morphine-6-glucuronide in homozygous MDR1a P-glycoprotin knockout and in wildtype mice in the hotplate test
Lotsch, J., Tegeder, I., Angst, M. S., & Geisslinger, G. (2000). Antinociceptive effects of morphine-6-glucuronide in homozygous MDR1a P-glycoprotin knockout and in wildtype mice in the hotplate test. LIFE SCIENCES, 66(24), 2393-2403.

Insidious intoxication after morphine treatment in renal failure: Delayed onset of morphine-6-glucuronide action
Angst, M. S., Buhrer, M., & Lotsch, J. (2000). Insidious intoxication after morphine treatment in renal failure: Delayed onset of morphine-6-glucuronide action. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 92(5), 1473-1476.

Orthotopic liver transplantation for carcinoid tumour metastatic to the liver: anesthetic management
Claure, R. E., Drover, D. D., Haddow, G. R., Esquivel, C. O., & Angst, M. S. (2000). Orthotopic liver transplantation for carcinoid tumour metastatic to the liver: anesthetic management. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA-JOURNAL CANADIEN D ANESTHESIE, 47(4), 334-337.

Lumbar epidural morphine in humans and supraspinal analgesia to experimental heat pain
Angst, M. S., Ramaswamy, B., Riley, E. T., & Stanski, D. R. (2000). Lumbar epidural morphine in humans and supraspinal analgesia to experimental heat pain. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 92(2), 312-324.

The relationship between the visual analog pain intensity and pain relief scale changes during analgesic drug studies in chronic pain patients
Angst, M. S., Brose, W. G., & Dyck, J. B. (1999). The relationship between the visual analog pain intensity and pain relief scale changes during analgesic drug studies in chronic pain patients. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 91(1), 34-41.

Factors affecting the pharmacokinetic characteristics of rapacuronium
Fisher, D. M., Kahwaji, R., Bevan, D., Bikhazi, G., Fragen, R. J., & Matteo, R. S. (1999). Factors affecting the pharmacokinetic characteristics of rapacuronium. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 90(4), 993-1000.

Pharmacokinetics, cortisol release, and hemodynamics after intravenous and subcutaneous injection of human corticotropin-releasing factor in humans
Angst, M. S., Dyck, J. B., Azarnoff, D. L., Goldblum, R., Ho, B., & Shafer, S. L. (1998). Pharmacokinetics, cortisol release, and hemodynamics after intravenous and subcutaneous injection of human corticotropin-releasing factor in humans. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 64(5), 499-510.

Dose-response function of epidural fentanyl versus sufentanil
Angst, M. S. (1998). Dose-response function of epidural fentanyl versus sufentanil. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 86(4), 918-919.

Dose-ranging study in younger adult and elderly patients of ORG 9487, a new, rapid-onset, short-duration muscle relaxant
Kahwaji, R., Bevan, D. R., Bikhazi, G., Shanks, C. A., Fragen, R. J., & Matteo, R. (1997). Dose-ranging study in younger adult and elderly patients of ORG 9487, a new, rapid-onset, short-duration muscle relaxant. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 84(5), 1011-1018.

A New Double-Lumen IV Infusion Set Reduces Pain on Injection of Propofol.
Angst MS, Chris Tataru, Sean Mackey, Gary Zupfer, John B. Dyck, & John G. Brock-Utne. (1997). A New Double-Lumen IV Infusion Set Reduces Pain on Injection of Propofol. J Clin Anesth, (9).

CORTICOSTEROID-INDUCED STIMULATION OF ATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE IN MAN
SAXENHOFER, H., Angst, M., Weidmann, P., Shaw, S. G., & Ferrier, C. (1988). CORTICOSTEROID-INDUCED STIMULATION OF ATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE IN MAN. ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA, 118(2), 179-186.