Nikolas Blevins, MD

Otolaryngologist, Head and neck surgeon

Larry and Sharon Malcolmson Professor in the School of Medicine

Neurogenetic Oncology Program

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-723-6469
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Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
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Cranial Base Center

  • 801 Welch Road
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-723-5281
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Ear Clinic

  • 2452 Watson Court
  • Palo Alto, CA 94303
  • Phone: 650-723-5281
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Cochlear Implant Center

  • 2452 Watson Court
  • Palo Alto, CA 94303
  • Phone: 650-736-4351
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Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Advanced Medicine Center Building

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
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Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Boswell Building

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
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Professional Education

Fellowship: Univ of California San Francisco (1995) CA

Residency: Univ of California San Francisco (1994) CA

Internship: Univ of California San Francisco (1990) CA

Board Certification: Neurotology, American Board of Otolaryngology (2006)

Board Certification: Otolaryngology, American Board of Otolaryngology (1995)

Medical Education: Harvard Medical School (1988) MA

Fellowship, UC, San Francisco, Otology/ Neurotology (1995)

Residency, UC, San Francisco, Otolaryngology (1994)

BS, Stanford University, Biological Sciences (1984)

MD, Harvard Medical School, Medicine (1988)

Honors & Awards

Phi Beta Kappa, Stanford University (1983)

Best Electronic Publication Award: Temporal Bone Dissector, Association of American Publishers (1998)

Excellence in Teaching Awards, Tufts University (1998 - 2002)

Best Doctors in America, Best Doctors in America (2003, 2004, 2005)

San Francisco Best Doctors, San Francisco Magazine (2005)

Administrative Appointments

Director, Temporal Bone Laboratory, Stanford University, Department of Otolaryngology, 2003

Residency Program Director, Tufts University Department of Otolaryngology, 2000

Hearing Aid Subcommittee, American Academy of Otolaryngology, 1996

Task Force on New Materials, American Academy of Otolaryngology, 1998

Home Study Faculty, American Academy of Otolaryngology, 2002

Clinical Advisory Group - Hospital Infomatics, Stanord Hospital and Clinics, 2005

Imaging for evaluation of cholesteatoma: current concepts and future directions
Corrales, C. E., & Blevins, N. H. (2013). Imaging for evaluation of cholesteatoma: current concepts and future directions. CURRENT OPINION IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY & HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 21(5), 461-467.

Evaluating the Utility of Non-Echo-Planar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in the Preoperative Evaluation of Cholesteatoma: A Meta-analysis
Li, P. Mmc., Linos, E., Gurgel, R. K., Fischbein, N. J., & Blevins, N. H. (2013). Evaluating the Utility of Non-Echo-Planar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in the Preoperative Evaluation of Cholesteatoma: A Meta-analysis. LARYNGOSCOPE, 123(5), 1247-1250.

Deformable Haptic Rendering for Volumetric Medical Image Data
Chan, S., Blevins, N. H., & Salisbury, K. (2013). Deformable Haptic Rendering for Volumetric Medical Image Data. 2013 WORLD HAPTICS CONFERENCE (WHC), 73-78.

Virtual Reality Simulation in Neurosurgery: Technologies and Evolution
Chan, S., Conti, F., Salisbury, K., & Blevins, N. H. (2013). Virtual Reality Simulation in Neurosurgery: Technologies and Evolution. NEUROSURGERY, 72, A154-A164.

Virtual reality simulation in neurosurgery: technologies and evolution.
Chan, S., Conti, F., Salisbury, K., & Blevins, N. H. (2013). Virtual reality simulation in neurosurgery: technologies and evolution. Neurosurgery, 72, 154-164.

The effect of haptic degrees of freedom on task performance in virtual surgical environments.
Forsslund, J., Chan, S., Selesnick, J., Salisbury, K., Silva, R. G., & Blevins, N. H. (2013). The effect of haptic degrees of freedom on task performance in virtual surgical environments. Studies in health technology and informatics, 184, 129-135.

High-Fidelity, Inexpensive Surgical Middle Ear Simulator
Monfared, A., Mitteramskogler, G., Gruber, S., Salisbury, J. K., Stampfl, J., & Blevins, N. H. (2012). High-Fidelity, Inexpensive Surgical Middle Ear Simulator. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 33(9), 1573-1577.

Radiographic Evaluation of the Tegmen in Patients With Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence
Nadaraja, G. S., Gurgel, R. K., Fischbein, N. J., Anglemyer, A., Monfared, A., & Blevins, N. H. (2012). Radiographic Evaluation of the Tegmen in Patients With Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 33(7), 1245-1250.

Is It Valid to Calculate the 3-Kilohertz Threshold by Averaging 2 and 4 Kilohertz?
Gurgel, R. K., Popelka, G. R., Oghalai, J. S., Blevins, N. H., Chang, K. W., & Jackler, R. K. (2012). Is It Valid to Calculate the 3-Kilohertz Threshold by Averaging 2 and 4 Kilohertz?. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 147(1), 102-104.

Superior semicircular canal dehiscence diagnosed after failed stapedotomy for conductive hearing loss
Li, P. Mmc., Bergeron, C., Monfared, A., Agrawal, S., & Blevins, N. H. (2011). Superior semicircular canal dehiscence diagnosed after failed stapedotomy for conductive hearing loss. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY, 32(5), 441-444.

Tinnitus suppression by low-rate electric stimulation and its electrophysiological mechanisms
Zeng, F.-G., Tang, Q., Dimitrijevic, A., Starr, A., Larky, J., & Blevins, N. H. (2011). Tinnitus suppression by low-rate electric stimulation and its electrophysiological mechanisms. HEARING RESEARCH, 277(1-2), 61-66.

Dural arteriovenous fistula following translabyrinthine resection of cerebellopontine angle tumors: report of two cases.
Li, P. Mmc., Fischbein, N. J., Do, H. M., & Blevins, N. H. (2011). Dural arteriovenous fistula following translabyrinthine resection of cerebellopontine angle tumors: report of two cases. Skull base reports, 1(1), 51-58.

CT Angiography as a Screening Tool for Dural Arteriovenous Fistula in Patients with Pulsatile Tinnitus: Feasibility and Test Characteristics
Narvid, J., Do, H. M., Blevins, N. H., & Fischbein, N. J. (2011). CT Angiography as a Screening Tool for Dural Arteriovenous Fistula in Patients with Pulsatile Tinnitus: Feasibility and Test Characteristics. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, 32(3), 446-453.

A virtual surgical environment for rehearsal of tympanomastoidectomy.
Chan, S., Li, P., Lee, D. H., Salisbury, J. K., & Blevins, N. H. (2011). A virtual surgical environment for rehearsal of tympanomastoidectomy. Studies in health technology and informatics, 163, 112-118.

Curing hearing loss: Patient expectations, health care practitioners, and basic science
Oshima, K., Suchert, S., Blevins, N. H., & Heller, S. (2010). Curing hearing loss: Patient expectations, health care practitioners, and basic science. JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION DISORDERS, 43(4), 311-318.

Reconstruction and exploration of virtual middle-ear models derived from micro-CT datasets
Lee, D. H., Chan, S., Salisbury, C., Kim, N., Salisbury, K., & Blevins, N. H. (2010). Reconstruction and exploration of virtual middle-ear models derived from micro-CT datasets. HEARING RESEARCH, 263(1-2), 198-203.

Preliminary Evaluation of a Novel Bone-Conduction Device for Single-Sided Deafness
Popelka, G. R., Derebery, J., Blevins, N. H., Murray, M., Moore, B. Cj., & Katsis, M. (2010). Preliminary Evaluation of a Novel Bone-Conduction Device for Single-Sided Deafness. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 31(3), 492-497.

Cyberknife Radiotherapy for Vestibular Schwannoma
Sakamoto, G. T., Blevins, N., & Gibbs, I. C. (2009). Cyberknife Radiotherapy for Vestibular Schwannoma. OTOLARYNGOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 42(4), 665-?.

Integration of patient-specific paranasal sinus computed tomographic data into a virtual surgical environment
Parikh, S. S., Chan, S., Agrawal, S. K., Hwang, P. H., Salisbury, C. M., & Blevins, N. H. (2009). Integration of patient-specific paranasal sinus computed tomographic data into a virtual surgical environment. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, 23(4), 442-447.

Sensorineural hearing loss in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Karmody, C. S., Valdez, T. A., Desai, U., & Blevins, N. H. (2009). Sensorineural hearing loss in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY, 30(3), 166-170.

Intraoperative staining of tympanoplasty grafts: A technique to facilitate graft placement
Talas, D., Nguyen-Huynh, A., & Blevins, N. H. (2008). Intraoperative staining of tympanoplasty grafts: A technique to facilitate graft placement. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 138(5), 682-683.

Tympanic Membrane Collagen Fibers: A Key to High-Frequency Sound Conduction
O'Connor, K. N., Tam, M., Blevins, N. H., & Puria, S. (2008). Tympanic Membrane Collagen Fibers: A Key to High-Frequency Sound Conduction. LARYNGOSCOPE, 118(3), 483-490.

Providing metrics and performance feedback in a surgical simulator
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N. H., Dutta, S., Agrawal, S., & Salisbury, K. (2008). Providing metrics and performance feedback in a surgical simulator. COMPUTER AIDED SURGERY, 13(2), 63-81.

Representing Fluid with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics in a Cranial Base Simulator
Liu, W., Sewell, C., Blevins, N., Salisbury, K., Bodin, K., & Hjelte, N. (2008). Representing Fluid with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics in a Cranial Base Simulator. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 16, 132, 257-259.

Readout-segmented EPI for rapid high resolution diffusion imaging at 3T
Holdsworth, S. J., Skare, S., Newbould, R. D., Guzmann, R., Blevins, N. H., & Bammer, R. (2008). Readout-segmented EPI for rapid high resolution diffusion imaging at 3T. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 65(1), 36-46.

Pediatric vestibulopathy and pseudovestibulopathy: differential diagnosis and management.
Worden, B. F., & Blevins, N. H. (2007). Pediatric vestibulopathy and pseudovestibulopathy: differential diagnosis and management. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 15(5), 304-309.

Evaluating Drilling and Suctioning Technique in a Mastoidectomy Simulator
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N. H., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2007). Evaluating Drilling and Suctioning Technique in a Mastoidectomy Simulator. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 15, 125, 427-432.

Validating Metrics for a Mastoidectomy Simulator
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N. H., Agrawal, S., Dutta, S., & Salisbury, K. (2007). Validating Metrics for a Mastoidectomy Simulator. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 15, 125, 421-426.

The effect of virtual haptic training on real surgical drilling proficiency
Sewell, C., Blevins, N. H., Peddamatham, S., Tan, H. Z., Morris, D., & Salisbury, K. (2007). The effect of virtual haptic training on real surgical drilling proficiency. WORLD HAPTICS 2007: SECOND JOINT EUROHAPTICS CONFERENCE AND SYMPOSIUM ON HAPTIC INTERFACES FOR VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT AND TELEOPERATOR SYSTEMS, PROCEEDINGS, 601-603.

Virtuosity with the mallet and gouge: The brilliant triumph of the "Modern" mastoid operation
Sunder, S., Jackler, R. K., & Blevins, N. H. (2006). Virtuosity with the mallet and gouge: The brilliant triumph of the "Modern" mastoid operation. OTOLARYNGOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 39(6), 1191-?.

Visuohaptic simulation of bone surgery for training and evaluation
Morris, D., Sewell, C., Barbagli, F., Salisbury, K., Blevins, N. H., & Girod, S. (2006). Visuohaptic simulation of bone surgery for training and evaluation. IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS, 26(6), 48-57.

The challenges of revision skull base surgery
Nguyen-Huynh, A., Blevins, N. H., & Jackler, R. K. (2006). The challenges of revision skull base surgery. OTOLARYNGOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 39(4), 783-?.

Cochlear implantation in patients with neurofibromatosis Type 2 and bilateral vestibular schwannoma
Lustig, L. R., Yeagle, J., Driscoll, C. Lw., Blevins, N., Francis, H., & Niparko, J. K. (2006). Cochlear implantation in patients with neurofibromatosis Type 2 and bilateral vestibular schwannoma. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 27(4), 512-518.

Otologic manifestations of relapsing polychondritis - Review of literature and report of nine cases
Bachor, E., Blevins, N. H., Karmody, C., & Kuehnel, T. (2006). Otologic manifestations of relapsing polychondritis - Review of literature and report of nine cases. AURIS NASUS LARYNX, 33(2), 135-141.

In vivo Imaging of mammalian cochlear blood flow using fluorescence microendoscopy
Monfared, A., Blevins, N. H., Cheung, E. Lm., Jung, J. C., Popelka, G., & Schnitzer, M. J. (2006). In vivo Imaging of mammalian cochlear blood flow using fluorescence microendoscopy. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 27(2), 144-152.

Achieving Proper Exposure in Surgical Simulation
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2006). Achieving Proper Exposure in Surgical Simulation. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 14, 119, 497-502.

Sensorineural hearing loss, early greying, and essential tremor: A new hereditary syndrome?
Karmody, C. S., Blevins, N. H., & Lalwani, A. K. (2005). Sensorineural hearing loss, early greying, and essential tremor: A new hereditary syndrome?. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 133(1), 94-99.

Mid-frequency sensorineural hearing loss: aetiology and prognosis
Shah, R. K., Blevins, N. H., & Karmody, C. S. (2005). Mid-frequency sensorineural hearing loss: aetiology and prognosis. JOURNAL OF LARYNGOLOGY AND OTOLOGY, 119(7), 529-533.

Quantifying Risky Behavior in Surgical Simulation
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2005). Quantifying Risky Behavior in Surgical Simulation. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 13: THE MAGICAL NEXT BECOMES THE MEDICAL NOW, 111, 451-457.

Transfacial recess ossicular reconstruction: Technique and early results
Blevins, N. H. (2004). Transfacial recess ossicular reconstruction: Technique and early results. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 25(3), 236-241.

An event-driven framework for the simulation of complex surgical procedures
Sewell, C., Morris, D., Blevins, N., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2004). An event-driven framework for the simulation of complex surgical procedures. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2004, PT 2, PROCEEDINGS, 3217, 346-354.

A collaborative virtual environment for the simulation of temporal bone surgery
Morris, D., Sewell, C., Blevins, N., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2004). A collaborative virtual environment for the simulation of temporal bone surgery. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2004, PT 2, PROCEEDINGS, 3217, 319-327.

Otalgia
Shah, R. K., & Blevins, N. H. (2003). Otalgia. OTOLARYNGOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 36(6), 1137-?.

Current digital imaging for the otolaryngologist.
Blevins, N. H., & Lustig, L. R. (2003). Current digital imaging for the otolaryngologist. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 11(3), 166-172.

External auditory canal duplication anomalies associated with congenital aural atresia
Blevins, N. H., Byahatti, S. V., & Karmody, C. S. (2003). External auditory canal duplication anomalies associated with congenital aural atresia. JOURNAL OF LARYNGOLOGY AND OTOLOGY, 117(1), 32-38.

Potential use of diode laser soldering in middle ear reconstruction
Ditkoff, M., Blevins, N. H., Perrault, D., & Shapshay, S. M. (2002). Potential use of diode laser soldering in middle ear reconstruction. LASERS IN SURGERY AND MEDICINE, 31(4), 242-246.

Chronic myringitis: Prevalence, presentation, and natural history
Blevins, N. H., & Karmody, C. S. (2001). Chronic myringitis: Prevalence, presentation, and natural history. OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY, 22(1), 3-10.

Routine preoperative imaging in chronic ear surgery
Blevins, N. H., & Carter, B. L. (1998). Routine preoperative imaging in chronic ear surgery. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLOGY, 19(4), 527-535.

The origin of congenital cholesteatoma
Karmody, C. S., Byahatti, S. V., Blevins, N., Valtonen, H., & Northrop, C. (1998). The origin of congenital cholesteatoma. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLOGY, 19(3), 292-297.

Are acoustic neuromas encapsulated tumors?
Kuo, T. C., Jackler, R. K., Wong, K. D., Blevins, N. H., & Pitts, L. H. (1997). Are acoustic neuromas encapsulated tumors?. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 117(6), 606-609.

Chiari-I malformation presenting as vocal cord paralysis in the adult
Blevins, N. H., Deschler, D. G., Kingdom, T. T., & Lee, K. C. (1997). Chiari-I malformation presenting as vocal cord paralysis in the adult. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 117(6), S191-S194.

The promise of multimedia in otology
Blevins, N. H. (1997). The promise of multimedia in otology. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLOGY, 18(3), 283-284.

Postlaryngectomy dysphagia caused by an anterior neopharyngeal diverticulum
Deschler, D. G., Blevins, N. H., & Ellison, D. E. (1996). Postlaryngectomy dysphagia caused by an anterior neopharyngeal diverticulum. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 115(1), 167-169.

COMBINED TRANSPETROSAL-SUBTEMPORAL CRANIOTOMY FOR CLIVAL TUMORS WITH EXTENSION INTO THE POSTERIOR-FOSSA
Blevins, N. H., Jackler, R. K., Kaplan, M. J., & Gutin, P. H. (1995). COMBINED TRANSPETROSAL-SUBTEMPORAL CRANIOTOMY FOR CLIVAL TUMORS WITH EXTENSION INTO THE POSTERIOR-FOSSA. LARYNGOSCOPE, 105(9), 975-982.

EXPOSURE OF THE LATERAL EXTREMITY OF THE INTERNAL AUDITORY-CANAL THROUGH THE RETROSIGMOID APPROACH - A RADIOANATOMIC STUDY
Blevins, N. H., & Jackler, R. K. (1994). EXPOSURE OF THE LATERAL EXTREMITY OF THE INTERNAL AUDITORY-CANAL THROUGH THE RETROSIGMOID APPROACH - A RADIOANATOMIC STUDY. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 111(1), 81-90.

FACIAL PARALYSIS DUE TO BENIGN PAROTID TUMORS
Blevins, N. H., Jackler, R. K., Kaplan, M. J., & Boles, R. (1992). FACIAL PARALYSIS DUE TO BENIGN PAROTID TUMORS. ARCHIVES OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD & NECK SURGERY, 118(4), 427-430.

NOVEL INSTRUMENTATION FOR MULTIFIELD TIME-LAPSE CINEMICROGRAPHY
KALLMAN, R. F., Blevins, N., COYNE, M. A., & Prionas, S. D. (1990). NOVEL INSTRUMENTATION FOR MULTIFIELD TIME-LAPSE CINEMICROGRAPHY. COMPUTERS AND BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, 23(2), 115-129.