Eugene Carragee, MD

Spine surgeon

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Stanford University Medical Center

Orthopaedic Spine Center

  • 450 Broadway Street
  • Redwood City, CA 94063
  • Phone: 650-725-5905
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Residency: Stanford University School of Medicine (1988) CA

Residency: Stanford University School of Medicine (1984) CA

Medical Education: Stanford University School of Medicine (1982) CA

Internship: Stanford University School of Medicine (1983) CA

Board Certification: Orthopaedic Surgery, American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (1994)

Fellowship: University Of Hong Kong (1990) China

M.D., Stanford Univ. School of Med. (1982)

B.S., State Univ. of New York, Albany, Biology (1977)

Honors & Awards

Various awards and Commendations, U.S. Army (to present)

Leon Wiltse Award, North American Spine Society (2008)

Volvo Clinical Research Award, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (2000)

Clinical Research Award, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (2009 and 2006)

Excellence in Teaching Award, Stanford University School of Medicine (1996, 1997, 2004)

Outstanding Paper Award, North American Spine Society (2008 - 03, 01, 00, 1999-97)

Best Paper Award, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (2005)

Outstanding Research Award, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (2003)

Summa Cum Laude, State University of New York at Albany (1977)

Administrative Appointments

Chief, Spinal Surgery Division (2004 - Present)

Medical Director, Service Quality, Stanford Univeristy Hospital and Clinics (2009 - Present)

Director, Orthopaedic Spine Center at Stanford, Stanford Hospital and Clinics (1990 - Present)

Director, Medical Student Education; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine (1990 - Present)

Spine Consultant for Varsity and NCAA Teams, Stanford University (1993 - Present)

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predictors of Surgical Outcome in Patients With Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation
Lurie, J. D., Moses, R. A., Tosteson, A. Na., Tosteson, T. D., Carragee, E. J., & Herzog, R. J. (2013). Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predictors of Surgical Outcome in Patients With Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation. SPINE, 38(14), 1216-1225.

Does a Fibronectin and Aggrecan Complex Play a Role in Painful Vertebral Disks?
Cuellar, J. M., Golish, S. R., Leroux, E. J., Reuter, M. W., Carragee, E. J., & Scuderi, G. J. (2013). Does a Fibronectin and Aggrecan Complex Play a Role in Painful Vertebral Disks?. PM&R, 5(4), 297-302.

Thoracolumbar fracture dislocation sustained during childbirth in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis
Mayle, R. E., Cheng, I., & Carragee, E. J. (2012). Thoracolumbar fracture dislocation sustained during childbirth in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(11), E5-E8.

Functional assessment of the acute local and distal transplantation of human neural stem cells after spinal cord injury
Cheng, I., Mayle, R. E., Cox, C. A., Park, D. Y., Smith, R. L., & Carragee, E. J. (2012). Functional assessment of the acute local and distal transplantation of human neural stem cells after spinal cord injury. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(11), 1040-1044.

Retrograde ejaculation after anterior lumbar interbody fusion with and without bone morphogenetic protein-2 augmentation: a 10-year cohort controlled study
Comer, G. C., Smith, M. W., Hurwitz, E. L., Mitsunaga, K. A., Kessler, R., & Carragee, E. J. (2012). Retrograde ejaculation after anterior lumbar interbody fusion with and without bone morphogenetic protein-2 augmentation: a 10-year cohort controlled study. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(10), 881-890.

A biologic without guidelines: the YODA project and the future of bone morphogenetic protein-2 research
Carragee, E. J., Baker, R. M., Benzel, E. C., Bigos, S. J., Cheng, I., & Weiner, B. K. (2012). A biologic without guidelines: the YODA project and the future of bone morphogenetic protein-2 research. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(10), 877-880.

Commentary: Penetrating neck injury: George Orwell is "Struck by Lighting"
Carragee, E. J. (2012). Commentary: Penetrating neck injury: George Orwell is "Struck by Lighting". SPINE JOURNAL, 12(9), 769-770.

Commentary: Battle injuries: Jessica Lynch sets the record straight
Carragee, E. J. (2012). Commentary: Battle injuries: Jessica Lynch sets the record straight. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(9), 830-832.

Marching home, again: spine casualties, combat exposure, and the long wars
Carragee, E. J. (2012). Marching home, again: spine casualties, combat exposure, and the long wars. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(9), 723-726.

Commentary: The veteran: "A need to talk but no one wanted to hear about it"
Carragee, E. J. (2012). Commentary: The veteran: "A need to talk but no one wanted to hear about it". SPINE JOURNAL, 12(9), 804-805.

Morbidity and Mortality of C2 Fractures in the Elderly: Surgery and Conservative Treatment
Chen, Y.- ren, Boakye, M., Arrigo, R. T., Kalanithi, P. Sa., Cheng, I., & Park, J. (2012). Morbidity and Mortality of C2 Fractures in the Elderly: Surgery and Conservative Treatment. NEUROSURGERY, 70(5), 1055-1059.

Commentary: Revision lumbar surgery and revisiting the role of preoperative depression screening
Carragee, E. J., & Telles, C. J. (2012). Commentary: Revision lumbar surgery and revisiting the role of preoperative depression screening. SPINE JOURNAL, 12(3), 186-188.

Overview of Axial Skeleton Injuries: Burden of Disease
Carragee, E. J. (2012). Overview of Axial Skeleton Injuries: Burden of Disease. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONS, 20, S18-S22.

Managing Nonspecific Low Back Pain Do Nonclinical Patient Characteristics Matter?
Weiner, S. S., Weiser, S. R., Carragee, E. J., & Nordin, M. (2011). Managing Nonspecific Low Back Pain Do Nonclinical Patient Characteristics Matter?. SPINE, 36(23), 1987-1994.

Commentary: One small step
Smuck, M., & Carragee, E. J. (2011). Commentary: One small step. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(9), 824-825.

Charlson Score is a Robust Predictor of 30-Day Complications Following Spinal Metastasis Surgery
Arrigo, R. T., Kalanithi, P., Cheng, I., Alamin, T., Carragee, E. J., & Park, J. (2011). Charlson Score is a Robust Predictor of 30-Day Complications Following Spinal Metastasis Surgery. SPINE, 36(19), E1274-E1280.

Outcome of Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection Is Predicted by Assay of a Complex of Fibronectin and Aggrecan From Epidural Lavage
Golish, S. R., Hanna, L. S., Bowser, R. P., Montesano, P. X., Carragee, E. J., & Scuderi, G. J. (2011). Outcome of Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection Is Predicted by Assay of a Complex of Fibronectin and Aggrecan From Epidural Lavage. SPINE, 36(18), 1464-1469.

Future directions for The Spine Journal: managing and reporting conflict of interest issues
Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., Weiner, B. K., Bono, C. M., & Rothman, D. J. (2011). Future directions for The Spine Journal: managing and reporting conflict of interest issues. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(8), 695-697.

Local bone graft harvesting and volumes in posterolateral lumbar fusion: a technical report
Carragee, E. J., Comer, G. C., & Smith, M. W. (2011). Local bone graft harvesting and volumes in posterolateral lumbar fusion: a technical report. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(6), 540-544.

Retrograde ejaculation after anterior lumbar interbody fusion using rhBMP-2: a cohort controlled study
Carragee, E. J., Mitsunaga, K. A., Hurwitz, E. L., & Scuderi, G. J. (2011). Retrograde ejaculation after anterior lumbar interbody fusion using rhBMP-2: a cohort controlled study. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(6), 511-516.

A challenge to integrity in spine publications: years of living dangerously with the promotion of bone growth factors
Carragee, E. J., Ghanayem, A. J., Weiner, B. K., Rothman, D. J., & Bono, C. M. (2011). A challenge to integrity in spine publications: years of living dangerously with the promotion of bone growth factors. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(6), 463-468.

A critical review of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 trials in spinal surgery: emerging safety concerns and lessons learned
Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., & Weiner, B. K. (2011). A critical review of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 trials in spinal surgery: emerging safety concerns and lessons learned. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(6), 471-491.

Are Persistently Symptomatic Vertebral Compression Fractures Associated With Abnormal Inflammatory Profiles? A Prospective Study
Golish, S. R., Hanna, L. S., Cuellar, J. M., Fernyhough, J. C., Campbell, D. R., & Scuderi, G. J. (2011). Are Persistently Symptomatic Vertebral Compression Fractures Associated With Abnormal Inflammatory Profiles? A Prospective Study. JOURNAL OF SPINAL DISORDERS & TECHNIQUES, 24(2), 121-125.

Predictors of Survival After Surgical Treatment of Spinal Metastasis
Arrigo, R. T., Kalanithi, P., Cheng, I., Alamin, T., Carragee, E. J., & Boakye, M. (2011). Predictors of Survival After Surgical Treatment of Spinal Metastasis. NEUROSURGERY, 68(3), 674-681.

Intradiscal treatment of back pain
Carragee, E. J. (2011). Intradiscal treatment of back pain. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(2), 97-99.

A case of late epidural hematoma in a patient on clopidogrel therapy postoperatively: when is it safe to resume antiplatelet agents?
Carragee, E. J., Golish, S. R., & Scuderi, G. J. (2011). A case of late epidural hematoma in a patient on clopidogrel therapy postoperatively: when is it safe to resume antiplatelet agents?. SPINE JOURNAL, 11(1), E1-E4.

Accelerated Degeneration After Failed Cervical and Lumbar Nucleoplasty
Cuellar, V. G., Cuellar, J. M., Vaccaro, A. R., Carragee, E. J., & Scuderi, G. J. (2010). Accelerated Degeneration After Failed Cervical and Lumbar Nucleoplasty. JOURNAL OF SPINAL DISORDERS & TECHNIQUES, 23(8), 521-524.

Identification of a complex between fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain in synovial fluid of patients with painful meniscal pathology
Scuderi, G. J., Woolf, N., Dent, K., Golish, S. R., Cuellar, J. M., & Hanna, L. S. (2010). Identification of a complex between fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain in synovial fluid of patients with painful meniscal pathology. CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, 43(10-11), 808-814.

Minimum acceptable outcomes after lumbar spinal fusion
Carragee, E. J., & Cheng, I. (2010). Minimum acceptable outcomes after lumbar spinal fusion. SPINE JOURNAL, 10(4), 313-320.

The vertebroplasty affair: the mysterious case of the disappearing effect size
Carragee, E. J. (2010). The vertebroplasty affair: the mysterious case of the disappearing effect size. SPINE JOURNAL, 10(3), 191-192.

Cytokine evaluation in individuals with low back pain using discographic lavage
Cuellar, J. M., Golish, S. R., Reuter, M. W., Cuellar, V. G., Angst, M. S., & Scuderi, G. J. (2010). Cytokine evaluation in individuals with low back pain using discographic lavage. SPINE JOURNAL, 10(3), 212-218.

Pseudomorbidity in iliac crest bone graft harvesting: the rise of rhBMP-2 in short-segment posterior lumbar fusion
Carragee, E. J., Bono, C. M., & Scuderi, G. J. (2009). Pseudomorbidity in iliac crest bone graft harvesting: the rise of rhBMP-2 in short-segment posterior lumbar fusion. SPINE JOURNAL, 9(11), 873-879.

Epidural Interferon Gamma-Immunoreactivity A Biomarker for Lumbar Nerve Root Irritation
Scuderi, G. J., Cuellar, J. M., Cuellar, V. G., Yeomans, D. C., Carragee, E. J., & Angst, M. S. (2009). Epidural Interferon Gamma-Immunoreactivity A Biomarker for Lumbar Nerve Root Irritation. SPINE, 34(21), 2311-2317.

2009 ISSLS Prize Winner: Does Discography Cause Accelerated Progression of Degeneration Changes in the Lumbar Disc A Ten-Year Matched Cohort Study
Carragee, E. J., Don, A. S., Hurwitz, E. L., Cuellar, J. M., Carrino, J., & Herzog, R. (2009). 2009 ISSLS Prize Winner: Does Discography Cause Accelerated Progression of Degeneration Changes in the Lumbar Disc A Ten-Year Matched Cohort Study. SPINE, 34(21), 2338-2345.

Continuing debate: validity and utility of magnetic resonance imaging of the upper cervical spine after whiplash exposure
Carragee, E. J. (2009). Continuing debate: validity and utility of magnetic resonance imaging of the upper cervical spine after whiplash exposure. SPINE JOURNAL, 9(9), 778-779.

Changes in posterior lumbar disk contour abnormality with flexion-extension movement in subjects with low back pain and degenerative disk disease.
Lee, S.-U., Lee, J.-I., Butts, K., Carragee, E., & Fredericson, M. (2009). Changes in posterior lumbar disk contour abnormality with flexion-extension movement in subjects with low back pain and degenerative disk disease. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 1(6), 541-546.

Surgery for Low Back Pain A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline
Chou, R., Baisden, J., Carragee, E. J., Resnick, D. K., Shaffer, W. O., & Loeser, J. D. (2009). Surgery for Low Back Pain A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline. SPINE, 34(10), 1094-1109.

Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society
Chou, R., Loeser, J. D., Owens, D. K., Rosenquist, R. W., Atlas, S. J., & Wall, E. M. (2009). Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society. SPINE, 34(10), 1066-1077.

Lifetime Asymptomatic for Back Pain The Validity of Self-report Measures in Soldiers
Carragee, E. J., & Cohen, S. P. (2009). Lifetime Asymptomatic for Back Pain The Validity of Self-report Measures in Soldiers. SPINE, 34(9), 978-983.

Clinical Research Is the Spine Field a Mine Field?
Carragee, E. J., Deyo, R. A., Kovacs, F. M., Peul, W. C., Lurie, J. D., & Schoene, M. L. (2009). Clinical Research Is the Spine Field a Mine Field?. SPINE, 34(5), 423-430.

TREATMENT OF NECK PAIN Injections and Surgical Interventions: Results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (Reprinted from Spine, vol 33, pg S153-S169, 2008)
Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., Cheng, I., Carroll, L. J., Nordin, M., & Haldeman, S. (2009). TREATMENT OF NECK PAIN Injections and Surgical Interventions: Results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (Reprinted from Spine, vol 33, pg S153-S169, 2008). JOURNAL OF MANIPULATIVE AND PHYSIOLOGICAL THERAPEUTICS, 32(2), S176-S193.

Lumbar Spine: Reliability of MR Imaging Findings
Carrino, J. A., Lurie, J. D., Tosteson, A. Na., Tosteson, T. D., Carragee, E. J., & Herzog, R. (2009). Lumbar Spine: Reliability of MR Imaging Findings. RADIOLOGY, 250(1), 161-170.

Is the self-reported history accurate in patients with persistent axial pain after a motor vehicle accident?
Don, A. S., & Carragee, E. J. (2009). Is the self-reported history accurate in patients with persistent axial pain after a motor vehicle accident?. SPINE JOURNAL, 9(1), 4-12.

Does acute placement of instrumentation in the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis predispose to recurrent infection - Long-term follow-up in immune-suppressed patients
Carragee, E., & Iezza, A. (2008). Does acute placement of instrumentation in the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis predispose to recurrent infection - Long-term follow-up in immune-suppressed patients. SPINE, 33(19), 2089-2093.

Reliability of readings of magnetic resonance imaging features of lumbar spinal stenosis
Lurie, J. D., Tosteson, A. N., Tosteson, T. D., Carragee, E., Carrino, J., & Herzog, R. (2008). Reliability of readings of magnetic resonance imaging features of lumbar spinal stenosis. SPINE, 33(14), 1605-1610.

Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging readings for lumbar disc herniation in the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT)
Lurie, J. D., Tosteson, A. Na., Tosteson, T. D., Carragee, E., Carrino, J., & Weinstein, J. N. (2008). Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging readings for lumbar disc herniation in the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT). SPINE, 33(9), 991-998.

Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Nordin, M., Carragee, E. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., Weine, S. S., Hurwitz, E. L., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S101-S122.

Treatment of neck pain: Noninvasive interventions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Hurwitz, E. L., Carragee, E. J., van der Velde, G., Carroll, L. J., Nordin, M., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Treatment of neck pain: Noninvasive interventions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S123-S152.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders after traffic collisions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Holm, L. W., Carroll, L. J., Cassidy, J. D., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., & Haldeman, S. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders after traffic collisions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S52-S59.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Holm, L. W., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., Cassidy, J. D., & Guzman, J. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S83-S92.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Hogg-Johnson, S., van der Velde, G., Carroll, L. J., Holm, L. W., Cassidy, J. D., & Peloso, P. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S39-S51.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., van der Velde, G., Holm, L. W., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S93-S100.

Research priorities and methodological implications - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hurwitz, E. L., Cote, P., Hogg-Johnson, S., Carragee, E. J., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Research priorities and methodological implications - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S214-S220.

Clinical practice implications of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders - From concepts and findings to recommendations
Guzman, J., Haldeman, S., Carroll, L. J., Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., & Hogg-Johnson, S. (2008). Clinical practice implications of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders - From concepts and findings to recommendations. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S199-S213.

Methods for the best evidence synthesis on neck pain and its associated disorders - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Cassidy, J. D., Peloso, P. M., Giles-Smith, L., Cheng, C. S., & Carragee, E. J. (2008). Methods for the best evidence synthesis on neck pain and its associated disorders - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S33-S38.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., van der Velde, G., Haldeman, S., Holm, L. W., & Cassidy, J. D. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S75-S82.

A new conceptual model of neck pain - Linking onset, course, and care: The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Guzman, J., Hurwitz, E. L., Carroll, L. J., Haldeman, S., Cote, P., & Cassidy, J. D. (2008). A new conceptual model of neck pain - Linking onset, course, and care: The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S14-S23.

Treatment of neck pain - Injections and surgical interventions: Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., Cheng, I., Carroll, L. J., Nordin, M., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Treatment of neck pain - Injections and surgical interventions: Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S153-S169.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Cote, P., van der Velde, G., Cassidy, J. D., Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., & Peloso, P. M. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, 17, S60-S74.

Validity of self-reported history in patients with acute back or neck pain after motor vehicle accidents
Carragee, E. J. (2008). Validity of self-reported history in patients with acute back or neck pain after motor vehicle accidents. SPINE JOURNAL, 8(2), 311-319.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., van der Velde, G., Holm, L. W., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S93-S100.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Cote, P., van der Velde, G., Cassidy, J. D., Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., & Peloso, P. M. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in workers - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S60-S74.

Methods for the best evidence synthesis on neck pain and its associated disorders - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Cassidy, J. D., Peloso, P. M., Giles-Smith, L., Cheng, C. S., & Carragee, E. J. (2008). Methods for the best evidence synthesis on neck pain and its associated disorders - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S33-S38.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Hogg-Johnson, S., van der Velde, G., Carroll, L. J., Holm, L. W., Cassidy, J. D., & Peloso, P. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S39-S51.

Research priorities and methodological implications - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hurwitz, E. L., Cote, P., Hogg-Johnson, S., Carragee, E. J., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Research priorities and methodological implications - The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S214-S220.

Clinical practice implications of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders - From concepts and findings to recommendations
Guzman, J., Haldeman, S., Carroll, L. J., Carragee, E. J., Hurwitz, E. L., & Hogg-Johnson, S. (2008). Clinical practice implications of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders - From concepts and findings to recommendations. SPINE, 33(4), S199-S213.

Treatment of neck pain: Noninvasive interventions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Hurwitz, E. L., Carragee, E. J., van der Velde, G., Carroll, L. J., Nordin, M., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Treatment of neck pain: Noninvasive interventions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S123-S152.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., van der Velde, G., Haldeman, S., Holm, L. W., & Cassidy, J. D. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in the general population - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S75-S82.

Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Nordin, M., Carragee, E. J., Hogg-Johnson, S., Weiner, S. S., Hurwitz, E. L., & Haldeman, S. (2008). Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S101-S122.

Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Carroll, L. J., Holm, L. W., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., Cassidy, J. D., & Guzman, J. (2008). Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S83-S92.

A new conceptual model of neck pain - Linking onset, course, and care: The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Guzman, J., Hurwitz, E. L., Carroll, L. J., Haldeman, S., Cote, P., & Cassidy, J. D. (2008). A new conceptual model of neck pain - Linking onset, course, and care: The bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S14-S23.

The burden and determinants of neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders after traffic collisions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders
Holm, L. W., Carroll, L. J., Cassidy, J. D., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cote, P., & Haldeman, S. (2008). The burden and determinants of neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders after traffic collisions - Results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. SPINE, 33(4), S52-S59.

A brief overview of evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with surgery
Don, A. S., & Carragee, E. (2008). A brief overview of evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with surgery. SPINE JOURNAL, 8(1), 258-265.

The pyrite standard: the Midas touch in the diagnosis of axial pain syndromes.
Carragee, E. J., Haldeman, S., & Hurwitz, E. (2007). The pyrite standard: the Midas touch in the diagnosis of axial pain syndromes. spine journal , 7(1), 27-31.

Does minor trauma cause serious low back illness?
Carragee, E., Alamin, T., Cheng, I., Franklin, T., & Hurwitz, E. (2006). Does minor trauma cause serious low back illness?. SPINE, 31(25), 2942-2949.

Are first-time episodes of serious LBP associated with new MRI findings?
Carragee, E., Alamin, T., Cheng, I., Franklin, T., van den Haak, E., & Hurwitz, E. (2006). Are first-time episodes of serious LBP associated with new MRI findings?. spine journal , 6(6), 624-635.

Surgical treatment for unstable low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults: a prospective controlled study of posterior instrumented fusion compared with combined anterior-posterior fusion.
Swan, J., Hurwitz, E., Malek, F., van den Haak, E., Cheng, I., & Carragee, E. (2006). Surgical treatment for unstable low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults: a prospective controlled study of posterior instrumented fusion compared with combined anterior-posterior fusion. spine journal , 6(6), 606-614.

A gold standard evaluation of the "discogenic pain" diagnosis as determined by provocative discography
Carragee, E. J., Lincoln, T., Parmar, V. S., & Alamin, T. (2006). A gold standard evaluation of the "discogenic pain" diagnosis as determined by provocative discography. SPINE, 31(18), 2115-2123.

A prospective controlled study of limited versus subtotal posterior discectomy: Short-term outcomes in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs and large posterior anular defect
Carragee, E. J., Spinnickie, A. O., Alamin, T. F., & Paragioudakis, S. (2006). A prospective controlled study of limited versus subtotal posterior discectomy: Short-term outcomes in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs and large posterior anular defect. SPINE, 31(6), 653-657.

Low-pressure positive discography in subjects asymptomatic of significant low back pain illness
Carragee, E. J., Alamin, T. F., & Carragee, J. M. (2006). Low-pressure positive discography in subjects asymptomatic of significant low back pain illness. SPINE, 31(5), 505-509.

The surgical treatment of disc degeneration: is the race not to the swift?
Carragee, E. J. (2005). The surgical treatment of disc degeneration: is the race not to the swift?. spine journal , 5(6), 587-588.

Clinical practice. Persistent low back pain.
Carragee, E. J. (2005). Clinical practice. Persistent low back pain. New England journal of medicine, 352(18), 1891-1898.

Discographic, MRI and psychosocial determinants of low back pain disability and remission: a prospective study in subjects with benign persistent back pain.
Carragee, E. J., Alamin, T. F., Miller, J. L., & Carragee, J. M. (2005). Discographic, MRI and psychosocial determinants of low back pain disability and remission: a prospective study in subjects with benign persistent back pain. spine journal , 5(1), 24-35.

Prospective controlled study of the development of lower back pain in previously asymptomatic subjects undergoing experimental discography
Carragee, E. J., Barcohana, B., Alamin, T., & van den Haak, E. (2004). Prospective controlled study of the development of lower back pain in previously asymptomatic subjects undergoing experimental discography. SPINE, 29(10), 1112-1117.

Diagnostic evaluation of low back pain
Carragee, E. J., & Hannibal, M. (2004). Diagnostic evaluation of low back pain. ORTHOPEDIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 35(1), 7-?.

Clinical outcomes after lumbar discectomy for sciatica: the effects of fragment type and anular competence.
Carragee, E. J., Han, M. Y., Suen, P. W., & Kim, D. (2003). Clinical outcomes after lumbar discectomy for sciatica: the effects of fragment type and anular competence. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 85-A(1), 102-108.

Indications for lumbar microdiskectomy.
Carragee, E. (2002). Indications for lumbar microdiskectomy. Instructional course lectures, 51, 223-228.

Provocative discography in volunteer subjects with mild persistent low back pain.
Carragee, E. J., Alamin, T. F., Miller, J., & Grafe, M. (2002). Provocative discography in volunteer subjects with mild persistent low back pain. spine journal , 2(1), 25-34.

Discography. a review.
Carragee, E. J., & Alamin, T. F. (2001). Discography. a review. spine journal , 1(5), 364-372.

Psychological screening in the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation
Carragee, E. J. (2001). Psychological screening in the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation. CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN, 17(3), 215-219.

Psychological and functional profiles in select subjects with low back pain.
Carragee, E. J. (2001). Psychological and functional profiles in select subjects with low back pain. spine journal , 1(3), 198-204.

Changes in posterior disc bulging and intervertebral foraminal size associated with flexion-extension movement: a comparison between L4-5 and L5-S1 levels in normal subjects.
Fredericson, M., Lee, S. U., Welsh, J., Butts, K., Norbash, A., & Carragee, E. J. (2001). Changes in posterior disc bulging and intervertebral foraminal size associated with flexion-extension movement: a comparison between L4-5 and L5-S1 levels in normal subjects. spine journal , 1(1), 10-17.

Provocative discography in patients after limited lumbar discectomy - A controlled, randomized study of pain response in symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects
Carragee, E. J., Chen, Y., Tanner, C. M., Truong, T., Lau, E., & BRITO, J. L. (2000). Provocative discography in patients after limited lumbar discectomy - A controlled, randomized study of pain response in symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects. SPINE, 25(23), 3065-3071.

2000 Volvo Award Winner in Clinical Studies - Lumbar high-intensity zone and discography in subjects without low back problems
Carragee, E. J., Paragioudakis, S. J., & Khurana, S. (2000). 2000 Volvo Award Winner in Clinical Studies - Lumbar high-intensity zone and discography in subjects without low back problems. SPINE, 25(23), 2987-2992.

Can discography cause long-term back symptoms in previously asymptomatic subjects?
Carragee, E. J., Chen, Y., Tanner, C. M., Hayward, C., Rossi, M., & Hagle, C. (2000). Can discography cause long-term back symptoms in previously asymptomatic subjects?. SPINE, 25(14), 1803-1808.

The rates of false-positive lumbar discography in select patients without low back symptoms
Carragee, E. J., Tanner, C. M., Khurana, S., Hayward, C., Welsh, J., & Hagle, C. (2000). The rates of false-positive lumbar discography in select patients without low back symptoms. SPINE, 25(11), 1373-1380.

Is lumbar discography a determinate of discogenic low back pain: provocative discography reconsidered.
Carragee, E. J. (2000). Is lumbar discography a determinate of discogenic low back pain: provocative discography reconsidered. Current review of pain, 4(4), 301-308.

False-positive findings on lumbar discography - Reliability of subjective concordance assessment during provocative disc injection
Carragee, E. J., Tanner, C. M., Yang, B., BRITO, J. L., & Truong, T. (1999). False-positive findings on lumbar discography - Reliability of subjective concordance assessment during provocative disc injection. SPINE, 24(23), 2542-2547.

Activity restrictions after posterior lumbar discectomy - A prospective study of outcomes in 152 cases with no postoperative restrictions
Carragee, E. J., Han, M. Y., Yang, B., Kim, D. H., Kraemer, H., & Billys, J. (1999). Activity restrictions after posterior lumbar discectomy - A prospective study of outcomes in 152 cases with no postoperative restrictions. SPINE, 24(22), 2346-2351.

Pain control and cultural norms and expectations after closed femoral shaft fractures.
Carragee, E. J., VITTUM, D., Truong, T. P., & Burton, D. (1999). Pain control and cultural norms and expectations after closed femoral shaft fractures. American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.), 28(2), 97-102.

The clinical use of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis
Carragee, E. J., Kim, D., VANDERVLUGT, T., & VITTUM, D. (1997). The clinical use of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. SPINE, 22(18), 2089-2093.

Single-level posterolateral arthrodesis, with or without posterior decompression, for the treatment of isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults. A prospective, randomized study.
Carragee, E. J. (1997). Single-level posterolateral arthrodesis, with or without posterior decompression, for the treatment of isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults. A prospective, randomized study. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 79(8), 1175-1180.

Instrumentation of the infected and unstable spine: A review of 17 cases from the thoracic and lumbar spine with pyogenic infections
Carragee, E. J. (1997). Instrumentation of the infected and unstable spine: A review of 17 cases from the thoracic and lumbar spine with pyogenic infections. JOURNAL OF SPINAL DISORDERS, 10(4), 317-324.

A prospective analysis of magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with sciatica and lumbar disc herniation - Correlation of outcomes with disc fragment and canal morphology
Carragee, E. J., & Kim, D. H. (1997). A prospective analysis of magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with sciatica and lumbar disc herniation - Correlation of outcomes with disc fragment and canal morphology. SPINE, 22(14), 1650-1660.

Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis.
Carragee, E. J. (1997). Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 79(6), 874-880.

The clinical use of magnetic resonance imaging in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis
Carragee, E. J. (1997). The clinical use of magnetic resonance imaging in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. SPINE, 22(7), 780-785.

Wound care after posterior spinal surgery - Does early bathing affect the rate of wound complications?
Carragee, E. J., & VITTUM, D. W. (1996). Wound care after posterior spinal surgery - Does early bathing affect the rate of wound complications?. SPINE, 21(18), 2160-2162.

Are postoperative activity restrictions necessary after posterior lumbar discectomy? A prospective study of outcomes in 50 consecutive cases
Carragee, E. J., Helms, E., & OSULLIVAN, G. S. (1996). Are postoperative activity restrictions necessary after posterior lumbar discectomy? A prospective study of outcomes in 50 consecutive cases. SPINE, 21(16), 1893-1897.

SPONDYLOLISTHESIS IN THE YOUNG ATHLETE
Comstock, C. P., Carragee, E. J., & OSULLIVAN, G. S. (1994). SPONDYLOLISTHESIS IN THE YOUNG ATHLETE. PHYSICIAN AND SPORTSMEDICINE, 22(12), 39-?.

INCREASED RATES OF COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE ANKLE FRACTURES FOLLOWING INTERINSTITUTIONAL TRANSFERS
Carragee, E. J., & CSONGRADI, J. J. (1993). INCREASED RATES OF COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE ANKLE FRACTURES FOLLOWING INTERINSTITUTIONAL TRANSFERS. JOURNAL OF TRAUMA-INJURY INFECTION AND CRITICAL CARE, 35(5), 767-771.

Pudendal nerve palsy after femoral intramedullary nailing.
Kao, J. T., Burton, D., Comstock, C., McClellan, R. T., & Carragee, E. (1993). Pudendal nerve palsy after femoral intramedullary nailing. Journal of orthopaedic trauma, 7(1), 58-63.

EARLY COMPLICATIONS IN THE OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF ANKLE FRACTURES - INFLUENCE OF DELAY BEFORE OPERATION
Carragee, E. J., CSONGRADI, J. J., & BLECK, E. E. (1991). EARLY COMPLICATIONS IN THE OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF ANKLE FRACTURES - INFLUENCE OF DELAY BEFORE OPERATION. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-BRITISH VOLUME, 73(1), 79-82.

REPETITIVE TRAUMA AND NERVE COMPRESSION
Carragee, E. J., & Hentz, V. R. (1988). REPETITIVE TRAUMA AND NERVE COMPRESSION. ORTHOPEDIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 19(1), 157-164.