Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group E binding factor (XPE-BF) is a damaged DNA binding protein that is deficient in a subset of patients from complementation group E of xeroderma pigmentosum. The protein recognizes various forms of DNA damage including some cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, 6-4 photoproducts, cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) adducts, and single-stranded DNA. We now show that it also recognizes damage induced by nitrogen mustard; N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, and depurination, but has no detectable affinity for DNA adducts generated by trans-diamminedichloroplatinum(II), 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide, 8-methoxypsoralen, or enzymatically methylated cytosine and adenine. The failure to recognize 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide and 8-methoxypsoralen adducts is consistent with previous reports that XPE cells carry out wild-type levels of repair synthesis after DNA damage by those drugs. These results demonstrate that XPE-BF is a versatile damage recognition protein, but suggest that other proteins must contribute to the recognition of DNA lesions for the human excision repair pathway.
View details for Web of Science ID A1994PM08100009
View details for PubMedID 7523888