Mark R. Cullen, MD

Professor of Medicine (General Internal Medicine)

Professional Education

Board Certification: Occupational Medicine, American Board of Preventive Medicine (1986)

Residency: Yale School of Medicine Appointments (1980) CT

Residency: Hospital of Saint Raphael (1984) CT

Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (1979)

Medical Education: Yale School of Medicine Appointments (1976) CT

M.D., Yale University, M.D. (1976)

A.B., Harvard College, Philosophy and Physics (1971)

Honors & Awards

Fifth Place Winner, Westinghouse National Science Talent Search (1967)

Faculty scholar in General Internal Medicine, Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (1988)

Member, Elected, Institute of Medicine (National Academy of Sciences) (1997)

Member, Elected, Connecticut Academy of Science & Engineering (2002)

Administrative Appointments

Chief, Division of General Medical Disciplines, Stanford University (2009 - Present)

Professor of Medicine and Public Health, Yale University (1993 - 2009)

Director, Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program (1980 - 2009)

Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology, Yale University (1985 - 1993)

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale University (1980 - 1985)

Acoustic neuroma: potential risk factors and audiometric surveillance in the aluminium industry.
Taiwo, O., Galusha, D., Tessier-Sherman, B., Kirsche, S., Cantley, L., & Donoghue, A. M. (2014). Acoustic neuroma: potential risk factors and audiometric surveillance in the aluminium industry. Occupational and environmental medicine, 71(9), 624-628.

Occupational injury risk by sex in a manufacturing cohort.
Tessier-Sherman, B., Cantley, L. F., Galusha, D., Slade, M. D., Taiwo, O. A., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Occupational injury risk by sex in a manufacturing cohort. Occupational and environmental medicine, 71(9), 605-610.

Individual-level and plant-level predictors of acute, traumatic occupational injuries in a manufacturing cohort
Souza, K., Cantley, L. F., Slade, M. D., Eisen, E. A., Christiani, D., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Individual-level and plant-level predictors of acute, traumatic occupational injuries in a manufacturing cohort. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 71(7), 477-483.

Disparities in early exposure to book sharing within immigrant families.
Festa, N., Loftus, P. D., Cullen, M. R., & Mendoza, F. S. (2014). Disparities in early exposure to book sharing within immigrant families. Pediatrics, 134(1), e162-8.

Semen quality, infertility and mortality in the USA
Eisenberg, M. L., Li, S., Behr, B., Cullen, M. R., Galusha, D., & Lipshultz, L. I. (2014). Semen quality, infertility and mortality in the USA. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 29(7), 1567-1574.

0223 Marginal Structural Models in Occupational Epidemiology: An Application in the US Aluminium industry.
Neophytou, A., Brown, D., Costello, S., Noth, E., Hammond, K., & Eisen, E. (2014). 0223 Marginal Structural Models in Occupational Epidemiology: An Application in the US Aluminium industry. Occupational and environmental medicine, 71, A30-?.

0060 Particle size distribution in aluminium manufacturing facilities.
Liu, S., Noth, E. M., Dixon-Ernst, C., Eisen, E. A., Cullen, M. R., & Hammond, S. K. (2014). 0060 Particle size distribution in aluminium manufacturing facilities. Occupational and environmental medicine, 71, A6-?.

0122 Approaches to developing exposure estimates that reflect temporal trends in total particulate matter in aluminium smelters.
Noth, E., Liu, S., Cullen, M., Eisen, E., & Katharine Hammond, S. (2014). 0122 Approaches to developing exposure estimates that reflect temporal trends in total particulate matter in aluminium smelters. Occupational and environmental medicine, 71, A14-?.

0124 PM2.5 and Heart Disease in a Cohort of Aluminium Workers: An Application of Longitudinal Targeted Maximum Likelihood-based Estimation (TMLE).
Brown, D., Petersen, M., Van der Laan, M., Costello, S., Noth, E., & Eisen, E. (2014). 0124 PM2.5 and Heart Disease in a Cohort of Aluminium Workers: An Application of Longitudinal Targeted Maximum Likelihood-based Estimation (TMLE). Occupational and environmental medicine, 71, A14-?.

Population-Level Correlates of Preterm Delivery among Black and White Women in the US
Carmichael, S. L., Cullen, M. R., Mayo, J. A., Gould, J. B., Loftus, P., & Shaw, G. M. (2014). Population-Level Correlates of Preterm Delivery among Black and White Women in the US. PLOS ONE, 9(4).

Contribution of health status and prevalent chronic disease to individual risk for workplace injury in the manufacturing environment
Kubo, J., Goldstein, B. A., Cantley, L. F., Tessier-Sherman, B., Galusha, D., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Contribution of health status and prevalent chronic disease to individual risk for workplace injury in the manufacturing environment. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 71(3), 159-166.

High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a community survey of urban Bangladeshis: a cross-sectional study
Anand, S., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Saquib, N., Ahmed, T., & Chertow, G. M. (2014). High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a community survey of urban Bangladeshis: a cross-sectional study. GLOBALIZATION AND HEALTH, 10.

Incident ischemic heart disease and recent occupational exposure to particulate matter in an aluminum cohort
Costello, S., Brown, D. M., Noth, E. M., Cantley, L., Slade, M. D., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Incident ischemic heart disease and recent occupational exposure to particulate matter in an aluminum cohort. JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, 24(1), 82-88.

Process of care compliance is associated with fewer diabetes complications.
Bayer, F. J., Galusha, D., Slade, M., Chu, I. M., Taiwo, O., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Process of care compliance is associated with fewer diabetes complications. American journal of managed care, 20(1), 41-52.

Effect of systematic ergonomic hazard identification and control implementation on musculoskeletal disorder and injury risk
Cantley, L. F., Taiwo, O. A., Galusha, D., Barbour, R., Slade, M. D., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Effect of systematic ergonomic hazard identification and control implementation on musculoskeletal disorder and injury risk. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH, 40(1), 57-65.

Process of Care Compliance Is Associated With Fewer Diabetes Complications
Bayer, F. J., Galusha, D., Slade, M., Chu, I. M., Taiwo, O., & Cullen, M. R. (2014). Process of Care Compliance Is Associated With Fewer Diabetes Complications. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MANAGED CARE, 20(1), 41-52.

Population-level correlates of preterm delivery among black and white women in the U.S.
Carmichael, S. L., Cullen, M. R., Mayo, J. A., Gould, J. B., Loftus, P., & Shaw, G. M. (2014). Population-level correlates of preterm delivery among black and white women in the U.S. PloS one, 9(4).

High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a community survey of urban Bangladeshis: a cross-sectional study.
Anand, S., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Saquib, N., Ahmed, T., & Chertow, G. M. (2014). High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a community survey of urban Bangladeshis: a cross-sectional study. Globalization and health, 10, 9-?.

Development of a job-exposure matrix for exposure to total and fine particulate matter in the aluminum industry
Noth, E. M., Dixon-Ernst, C., Liu, S., Cantley, L., Tessier-Sherman, B., & Hammond, S. K. (2014). Development of a job-exposure matrix for exposure to total and fine particulate matter in the aluminum industry. JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, 24(1), 89-99.

Systematic evaluation of environmental and behavioural factors associated with all-cause mortality in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Patel, C. J., Rehkopf, D. H., Leppert, J. T., Bortz, W. M., Cullen, M. R., & Ioannidis, J. Pa. (2013). Systematic evaluation of environmental and behavioural factors associated with all-cause mortality in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 42(6), 1795-1810.

Urinary Triclosan is Associated with Elevated Body Mass Index in NHANES
Lankester, J., Patel, C., Cullen, M. R., Ley, C., & Parsonnet, J. (2013). Urinary Triclosan is Associated with Elevated Body Mass Index in NHANES. PLOS ONE, 8(11).

Associations between employee and manager gender: impacts on gender-specific risk of acute occupational injury in metal manufacturing
Kubo, J. T., Cullen, M. R., Desai, M., & Modrek, S. (2013). Associations between employee and manager gender: impacts on gender-specific risk of acute occupational injury in metal manufacturing. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 13.

High prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the urban middle class in Bangladesh
Saquib, N., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Anand, S., Chertow, G. M., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). High prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the urban middle class in Bangladesh. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 13.

Job insecurity during recessions: effects on survivors' work stress
Modrek, S., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). Job insecurity during recessions: effects on survivors' work stress. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 13.

Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women
Kubo, J. T., Stefanick, M. L., Robbins, J., Wactawski-Wende, J., Cullen, M. R., & Desai, M. (2013). Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women. BMC WOMENS HEALTH, 13.

Health consequences of the 'Great Recession' on the employed: Evidence from an industrial cohort in aluminum manufacturing
Modrek, S., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). Health consequences of the 'Great Recession' on the employed: Evidence from an industrial cohort in aluminum manufacturing. SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, 92, 105-113.

Piecewise exponential models to assess the influence of job-specific experience on the hazard of acute injury for hourly factory workers
Kubo, J., Cullen, M. R., Cantley, L., Slade, M., Tessier-Sherman, B., & Desai, M. (2013). Piecewise exponential models to assess the influence of job-specific experience on the hazard of acute injury for hourly factory workers. BMC MEDICAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY, 13.

(De)Personalized Medicine
Horwitz, R. I., Cullen, M. R., Abell, J., & Christian, J. B. (2013). (De)Personalized Medicine. SCIENCE, 339(6124), 1155-1156.

Selection on Moral Hazard in Health Insurance
Einav, L., Finkelstein, A., Ryan, S. P., Schrimpf, P., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). Selection on Moral Hazard in Health Insurance. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, 103(1), 178-219.

Impact of daily noise exposure monitoring on occupational noise exposures in manufacturing workers
McTague, M. F., Galusha, D., Dixon-Ernst, C., Kirsche, S. R., Slade, M. D., & Rabinowitz, P. M. (2013). Impact of daily noise exposure monitoring on occupational noise exposures in manufacturing workers. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY, 52, S3-S8.

Further validation that claims data are a useful tool for epidemiologic research on hypertension
Tessier-Sherman, B., Galusha, D., Taiwo, O. A., Cantley, L., Slade, M. D., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). Further validation that claims data are a useful tool for epidemiologic research on hypertension. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 13.

Job insecurity during recessions: effects on survivors' work stress.
Modrek, S., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). Job insecurity during recessions: effects on survivors' work stress. BMC public health, 13, 929-?.

Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women.
Kubo, J. T., Stefanick, M. L., Robbins, J., Wactawski-Wende, J., Cullen, M. R., & Desai, M. (2013). Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women. BMC women's health, 13, 36-?.

Associations between employee and manager gender: impacts on gender-specific risk of acute occupational injury in metal manufacturing.
Kubo, J. T., Cullen, M. R., Desai, M., & Modrek, S. (2013). Associations between employee and manager gender: impacts on gender-specific risk of acute occupational injury in metal manufacturing. BMC public health, 13, 1053-?.

High prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the urban middle class in Bangladesh.
Saquib, N., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Anand, S., Chertow, G. M., & Cullen, M. R. (2013). High prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the urban middle class in Bangladesh. BMC public health, 13, 1032-?.

How General Are Risk Preferences? Choices under Uncertainty in Different Domains
Einav, L., Finkelstein, A., Pascu, I., & Cullen, M. R. (2012). How General Are Risk Preferences? Choices under Uncertainty in Different Domains. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, 102(6), 2606-2638.

Cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 Diabetes in Bangladesh: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 1995 and 2010
Saquib, N., Saquib, J., Ahmed, T., Khanam, M. A., & Cullen, M. R. (2012). Cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 Diabetes in Bangladesh: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 1995 and 2010. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 12.

Systematic evaluation of environmental factors: persistent pollutants and nutrients correlated with serum lipid levels
Patel, C. J., Cullen, M. R., Ioannidis, J. Pa., & Butte, A. J. (2012). Systematic evaluation of environmental factors: persistent pollutants and nutrients correlated with serum lipid levels. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 41(3), 828-843.

Geographic and Racial Variation in Premature Mortality in the US: Analyzing the Disparities
Cullen, M. R., Cummins, C., & Fuchs, V. R. (2012). Geographic and Racial Variation in Premature Mortality in the US: Analyzing the Disparities. PLOS ONE, 7(4).

Hearing effects from intermittent and continuous noise exposure in a study of Korean factory workers and firefighters
Chung, I.-S., Chu, I. M., & Cullen, M. R. (2012). Hearing effects from intermittent and continuous noise exposure in a study of Korean factory workers and firefighters. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH.

Genetic variability in molecular responses to chemical exposure.
Patel, C. J., & Cullen, M. R. (2012). Genetic variability in molecular responses to chemical exposure. EXS, 101, 437-457.

Effect of daily noise exposure monitoring on annual rates of hearing loss in industrial workers
Rabinowitz, P. M., Galusha, D., Kirsche, S. R., Cullen, M. R., Slade, M. D., & Dixon-Ernst, C. (2011). Effect of daily noise exposure monitoring on annual rates of hearing loss in industrial workers. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 68(6), 414-418.

Aging, Transition, and Estimating the Global Burden of Disease
Seligman, B. J., Cullen, M. R., & Horwitz, R. I. (2011). Aging, Transition, and Estimating the Global Burden of Disease. PLOS ONE, 6(5).

Gender and sex differences in job status and hypertension
Clougherty, J. E., Eisen, E. A., Slade, M. D., Kawachi, I., & Cullen, M. R. (2011). Gender and sex differences in job status and hypertension. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 68(1), 16-23.

Prevalence of beryllium sensitization among aluminium smelter workers
Taiwo, O. A., Slade, M. D., Cantley, L. F., Kirsche, S. R., Wesdock, J. C., & Cullen, M. R. (2010). Prevalence of beryllium sensitization among aluminium smelter workers. OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE-OXFORD, 60(7), 569-571.

ESTIMATING WELFARE IN INSURANCE MARKETS USING VARIATION IN PRICES
Einav, L., Finkelstein, A., & Cullen, M. R. (2010). ESTIMATING WELFARE IN INSURANCE MARKETS USING VARIATION IN PRICES. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, 125(3), 877-921.

Childhood Lead Exposure After the Phaseout of Leaded Gasoline: An Ecological Study of School-Age Children in Kampala, Uganda
Graber, L. K., Asher, D., Anandaraja, N., Bopp, R. F., Merrill, K., & Trasande, L. (2010). Childhood Lead Exposure After the Phaseout of Leaded Gasoline: An Ecological Study of School-Age Children in Kampala, Uganda. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES, 118(6), 884-889.

Effects of Externally Rated Job Demand and Control on Depression Diagnosis Claims in an Industrial Cohort
Iennaco, J. Ds., Cullen, M. R., Cantley, L., Slade, M. D., Fiellin, M., & Kasl, S. V. (2010). Effects of Externally Rated Job Demand and Control on Depression Diagnosis Claims in an Industrial Cohort. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 171(3), 303-311.

Reproductive Outcomes Among Male and Female Workers at an Aluminum Smelter
Sakr, C. J., Taiwo, O. A., Galusha, D. H., Slade, M. D., Fiellin, M. G., & Cullen, M. R. (2010). Reproductive Outcomes Among Male and Female Workers at an Aluminum Smelter. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 52(2), 137-143.

Effects of externally rated job demand and control on depression diagnosis claims in an industrial cohort.
DeSanto Iennaco, J., Cullen, M. R., Cantley, L., Slade, M. D., Fiellin, M., & Kasl, S. V. (2010). Effects of externally rated job demand and control on depression diagnosis claims in an industrial cohort. American journal of epidemiology, 171(3), 303-311.

Long-term follow-up of beryllium sensitized workers from a single employer
Dugga, M., Deubner, D. C., Curtis, A. M., & Cullen, M. R. (2010). Long-term follow-up of beryllium sensitized workers from a single employer. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH.

Work and its role in shaping the social gradient in health
Clougherty, J. E., Souza, K., & Cullen, M. R. (2010). Work and its role in shaping the social gradient in health. BIOLOGY OF DISADVANTAGE: SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND HEALTH, 1186, 102-124.

Heart disease & the workplace
Cullen, M. R. (2009). Heart disease & the workplace. INDIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH, 130(4), 351-353.

Invited Commentary: The Search for Preventable Causes of Cardiovascular Disease-Whither Work?
Cullen, M. R. (2009). Invited Commentary: The Search for Preventable Causes of Cardiovascular Disease-Whither Work?. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 169(12), 1422-1425.

Healthcare for Obstructive Lung Disease in an Industrial Spirometry Surveillance Program
Gulati, M., Slade, M. D., Fiellin, M. G., & Cullen, M. R. (2009). Healthcare for Obstructive Lung Disease in an Industrial Spirometry Surveillance Program. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 51(3), 336-342.

Sex Differences in Injury Patterns Among Workers in Heavy Manufacturing
Taiwo, O. A., Cantley, L. F., Slade, M. D., Pollack, K. M., Vegso, S., & Cullen, M. R. (2009). Sex Differences in Injury Patterns Among Workers in Heavy Manufacturing. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 169(2), 161-166.

Workplace status and risk of hypertension among hourly and salaried aluminum manufacturing employees
Clougherty, J. E., Eisen, E. A., Slade, M. D., Kawachi, I., & Cullen, M. R. (2009). Workplace status and risk of hypertension among hourly and salaried aluminum manufacturing employees. SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, 68(2), 304-313.

MARKETWATCH Who Chooses A Consumer-Directed Health Plan?
Barry, C. L., Cullen, M. R., Galusha, D., Slade, M. D., & Busch, S. H. (2008). MARKETWATCH Who Chooses A Consumer-Directed Health Plan?. HEALTH AFFAIRS, 27(6), 1671-1679.

Who chooses a consumer-directed health plan?
Barry, C. L., Cullen, M. R., Galusha, D., Slade, M. D., & Busch, S. H. (2008). Who chooses a consumer-directed health plan?. Health affairs , 27(6), 1671-1679.

The relationships between lost work time and duration of absence spells: Proposal for a payroll driven measure of absenteeism
Hill, J. J., Slade, M. D., Cantley, L., Vegso, S., Fiellin, M., & Cullen, M. R. (2008). The relationships between lost work time and duration of absence spells: Proposal for a payroll driven measure of absenteeism. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 50(7), 840-851.

Organic solvent exposure and hearing loss in a cohort of aluminium workers
Rabinowitz, P. M., Galusha, D., Slade, M. D., Dixon-Ernst, C., O'Neill, A., & Cullen, M. R. (2008). Organic solvent exposure and hearing loss in a cohort of aluminium workers. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 65(4), 230-235.

Beryllium sensitization in aluminum smelter workers
Taiwo, O. A., Slade, M. D., Cantley, L. F., Fiellin, M. G., Wesdock, J. C., & Cullen, M. R. (2008). Beryllium sensitization in aluminum smelter workers. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 50(2), 157-162.

Extended work hours and risk of acute occupational injury: A case-crossover study of workers in manufacturing
Vegso, S., Cantley, L., Slade, M., Taiwo, O., Sircar, K., & Cullen, M. R. (2007). Extended work hours and risk of acute occupational injury: A case-crossover study of workers in manufacturing. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE, 50(8), 597-603.

Do ambient noise exposure levels predict hearing loss in a modern industrial cohort?
Rabinowitz, P. M., Galusha, D., Dixon-Ernst, C., Slade, M. D., & Cullen, M. R. (2007). Do ambient noise exposure levels predict hearing loss in a modern industrial cohort?. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 64(1), 53-59.

Use of medical insurance claims data for occupational health research
Cullen, M. R., Vegso, S., Cantley, L., Galusha, D., Rabinowitz, P., & Sircar, K. (2006). Use of medical insurance claims data for occupational health research. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 48(10), 1054-1061.

Trends in the prevalence of hearing loss among young adults entering an industrial workforce 1985 to 2004
Rabinowitz, P. M., Slade, M. D., Galusha, D., Dixon-Ernst, C., & Cullen, M. R. (2006). Trends in the prevalence of hearing loss among young adults entering an industrial workforce 1985 to 2004. EAR AND HEARING, 27(4), 369-375.

Impact of OSHA final rule - Recording hearing loss: An analysis of an industrial audiometric dataset
Rabinowitz, P. M., Slade, M., Dixon-Ernst, C., Sircar, K., & Cullen, M. (2003). Impact of OSHA final rule - Recording hearing loss: An analysis of an industrial audiometric dataset. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 45(12), 1274-1280.