To examine predictors of the current level of substance use and reductions in seriousness of substance use among adults living with HIV.Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Four major metropolitan areas of the United States.Three thousand eight hundred six adults living with HIV.Self-reported substance use, depression, and quality of life from audio computer assisted self-interviewing and computer assisted personal interviewing structured assessments.Recent substance use of persons living with HIV was classified as frequent (40%), occasional (32%), or abstinent (28%). Participants using drugs at a frequent level identified as heterosexual, had public insurance, and had higher levels of depression. Participants who reduced from a lifetime high seriousness in substance use were female, older, and knew their HIV status for a longer period of time.Screening and identification of substance use should be included in all treatment settings and community-based organizations serving adults living with HIV.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.07.009
View details for Web of Science ID 000227092300003
View details for PubMedID 15664714