Administration of the myeloid growth factor G-CSF after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is usually well tolerated, and associated with rapid hematopoietic engraftment. We report a high incidence (50%) of side-effects associated with post-transplant G-CSF in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia undergoing allogeneic HLA-identical sibling peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. One or more of the following signs and symptoms were observed shortly after the subcutaneous injection of G-CSF: dyspnea, chest pain, nausea, hypoxemia, diaphoresis, anaphylaxis, syncope and flushing. These reactions led to discontinuation of G-CSF in the majority of patients. Predictive factors could not be identified, and the underlying mechanism leading to these reactions is unknown.
View details for Web of Science ID 000087483600012
View details for PubMedID 10849533