We have examined the carbohydrate structure of thyrotropin (TSH) secreted in vitro by pituitaries from prenatal, perinatal, and mature rats using concanavalin A (ConA)-agarose chromatography and anion-exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). [3H]Glucosamine-labeled TSH was immuno-precipitated and treated with either Pronase to generate glycopeptides or a mixture of endo-beta-N-acetyl-glucosaminidase F and peptide:N-glycosidase F to release oligosaccharides. The percentage of secreted TSH glycopeptides not bound to ConA was greater in mature animals (47 +/- 3%) than in either prenatal (29 +/- 3%) or perinatal animals (29 +/- 6%), suggesting more multiantennary oligosaccharides in the older animals. These structural changes were characterized further by performing anion-exchange HPLC on released oligosaccharides. Secreted TSH from prenatal rats predominantly contained oligosaccharides with 1 and 2 negative charges, while TSH from mature rats contained these structures as well as 15% with 3 negative charges. In addition, the ratio of sialylated to sulfated oligosaccharides was greater in mature compared to prenatal animals for species with 1 negative charge (1.9-fold) as well as for species with 2 negative charges (4.3-fold). We also correlated the structural alterations noted by ConA analysis with anion-exchange HPLC. Oligosaccharides that bound to ConA and were eluted with alpha-methylglucoside, when analyzed by anion-exchange HPLC, consisted of species with 1 and 2 negative charges, whereas oligosaccharides that were unbound to ConA were predominantly species with three negative charges. Together, these data suggest that with maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis secreted TSH contains more negatively charged multiantennary oligosaccharides with increased sialylation and decreased sulfation.
View details for Web of Science ID A1989U112700020
View details for PubMedID 2703481