Effects of alprostadil and prazosin on motility, viability and membrane integrity of human sperm JOURNAL OF UROLOGY Hellstrom, W. J., Wang, R., Peterson, C. A., Varady, J. C., Gesundheit, N., Sikka, S. C. 1998; 159 (5): 1559-1562


We evaluated the effects of alprostadil, prazosin hydrochloride, and alprostadil/prazosin hydrochloride, agents used in the clinical treatment of male erectile dysfunction, on the motility, viability and membrane integrity of human sperm.Ten healthy volunteers provided semen samples that were incubated with 0.4 mg./ml. alprostadil, 0.1 and 0.2 mg./ml. prazosin hydrochloride and 0.4 mg./ml. alprostadil plus 0.1 mg./ml. prazosin hydrochloride for 2 hours. Control incubations included polyethylene glycol 1450, the formulation vehicle for the clinical use of alprostadil and prazosin, and Ham's F-10 buffer. Serial evaluations of percent sperm motility, percent viability, membrane function (by hypo-osmotic swelling test) and several computer generated measurements of sperm motion, including straight line velocity, curvilinear velocity, linearity and amplitude of lateral head displacement, were made.None of the agents had a significant impact on the percentage of motile or viable sperm or on sperm membrane function. Incubation with 0.2 mg./ml. prazosin reduced straight line velocity and curvilinear velocity significantly compared with the other agents. These changes were most likely a direct result of the viscosity of the 0.2 mg./ml. prazosin solution and not a cellular or metabolic effect on the sperm.Alprostadil and prazosin hydrochloride at doses used in transurethral therapy for erectile dysfunction have no effect on the motility, viability and membrane integrity of human sperm.

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View details for PubMedID 9554354