Sabine Girod

Oral and maxillofacial surgeon

Associate Professor of Surgery (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery) and, by courtesy, of Otolaryngology-H&NS at the Stanford University Medical Center

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Clinic

  • 1000 Welch Road
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-723-7001
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic

  • 1000 Welch Road
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-736-4355
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Professional Education: University of Koeln Medical School (1995) Germany

Residency: University of Koeln Medical School (1995) Germany

Medical Education: University of Hannover Medical School (1989) Germany

Residency: University of Hannover Medical School (1987) Germany

Fellowship: Harvard Medical School (1988) MA

Dental Education: Friedrich-Wilhelms-University Bonn (1983) Germany

PhD, Universitaet zu Koeln, Molecular Biology (1996)

MD, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Medicine (1989)

DDS, Friedrich-Wilhelms- Univ. Bonn, Dentistry (1983)

Honors & Awards

Fellow, Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine Program (ELAM), International Center for Executive Leadership in Academics (ICELA at Drexel®) (2012/13)

Advanced Stanford Leadership Development Program, Stanford Hospital & School of Medicine (2011/12)

McCormick Faculty Award, Office for Diversity and Leadership, Stanford School of Medicine (2007-2009)

Fellow, Michelle Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Stanford (2007-2008)

Physician Leadership Program, Stanford Hospital & School of Medicine (2006/07)

Faculty Fellow, Stanford School of Medicine (2006/07)

Martin-Wassmund-Preis, Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Mund-Kiefer-Gesichtschirurgie (1996)

Lise Meitner Habilitation Fellowship, State of NRW (1992-1995)

German National Science Foundation Fellowship, German National Science Foundation (DFG) (1989-1990)

Fellowship, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) (1988-1990)

Scholarship, Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes (1978-1883)

Administrative Appointments

Chair, Faculty Senate, Stanford School of Medicine (2012 - 2014)

Surgical Specialties Professional Practice Committee, LPCH (2012 - Present)

Committee for Professionalism, Stanford Hospital & Clinics (2011 - Present)

Clinic Advisory Council, Stanford Hospital & Clinics (2010 - Present)

Chief, Oral Medicine & Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Stanford Hospital & Clinics (2009 - Present)

Director, Stanford Plastic Surgery Adult Clinic, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery (2005 - Present)

Computer-Aided Trauma Simulation System With Haptic Feedback Is Easy and Fast for Oral-Maxillofacial Surgeons to Learn and Use
Schvartzman, S. C., Silva, R., Salisbury, K., Gaudilliere, D., & Girod, S. (2014). Computer-Aided Trauma Simulation System With Haptic Feedback Is Easy and Fast for Oral-Maxillofacial Surgeons to Learn and Use. JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 72(10), 1984-1993.

Body dysmorphic disorder and psychological distress in orthognathic surgery patients.
Collins, B., Gonzalez, D., Gaudilliere, D. K., Shrestha, P., & Girod, S. (2014). Body dysmorphic disorder and psychological distress in orthognathic surgery patients. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery , 72(8), 1553-1558.

Cell viability after osteotomy and bone harvesting: comparison of piezoelectric surgery and conventional bur
Mouraret, S., Houschyar, K. S., Hunter, D. J., Smith, A. A., Jew, O. S., & Helms, J. A. (2014). Cell viability after osteotomy and bone harvesting: comparison of piezoelectric surgery and conventional bur. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 43(8), 966-971.

Efficacy of bone healing in calvarial defects using piezoelectric surgical instruments.
Yang, B.-E., & Girod, S. (2014). Efficacy of bone healing in calvarial defects using piezoelectric surgical instruments. journal of craniofacial surgery, 25(1), 149-153.

Management of frontal sinus fractures: treatment modality changes at a level I trauma center.
Fox, P. M., Garza, R., Dusch, M., Hwang, P. H., & Girod, S. (2014). Management of frontal sinus fractures: treatment modality changes at a level I trauma center. The Journal of craniofacial surgery, 25(6), 2038-42.

Caries management by risk assessment in a cleft and craniofacial center.
Gaudilliere, D., Thakur, Y., Ku, M., Kaur, A., Shrestha, P., & Girod, S. C. (2014). Caries management by risk assessment in a cleft and craniofacial center. The Journal of craniofacial surgery, 25(6), e529-36.

Transverse stability of the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy for mandibular setback surgery
Yoo, J.-Y., Kwon, Y.-D., Suh, J.-H., Ko, S.-J., Lee, B., & Girod, S. (2013). Transverse stability of the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy for mandibular setback surgery. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 42(8), 994-1000.

Decisions, Decisions: How Program Diversity Influences Residency Program Choice
Ku, M. C., Li, Y. E., Prober, C., Valantine, H., & Girod, S. C. (2011). Decisions, Decisions: How Program Diversity Influences Residency Program Choice. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 213(2), 294-305.

Academic Couples: Implications for Medical School Faculty Recruitment and Retention
Girod, S., Gilmartin, S. K., Valantine, H., & Schiebinger, L. (2011). Academic Couples: Implications for Medical School Faculty Recruitment and Retention. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 212(3), 310-319.

Principles of implant-based reconstruction and rehabilitation of craniofacial defects.
Thimmappa, B., & Girod, S. C. (2010). Principles of implant-based reconstruction and rehabilitation of craniofacial defects. Craniomaxillofacial trauma & reconstruction, 3(1), 33-40.

Embryonic origin and Hox status determine progenitor cell fate during adult bone regeneration
Leucht, P., Kim, J.-B., Amasha, R., James, A. W., Girod, S., & Helms, J. A. (2008). Embryonic origin and Hox status determine progenitor cell fate during adult bone regeneration. DEVELOPMENT, 135(17), 2845-2854.

Image-guided surgical navigation in implant-based auricular reconstruction
Girod, S. C., Rohlfing, T., & Maurer, C. R. (2008). Image-guided surgical navigation in implant-based auricular reconstruction. JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 66(6), 1302-1306.

Haptic simulation of bone placement based on voxel models
Ruffaldi, E., Morris, D., Girod, S., Barbagli, F., Bergamasco, M., & Salisbury, K. (2007). Haptic simulation of bone placement based on voxel models. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY, 2, S195-S196.

Visuohaptic simulation of bone surgery for training and evaluation
Morris, D., Sewell, C., Barbagli, F., Salisbury, K., Blevins, N. H., & Girod, S. (2006). Visuohaptic simulation of bone surgery for training and evaluation. IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS, 26(6), 48-57.

Virtual 3D planning and guidance of mandibular distraction osteogenesis.
Meehan, M., Morris, D., Maurer, C. R., Antony, A. K., Barbagli, F., & Girod, S. (2006). Virtual 3D planning and guidance of mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Computer aided surgery , 11(2), 51-62.

A virtual training environment for mandibular distraction procedures
Morris, D., Barbagli, F., Salisbury, K., & Girod, S. (2005). A virtual training environment for mandibular distraction procedures. CARS 2005: COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY, 1281, 1375-1375.

An Interactive Simulation Environment for Craniofacial Surgical Procedures
Morris, D., Girod, S., Barbagli, F., & Salisbury, K. (2005). An Interactive Simulation Environment for Craniofacial Surgical Procedures. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 13: THE MAGICAL NEXT BECOMES THE MEDICAL NOW, 111, 334-341.

Automated 3D distraction osteogenesis planning in craniofacial surgery
Meehan, M., Maurer, C., Rohlfing, T., Rao, A., & Girod, S. (2003). Automated 3D distraction osteogenesis planning in craniofacial surgery. 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MAXILLOFACIAL AND CRANIOFACIAL DISTRACTION, 239-243.

Three-dimensional simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery.
Meehan, M., Teschner, M., & Girod, S. (2003). Three-dimensional simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery. Orthodontics & craniofacial research, 6, 102-107.

Three-dimensional photography for calculating pre- and post-operative volume in breast surgery
Rao, A. K., Karanas, Y., Galdino, G. M., & Girod, S. C. (2003). Three-dimensional photography for calculating pre- and post-operative volume in breast surgery. CARS 2003: COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY, PROCEEDINGS, 1256, 1355-1355.

Virtual 3D planning and guidance of mandibular distraction osteogenesis
Meehan, M., Maurer, C. R., Rohlfing, T., Shahidi, R., Rao, A., & Girod, S. (2003). Virtual 3D planning and guidance of mandibular distraction osteogenesis. CARS 2003: COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY, PROCEEDINGS, 1256, 382-388.

Estimation of soft-tissue model parameters using registered pre- and postoperative facial surface scans
Teschner, M., & Girod, S. (2002). Estimation of soft-tissue model parameters using registered pre- and postoperative facial surface scans. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 02/10, 85, 520-522.

Computer-aided 3-D simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery: a new approach
Girod, S., Teschner, M., Schrell, U., Kevekordes, B., & Girod, B. (2001). Computer-aided 3-D simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery: a new approach. JOURNAL OF CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 29(3), 156-158.

Correlation of telomerase activity, clinical prognosis and therapy in oral carcinogenesis
Ries, J. C., Hassfurther, E., Steininger, H., Kloss, F. R., Wiltfang, J., & Neukam, F. W. (2001). Correlation of telomerase activity, clinical prognosis and therapy in oral carcinogenesis. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 21(2A), 1057-1063.

Realistic modeling of elasto-mechanical properties of soft tissue and its evaluation
Teschner, M., Girod, S., & Girod, B. (2001). Realistic modeling of elasto-mechanical properties of soft tissue and its evaluation. CARS 2001: COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY, 1230, 51-56.

3-D simulation of craniofacial surgical procedures
Teschner, M., Girod, S., & Girod, B. (2001). 3-D simulation of craniofacial surgical procedures. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 2001: OUTER SPACE, INNER SPACE, VIRTUAL SPACE, 81, 502-508.

Computer-aided 3-D simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery: a new approach.
Girod, S., Teschner, M., Schrell, U., Kevekordes, B., & Girod, B. (2001). Computer-aided 3-D simulation and prediction of craniofacial surgery: a new approach. Journal of maxillofacial surgery, 29(3), 156-158.

I-FISH control of CGH-detected gain of DNA sequence copy number in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC)
Bayerlein, K., Rith, T., Verdorfer, I., Liehr, T., Wolff, E., & Gebhart, E. (2000). I-FISH control of CGH-detected gain of DNA sequence copy number in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 20(1A), 427-432.

CGH-detected DNA sequence copy number amplifications can be confirmed by interphase-FISH: New possibilities for prognostic approaches in oral squamous cell carcinomas
Taubald, A., Liehr, T., Ries, J., Girod, S., Hassfurter, E., & GEBHART, E. (1998). CGH-detected DNA sequence copy number amplifications can be confirmed by interphase-FISH: New possibilities for prognostic approaches in oral squamous cell carcinomas. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE, 2(5), 555-560.

Gain of DNA copy number on chromosomes 3q26-qter and 5p14-pter is a frequent finding in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Liehr, T., Ries, J., Wolff, E., Fiedler, W., Dahse, R., & GEBHART, E. (1998). Gain of DNA copy number on chromosomes 3q26-qter and 5p14-pter is a frequent finding in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE, 2(2), 173-179.

Proliferative activity and loss of function of tumour suppressor genes as 'biomarkers' in diagnosis and prognosis of benign and preneoplastic oral lesions and oral squamous cell carcinoma
Girod, S. C., Pfeiffer, P., Ries, J., & Pape, H. D. (1998). Proliferative activity and loss of function of tumour suppressor genes as 'biomarkers' in diagnosis and prognosis of benign and preneoplastic oral lesions and oral squamous cell carcinoma. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 36(4), 252-260.

Pattern of genomic imbalances in oral squamous cell carcinomas with and without an increased copy number of 11q13
GEBHART, E., Liehr, T., Wolff, E., Ries, J., Fiedler, W., & Girod, S. (1998). Pattern of genomic imbalances in oral squamous cell carcinomas with and without an increased copy number of 11q13. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY, 12(5), 1151-1155.

Oral squamous cell carcinomas are characterized by a rather uniform pattern of genomic imbalances detected by comparative genomic hybridisation
Wolff, E., Girod, S., Liehr, T., Vorderwulbecke, U., Ries, J., & GEBHART, E. (1998). Oral squamous cell carcinomas are characterized by a rather uniform pattern of genomic imbalances detected by comparative genomic hybridisation. ORAL ONCOLOGY, 34(3), 186-190.

p53 mutation and detection of p53 protein expression in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma
Ries, J. C., Schreiner, D., Steininger, H., & Girod, S. C. (1998). p53 mutation and detection of p53 protein expression in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 18(3B), 2031-2036.

Deformable modeling of facial tissue for craniofacial surgery simulation.
Keeve, E., Girod, S., Kikinis, R., & Girod, B. (1998). Deformable modeling of facial tissue for craniofacial surgery simulation. Computer aided surgery , 3(5), 228-238.

[p53 as a biomarker in radiotherapy of carcinoma of the mouth cavity].
Girod, S. C., Kaupe, M., Pfeiffer, P., & Pape, H. D. (1998). [p53 as a biomarker in radiotherapy of carcinoma of the mouth cavity]. Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG, 2(1), 11-13.

Gain of DNA copy number on chromosomes 3q26-qter and 5p14-pter is a frequent finding in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.
Liehr, T., Ries, J., Wolff, E., Fiedler, W., Dahse, R., & Gebhart, E. (1998). Gain of DNA copy number on chromosomes 3q26-qter and 5p14-pter is a frequent finding in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. International journal of molecular medicine, 2(2), 173-179.

Radiosensitivity and double-strand break rejoining in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic human epithelial cell lines
Daza, P., Schubler, H., McMillan, T. J., Girod, S. C., & Pfeiffer, P. (1997). Radiosensitivity and double-strand break rejoining in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic human epithelial cell lines. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY, 72(1), 91-100.

Adaptive surface data compression
Keeve, E., Schaller, S., Girod, S., & Girod, B. (1997). Adaptive surface data compression. SIGNAL PROCESSING, 59(2), 211-220.

Retinoid actions and implications for prevention and therapy of oral cancer
Girod, S. C., & Pfahl, M. (1996). Retinoid actions and implications for prevention and therapy of oral cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 25(1), 69-73.

DETECTION OF P53 AND MDM2 PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN HEAD AND NECK CARCINOGENESIS
Girod, S. C., Cesarz, D., Fischer, U., & Krueger, G. Rf. (1995). DETECTION OF P53 AND MDM2 PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN HEAD AND NECK CARCINOGENESIS. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 15(4), 1453-1457.

ADVANCES IN INTERACTIVE CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY PLANNING BY 3D SIMULATION AND VISUALIZATION
Girod, S., Keeve, E., & Girod, B. (1995). ADVANCES IN INTERACTIVE CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY PLANNING BY 3D SIMULATION AND VISUALIZATION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 24(1), 120-125.

P53 EXPRESSION IN THE CARCINOGENESIS IN THE ORAL-MUCOSA
Girod, S. C., KRAMER, C., KNUFERMANN, R., & Krueger, G. Rf. (1994). P53 EXPRESSION IN THE CARCINOGENESIS IN THE ORAL-MUCOSA. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY, 56(4), 444-448.

P53 AND PCNA EXPRESSION IN CARCINOGENESIS OF THE OROPHARYNGEAL MUCOSA
Girod, S. C., Pape, H. D., & Krueger, G. Rf. (1994). P53 AND PCNA EXPRESSION IN CARCINOGENESIS OF THE OROPHARYNGEAL MUCOSA. ORAL ONCOLOGY, 30B(6), 419-423.

P53 AND PCNA EXPRESSION IN MALIGNANT MELANOMAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK
Girod, S. C., Groth, W., Junk, M., & Gerlach, K. L. (1994). P53 AND PCNA EXPRESSION IN MALIGNANT MELANOMAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK. PIGMENT CELL RESEARCH, 7(5), 354-357.

Langerhans cells in epithelial tumors and benign lesions of the oropharynx.
Girod, S. C., Kühnast, T., Ulrich, S., & Krueger, G. R. (1994). Langerhans cells in epithelial tumors and benign lesions of the oropharynx. In vivo , 8(4), 543-547.

P53 AND KI-67 EXPRESSION IN PRENEOPLASTIC AND NEOPLASTIC LESIONS OF THE ORAL-MUCOSA
Girod, S. C., Krueger, G., & Pape, H. D. (1993). P53 AND KI-67 EXPRESSION IN PRENEOPLASTIC AND NEOPLASTIC LESIONS OF THE ORAL-MUCOSA. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(5), 285-288.

CYSTS ASSOCIATED WITH LONG-STANDING IMPACTED 3RD MOLARS
Girod, S. C., Gerlach, K. L., & Krueger, G. (1993). CYSTS ASSOCIATED WITH LONG-STANDING IMPACTED 3RD MOLARS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(2), 110-112.

[Cranial reconstruction. A report on the 43rd Congress of the German Society for Oral and Facial Surgery at Cologne].
Girod, S. (1993). [Cranial reconstruction. A report on the 43rd Congress of the German Society for Oral and Facial Surgery at Cologne]. Schweizer Monatsschrift für Zahnmedizin = Revue mensuelle suisse d'odonto-stomatologie = Rivista mensile svizzera di odontologia e stomatologia / SSO, 103(11), 1522-1524.

[Reconstruction of the visceral cranium].
Girod, S. (1993). [Reconstruction of the visceral cranium]. Schweizer Monatsschrift für Zahnmedizin = Revue mensuelle suisse d'odonto-stomatologie = Rivista mensile svizzera di odontologia e stomatologia / SSO, 103(10), 1343-1345.

[Special considerations in dental surgery procedures on organ transplantation patients].
Schmelzeisen, R., Eckardt, A., Knoll, M., & Girod, S. (1991). [Special considerations in dental surgery procedures on organ transplantation patients]. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichts-Chirurgie, 15(6), 431-434.

THE FASCICULAR STRUCTURE OF THE LINGUAL NERVE AND THE CHORDA TYMPANI - AN ANATOMIC STUDY
Girod, S. C., Neukam, F. W., Girod, B., Reumann, K., & SEMRAU, H. (1989). THE FASCICULAR STRUCTURE OF THE LINGUAL NERVE AND THE CHORDA TYMPANI - AN ANATOMIC STUDY. JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 47(6), 607-609.

PROSPECTIVE-STUDY ON THE QUESTION OF COMPLICATIONS SECONDARY TO THE TRANSPLANTATION OF TEETH IN THE PRESENCE OF AN ORO-ANTRAL COMMUNICATION
Neukam, F. W., & Girod, S. (1988). PROSPECTIVE-STUDY ON THE QUESTION OF COMPLICATIONS SECONDARY TO THE TRANSPLANTATION OF TEETH IN THE PRESENCE OF AN ORO-ANTRAL COMMUNICATION. DEUTSCHE ZAHNARZTLICHE ZEITSCHRIFT, 43(12), 1342-1344.

COMPLICATIONS IN THE PLASTIC CLOSURE OF ORO-ANTRAL COMMUNICATIONS
Schmelzeisen, R., HESSLING, K. H., BARSEKOW, F., & Girod, S. (1988). COMPLICATIONS IN THE PLASTIC CLOSURE OF ORO-ANTRAL COMMUNICATIONS. DEUTSCHE ZAHNARZTLICHE ZEITSCHRIFT, 43(12), 1335-1337.