Frank Hanley

Cardiothoracic surgeon

Lawrence Crowley, M.D., Endowed Professor in Child Health

Adult Congenital Heart Program

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-724-9220
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Professional Education

Medical Education: Tufts University (1978) MA

Fellowship: UCSF Medical Center (1988) CA

Residency: UCSF Medical Center (1986) CA

Board Certification: Thoracic Surgery, American Board of Thoracic Surgery (1990)

Internship: UCSF Medical Center (1979) CA

Honors & Awards

Lawrence Crowley, MD, Endowed Professorship in Child Health, Stanford (2004)

Excellence in Teaching Award in the Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco (1992-94)

Outstanding Surgical Chief Resident Award, University of California, San Francisco (1986)

Outstanding Resident Teaching Award, University of California, San Francisco (1986)

Alpha Omega Alpha medical society, University of California, San Francisco (1986)

Outstanding Graduating Student in Surgery (Martin J Loeb Award), Tufts Medical School (1978)

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery†.
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., Reinhartz, O., Petrossian, E., Punn, R., & Hanley, F. L. (2014). Surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery†. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery , 46(1), 20-26.

Coronary sinus obstruction after atrioventricular canal defect repair.
Peng, D. M., Sun, H. Y., Hanley, F. L., Olson, I., & Punn, R. (2014). Coronary sinus obstruction after atrioventricular canal defect repair. Congenital heart disease, 9(4), E121-4.

Incidence and Risk Factors of Complete Atrioventricular Block after Operative Ventricular Septal Defect Repair
Siehr, S. L., Hanley, F. L., Reddy, V. M., Miyake, C. Y., & Dubin, A. M. (2014). Incidence and Risk Factors of Complete Atrioventricular Block after Operative Ventricular Septal Defect Repair. CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE, 9(3), 211-215.

Home monitoring program reduces interstage mortality after the modified Norwood procedure.
Siehr, S. L., Norris, J. K., Bushnell, J. A., Ramamoorthy, C., Reddy, V. M., & Wright, G. E. (2014). Home monitoring program reduces interstage mortality after the modified Norwood procedure. journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 147(2), 718-23 e1.

Atherosclerosis Causing Recurrent Catastrophic Aortopulmonary Shunt Dehiscence in a Patient with Alagille Syndrome
May, L., Hanley, F. L., Connolly, A. J., & Reddy, S. (2013). Atherosclerosis Causing Recurrent Catastrophic Aortopulmonary Shunt Dehiscence in a Patient with Alagille Syndrome. PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, 34(8), 1945-1948.

Surgical management of neonatal atrioventricular septal defect with aortic arch obstruction.
Shuhaiber, J., Shin, A. Y., Gossett, J. G., Wypij, D., Backer, C. L., & Costello, J. M. (2013). Surgical management of neonatal atrioventricular septal defect with aortic arch obstruction. Annals of thoracic surgery, 95(6), 2071-2077.

Aortic Valve Disease in Pulmonary Atresia and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals
Mainwaring, R. D., Dimeling, G., Punn, R., & Hanley, F. L. (2013). Aortic Valve Disease in Pulmonary Atresia and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 95(6), 2122-2125.

Fetal cardiac intervention: Improved results of fetal cardiac bypass in immature fetuses using the TinyPump device
Sebastian, V. A., Ferro, G., Kagawa, H., Nasirov, T., Maeda, K., & Reddy, V. M. (2013). Fetal cardiac intervention: Improved results of fetal cardiac bypass in immature fetuses using the TinyPump device. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 145(6), 1460-1464.

Postoperative Respiratory Failure in Children With Tetralogy of Fallot, Pulmonary Atresia, and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals: A Pilot Study
Asija, R., Hanley, F. L., & Roth, S. J. (2013). Postoperative Respiratory Failure in Children With Tetralogy of Fallot, Pulmonary Atresia, and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals: A Pilot Study. PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE, 14(4), 384-389.

Surgical Reconstruction of Pulmonary Stenosis With Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals
Mainwaring, R. D., Punn, R., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2013). Surgical Reconstruction of Pulmonary Stenosis With Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 95(4), 1417-1421.

Hemodynamic Assessment After Complete Repair of Pulmonary Atresia With Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., Peng, L., Kuan, C., Palmon, M., & Hanley, F. L. (2013). Hemodynamic Assessment After Complete Repair of Pulmonary Atresia With Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 95(4), 1397-1402.

Surgical reconstruction of peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis in Williams and Alagille syndromes
Monge, M. C., Mainwaring, R. D., Sheikh, A. Y., Punn, R., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2013). Surgical reconstruction of peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis in Williams and Alagille syndromes. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 145(2), 476-481.

Computational fluid dynamic simulations for determination of ventricular workload in aortic arch obstructions.
Coogan, J. S., Chan, F. P., LaDisa, J. F., Taylor, C. A., Hanley, F. L., & Feinstein, J. A. (2013). Computational fluid dynamic simulations for determination of ventricular workload in aortic arch obstructions. journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 145(2), 489-495 e1.

Prevalence of Anomalous Coronary Arteries in Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals.
Muralidaran, A., Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2013). Prevalence of Anomalous Coronary Arteries in Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals. Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Early Outcomes After Extracardiac Conduit Fontan Operation Without Cardiopulmonary Bypass
McCammond, A. N., Kuo, K., Parikh, V. N., Abdullah, K., Balise, R., & Roth, S. J. (2012). Early Outcomes After Extracardiac Conduit Fontan Operation Without Cardiopulmonary Bypass. PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, 33(7), 1078-1085.

Predictors for use of temporary epicardial pacing wires after pediatric cardiac surgery
Gupta, P., Jines, P., Gossett, J. M., Maurille, M., Hanley, F. L., & Roth, S. J. (2012). Predictors for use of temporary epicardial pacing wires after pediatric cardiac surgery. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 144(3), 557-562.

Late Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Aortopulmonary Window for Pulmonary Atresia/Stenosis and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., Perry, S. B., Peng, L., & Hanley, F. L. (2012). Late Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Aortopulmonary Window for Pulmonary Atresia/Stenosis and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 94(3), 842-849.

Surgical outcomes for patients with pulmonary atresia/major aortopulmonary collaterals and Alagille syndrome
Mainwaring, R. D., Sheikh, A. Y., Punn, R., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2012). Surgical outcomes for patients with pulmonary atresia/major aortopulmonary collaterals and Alagille syndrome. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY, 42(2), 235-241.

Pulmonary reperfusion injury after the unifocalization procedure for tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries
Maskatia, S. A., Feinstein, J. A., Newman, B., Hanley, F. L., & Roth, S. J. (2012). Pulmonary reperfusion injury after the unifocalization procedure for tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 144(1), 184-189.

Midterm Results of the Modified Ross/Konno Procedure in Neonates and Infants
Maeda, K., Rizal, R. E., Lavrsen, M., Malhotra, S. P., Akram, S. A., & Reddy, V. M. (2012). Midterm Results of the Modified Ross/Konno Procedure in Neonates and Infants. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 94(1), 156-163.

Reconstruction of Pulmonary Artery in a Newborn Using a Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosal Patch
Chalajour, F., Barboza, L. A., Boni, L., Snyder, R., Hanley, F. L., & Riemer, R. K. (2012). Reconstruction of Pulmonary Artery in a Newborn Using a Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosal Patch. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 93(4), 1311-1315.

Surgical Reconstruction of Tracheal Stenosis in Conjunction With Congenital Heart Defects
Mainwaring, R. D., Shillingford, M., Davies, R., Koltai, P., Navaratnam, M., & Hanley, F. L. (2012). Surgical Reconstruction of Tracheal Stenosis in Conjunction With Congenital Heart Defects. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 93(4), 1266-1273.

Late Repair of the Native Pulmonary Valve in Patients With Pulmonary Insufficiency After Surgery for Tetralogy of Fallot
Mainwaring, R. D., Pirolli, T., Punn, R., & Hanley, F. L. (2012). Late Repair of the Native Pulmonary Valve in Patients With Pulmonary Insufficiency After Surgery for Tetralogy of Fallot. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 93(2), 677-679.

Surgical Results in Patients With Pulmonary Atresia-Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals in Association With Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, M., Reinhartz, O., Punn, R., Tacy, T., & Hanley, F. L. (2011). Surgical Results in Patients With Pulmonary Atresia-Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals in Association With Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 92(5), 1756-1760.

Anomalous Aortic Origin of a Coronary Artery: Medium-Term Results After Surgical Repair in 50 Patients
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., Reinhartz, O., Petrossian, E., Macdonald, M., & Hanley, F. L. (2011). Anomalous Aortic Origin of a Coronary Artery: Medium-Term Results After Surgical Repair in 50 Patients. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 92(2), 691-697.

Survival after extreme left atrial hypertension and pulmonary hemorrhage in an infant supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory atrial flutter
Cisco, M. J., Asija, R., Dubin, A. M., Perry, S. B., Hanley, F. L., & Roth, S. J. (2011). Survival after extreme left atrial hypertension and pulmonary hemorrhage in an infant supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory atrial flutter. PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE, 12(3), E149-E152.

PULMONARY REPERFUSION INJURY AFTER THE UNIFOCALIZATION PROCEDURE FOR TETRALOGY OF FALLOT, PULMONARY ATRESIA AND MAJOR AORTOPULMONARY COLLATERAL ARTERIES
Maskatia, S., Feinstein, J. A., Newman, B., Hanley, F. L., & Roth, S. J. (2011). PULMONARY REPERFUSION INJURY AFTER THE UNIFOCALIZATION PROCEDURE FOR TETRALOGY OF FALLOT, PULMONARY ATRESIA AND MAJOR AORTOPULMONARY COLLATERAL ARTERIES. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 57(14), E419-E419.

The hybrid procedure for the borderline left ventricle
Davis, C. K., Pastuszko, P., Lamberti, J., Moore, J., Hanley, F., & El Said, H. (2011). The hybrid procedure for the borderline left ventricle. CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG, 21(1), 26-30.

The hemi-Mustard/bidirectional Glenn atrial switch procedure in the double-switch operation for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries: Rationale and midterm results
Malhotra, S. P., Reddy, V. M., Qiu, M., Pirolli, T. J., Barboza, L., & Hanley, F. L. (2011). The hemi-Mustard/bidirectional Glenn atrial switch procedure in the double-switch operation for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries: Rationale and midterm results. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 141(1), 162-170.

Anomalous coronary arteries from the opposite sinus of Valsalva in asymptomatic siblings treated with pulmonary arterial translocation
Obayashi, D. Y., Yeh, J., Silverman, N. H., & Hanley, F. L. (2010). Anomalous coronary arteries from the opposite sinus of Valsalva in asymptomatic siblings treated with pulmonary arterial translocation. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 140(6), 1430-1432.

Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism During Total Body Flow and Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion at Deep and Moderate Hypothermia
Sasaki, T., Boni, L., Riemer, R. K., Yeung, J. T., Ramamoorthy, C., & Reddy, V. M. (2010). Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism During Total Body Flow and Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion at Deep and Moderate Hypothermia. ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, 34(11), 980-986.

Surgical management of life threatening events caused by intermittent aortic insufficiency in a native valve: case report
Martin, M. H., Perry, S. B., Prochazka, J. V., Hanley, F. L., & Silverman, N. H. (2010). Surgical management of life threatening events caused by intermittent aortic insufficiency in a native valve: case report. JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY, 5.

Optimal flow rate for antegrade cerebral perfusion
Sasaki, T., Tsuda, S., Riemer, R. K., Ramamoorthy, C., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2010). Optimal flow rate for antegrade cerebral perfusion. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 139(3), 530-535.

Selective Right Ventricular Unloading and Novel Technical Concepts in Ebstein's Anomaly
Malhotra, S. P., Petrossian, E., Reddy, V. M., Qiu, M., Maeda, K., & Hanley, F. L. (2009). Selective Right Ventricular Unloading and Novel Technical Concepts in Ebstein's Anomaly. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 88(6), 1975-1981.

Deep Brain Hyperthermia While Rewarming from Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
Amir, G., Ramamoorthy, C., Riemer, R. K., Hanley, F. L., & Reddy, V. M. (2009). Deep Brain Hyperthermia While Rewarming from Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest. JOURNAL OF CARDIAC SURGERY, 24(5), 606-610.

Outcome Analysis for a Small, Start-up Congenital Heart Surgery Program
Mainwaring, R. D., Reddy, V. M., Reinhartz, O., Lamberti, J. J., Jacobson, J. G., & Hanley, F. L. (2008). Outcome Analysis for a Small, Start-up Congenital Heart Surgery Program. JOURNAL OF CARDIAC SURGERY, 23(6), 622-626.

Dynamics of human myocardial progenitor cell Populations in the neonatal period
Amir, G., Ma, X., Reddy, V. M., Hanley, F. L., Reinhartz, O., & Riemer, R. K. (2008). Dynamics of human myocardial progenitor cell Populations in the neonatal period. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 86(4), 1311-1320.

Morphological studies of pulmonary arteriovenous shunting in a lamb model of superior cavopulmonary anastomosis
McMullan, D. M., Reddy, V. M., Gottliebson, W. M., Silverman, N. H., Perry, S. B., & Riemer, R. K. (2008). Morphological studies of pulmonary arteriovenous shunting in a lamb model of superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, 29(4), 706-712.

Routine continuous perfusion for aortic arch reconstruction in the neonate.
Malhotra, S. P., & Hanley, F. L. (2008). Routine continuous perfusion for aortic arch reconstruction in the neonate. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. Pediatric cardiac surgery annual, 57-60.

Surgical management of coronary artery arising from the wrong coronary sinus, using standard and novel approaches
Gulati, R., Reddy, V. M., Culbertson, C., Helton, G., Suleman, S., & Hanley, F. L. (2007). Surgical management of coronary artery arising from the wrong coronary sinus, using standard and novel approaches. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 134(5), 1171-U12.

Visual light spectroscopy reflects flow-related changes in brain oxygenation during regional low-flow perfusion and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest
Amir, G., Ramamoorthy, C., Riemer, R. K., Davis, C. R., Hanley, F. L., & Reddy, V. M. (2006). Visual light spectroscopy reflects flow-related changes in brain oxygenation during regional low-flow perfusion and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 132(6), 1307-1313.

The extracardiac conduit Fontan operation using minimal approach extracorporeal circulation: Early and midterm outcomes
Petrossian, E., Reddy, V. M., Collins, K. K., Culbertson, C. B., MacDonald, M. J., & Hanley, F. L. (2006). The extracardiac conduit Fontan operation using minimal approach extracorporeal circulation: Early and midterm outcomes. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 132(5), 1054-1063.

Esophageal saturation during antegrade cerebral perfusion: a preliminary report using visible light spectroscopy
Heninger, C., Ramamoorthy, C., Amir, G., Kamra, K., Reddy, V. M., & Brock-Utne, J. G. (2006). Esophageal saturation during antegrade cerebral perfusion: a preliminary report using visible light spectroscopy. PEDIATRIC ANESTHESIA, 16(11), 1133-1137.

Aortopulmonary window with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: Two cases highlighting the importance of complete pre-operative echocardiographic evaluation of the coronary arteries in all conotruncal anomalies
Greenway, S. C., Bradley, T. J., Caldarone, C. A., Silverman, N. H., Hanley, F. L., & Smallhorn, J. F. (2006). Aortopulmonary window with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: Two cases highlighting the importance of complete pre-operative echocardiographic evaluation of the coronary arteries in all conotruncal anomalies. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 7(5), 379-382.

Unifocalization of major aortopulmonary collaterals in single-ventricle patients
Reinhartz, O., Reddy, V. M., Petrossian, E., Suleman, S., Mainwaring, R. D., & Hanley, F. L. (2006). Unifocalization of major aortopulmonary collaterals in single-ventricle patients. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 82(3), 934-939.

Homograft valved right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as a modification of the Norwood procedure
Reinhartz, O., Reddy, V. M., Petrossian, E., Macdonald, M., Lamberti, J. J., & Hanley, F. L. (2006). Homograft valved right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as a modification of the Norwood procedure. CIRCULATION, 114, I594-I599.

MAPCAs, bronchials, monkeys, and men
Hanley, F. L. (2006). MAPCAs, bronchials, monkeys, and men. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY, 29(5), 643-644.

Management of systemic venous anomalies in the pediatric cardiovascular surgical patient.
Gandy, K., & Hanley, F. (2006). Management of systemic venous anomalies in the pediatric cardiovascular surgical patient. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. Pediatric cardiac surgery annual, 63-74.

Effect of surgical case volume on outcome after the Norwood procedure
MacDonald, M. J., Reinhartz, O., & Hanley, F. L. (2005). Effect of surgical case volume on outcome after the Norwood procedure. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 130(6), 1731-1731.

Neonatal brain protection and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest: pathophysiology of ischemic neuronal injury and protective strategies
Amir, G., Ramamoorthy, C., Riemer, K., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2005). Neonatal brain protection and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest: pathophysiology of ischemic neuronal injury and protective strategies. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 80(5), 1955-1964.

Religion, politics... deep hypothermic circulatory arrest
Hanley, F. L. (2005). Religion, politics... deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 130(5), 1236-1241.

Homograft valved right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as a modification of the norwood procedure
Reinhartz, O., Reddy, V. M., MacDonald, M. J., Lamberti, J. J., Petrossian, E., & Hanley, F. L. (2005). Homograft valved right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as a modification of the norwood procedure. CIRCULATION, 112(17), U577-U577.

Management of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries
Hanley, F. L., Reinhartz, O., Suleman, S., Gremmels, D. B., Perry, S. B., & Reddy, V. M. (2005). Management of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. CIRCULATION, 112(17), U576-U576.

Isolated unilateral absence of right proximal pulmonary artery: Surgical repair and follow-up
Welch, K., Hanley, F., Johnston, T., Cailes, C., & Shah, M. J. (2005). Isolated unilateral absence of right proximal pulmonary artery: Surgical repair and follow-up. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 79(4), 1399-1402.

Preliminary results of fetal cardiac bypass in nonhuman primates
Ikai, A., Riemer, R. K., Ramamoorthy, C., Malhatra, S., Cassorla, L., & Reddy, V. M. (2005). Preliminary results of fetal cardiac bypass in nonhuman primates. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 129(1), 175-181.

Pulmonary arteriovenous shunting in the normal fetal lung
McMullan, D. M., Hanley, F. L., Cohen, G. A., Portman, M. A., & Riemer, R. K. (2004). Pulmonary arteriovenous shunting in the normal fetal lung. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 44(7), 1497-1500.

A method for selectively limiting lumen diameter in corrosion casting
McMullan, D. M., Hanley, F. L., & Riemer, R. K. (2004). A method for selectively limiting lumen diameter in corrosion casting. MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH, 67(3), 215-217.

Pulmonary expression of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor c-Met shifts from medial to intimal layer after cavopulmonary anastomosis
Ikai, A., Riemer, R. K., Ma, X. Y., Reinhartz, O., Hanley, F. L., & Reddy, V. M. (2004). Pulmonary expression of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor c-Met shifts from medial to intimal layer after cavopulmonary anastomosis. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 127(5), 1442-1449.

Electrical resychronization of failing right ventricle - Response
Dubin, A. M., Feinstein, J. A., Van Hare, G. F., Rosenthal, D. N., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2004). Electrical resychronization of failing right ventricle - Response. CIRCULATION, 109(2), E5-E5.

Induced fibrillation is equally effective as crystalloid cardioplegia in the protection of fetal myocardial function
Malhotra, S. P., Thelitz, S., Riemer, R. K., Reddy, V. M., Suleman, S., & Hanley, F. L. (2003). Induced fibrillation is equally effective as crystalloid cardioplegia in the protection of fetal myocardial function. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 125(6), 1276-1282.

Fetal myocardial protection is markedly improved by reduced cardioplegic calcium content
Malhotra, S. P., Thelitz, S., Riemer, R. K., Reddy, V. M., Suleman, S., & Hanley, F. L. (2003). Fetal myocardial protection is markedly improved by reduced cardioplegic calcium content. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 75(6), 1937-1941.

Electrical resynchronization - A novel therapy for the failing right ventricle
Dubin, A. M., Feinstein, J. A., Reddy, V. M., Hanley, F. L., Van Hare, G. F., & Rosenthal, D. N. (2003). Electrical resynchronization - A novel therapy for the failing right ventricle. CIRCULATION, 107(18), 2287-2289.

Robotic-assisted endoscopic thoracic aortic anastomosis in juvenile lambs
Malhotra, S. P., Le, D., Thelitz, S., Hanley, F. L., Riemer, R. K., & Reddy, V. M. (2003). Robotic-assisted endoscopic thoracic aortic anastomosis in juvenile lambs. HEART SURGERY FORUM, 6(1), 38-42.

The role of oxidative stress in the development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after cavopulmonary anastomosis
Malhotra, S. P., Reddy, V. M., Thelitz, S., He, Y. P., McMullan, D. M., & Riemer, R. K. (2002). The role of oxidative stress in the development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after cavopulmonary anastomosis. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 124(3), 479-485.

Surgical creation of aortopulmonary window in selected patients with pulmonary atresia with poorly developed aortopulmonary collaterals and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries
Rodefeld, M. D., Reddy, V. M., Thompson, L. D., Suleman, S., Moore, P. C., & Hanley, F. L. (2002). Surgical creation of aortopulmonary window in selected patients with pulmonary atresia with poorly developed aortopulmonary collaterals and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 123(6), 1147-1154.

Cavopulmonary anastomosis induces pulmonary expression of the angiotensin II receptor family
Malhotra, S. P., Reddy, V. M., Thelitz, S., He, Y. P., Hanley, F. L., & Riemer, R. K. (2002). Cavopulmonary anastomosis induces pulmonary expression of the angiotensin II receptor family. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 123(4), 655-660.

Management of neonatal bronchovenous fistula after cardiopulmonary bypass
Reinhartz, O., DeSilva, A. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2002). Management of neonatal bronchovenous fistula after cardiopulmonary bypass. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 73(4), 1320-1322.

Neonatal truncus arteriosus repair: surgical techniques and clinical management.
Rodefeld, M. D., & Hanley, F. L. (2002). Neonatal truncus arteriosus repair: surgical techniques and clinical management. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. Pediatric cardiac surgery annual, 5, 212-217.

Arch reconstruction without circulatory arrest: current clinical applications and results of therapy.
MacDonald, M. J., Hanley, F. L., & Reddy, V. M. (2002). Arch reconstruction without circulatory arrest: current clinical applications and results of therapy. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. Pediatric cardiac surgery annual, 5, 95-103.

Robotic-assisted endoscopic thoracic aortic anastomosis in juvenile lambs.
Malhotra, S. P., Le, D., Thelitz, S., Hanley, F. L., Riemer, R. K., & Reddy, V. M. (2002). Robotic-assisted endoscopic thoracic aortic anastomosis in juvenile lambs. heart surgery forum, 6(1), 38-42.

Pulmonary artery translocation: A surgical option for complex anomalous coronary artery anatomy
Rodefeld, M. D., Culbertson, C. B., Rosenfeld, H. M., Hanley, F. L., & Thompson, L. D. (2001). Pulmonary artery translocation: A surgical option for complex anomalous coronary artery anatomy. ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY, 72(6), 2150-2152.

Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis suppresses the activity and expression of pulmonary angiotensin-converting enzyme
Malhotra, S. P., Riemer, R. K., Thelitz, S., He, Y. P., Hanley, F. L., & Reddy, V. M. (2001). Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis suppresses the activity and expression of pulmonary angiotensin-converting enzyme. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 122(3), 464-469.

Late thrombosis of the native aortic root after Norwood reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Brennan, T. V., Rodefeld, M. D., Tacy, T. A., Reddy, V. M., & Hanley, F. L. (2001). Late thrombosis of the native aortic root after Norwood reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 121(3), 580-582.

Extracardiac conduit variation of the Fontan procedure.
Petrossian, E., Thompson, L. D., & Hanley, F. L. (2000). Extracardiac conduit variation of the Fontan procedure. Advances in cardiac surgery, 12, 175-198.