Design and rationale of the Reduction of Infarct Expansion and Ventricular Remodeling with Erythropoietin after Large Myocardial Infarction (REVEAL) trial AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL Melloni, C., Rao, S. V., Povsic, T. J., Melton, L., Kim, R. J., Kilaru, R., Patel, M. R., Talan, M., Ferrucci, L., Longo, D. L., Lakatta, E. G., Najjar, S. S., Harrington, R. A. 2010; 160 (5): 795-U39

Abstract

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a leading cause of death despite advances in pharmacologic and percutaneous therapies. Animal models of ischemia/reperfusion have demonstrated that single-dose erythropoietin may reduce infarct size, decrease apoptosis, and increase neovascularization, possibly through mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells.REVEAL is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial evaluating the effects of epoetin ? on infarct size and left ventricular remodeling in patients with large MIs. The trial comprises a dose-escalation safety phase and a single-dose efficacy phase using the highest acceptable epoetin ? dose up to 60,000 IU. Up to 250 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary or rescue percutaneous coronary intervention will be randomized to intravenous epoetin ? or placebo within 4 hours of successful reperfusion. The primary study end point is infarct size expressed as a percentage of left ventricular mass, as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging 2 to 6 days post study medication administration. Secondary end points will assess changes in endothelial progenitor cell numbers and changes in indices of ventricular remodeling.The REVEAL trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the highest tolerated single dose of epoetin ? in patients who have undergone successful rescue or primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ahj.2010.09.007

View details for Web of Science ID 000284458700004

View details for PubMedID 21095264