Albert Koong, MD, PhD

Radiation oncologist

Radiation Oncology

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer Program

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Advanced Medicine Center Building

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Blake Wilbur Building

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Boswell Building

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Board Certification: Radiation Oncology, American Board of Radiology (2001)

Internship: Kaiser Permanente/Santa Clara (1997) CA

Stanford University School of Medicine (1994) CA

Residency: Stanford University School of Medicine (2001) CA

Medical Education: Northwestern University Medical School (1996) IL

Cost-effectiveness of modern radiotherapy techniques in locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Murphy, J. D., Chang, D. T., Abelson, J., Daly, M. E., Yeung, H. N., & Koong, A. C. (2012). Cost-effectiveness of modern radiotherapy techniques in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. CANCER, 118(4), 1119-1129.

Identification of an Ire1alpha endonuclease specific inhibitor with cytotoxic activity against human multiple myeloma
Papandreou, I., Denko, N. C., Olson, M., Van Melckebeke, H., Lust, S., & Koong, A. C. (2011). Identification of an Ire1alpha endonuclease specific inhibitor with cytotoxic activity against human multiple myeloma. BLOOD, 117(4), 1311-1314.

Imaging the Unfolded Protein Response in Primary Tumors Reveals Microenvironments with Metabolic Variations that Predict Tumor Growth
Spiotto, M. T., Banh, A., Papandreou, I., Cao, H., Galvez, M. G., & Koong, A. C. (2010). Imaging the Unfolded Protein Response in Primary Tumors Reveals Microenvironments with Metabolic Variations that Predict Tumor Growth. CANCER RESEARCH, 70(1), 78-88.

X box-binding protein 1 regulates angiogenesis in human pancreatic adenocarcinomas.
Romero-Ramirez, L., Cao, H., Regalado, M. P., Kambham, N., Siemann, D., & Koong, A. C. (2009). X box-binding protein 1 regulates angiogenesis in human pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Translational oncology, 2(1), 31-38.

XBP-1 regulates angiogenesis in human pancreatic adenocarcinomas
Romero-Ramirez, L., Cao, H., Regalado, M. P., Kambham, N., Siemann, D., & Koong, A. C. (2009). XBP-1 regulates angiogenesis in human pancreatic adenocarcinomas. TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY, 2(1), 31-U42.

Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Unresectable Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Chang, D. T., Schellenberg, D., Shen, J., Kim, J., Goodman, K. A., & Koong, A. C. (2009). Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Unresectable Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas. CANCER, 115(3), 665-672.

The Role of Tumor Cell-Derived Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF/CCN2) in Pancreatic Tumor Growth
Bennewith, K. L., Huang, X., Ham, C. M., Graves, E. E., Erler, J. T., & Giaccia, A. J. (2009). The Role of Tumor Cell-Derived Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF/CCN2) in Pancreatic Tumor Growth. CANCER RESEARCH, 69(3), 775-784.

Hypoxia-Induced Lysyl Oxidase Is a Critical Mediator of Bone Marrow Cell Recruitment to Form the Premetastatic Niche
Erler, J. T., Bennewith, K. L., Cox, T. R., Lang, G., Bird, D., & Giaccia, A. J. (2009). Hypoxia-Induced Lysyl Oxidase Is a Critical Mediator of Bone Marrow Cell Recruitment to Form the Premetastatic Niche. CANCER CELL, 15(1), 35-44.

Multiplexed protein detection by proximity ligation for cancer biomarker validation
Fredriksson, S., Dixon, W., Ji, H., Koong, A. C., Mindrinos, M., & Davis, R. W. (2007). Multiplexed protein detection by proximity ligation for cancer biomarker validation. NATURE METHODS, 4(4), 327-329.

Connective tissue growth factor-specific monoclonal antibody therapy inhibits pancreatic tumor growth and metastasis
Dornhoefer, N., Spong, S., Bennewith, K., Salim, A., Klaus, S., & Giaccia, A. (2006). Connective tissue growth factor-specific monoclonal antibody therapy inhibits pancreatic tumor growth and metastasis. CANCER RESEARCH, 66(11), 5816-5827.

Galectin-1: A link between tumor hypoxia and tumor immune privilege
Le, Q. T., Shi, G. Y., Cao, H. B., Nelson, D. W., Wang, Y. Y., & Koong, A. C. (2005). Galectin-1: A link between tumor hypoxia and tumor immune privilege. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 23(35), 8932-8941.

The unfolded protein response: A novel component of the hypoxic stress response in tumors
Feldman, D. E., Chauhan, V., & Koong, A. C. (2005). The unfolded protein response: A novel component of the hypoxic stress response in tumors. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 3(11), 597-605.

Identification of hypoxia-regulated proteins in head and neck cancer by proteomic and tissue array profiling
Chen, Y. J., Shi, G. Y., Wei, X., Kong, C., Zhao, S. C., & Koong, A. C. (2004). Identification of hypoxia-regulated proteins in head and neck cancer by proteomic and tissue array profiling. CANCER RESEARCH, 64(20), 7302-7310.

XBP1 is essential for survival under hypoxic conditions and is required for tumor growth
Romero-Ramirez, L., Cao, H. B., Nelson, D., Hammond, E., Lee, A. H., & Koong, A. C. (2004). XBP1 is essential for survival under hypoxic conditions and is required for tumor growth. CANCER RESEARCH, 64(17), 5943-5947.

Phase I study of stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Koong, A. C., Le, Q. T., Ho, A., Fong, B., Fisher, G., & Bastidas, J. A. (2004). Phase I study of stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 58(4), 1017-1021.

Pancreatic tumors show high levels of hypoxia
Koong, A. C., Mehta, V. K., Le, Q. T., Fisher, G. A., Terris, D. J., & Vierra, M. (2000). Pancreatic tumors show high levels of hypoxia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 48(4), 919-922.

Loss of PTEN facilitates HIF-1-mediated gene expression
Zundel, W., Schindler, C., Haas-Kogan, D., Koong, A., Kaper, F., & Giaccia, A. J. (2000). Loss of PTEN facilitates HIF-1-mediated gene expression. GENES & DEVELOPMENT, 14(4), 391-396.

Candidate genes for the hypoxic tumor phenotype
Koong, A. C., Denko, N. C., Hudson, K. M., Schindler, C., Swiersz, L., & Giaccia, A. J. (2000). Candidate genes for the hypoxic tumor phenotype. CANCER RESEARCH, 60(4), 883-887.

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer
Trakul, N., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2014). Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer. SEMINARS IN RADIATION ONCOLOGY, 24(2), 140-147.

Safety of (90)y radioembolization in patients who have undergone previous external beam radiation therapy.
Lam, M. Geh., Abdelmaksoud, M. Hk., Chang, D. T., Eclov, N. C., Chung, M. P., & Sze, D. Y. (2013). Safety of (90)y radioembolization in patients who have undergone previous external beam radiation therapy. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 87(2), 323-329.

A novel aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 activator (Alda-89) protects submandibular gland function from irradiation without accelerating tumor growth.
Xiao, N., Cao, H., Chen, C.-H., Kong, C. S., Ali, R., & Le, Q.-T. (2013). A novel aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 activator (Alda-89) protects submandibular gland function from irradiation without accelerating tumor growth. Clinical cancer research , 19(16), 4455-4464.

Seventh Edition (2010) of the AJCC/UICC Staging System for Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Is there Room for Improvement?
Patel, M. I., Rhoads, K. F., Ma, Y., Ford, J. M., Visser, B. C., & Poultsides, G. A. (2013). Seventh Edition (2010) of the AJCC/UICC Staging System for Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Is there Room for Improvement?. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 20(5), 1631-1638.

Dosimetric analysis of organs at risk during expiratory gating in stereotactic body radiation therapy for pancreatic cancer.
Taniguchi, C. M., Murphy, J. D., Eclov, N., Atwood, T. F., Kielar, K. N., & Chang, D. T. (2013). Dosimetric analysis of organs at risk during expiratory gating in stereotactic body radiation therapy for pancreatic cancer. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 85(4), 1090-1095.

Chemoradiotherapy Before and After Surgery for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer: A SEER-Medicare Analysis.
Hong, J. C., Murphy, J. D., Wang, S. J., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2013). Chemoradiotherapy Before and After Surgery for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer: A SEER-Medicare Analysis. Annals of surgical oncology.

Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Disease Progression and Survival in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal
Bazan, J. G., Koong, A. C., Kapp, D. S., Quon, A., Graves, E. E., & Chang, D. T. (2013). Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Disease Progression and Survival in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 54(1), 27-32.

Normal Tissue Complication Probability Modeling of Acute Hematologic Toxicity in Patients Treated With Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal
Bazan, J. G., Luxton, G., Mok, E. C., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Normal Tissue Complication Probability Modeling of Acute Hematologic Toxicity in Patients Treated With Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 84(3), 700-706.

Postchemoradiotherapy Positron Emission Tomography Predicts Pathologic Response and Survival in Patients With Esophageal Cancer
Jayachandran, P., Pai, R. K., Quon, A., Graves, E., Krakow, T. E., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Postchemoradiotherapy Positron Emission Tomography Predicts Pathologic Response and Survival in Patients With Esophageal Cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 84(2), 471-477.

Intrafraction Verification of Gated RapidArc by Using Beam-Level Kilovoltage X-Ray Images
Li, R., Mok, E., Chang, D. T., Daly, M., Loo, B. W., & Xing, L. (2012). Intrafraction Verification of Gated RapidArc by Using Beam-Level Kilovoltage X-Ray Images. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 83(5), E709-E715.

Positron Emission Tomography for Predicting Pathologic Response After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Chennupati, S. K., Quon, A., Kamaya, A., Pai, R. K., La, T., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Positron Emission Tomography for Predicting Pathologic Response After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY-CANCER CLINICAL TRIALS, 35(4), 334-339.

Clinicopathologic and molecular features of sporadic early-onset colorectal adenocarcinoma: an adenocarcinoma with frequent signet ring cell differentiation, rectal and sigmoid involvement, and adverse morphologic features
Chang, D. T., Pai, R. K., Rybicki, L. A., DiMaio, M. A., Limaye, M., & Pai, R. K. (2012). Clinicopathologic and molecular features of sporadic early-onset colorectal adenocarcinoma: an adenocarcinoma with frequent signet ring cell differentiation, rectal and sigmoid involvement, and adverse morphologic features. MODERN PATHOLOGY, 25(8), 1128-1139.

A novel epidermal growth factor receptor variant lacking multiple domains directly activates transcription and is overexpressed in tumors
Piccione, E. C., LIEU, T. J., Gentile, C. F., Williams, T. R., Connolly, A. J., & Wong, A. J. (2012). A novel epidermal growth factor receptor variant lacking multiple domains directly activates transcription and is overexpressed in tumors. ONCOGENE, 31(24), 2953-2967.

Orthovoltage Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced and Recurrent Colorectal Cancer
Daly, M. E., Kapp, D. S., Maxim, P. G., Welton, M. L., Tran, P. T., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Orthovoltage Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced and Recurrent Colorectal Cancer. DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM, 55(6), 695-702.

Evaluation of the geometric accuracy of surrogate-based gated VMAT using intrafraction kilovoltage x-ray images
Li, R., Mok, E., Han, B., Koong, A., & Xing, L. (2012). Evaluation of the geometric accuracy of surrogate-based gated VMAT using intrafraction kilovoltage x-ray images. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 39(5), 2686-2693.

BRAF-mutated, Microsatellite-stable Adenocarcinoma of the Proximal Colon: An Aggressive Adenocarcinoma With Poor Survival, Mucinous Differentiation, and Adverse Morphologic Features
Pai, R. K., Jayachandran, P., Koong, A. C., Chang, D. T., Kwok, S., & Pai, R. K. (2012). BRAF-mutated, Microsatellite-stable Adenocarcinoma of the Proximal Colon: An Aggressive Adenocarcinoma With Poor Survival, Mucinous Differentiation, and Adverse Morphologic Features. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY, 36(5), 744-752.

Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Minn, A. Y., Chung, M., Fisher, G. A., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 82(4), E595-E601.

Quantitation of Human Papillomavirus DNA in Plasma of Oropharyngeal Carcinoma Patients
Cao, H., Banh, A., Kwok, S., Shi, X., Wu, S., & Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T. (2012). Quantitation of Human Papillomavirus DNA in Plasma of Oropharyngeal Carcinoma Patients. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 82(3), E351-E358.

Modern Radiation Therapy Techniques for Pancreatic Cancer
Trakul, N., Koong, A. C., Maxim, P. G., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Modern Radiation Therapy Techniques for Pancreatic Cancer. GASTROENTEROLOGY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 41(1), 223-?.

Antiangiogenic and Radiation Therapy Early Effects on In Vivo Computed Tomography Perfusion Parameters in Human Colon Cancer Xenografts in Mice
Ren, Y., Fleischmann, D., Foygel, K., Molvin, L., Lutz, A. M., & Willmann, J. K. (2012). Antiangiogenic and Radiation Therapy Early Effects on In Vivo Computed Tomography Perfusion Parameters in Human Colon Cancer Xenografts in Mice. INVESTIGATIVE RADIOLOGY, 47(1), 25-32.

A Novel Aldehyde Dehydrogenase-3 Activator Leads to Adult Salivary Stem Cell Enrichment In Vivo
Banh, A., Xiao, N., Cao, H., Chen, C.-H., Kuo, P., & Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T. (2011). A Novel Aldehyde Dehydrogenase-3 Activator Leads to Adult Salivary Stem Cell Enrichment In Vivo. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 17(23), 7265-7272.

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Colorectal Liver Metastases A Pooled Analysis
Chang, D. T., Swaminath, A., Kozak, M., Weintraub, J., Koong, A. C., & Schefter, T. E. (2011). Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Colorectal Liver Metastases A Pooled Analysis. CANCER, 117(17), 4060-4069.

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Versus Conventional Radiation Therapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal
Bazan, J. G., Hara, W., Hsu, A., Kunz, P. A., Ford, J., & Chang, D. T. (2011). Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Versus Conventional Radiation Therapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal. CANCER, 117(15), 3342-3351.

Tumor Galectin-1 Mediates Tumor Growth and Metastasis through Regulation of T-Cell Apoptosis
Banh, A., Zhang, J., Cao, H., Bouley, D. M., Kwok, S., & Le, Q.-T. (2011). Tumor Galectin-1 Mediates Tumor Growth and Metastasis through Regulation of T-Cell Apoptosis. CANCER RESEARCH, 71(13), 4423-4431.

Unfolded Protein Response Regulation in Keloid Cells
Butler, P. D., Wang, Z., Ly, D. P., Longaker, M. T., Koong, A. C., & Yang, G. P. (2011). Unfolded Protein Response Regulation in Keloid Cells. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 167(1), 151-157.

Rectal and bladder deformation and displacement during preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer: Are current margin guidelines adequate for conformal therapy?
Daly, M. E., Murphy, J. D., Mok, E., Christman-Skieller, C., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2011). Rectal and bladder deformation and displacement during preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer: Are current margin guidelines adequate for conformal therapy?. Practical radiation oncology, 1(2), 85-94.

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Gastrointestinal Malignancies
Minn, A. Y., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2011). Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Gastrointestinal Malignancies. IMRT IGRT SBRT- ADVANCES IN THE TREATMENT PLANNING AND DELIVERY OF RADIOTHERAPY, 43, 412-427.

A DOSIMETRIC MODEL OF DUODENAL TOXICITY AFTER STEREOTACTIC BODY RADIOTHERAPY FOR PANCREATIC CANCER
Murphy, J. D., Christman-Skieller, C., Kim, J., Dieterich, S., Chang, D. T., & Koong, A. C. (2010). A DOSIMETRIC MODEL OF DUODENAL TOXICITY AFTER STEREOTACTIC BODY RADIOTHERAPY FOR PANCREATIC CANCER. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 78(5), 1420-1426.

Expression of p16(INK4A) But Not Hypoxia Markers or Poly Adenosine Diphosphate-Ribose Polymerase Is Associated With Improved Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Chang, D. T., Chapman, C. H., Norton, J. A., Visser, B., Fisher, G. A., & Pai, R. K. (2010). Expression of p16(INK4A) But Not Hypoxia Markers or Poly Adenosine Diphosphate-Ribose Polymerase Is Associated With Improved Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. CANCER, 116(22), 5179-5187.

Orthovoltage intraoperative radiation therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Bachireddy, P., Tseng, D., Horoschak, M., Chang, D. T., Koong, A. C., & Tran, P. T. (2010). Orthovoltage intraoperative radiation therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. RADIATION ONCOLOGY, 5.

Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Gastric Cancer
Minn, A. Y., Hsu, A., La, T., Kunz, P., Fisher, G. A., & Chang, D. T. (2010). Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Gastric Cancer. CANCER, 116(16), 3943-3952.

(18)FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE PET IS PROGNOSTIC OF PROGRESSION-FREE AND OVERALL SURVIVAL IN LOCALLY ADVANCED PANCREAS CANCER TREATED WITH STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY
Schellenberg, D., Quon, A., Minn, A. Y., Graves, E. E., Kunz, P., & Chang, D. T. (2010). (18)FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE PET IS PROGNOSTIC OF PROGRESSION-FREE AND OVERALL SURVIVAL IN LOCALLY ADVANCED PANCREAS CANCER TREATED WITH STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 77(5), 1420-1425.

Pathological response after chemoradiation for T3 rectal cancer
Chennupati, S. K., Kamaya, A., Fisher, G. A., Ford, J. M., Kunz, P., & Chang, D. T. (2010). Pathological response after chemoradiation for T3 rectal cancer. COLORECTAL DISEASE, 12(7), E24-E30.

Pathological response after chemoradiation for T3 rectal cancer.
Chennupati, S. K., Kamaya, A., Fisher, G. A., Ford, J. M., Kunz, P., & Chang, D. T. (2010). Pathological response after chemoradiation for T3 rectal cancer. Colorectal disease , 12(7 Online), e24-30.

Cetuximab-Based Immunotherapy and Radioimmunotherapy of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Niu, G., Sun, X., Cao, Q., Courter, D., Koong, A., & Chen, X. (2010). Cetuximab-Based Immunotherapy and Radioimmunotherapy of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 16(7), 2095-2105.

Circulating miR-210 as a Novel Hypoxia Marker in Pancreatic Cancer
Ho, A. S., Huang, X., Cao, H., Christman-Skieller, C., Bennewith, K., & Koong, A. C. (2010). Circulating miR-210 as a Novel Hypoxia Marker in Pancreatic Cancer. TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY, 3(2), 109-113.

The RGD Domain of Human Osteopontin Promotes Tumor Growth and Metastasis through Activation of Survival Pathways
Courter, D., Cao, H., Kwok, S., Kong, C., Banh, A., & Le, Q.-T. (2010). The RGD Domain of Human Osteopontin Promotes Tumor Growth and Metastasis through Activation of Survival Pathways. PLOS ONE, 5(3).

EUS-guided gold fiducial insertion for image-guided radiation therapy of pancreatic cancer: 50 successful cases without fluoroscopy
Park, W. G., Yan, B. M., Schellenberg, D., Kim, J., Chang, D. T., & Van Dam, J. (2010). EUS-guided gold fiducial insertion for image-guided radiation therapy of pancreatic cancer: 50 successful cases without fluoroscopy. GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY, 71(3), 513-518.

INTERFRACTIONAL UNCERTAINTY IN THE TREATMENT OF PANCREATIC CANCER WITH RADIATION
Jayachandran, P., Minn, A. Y., Van Dam, J., Norton, J. A., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2010). INTERFRACTIONAL UNCERTAINTY IN THE TREATMENT OF PANCREATIC CANCER WITH RADIATION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 76(2), 603-607.

Multimodality treatment with intensity modulated radiation therapy for esophageal cancer
La, T. H., Minn, A. Y., Su, Z., Fisher, G. A., Ford, J. M., & Chang, D. T. (2010). Multimodality treatment with intensity modulated radiation therapy for esophageal cancer. DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS, 23(4), 300-308.

Identification of a biomarker panel using a multiplex proximity ligation assay improves accuracy of pancreatic cancer diagnosis
Chang, S. T., Zahn, J. M., Horecka, J., Kunz, P. L., Ford, J. M., & Koong, A. C. (2009). Identification of a biomarker panel using a multiplex proximity ligation assay improves accuracy of pancreatic cancer diagnosis. JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, 7.

Re: "The safety and efficacy of robotic image-guided radiosurgery system treatment for intra- and extracranial lesions: A systematic review of the literature" [Radiotherapy and Oncology 89 (2009) 245-253]
Gibbs, I. C., Levendag, P. C., Fariselli, L., Bondiau, P.-Y., Lartigau, E., & Koong, A. (2009). Re: "The safety and efficacy of robotic image-guided radiosurgery system treatment for intra- and extracranial lesions: A systematic review of the literature" [Radiotherapy and Oncology 89 (2009) 245-253]. RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY, 93(3), 656-657.

Oxygen Consumption Can Regulate the Growth of Tumors, a New Perspective on the Warburg Effect
Chen, Y., Cairns, R., Papandreou, I., Koong, A., & Denko, N. C. (2009). Oxygen Consumption Can Regulate the Growth of Tumors, a New Perspective on the Warburg Effect. PLOS ONE, 4(9).

Pancreatic Tumor Motion on a Single Planning 4D-CT Does Not Correlate With Intrafraction Tumor Motion During Treatment
Minn, A. Y., Schellenberg, D., Maxim, P., Suh, Y., McKenna, S., & Koong, A. C. (2009). Pancreatic Tumor Motion on a Single Planning 4D-CT Does Not Correlate With Intrafraction Tumor Motion During Treatment. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY-CANCER CLINICAL TRIALS, 32(4), 364-368.

Treatment of Esophageal Cancer Based on Histology A Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Analysis
Chang, D. T., Chapman, C., Shen, J., Su, Z., & Koong, A. C. (2009). Treatment of Esophageal Cancer Based on Histology A Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Analysis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY-CANCER CLINICAL TRIALS, 32(4), 405-410.

A Primer on Image-guided Radiation Therapy for the Interventional Radiologist
Kothary, N., Dieterich, S., Louie, J. D., Koong, A. C., Hofmann, L. V., & Sze, D. Y. (2009). A Primer on Image-guided Radiation Therapy for the Interventional Radiologist. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 20(7), 859-862.

Impaired interferon signaling is a common immune defect in human cancer
Critchley-Thorne, R. J., Simons, D. L., Yan, N., Miyahira, A. K., Dirbas, F. M., & Lee, P. P. (2009). Impaired interferon signaling is a common immune defect in human cancer. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 106(22), 9010-9015.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS STATUS AND OTHER MOLECULAR PROGNOSTIC MARKERS IN HEAD AND NECK SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS
Kong, C. S., Narasimhan, B., Cao, H., Kwok, S., Erickson, J. P., & Le, Q.-T. (2009). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS STATUS AND OTHER MOLECULAR PROGNOSTIC MARKERS IN HEAD AND NECK SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 74(2), 553-561.

Detection of Solitary Humeral Metastasis From Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma With F-18 FDG PET/CT
Kim, J., Quon, A., Humke, E., Ford, J. M., & Koong, A. C. (2009). Detection of Solitary Humeral Metastasis From Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma With F-18 FDG PET/CT. CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 34(5), 312-313.

Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Fiducial Marker Implantation for Image-guided Radiation Therapy
Kothary, N., Heit, J. J., Louie, J. D., Kuo, W. T., Loo, B. W., & Hofmann, L. V. (2009). Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Fiducial Marker Implantation for Image-guided Radiation Therapy. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 20(2), 235-239.

Gemcitabine chemotherapy and single-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Schellenberg, D., Goodman, K. A., Lee, F., Chang, S., Kuo, T., & Koong, A. C. (2008). Gemcitabine chemotherapy and single-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 72(3), 678-686.

In vivo H-1 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of lactate in patients with Stage IV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Le, Q.-T., Koong, A., Lieskovsky, Y. Y., Narasimhan, B., Graves, E., & Spielman, D. (2008). In vivo H-1 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of lactate in patients with Stage IV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 71(4), 1151-1157.

High-dose single-fraction radiotherapy: Exploiting a new biology?
Brown, J. M., & Koong, A. C. (2008). High-dose single-fraction radiotherapy: Exploiting a new biology?. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 71(2), 324-325.

Molecular Imaging of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 alpha and von Hippel-Lindau Interaction in Mice
Choi, C. Yh., Chau, D. A., Paulmurugan, R., Sutphin, P. D., Le, Q.-T., & Giaccia, A. J. (2008). Molecular Imaging of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 alpha and von Hippel-Lindau Interaction in Mice. MOLECULAR IMAGING, 7(3), 139-146.

Reducing respiratory motion artifacts in radionuclide imaging through retrospective stacking: A simulation study
Thorndyke, B., Koong, A., & Xing, L. (2008). Reducing respiratory motion artifacts in radionuclide imaging through retrospective stacking: A simulation study. LINEAR ALGEBRA AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 428(5-6), 1325-1344.

Initial evaluation of F-18-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET/CT scanning for primary pancreatic cancer
Quon, A., Chang, S. T., Chin, F., Kamaya, A., Dick, D. W., & Koong, A. C. (2008). Initial evaluation of F-18-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET/CT scanning for primary pancreatic cancer. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING, 35(3), 527-531.

Multiplexed proximity ligation assays to profile putative plasma biomarkers relevant to pancreatic and ovarian cancer
Fredriksson, S., Horecka, J., Brustugun, O. T., Schlingemann, J., Koong, A. C., & Davis, R. W. (2008). Multiplexed proximity ligation assays to profile putative plasma biomarkers relevant to pancreatic and ovarian cancer. CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 54(3), 582-589.

Automated contour mapping with a regional deformable model
Chao, M., Li, T., Schreibmann, E., Koong, A., & Xing, L. (2008). Automated contour mapping with a regional deformable model. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 70(2), 599-608.

Tissue effects after stereotactic body radiotherapy using cyberknife for patients with abdominal malignancies
Cupp, J. S., Koong, A. C., Fisher, G. A., NORTON, J. A., & Goodman, K. A. (2008). Tissue effects after stereotactic body radiotherapy using cyberknife for patients with abdominal malignancies. CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 20(1), 69-75.

Preoperative versus postoperative radiotherapy for locally advanced gastroesophageal junction and proximal gastric cancers: a comparison of normal tissue radiation doses
Tillman, G. F., Pawlicki, T., Koong, A. C., & Goodman, K. A. (2008). Preoperative versus postoperative radiotherapy for locally advanced gastroesophageal junction and proximal gastric cancers: a comparison of normal tissue radiation doses. DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS, 21(5), 437-444.

Enhanced 4D cone-beam CT with inter-phase motion model
Li, T., Koong, A., & Xing, L. (2007). Enhanced 4D cone-beam CT with inter-phase motion model. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 34(9), 3688-3695.

Expression and prognostic significance of a panel of tissue hypoxia markers in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinomas
Le, Q.-T., Kong, C., Lavori, P. W., O'Byrne, K., Erler, J. T., & Koong, A. C. (2007). Expression and prognostic significance of a panel of tissue hypoxia markers in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinomas. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 69(1), 167-175.

Quantitative PET of EGFR expression in xenograft-bearing mice using Cu-64-labeled cetuximab, a chimeric anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody
Cai, W., Chen, K., He, L., Cao, Q., Koong, A., & Chen, X. (2007). Quantitative PET of EGFR expression in xenograft-bearing mice using Cu-64-labeled cetuximab, a chimeric anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING, 34(6), 850-858.

Evaluation of patterns of failure and subjective salivary function in patients treated with intensity modulated radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Daly, M. E., Lieskovsky, Yy., Pawlicki, T., Yau, J., Pinto, H., & Le, Q.-T. (2007). Evaluation of patterns of failure and subjective salivary function in patients treated with intensity modulated radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. HEAD AND NECK-JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENCES AND SPECIALTIES OF THE HEAD AND NECK, 29(3), 211-220.

Impact of integrated PET/CT on variability of target volume delineation in rectal cancer
Patel, D. A., Chang, S. T., Goodman, K. A., Quon, A., Thorndyke, B., & Koong, A. C. (2007). Impact of integrated PET/CT on variability of target volume delineation in rectal cancer. TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, 6(1), 31-36.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy for unresectable pancreatic cancer
Chang, S. T., Goodman, K. A., Yang, G. R., & Koong, A. C. (2007). Stereotactic body radiotherapy for unresectable pancreatic cancer. IMRT, IGRT, SBRT: ADVANCES IN THE TREATMENT PLANNING AND DELIVERY OF RADIOTHERAPY, 40, 386-394.

Plasma osteopontin is an independent prognostic marker for head and neck cancers
Petrik, D., Lavori, P. W., Cao, H., Zhu, Y., Wong, P., & Le, Q.-T. (2006). Plasma osteopontin is an independent prognostic marker for head and neck cancers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 24(33), 5291-5297.

Results of a phase I dose-escalation study using single-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy for lung tumors
Le, Q.-T., Loo, B. W., Ho, A., Cotrutz, C., Koong, A. C., & Donington, J. (2006). Results of a phase I dose-escalation study using single-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy for lung tumors. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 1(8), 802-809.

Four-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography using an on-board imager
Li, T., Xing, L., Munro, P., McGuinness, C., Chao, M., & Koong, A. (2006). Four-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography using an on-board imager. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 33(10), 3825-3833.

Reducing respiratory motion artifacts in positron emission tomography through retrospective stacking
Thorndyke, B., Schreibmann, E., Koong, A., & Xing, L. (2006). Reducing respiratory motion artifacts in positron emission tomography through retrospective stacking. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 33(7), 2632-2641.

Targeting XBP-1 as a novel anti-cancer strategy
Koong, A. C., Chauhan, V., & Romero-Ramirez, L. (2006). Targeting XBP-1 as a novel anti-cancer strategy. CANCER BIOLOGY & THERAPY, 5(7), 756-759.

Overview of image-guided radiation therapy
Xing, L., Thorndyke, B., Schreibmann, E., Yang, Y., Li, T.-F., & Koong, A. (2006). Overview of image-guided radiation therapy. MEDICAL DOSIMETRY, 31(2), 91-112.

Mature results from a randomized phase II trial of cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil and radiotherapy with or without tirapazamine in patients with resectable stage IV head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Le, Q. T., Taira, A. I., Budenz, S., Dorie, M. J., Goffinet, D. R., & Pinto, H. A. (2006). Mature results from a randomized phase II trial of cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil and radiotherapy with or without tirapazamine in patients with resectable stage IV head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. CANCER, 106(9), 1940-1949.

An evaluation of tumor oxygenation and gene expression in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancers
Le, Q. T., Chen, E., Salim, A., Cao, H. B., Kong, C. S., & Giaccia, A. J. (2006). An evaluation of tumor oxygenation and gene expression in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancers. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 12(5), 1507-1514.

Identification of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways that confer resistance to endoplasmic reticulum stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Chen, Y. J., Feldman, D. E., Deng, C. C., BROWN, J. A., De Giacomo, A. F., & Koong, A. C. (2005). Identification of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways that confer resistance to endoplasmic reticulum stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 3(12), 669-677.

Radiation dose reduction in four-dimensional computed tomography
Li, T., Schreibmann, E., Thorndyke, B., Tillman, G., Boyer, A., & Xing, L. (2005). Radiation dose reduction in four-dimensional computed tomography. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 32(12), 3650-3660.

Phase II study to assess the efficacy of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy followed by a stereotactic radiosurgery boost in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Koong, A. C., Christofferson, E., Le, Q. T., Goodman, K. A., Ho, A., & Yang, G. P. (2005). Phase II study to assess the efficacy of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy followed by a stereotactic radiosurgery boost in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 63(2), 320-323.

Hypoxia upregulates osteopontin expression in NIH-3T3 cells via a ras-activated enhancer
Zhu, Y. H., Denhardt, D. T., Cao, H. B., Sutphin, P. D., Koong, A. C., & Le, Q. T. (2005). Hypoxia upregulates osteopontin expression in NIH-3T3 cells via a ras-activated enhancer. ONCOGENE, 24(43), 6555-6563.

A noninvasive approach for assessing tumor hypoxia in xenografts: Developing a urinary marker for hypoxia
Nelson, D. W., Cao, H. B., Zhu, Y. H., Sunar-Reeder, B., Choi, C. Yh., & Le, Q. T. (2005). A noninvasive approach for assessing tumor hypoxia in xenografts: Developing a urinary marker for hypoxia. CANCER RESEARCH, 65(14), 6151-6158.

Sample classification from protein mass spectrometry, by 'peak probability contrasts'
Tibshirani, R., Hastie, T., Narasimhan, B., Soltys, S., Shi, G. Y., & Le, Q. T. (2004). Sample classification from protein mass spectrometry, by 'peak probability contrasts'. BIOINFORMATICS, 20(17), 3034-3044.

Phase II double-blind randomized study comparing oral aloe vera versus placebo to prevent radiation-related mucositis in patients with head-and-neck neoplasms
Su, C. K., Mehta, V., Ravikumar, L., Shah, R., PINTO, H., & Le, Q. T. (2004). Phase II double-blind randomized study comparing oral aloe vera versus placebo to prevent radiation-related mucositis in patients with head-and-neck neoplasms. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 60(1), 171-177.

The use of plasma surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry proteomic patterns for detection of head and neck squamous cell cancers
Soltys, S. G., Le, Q. T., Shi, G. Y., Tibshirani, R., Giaccia, A. J., & Koong, A. C. (2004). The use of plasma surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry proteomic patterns for detection of head and neck squamous cell cancers. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 10(14), 4806-4812.

Identification of hypoxia regulated proteins in head and neck cancer by proteomic and tissue array profiling.
Chen, & et al. (2004). Identification of hypoxia regulated proteins in head and neck cancer by proteomic and tissue array profiling. Cancer Res, 64(20).

Improved local control with stereotactic radiosurgical boost in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Le, Q. T., Tate, D., Koong, A., Gibbs, I. C., Chang, S. D., & Goffinet, D. R. (2003). Improved local control with stereotactic radiosurgical boost in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 56(4), 1046-1054.

Comparison of the comet assay and the oxygen microelectrode for measuring tumor oxygenation in head-and-neck cancer patients
Le, Q. T., Kovacs, M. S., Dorie, M. J., Koong, A., Terris, D. J., & Brown, J. M. (2003). Comparison of the comet assay and the oxygen microelectrode for measuring tumor oxygenation in head-and-neck cancer patients. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 56(2), 375-383.

Phase II trial of preoperative 3D conformal radiotherapy, protracted venous infusion 5-fluorouracil, and weekly CPT-11, followed by surgery for ultrasound-staged T3 rectal cancer
Mehta, V. K., Cho, C., Ford, J. M., Jambalos, C., Poen, J., & Fisher, G. (2003). Phase II trial of preoperative 3D conformal radiotherapy, protracted venous infusion 5-fluorouracil, and weekly CPT-11, followed by surgery for ultrasound-staged T3 rectal cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 55(1), 132-137.

Identification of osteopontin as a prognostic plasma marker for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Le, Q. T., Sutphin, P. D., Raychaudhuri, S., Yu, S. Ct., Terris, D. J., & Giaccia, A. J. (2003). Identification of osteopontin as a prognostic plasma marker for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 9(1), 59-67.

Estimating DNA repair by sequential evaluation of head and neck tumor radiation sensitivity using the comet assay
Terris, D. J., Ho, E. Y., Ibrahim, H. Z., Dorie, M. J., Kovacs, M. S., & Brown, J. M. (2002). Estimating DNA repair by sequential evaluation of head and neck tumor radiation sensitivity using the comet assay. ARCHIVES OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD & NECK SURGERY, 128(6), 698-702.

Epigenetic regulation of gene expression in cervical cancer cells by the tumor microenvironment
Denko, N., Schindler, C., Koong, A., Laderoute, K., Green, C., & Giaccia, A. (2000). Epigenetic regulation of gene expression in cervical cancer cells by the tumor microenvironment. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 6(2), 480-487.

HYPOXIC ACTIVATION OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA-B IS MEDIATED BY A RAS AND RAF SIGNALING PATHWAY AND DOES NOT INVOLVE MAP KINASE (ERK1 OR ERK2)
Koong, A. C., CHEN, E. Y., Mivechi, N. F., Denko, N. C., STANNBROOK, P., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). HYPOXIC ACTIVATION OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA-B IS MEDIATED BY A RAS AND RAF SIGNALING PATHWAY AND DOES NOT INVOLVE MAP KINASE (ERK1 OR ERK2). CANCER RESEARCH, 54(20), 5273-5279.

MODULATION OF POTASSIUM CHANNELS BY PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITORS
Saad, A. H., Kuo, S. S., Koong, A. C., Hahn, G. M., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). MODULATION OF POTASSIUM CHANNELS BY PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITORS. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 161(1), 142-148.

ACTIVATORS OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C SELECTIVELY MEDIATE CELLULAR CYTOTOXICITY TO HYPOXIC CELLS AND NOT AEROBIC CELLS
Koong, A. C., CHEN, E. Y., Kim, C. Y., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). ACTIVATORS OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C SELECTIVELY MEDIATE CELLULAR CYTOTOXICITY TO HYPOXIC CELLS AND NOT AEROBIC CELLS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 29(2), 259-265.

ANALYSIS OF HSF-1 PHOSPHORYLATION IN A549 CELLS TREATED WITH A VARIETY OF STRESSES
Mivechi, N. F., Koong, A. C., Giaccia, A. J., & Hahn, G. M. (1994). ANALYSIS OF HSF-1 PHOSPHORYLATION IN A549 CELLS TREATED WITH A VARIETY OF STRESSES. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYPERTHERMIA, 10(3), 371-379.

THE REGULATION OF GRP78 AND MESSENGER-RNA LEVELS BY HYPOXIA IS MODULATED BY PROTEIN-KINASE-C ACTIVATORS AND INHIBITORS
Koong, A. C., AUGER, E. A., CHEN, E. Y., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). THE REGULATION OF GRP78 AND MESSENGER-RNA LEVELS BY HYPOXIA IS MODULATED BY PROTEIN-KINASE-C ACTIVATORS AND INHIBITORS. RADIATION RESEARCH, 138(1), S60-S63.

HYPOXIA CAUSES THE ACTIVATION OF NUCLEAR FACTOR KAPPA-B THROUGH THE PHOSPHORYLATION OF I-KAPPA-B-ALPHA ON TYROSINE RESIDUES
Koong, A. C., CHEN, E. Y., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). HYPOXIA CAUSES THE ACTIVATION OF NUCLEAR FACTOR KAPPA-B THROUGH THE PHOSPHORYLATION OF I-KAPPA-B-ALPHA ON TYROSINE RESIDUES. CANCER RESEARCH, 54(6), 1425-1430.

INCREASED CYTOTOXICITY OF CHRONIC HYPOXIC CELLS BY MOLECULAR INHIBITION OF GRP78 INDUCTION
Koong, A. C., CHEN, E. Y., Lee, A. S., Brown, J. M., & Giaccia, A. J. (1994). INCREASED CYTOTOXICITY OF CHRONIC HYPOXIC CELLS BY MOLECULAR INHIBITION OF GRP78 INDUCTION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 28(3), 661-666.

ACTIVATION OF POTASSIUM CHANNELS BY HYPOXIA AND REOXYGENATION IN THE HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL-LINE A549
Koong, A. C., Giaccia, A. J., Hahn, G. M., & Saad, A. H. (1993). ACTIVATION OF POTASSIUM CHANNELS BY HYPOXIA AND REOXYGENATION IN THE HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL-LINE A549. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 156(2), 341-347.

POTASSIUM-CHANNEL ACTIVATION IN RESPONSE TO LOW-DOSES OF GAMMA-IRRADIATION INVOLVES REACTIVE OXYGEN INTERMEDIATES IN NONEXCITATORY CELLS
Kuo, S. S., Saad, A. H., Koong, A. C., Hahn, G. M., & Giaccia, A. J. (1993). POTASSIUM-CHANNEL ACTIVATION IN RESPONSE TO LOW-DOSES OF GAMMA-IRRADIATION INVOLVES REACTIVE OXYGEN INTERMEDIATES IN NONEXCITATORY CELLS. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 90(3), 908-912.

ACTIVATION OF THE HEAT-SHOCK TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR BY HYPOXIA IN NORMAL AND TUMOR-CELL LINES INVIVO AND INVITRO
Giaccia, A. J., AUGER, E. A., Koong, A., Terris, D. J., Minchinton, A. I., & Brown, J. M. (1992). ACTIVATION OF THE HEAT-SHOCK TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR BY HYPOXIA IN NORMAL AND TUMOR-CELL LINES INVIVO AND INVITRO. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 23(4), 891-897.

THE INFLUENCE OF CHRONIC ANEMIA ON THE RADIOSENSITIVITY OF 2 MOUSE-TUMORS
Koong, A. C., & Hirst, D. G. (1991). THE INFLUENCE OF CHRONIC ANEMIA ON THE RADIOSENSITIVITY OF 2 MOUSE-TUMORS. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER, 63(4), 499-502.

THERAPEUTIC ADVANTAGE OF HYPOXIC CELLS IN TUMORS - A THEORETICAL-STUDY
Brown, J. M., & Koong, A. (1991). THERAPEUTIC ADVANTAGE OF HYPOXIC CELLS IN TUMORS - A THEORETICAL-STUDY. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE, 83(3), 178-185.