Thomas M. Krummel, MD, FACS/FAAP

Professional Education

Residency: Medical College of Virginia (1983) VA

Board Certification: Pediatric Surgery, American Board of Surgery (1988)

Fellowship: UCSF Medical Center (1985) CA

Fellowship: Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh (1985) PA

Board Certification: General Surgery, American Board of Surgery (1984)

Internship: Medical College of Virginia (1978) VA

Medical Education: Medical College of Wisconsin (1977) WI

Fellowship, Univ. of CA, San Francisco, Fetal Surgery (1985)

Research Fellowship, Medical College of Virginia, Surgical Research (1980)

Resident, Children's Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pediatric Surgery (1985)

Chief Resident in Surgery, Medical College of Virginia, Surgery (1983)

Internship/Residency, Medical College of Virginia, Medicine (1982)

M.D., Medical College of Wisconsin, Medicine (1977)

B.S., University of Wisconsin-Parkside, Chemistry (1973)

Honors & Awards

Fellow, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) College of Fellows. (2014-present)

Outstanding Achievement in Medicine Award, Santa Clara Country Medical Association (2009)

Consultant - Mission reforme C.H.U., French Government (2009)

Proclamation of Thanks, LPCH Government Relations Department (2007)

Finalist: Franklin G. Ebaugh, Jr. Award, Stanford University School of Medicine (2007)

International Health Professional of the Year, International Biographical Center (2006)

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Stanford University School of Medicine (2004)

Recognition of Service Excellence (ROSE), Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford (2004)

The John Austin Collins, MD Memorial Award-Outstanding Teaching and Dedication to Resident Teaching, Department of Surgery at Stanford University (2004)

America's Top Doctors, Castle Connolly Medical Ltd (2003-2009)

Best Doctors, San Francisco Magazine (2003-2005)

Best Doctors in America, Best Doctors Corporation (2002-2008)

Special Congressional Recognition, House of Representatives, USA (2003)

Alumnus of the Year, Marquette Medical Alumni Association - Medical College of Wisconsin (2003)

Computerworld Smithsonian Award - Information Technology and Innovation in Medicine, Penn State Department of Surgery (1999)

Computerworld Smithsonian Award - Robotically Assisted Microsurgery, Penn State Department of Surgery (1997)

Traveling Fellowship Award, James IV Association of Surgeons (1996)

The Thomas V.N. Ballantine Memorial Excellence in Surgical Education Award, Surgical Residents of the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (1991)

Commencement Speaker, University of Wisconsin-Parkside (1991)

Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award, University of Wisconsin-Parkside (1991)

Chief Residents' Outstanding Teacher Award, Medical College of Virginia (1990)

"Outstanding Young Surgeon", VA Chapter American College of Surgeons (1989)

Fellowship, American College of Surgeons (1987-1989)

IA Bigger Medal "Outstanding Chief Resident", Medical College of Virginia (1983)

Resident Research Award, American Academy of Pediatrics Surgical Section (1981)

James Ewing Resident Research Award, Society of Surgical Oncology (1981)

Bigger-Lehman Resident Research Award, Virginia Surgical Society (1981)

David M. Hume Resident Research Award, Medical College of Virginia (1979)

"Outstanding Member 1977 Graduating Class", Medical College of Wisconsin (1977)

Millman Award, Medical College of Wisconsin (1977)

Administrative Appointments

Emile Holman Professor and Chair, Stanford University School of Medicine - Department of Surgery, 1999

Susan B. Ford Surgeon in Chief, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, 2002

Director, Stanford Education Institute/ Goodman Simulation Center, 2007

Co-Director, Biodesign Program, 2006

Program Director, General Surgery Residency Training Program, 2009

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Hospital & Clinics patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Outcomes from a Postgraduate Biomedical Technology Innovation Training Program: The First 12 Years of Stanford Biodesign
Brinton, T. J., Kurihara, C. Q., Camarillo, D. B., Pietzsch, J. B., Gorodsky, J., & Yock, P. G. (2013). Outcomes from a Postgraduate Biomedical Technology Innovation Training Program: The First 12 Years of Stanford Biodesign. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 41(9), 1803-1810.

Gastroenterology and Biodesign: Contributing to the Future of Our Specialty
Nimgaonkar, A., Yock, P. G., Brinton, T. J., Krummel, T., & Pasricha, P. J. (2013). Gastroenterology and Biodesign: Contributing to the Future of Our Specialty. GASTROENTEROLOGY, 144(2), 258-262.

Symbiotic or Parasitic? A Review of the Literature on the Impact of Fellowships on Surgical Residents
Plerhoples, T. A., Greco, R. S., Krummel, T. M., & Melcher, M. L. (2012). Symbiotic or Parasitic? A Review of the Literature on the Impact of Fellowships on Surgical Residents. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 256(6), 904-908.

Submucosal Endoscopic Myotomies for Esophageal Lengthening: A Novel Minimally Invasive Technique with Feasibility Study
Wall, J., Perretta, S., Diana, M., Dhumane, P., Haro, J.-I. A., & Marescaux, J. (2012). Submucosal Endoscopic Myotomies for Esophageal Lengthening: A Novel Minimally Invasive Technique with Feasibility Study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, 22(3), 217-221.

Applying a Structured Innovation Process to Interventional Radiology: A Single-Center Experience
Sista, A. K., Hwang, G. L., Hovsepian, D. M., Sze, D. Y., Kuo, W. T., & Hofmann, L. V. (2012). Applying a Structured Innovation Process to Interventional Radiology: A Single-Center Experience. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 23(4), 488-494.

The Goodman Simulation Center at Stanford
Krummel, T., & Feaster, S. J. (2011). The Goodman Simulation Center at Stanford. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL EDUCATION, 68(1), 77-78.

Cost Consciousness and Medical Education
Rivas, H., Morton, J. M., & Krummel, T. M. (2010). Cost Consciousness and Medical Education. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 363(9), 888-889.

Halsted-Holman vascular trauma legacy
Rich, N. M., Krummel, T. M., & Burris, D. G. (2010). Halsted-Holman vascular trauma legacy. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 52(2), 508-511.

A patient-centered, ethical approach to medical device innovation.
Chao, K. Z., Riskin, D. J., & Krummel, T. M. (2010). A patient-centered, ethical approach to medical device innovation. The virtual mentor : VM, 12(2), 91-95.

Components of Critical Decision Making and ABSITE Assessment: Toward a More Comprehensive Evaluation.
Krishnamurthy, S., Satish, U., Foster, T., Streufert, S., Dewan, M., & Krummel, T. (2009). Components of Critical Decision Making and ABSITE Assessment: Toward a More Comprehensive Evaluation. Journal of graduate medical education, 1(2), 273-277.

NOTES and Other Emerging Trends in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Surgery: The Change That We Need and the Change That Is Real
Pasricha, P. J., & Krummel, T. M. (2009). NOTES and Other Emerging Trends in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Surgery: The Change That We Need and the Change That Is Real. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, 104(10), 2384-2386.

Inventing our future: training the next generation of surgeon innovators
Krummel, T. M. (2009). Inventing our future: training the next generation of surgeon innovators. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, 44(1), 21-35.

Inside the operating room--balancing the risks and benefits of new surgical procedures: a collection of perspectives and panel discussion.
Cooper, J. D., Clayman, R. V., Krummel, T. M., Schauer, P. R., Thompson, C., & Moreno, J. D. (2008). Inside the operating room--balancing the risks and benefits of new surgical procedures: a collection of perspectives and panel discussion. Cleveland Clinic journal of medicine, 75, S37-48.

Responsible development and application of surgical innovations: a position statement of the Society of University Surgeons.
Biffl, W. L., Spain, D. A., Reitsma, A. M., Minter, R. M., Upperman, J., & Greenfield, L. J. (2008). Responsible development and application of surgical innovations: a position statement of the Society of University Surgeons. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 206(3), 1204-1209.

Simulation-based endovascular skills assessment: The future of credentialing?
Tedesco, M. M., Pak, J. J., Harris, E. J., Krummel, T. M., Dalman, R. L., & Lee, J. T. (2008). Simulation-based endovascular skills assessment: The future of credentialing?. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 47(5), 1008-1014.

Intellectual property and royalty streams in academic departments: Myths and realities
Krummel, T. M., Shafi, B. M., Wall, J., Chandra, V., Mery, C., & Gertner, M. (2008). Intellectual property and royalty streams in academic departments: Myths and realities. SURGERY, 143(2), 183-191.

Trauma training in simulation: Translating skills from SIM time to real time
Knudson, M. M., Khaw, L., Bullard, M. K., Dicker, R., Cohen, M. J., & Krummel, T. (2008). Trauma training in simulation: Translating skills from SIM time to real time. JOURNAL OF TRAUMA-INJURY INFECTION AND CRITICAL CARE, 64(2), 255-263.

Responsible Development and Application of Surgical Innovations: A Position Statement of the Society of University Surgeons
Biffl WL, Spain DA, Reitsma AM, Minter RM, Upperman J, & The Society of University Surgeons Surgical Innovations Project Team. (2008). Responsible Development and Application of Surgical Innovations: A Position Statement of the Society of University Surgeons. Journal of American College of Surgeons, 206(6).

Innovative introduction to surgery in the preclinical years
Riboh, J., Curet, M., & Krummel, T. (2007). Innovative introduction to surgery in the preclinical years. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 194(2), 227-230.

Keratinocytes modulate fetal and postnatal fibroblast transforming growth factor-beta and Smad expression in co-culture
Colwell, A. S., Yun, R., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2007). Keratinocytes modulate fetal and postnatal fibroblast transforming growth factor-beta and Smad expression in co-culture. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 119(5), 1440-1445.

Transforming growth factor-beta, smad, and collagen expression patterns in fetal and adult keratinocytes
Colwell, A. S., Faudoa, R., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2007). Transforming growth factor-beta, smad, and collagen expression patterns in fetal and adult keratinocytes. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 119(3), 852-857.

IPEG panel on challenges of medical innovation: Case one
Krummel, T. M., Azizkhan, R., Holcomb, G. W., Winslade, W., & Ziegler, M. M. (2007). IPEG panel on challenges of medical innovation: Case one. JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES, 17(1), 64-66.

IPEG panel on challenges of medical innovation: Introduction
Krummel, T. M., & Ziegler, M. M. (2006). IPEG panel on challenges of medical innovation: Introduction. JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES, 16(6), 634-638.

Inventing our future: training the next generation of surgeon innovators.
Krummel, T. M., Gertner, M., Makower, J., Milroy, C., Gurtner, G., & Yock, P. G. (2006). Inventing our future: training the next generation of surgeon innovators. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 15(4), 309-318.

Innovation in surgery - A historical perspective
Riskin, D. J., T Longaker, M., Gertner, M., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). Innovation in surgery - A historical perspective. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 244(5), 686-693.

What is surgery?
Krummel, T. M. (2006). What is surgery?. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 15(4), 237-241.

The ethics of innovation in pediatric surgery.
Riskin, D. J., Longaker, M. T., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). The ethics of innovation in pediatric surgery. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 15(4), 319-323.

Early-gestation fetal scarless wounds have less lysyl oxidase expression
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Early-gestation fetal scarless wounds have less lysyl oxidase expression. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 118(5), 1125-1129.

Fetal and adult fibroblasts have similar TGF-beta-mediated, Smad-dependent signaling pathways
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Fetal and adult fibroblasts have similar TGF-beta-mediated, Smad-dependent signaling pathways. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(7), 2277-2283.

An in vivo mouse excisional wound model of scarless healing
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). An in vivo mouse excisional wound model of scarless healing. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(7), 2292-2296.

To simulate or not to simulate what is the question?
Dutta, S., Gaba, D., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). To simulate or not to simulate what is the question?. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 243(3), 301-303.

Laparoscopic resection of type 1 choledochal cysts in pediatric patients
Le, D. M., Woo, R. K., Sylvester, K., Krummel, T. M., & Albanese, C. T. (2006). Laparoscopic resection of type 1 choledochal cysts in pediatric patients. SURGICAL ENDOSCOPY AND OTHER INTERVENTIONAL TECHNIQUES, 20(2), 249-251.

Skin wounds in the MRL/MPJ mouse heal with scar
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Kong, W., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Skin wounds in the MRL/MPJ mouse heal with scar. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 14(1), 81-90.

Simulation: a new frontier in surgical education.
Dutta, S., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). Simulation: a new frontier in surgical education. Advances in surgery, 40, 249-263.

Portal vein thrombosis after laparoscopic splenectomy: an ongoing clinical challenge.
Miniati, D. N., Padidar, A. M., Kee, S. T., Krummel, T. M., & Mallory, B. (2005). Portal vein thrombosis after laparoscopic splenectomy: an ongoing clinical challenge. JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, 9(3), 335-338.

Stanford University School of Medicine
Mark, J. Bd., & Krummel, T. M. (2004). Stanford University School of Medicine. ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 139(12), 1276-1277.

Advanced technologies in plastic surgery: How new innovations can improve our training and practice
Grunwald, T., Krummel, T., & Sherman, R. (2004). Advanced technologies in plastic surgery: How new innovations can improve our training and practice. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 114(6), 1556-1567.

Robotic technology in surgery: past, present, and future
Camarillo, D. B., Krummel, T. M., & Salisbury, J. K. (2004). Robotic technology in surgery: past, present, and future. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 188(4A), 2S-15S.

Introduction: robotic surgery today and tomorrow
Chitwood, W. R., & Krummel, T. M. (2004). Introduction: robotic surgery today and tomorrow. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 188(4A), 1S-1S.

Robot-assisted pediatric surgery
Woo, R., Le, D., Krummel, T. M., & Albanese, C. (2004). Robot-assisted pediatric surgery. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 188(4A), 27S-37S.

Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Systems in Medicine and Surgery
Gertner ME, & Krummel TM. (2004). Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Systems in Medicine and Surgery. Greco, R (Eds), Nanobiology: Nano Scale Fabrication of New Generation of Biomedical Devices, for publication in 2004.

Emergency medicine crisis resource management (EMCRM): Pilot study of a simulation-based crisis management course for emergency medicine
Reznek, M., Smith-Coggins, R., Howard, S., Kiran, K., Harter, P., & Krummel, T. (2003). Emergency medicine crisis resource management (EMCRM): Pilot study of a simulation-based crisis management course for emergency medicine. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, 10(4), 386-389.

Virtual reality applied to procedural testing: The next era
Bloom, M. B., Rawn, C. L., Salzberg, A. D., & Krummel, T. M. (2003). Virtual reality applied to procedural testing: The next era. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 237(3), 442-448.

Current Problems in Surgical Addvanced Technology
Salzberg D, Bloom M, & Krummel TM. (2003). Current Problems in Surgical Addvanced Technology. Current Problems in Surgery, 39(8).

Evaluation of the educational effectiveness of a virtual reality intravenous insertion simulator
Reznek, M. A., Rawn, C. L., & Krummel, T. M. (2002). Evaluation of the educational effectiveness of a virtual reality intravenous insertion simulator. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, 9(11), 1319-1325.

Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance
Peled, Z. M., Phelps, E. D., Updike, D. L., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 110(3), 801-811.

Advanced technology in surgery.
Bloom, M. B., Salzberg, A. D., & Krummel, T. M. (2002). Advanced technology in surgery. Current problems in surgery, 39(8), 733-830.

Microelectrical mechanical systems in surgery and medicine
Salzberg, A. D., Bloom, M. B., Mourlas, N. J., & Krummel, T. M. (2002). Microelectrical mechanical systems in surgery and medicine. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 194(4), 463-476.

Virtual reality and simulation: Training the future emergency physician
Reznek, M., Harter, P., & Krummel, T. (2002). Virtual reality and simulation: Training the future emergency physician. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, 9(1), 78-87.

Wound Healing
Krummel TM, Bloom M, & Krummel TM. (2002). Wound Healing. Zeigler M, Azizkhan R, Weber T (Eds): Pediatric Surgery.

Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions
Longaker, N. T., Peled, Z. M., Chang, J., & Krummel, T. M. (2001). Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions. SURGERY, 130(5), 785-787.

Trocar injuries in laparoscopic surgery
Bhoyrul, S., Vierra, M. A., Nezhat, C. R., Krummel, T. M., & Way, L. W. (2001). Trocar injuries in laparoscopic surgery. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 192(6), 677-683.

The surgical suite meets the new health economy
Canales, M. G., Macario, A., & Krummel, T. (2001). The surgical suite meets the new health economy. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 192(6), 768-776.

Virtual reality: Surgical application - Challenge for the new millennium
Meier, A. H., Rawn, C. L., & Krummel, T. M. (2001). Virtual reality: Surgical application - Challenge for the new millennium. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 192(3), 372-384.

The effect of simulator use on learning and self-assessment: The case of Stanford University's E-Pelvis simulator
Pugh, C. M., Srivastava, S., SHAVELSON, R., Walker, D., Cotner, T., & Heinrichs, L. H. (2001). The effect of simulator use on learning and self-assessment: The case of Stanford University's E-Pelvis simulator. MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 2001: OUTER SPACE, INNER SPACE, VIRTUAL SPACE, 81, 396-400.

The future of medical education is no longer blood and guts, it is bits and bytes
Gorman, P. J., Meier, A. H., Rawn, C., & Krummel, T. M. (2000). The future of medical education is no longer blood and guts, it is bits and bytes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 180(5), 353-356.

Surgical Robotics
Bholat OS, & Krummel TM. (2000). Surgical Robotics. In Harrison, M (ed): Fetal Therapy.

Computer-assisted training and learning in surgery.
Gorman, P. J., Meier, A. H., & Krummel, T. M. (2000). Computer-assisted training and learning in surgery. Computer aided surgery , 5(2), 120-130.

A prototype haptic lumbar puncture simulator.
Gorman, P., Krummel, T., Webster, R., Smith, M., & Hutchens, D. (2000). A prototype haptic lumbar puncture simulator. Studies in health technology and informatics, 70, 106-109.

End user analysis of a force feedback virtual reality based surgical simulator.
Gorman, P. J., Lieser, J. D., Marshall, R. L., & Krummel, T. M. (2000). End user analysis of a force feedback virtual reality based surgical simulator. Studies in health technology and informatics, 70, 102-105.

Simulation and virtual reality in surgical education - Real or unreal?
Gorman, P. J., Meier, A. H., & Krummel, T. M. (1999). Simulation and virtual reality in surgical education - Real or unreal?. ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 134(11), 1203-1208.