Billy W. Loo, Jr., MD, PhD, DABR

Radiation oncologist

Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology (Radiation Therapy) at the Stanford University Medical Center

Thoracic Cancer Program

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Radiation Oncology

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Head and Neck Cancer Program

  • 900 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Advanced Medicine Center Building

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Program at Boswell Building

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-725-0084
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Board Certification: Radiation Oncology, American Board of Radiology (2006)

Residency: Stanford University Medical Center (2005) CA

Internship: Kaiser Found Hosp San Fran (2001) CA

Ph.D., U.C. San Francisco, U.C. Berkeley, Bioengineering (2000)

Medical Education: UC Davis School of Medicine (2000) CA

A.B., U.C. Berkeley, Biophysics (1989)

Honors & Awards

Educator of the Year Award, Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (2012)

Henry S. Kaplan Memorial Prize for Teaching in Radiation Oncology, Stanford University (2009)

Young Investigator Travel Grant, ECOG (2005)

Basic Science Travel Grant, ASTRO (2005)

Roentgen Resident/Fellow Research Award, RSNA (2004)

Travel Grant Award, Best of ASCO Meeting, Denver, ASCO (2004)

Molecular Biology in Clinical Oncology Workshop Scholarship, AACR (2004)

Malcolm A. Bagshaw Award, Stanford Radiation Oncology (2003)

Graduate Student Research Award, University of California, San Francisco (1996)

Regents Fellowship, University of California (1996)

Laboratory Graduate Fellowship, Associated Western Universities (1994, 1995)

Research Scholarship, California Medical Education and Research Foundation (1992)

Rapp/Rummelsberg Research Scholarship, - (1991)

Administrative Appointments

Co-Chair, New Technologies Committee, Radiation Oncology (2011 - Present)

Thoracic Radiation Oncology Program Leader, Radiation Oncology (2005 - Present)

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Feasibility and Potential Utility of Multicomponent Exhaled Breath Analysis for Predicting Development of Radiation Pneumonitis After Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy
More, J. M., Eclov, N. Cw., Chung, M. P., Wynne, J. F., Shorter, J. H., & Diehn, M. (2014). Feasibility and Potential Utility of Multicomponent Exhaled Breath Analysis for Predicting Development of Radiation Pneumonitis After Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 9(7), 957-964.

Vagal and recurrent laryngeal neuropathy following stereotactic ablative radiation therapy in the chest.
Shultz, D. B., Trakul, N., Maxim, P. G., Diehn, M., & Loo, B. W. (2014). Vagal and recurrent laryngeal neuropathy following stereotactic ablative radiation therapy in the chest. Practical radiation oncology, 4(4), 272-278.

Imaging features associated with disease progression after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for stage I non-small-cell lung cancer.
Shultz, D. B., Trakul, N., Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Maxim, P. G., & Diehn, M. (2014). Imaging features associated with disease progression after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for stage I non-small-cell lung cancer. Clinical lung cancer, 15(4), 294-301 e3.

The effect of arm position on the dosimetry of thoracic stereotactic ablative radiation therapy using volumetric modulated arc therapy.
Shultz, D. B., Jang, S. S., Hanlon, A. L., Diehn, M., Loo, B. W., & Maxim, P. G. (2014). The effect of arm position on the dosimetry of thoracic stereotactic ablative radiation therapy using volumetric modulated arc therapy. Practical radiation oncology, 4(3), 192-197.

An ultrasensitive method for quantitating circulating tumor DNA with broad patient coverage.
Newman, A. M., Bratman, S. V., To, J., Wynne, J. F., Eclov, N. Cw., & Diehn, M. (2014). An ultrasensitive method for quantitating circulating tumor DNA with broad patient coverage. Nature medicine, 20(5), 548-554.

A Population-Based Comparative Effectiveness Study of Radiation Therapy Techniques in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Harris, J. P., Murphy, J. D., Hanlon, A. L., Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T., Loo, B. W., & Diehn, M. (2014). A Population-Based Comparative Effectiveness Study of Radiation Therapy Techniques in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 88(4), 872-884.

PET Imaging of Stroke-Induced Neuroinflammation in Mice Using [F-18]PBR06
Lartey, F. M., Ahn, G.-O., Shen, B., Cord, K.-T., Smith, T., & Loo, B. W. (2014). PET Imaging of Stroke-Induced Neuroinflammation in Mice Using [F-18]PBR06. MOLECULAR IMAGING AND BIOLOGY, 16(1), 109-117.

The Relationship Between Serial [(18) F]PBR06 PET Imaging of Microglial Activation and Motor Function Following Stroke in Mice.
Lartey, F. M., Ahn, G. O., Ali, R., Rosenblum, S., Miao, Z., & Graves, E. (2014). The Relationship Between Serial [(18) F]PBR06 PET Imaging of Microglial Activation and Motor Function Following Stroke in Mice. Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging.

Investigating the feasibility of rapid MRI for image-guided motion management in lung cancer radiotherapy.
Sawant, A., Keall, P., Pauly, K. B., Alley, M., Vasanawala, S., & Joshi, S. (2014). Investigating the feasibility of rapid MRI for image-guided motion management in lung cancer radiotherapy. BioMed research international, 2014, 485067-?.

Clinical implementation of intrafraction cone beam computed tomography imaging during lung tumor stereotactic ablative radiation therapy.
Li, R., Han, B., Meng, B., Maxim, P. G., Xing, L., & Loo, B. W. (2013). Clinical implementation of intrafraction cone beam computed tomography imaging during lung tumor stereotactic ablative radiation therapy. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 87(5), 917-923.

4D CT lung ventilation images are affected by the 4D CT sorting method.
Yamamoto, T., Kabus, S., Lorenz, C., Johnston, E., Maxim, P. G., & Keall, P. J. (2013). 4D CT lung ventilation images are affected by the 4D CT sorting method. Medical physics, 40(10), 101907-?.

Clinical impact of dose overestimation by effective path length calculation in stereotactic ablative radiation therapy of lung tumors.
Liu, M. B., Eclov, N. Cw., Trakul, N., Murphy, J., Diehn, M., & Loo, B. W. (2013). Clinical impact of dose overestimation by effective path length calculation in stereotactic ablative radiation therapy of lung tumors. Practical radiation oncology, 3(4), 294-300.

Radiotherapy for nonadenoid cystic carcinomas of major salivary glands
Chung, M. P., Tang, C., Chan, C., Hara, W. Y., Loo, B. W., & Chang, D. T. (2013). Radiotherapy for nonadenoid cystic carcinomas of major salivary glands. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY, 34(5), 425-430.

Toward a planning scheme for emission guided radiation therapy (EGRT): FDG based tumor tracking in a metastatic breast cancer patient
Fan, Q., Nanduri, A., Yang, J., Yamamoto, T., Loo, B., & Mazin, S. (2013). Toward a planning scheme for emission guided radiation therapy (EGRT): FDG based tumor tracking in a metastatic breast cancer patient. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 40(8).

Non-small cell lung cancer, version 2.2013.
Ettinger, D. S., Akerley, W., Borghaei, H., Chang, A. C., Cheney, R. T., & Hughes, M. (2013). Non-small cell lung cancer, version 2.2013. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network , 11(6), 645-653.

Thymomas and Thymic Carcinomas Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology
Ettinger, D. S., Riely, G. J., Akerley, W., Borghaei, H., Chang, A. C., & Hughes, M. (2013). Thymomas and Thymic Carcinomas Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 11(5), 562-576.

Migration of implanted markers for image-guided lung tumor stereotactic ablative radiotherapy.
Hong, J. C., Eclov, N. Cw., Yu, Y., Rao, A. K., Dieterich, S., & Maxim, P. G. (2013). Migration of implanted markers for image-guided lung tumor stereotactic ablative radiotherapy. Journal of applied clinical medical physics , 14(2), 4046-?.

Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Disease Progression and Survival in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal
Bazan, J. G., Koong, A. C., Kapp, D. S., Quon, A., Graves, E. E., & Chang, D. T. (2013). Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Disease Progression and Survival in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 54(1), 27-32.

An observational study of circulating tumor cells and (18)F-FDG PET uptake in patients with treatment-naive non-small cell lung cancer.
Nair, V. S., Keu, K. V., Luttgen, M. S., Kolatkar, A., Vasanawala, M., & Kuhn, P. (2013). An observational study of circulating tumor cells and (18)F-FDG PET uptake in patients with treatment-naive non-small cell lung cancer. PloS one, 8(7).

Small Cell Lung Cancer
Kalemkerian, G. P., Akerley, W., Bogner, P., Borghaei, H., Chow, L. Qm., & Hughes, M. (2013). Small Cell Lung Cancer. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 11(1), 78-98.

The Optimal Use of Radiotherapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer
Shultz, D. B., Grecula, J. C., Hayman, J., Diehn, M., & Loo, B. W. (2013). The Optimal Use of Radiotherapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 11(1), 107-114.

American College of Chest Physicians and Society of Thoracic Surgeons Consensus Statement for Evaluation and Management for High-Risk Patients With Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Donington, J., Ferguson, M., Mazzone, P., Handy, J., Schuchert, M., & Silvestri, G. (2012). American College of Chest Physicians and Society of Thoracic Surgeons Consensus Statement for Evaluation and Management for High-Risk Patients With Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. CHEST, 142(6), 1620-1635.

Metabolic imaging metrics correlate with survival in early stage lung cancer treated with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy
Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Trakul, N., Bazan, J. G., Maxim, P. G., & Loo, B. W. (2012). Metabolic imaging metrics correlate with survival in early stage lung cancer treated with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy. LUNG CANCER, 78(3), 219-224.

Reproducibility of Four-dimensional Computed Tomography-based Lung Ventilation Imaging
Yamamoto, T., Kabus, S., von Berg, J., Lorenz, C., Chung, M. P., & Keall, P. J. (2012). Reproducibility of Four-dimensional Computed Tomography-based Lung Ventilation Imaging. ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, 19(12), 1554-1565.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Ettinger, D. S., Akerley, W., Borghaei, H., Chang, A. C., Cheney, R. T., & Gregory, K. M. (2012). Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 10(10), 1236-1271.

Postchemoradiotherapy Positron Emission Tomography Predicts Pathologic Response and Survival in Patients With Esophageal Cancer
Jayachandran, P., Pai, R. K., Quon, A., Graves, E., Krakow, T. E., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Postchemoradiotherapy Positron Emission Tomography Predicts Pathologic Response and Survival in Patients With Esophageal Cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 84(2), 471-477.

Esophageal tolerance to high-dose stereotactic ablative radiotherapy
Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Loo, B. W., Chang, D. T., Daly, M. E., & Gibbs, I. C. (2012). Esophageal tolerance to high-dose stereotactic ablative radiotherapy. DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS, 25(7), 623-629.

Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for Reirradiation of Locally Recurrent Lung Tumors
Trakul, N., Harris, J. P., Le, Q.-T., Hara, W. Y., Maxim, P. G., & Diehn, M. (2012). Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for Reirradiation of Locally Recurrent Lung Tumors. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 7(9), 1462-1465.

Tumor Volume-Adapted Dosing in Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy of Lung Tumors
Trakul, N., Chang, C. N., Harris, J., Chapman, C., Rao, A., & Diehn, M. (2012). Tumor Volume-Adapted Dosing in Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy of Lung Tumors. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 84(1), 231-237.

Prognostic Value of Metabolic Tumor Volume and Velocity in Predicting Head-and-Neck Cancer Outcomes
Chu, K. P., Murphy, J. D., La, T. H., Krakow, T. E., Iagaru, A., & Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T. (2012). Prognostic Value of Metabolic Tumor Volume and Velocity in Predicting Head-and-Neck Cancer Outcomes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 83(5), 1521-1527.

Intrafraction Verification of Gated RapidArc by Using Beam-Level Kilovoltage X-Ray Images
Li, R., Mok, E., Chang, D. T., Daly, M., Loo, B. W., & Xing, L. (2012). Intrafraction Verification of Gated RapidArc by Using Beam-Level Kilovoltage X-Ray Images. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 83(5), E709-E715.

Validation that metabolic tumor volume predicts outcome in head-and-neck cancer.
Tang, C., Murphy, J. D., Khong, B., La, T. H., Kong, C., & Le, Q.-T. (2012). Validation that metabolic tumor volume predicts outcome in head-and-neck cancer. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 83(5), 1514-1520.

The Management of Patients With Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer With N2 Mediastinal Node Involvement
Martins, R. G., D'Amico, T. A., Loo, B. W., Pinder-Schenck, M., Borghaei, H., & Wood, D. E. (2012). The Management of Patients With Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer With N2 Mediastinal Node Involvement. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 10(5), 599-613.

Interim-treatment quantitative PET parameters predict progression and death among patients with hodgkin's disease
Tseng, D., Rachakonda, L. P., Su, Z., Advani, R., Horning, S., & Tran, P. T. (2012). Interim-treatment quantitative PET parameters predict progression and death among patients with hodgkin's disease. RADIATION ONCOLOGY, 7.

Evaluation of a metal artifact reduction technique in tonsillar cancer delineation.
Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Wiegner, E. A., Abelson, D., Sandman, D. N., & Le, Q.-T. (2012). Evaluation of a metal artifact reduction technique in tonsillar cancer delineation. Practical radiation oncology, 2(1), 27-34.

An automated method for comparing motion artifacts in cine four-dimensional computed tomography images.
Cui, G., Jew, B., Hong, J. C., Johnston, E. W., Loo, B. W., & Maxim, P. G. (2012). An automated method for comparing motion artifacts in cine four-dimensional computed tomography images. Journal of applied clinical medical physics , 13(6), 3838-?.

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Ettinger, D. S., Akerley, W., Borghaei, H., Chang, A., Cheney, R. T., & Yang, S. C. (2012). Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK, 10(1), 26-41.

Metabolic Tumor Volume is an Independent Prognostic Factor in Patients Treated Definitively for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Lee, P., Bazan, J. G., Lavori, P. W., Weerasuriya, D. K., Quon, A., & Loo, B. W. (2012). Metabolic Tumor Volume is an Independent Prognostic Factor in Patients Treated Definitively for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. CLINICAL LUNG CANCER, 13(1), 52-58.

Correlation between metabolic tumor volume and pathologic tumor volume in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity
Murphy, J. D., Chisholm, K. M., Daly, M. E., Wiegner, E. A., Truong, D., & Le, Q.-T. (2011). Correlation between metabolic tumor volume and pathologic tumor volume in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY, 101(3), 356-361.

ON-BOARD IMAGING VALIDATION OF OPTICALLY GUIDED STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR CONVENTIONALLY FRACTIONATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR PARANASAL SINUS AND SKULL BASE CANCER
Maxim, P. G., Loo, B. W., Murphy, J. D., Chu, K. Pm., Hsu, A., & Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T. (2011). ON-BOARD IMAGING VALIDATION OF OPTICALLY GUIDED STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR CONVENTIONALLY FRACTIONATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR PARANASAL SINUS AND SKULL BASE CANCER. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 81(4), 1153-1159.

What the Diagnostic Radiologist Needs to Know about Radiation Oncology
Terezakis, S. A., Heron, D. E., Lavigne, R. F., Diehn, M., & Loo, B. W. (2011). What the Diagnostic Radiologist Needs to Know about Radiation Oncology. RADIOLOGY, 261(1), 30-44.

Molecular Imaging with C-11-PD153035 PET/CT Predicts Survival in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with EGFR-TKI: A Pilot Study
Meng, X., Loo, B. W., Ma, L., Murphy, J. D., Sun, X., & Yu, J. (2011). Molecular Imaging with C-11-PD153035 PET/CT Predicts Survival in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with EGFR-TKI: A Pilot Study. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 52(10), 1573-1579.

Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for lung cancer: What does the future hold?
Loo, B. W. (2011). Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for lung cancer: What does the future hold?. Journal of thoracic disease, 3(3), 150-152.

Results from a Single Institution Phase II Trial of Concurrent Docetaxel/Carboplatin/Radiotherapy Followed by Surgical Resection and Consolidation Docetaxel/Carboplatin in Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Das, M., Donington, J. S., Murphy, J., Kozak, M., Eclov, N., & Wakelee, H. (2011). Results from a Single Institution Phase II Trial of Concurrent Docetaxel/Carboplatin/Radiotherapy Followed by Surgical Resection and Consolidation Docetaxel/Carboplatin in Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. CLINICAL LUNG CANCER, 12(5), 280-285.

HIGH RETENTION AND SAFETY OF PERCUTANEOUSLY IMPLANTED ENDOVASCULAR EMBOLIZATION COILS AS FIDUCIAL MARKERS FOR IMAGE-GUIDED STEREOTACTIC ABLATIVE RADIOTHERAPY OF PULMONARY TUMORS
Hong, J. C., Yu, Y., Rao, A. K., Ditererich, S., Maxim, P. G., & Loo, B. W. (2011). HIGH RETENTION AND SAFETY OF PERCUTANEOUSLY IMPLANTED ENDOVASCULAR EMBOLIZATION COILS AS FIDUCIAL MARKERS FOR IMAGE-GUIDED STEREOTACTIC ABLATIVE RADIOTHERAPY OF PULMONARY TUMORS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 81(1), 85-90.

IN REGARD TO BROWN ET AL. (INT J RADIAT ONCOL BIOL PHYS 2010;78:323-327) REPLY
Brown, J. M., Loo, B. W., Diehn, M., & Carlson, D. J. (2011). IN REGARD TO BROWN ET AL. (INT J RADIAT ONCOL BIOL PHYS 2010;78:323-327) REPLY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 80(5), 1605-1605.

INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR ORAL CAVITY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA: PATTERNS OF FAILURE AND PREDICTORS OF LOCAL CONTROL
Daly, M. E., Quynh-Thu Le, Q. T., Kozak, M. M., Maxim, P. G., Murphy, J. D., & Chang, D. T. (2011). INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR ORAL CAVITY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA: PATTERNS OF FAILURE AND PREDICTORS OF LOCAL CONTROL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 80(5), 1412-1422.

POSTRADIATION METABOLIC TUMOR VOLUME PREDICTS OUTCOME IN HEAD-AND-NECK CANCER
Murphy, J. D., La, T. H., Chu, K., Quon, A., Fischbein, N. J., & Le, Q.-T. (2011). POSTRADIATION METABOLIC TUMOR VOLUME PREDICTS OUTCOME IN HEAD-AND-NECK CANCER. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 80(2), 514-521.

Tumor Volume as a Potential Imaging-Based Risk-Stratification Factor in Trimodality Therapy for Locally Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Kozak, M. M., Murphy, J. D., Schipper, M. L., Donington, J. S., Zhou, L., & Loo, B. W. (2011). Tumor Volume as a Potential Imaging-Based Risk-Stratification Factor in Trimodality Therapy for Locally Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 6(5), 920-926.

Reducing 4D CT artifacts using optimized sorting based on anatomic similarity
Johnston, E., Diehn, M., Murphy, J. D., Loo, B. W., & Maxim, P. G. (2011). Reducing 4D CT artifacts using optimized sorting based on anatomic similarity. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 38(5), 2424-2429.

Investigation of four-dimensional computed tomography-based pulmonary ventilation imaging in patients with emphysematous lung regions
Yamamoto, T., Kabus, S., Klinder, T., Lorenz, C., von Berg, J., & Keall, P. J. (2011). Investigation of four-dimensional computed tomography-based pulmonary ventilation imaging in patients with emphysematous lung regions. PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 56(7), 2279-2298.

HYPOFRACTIONATION RESULTS IN REDUCED TUMOR CELL KILL COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL FRACTIONATION FOR TUMORS WITH REGIONS OF HYPOXIA
Carlson, D. J., Keall, P. J., Loo, B. W., Chen, Z. J., & Brown, J. M. (2011). HYPOFRACTIONATION RESULTS IN REDUCED TUMOR CELL KILL COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL FRACTIONATION FOR TUMORS WITH REGIONS OF HYPOXIA. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 79(4), 1188-1195.

Four-dimensional computed tomography pulmonary ventilation images vary with deformable image registration algorithms and metrics
Yamamoto, T., Kabus, S., Klinder, T., von Berg, J., Lorenz, C., & Keall, P. J. (2011). Four-dimensional computed tomography pulmonary ventilation images vary with deformable image registration algorithms and metrics. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 38(3), 1348-1358.

Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy: what's in a name?
BW Loo Jr, JY Chang, LA Dawson, BD Kavanagh, AC Koong, & RD Timmerman. (2011). Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy: what's in a name?. Practical Radiation Oncology, 1(1).

Motion Management and Image Guidance for Thoracic Tumor Radiotherapy: Clinical Treatment Programs
Loo, B. W., Kavanagh, B. D., & Meyer, J. L. (2011). Motion Management and Image Guidance for Thoracic Tumor Radiotherapy: Clinical Treatment Programs. IMRT IGRT SBRT- ADVANCES IN THE TREATMENT PLANNING AND DELIVERY OF RADIOTHERAPY, 43, 271-291.

INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR LOCALLY ADVANCED CANCERS OF THE LARYNX AND HYPOPHARYNX
Daly, M. E., Le, Q.-T., Jain, A. K., Maxim, P. G., Hsu, A., & Chang, D. T. (2011). INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY FOR LOCALLY ADVANCED CANCERS OF THE LARYNX AND HYPOPHARYNX. HEAD AND NECK-JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENCES AND SPECIALTIES OF THE HEAD AND NECK, 33(1), 103-111.

CyberKnife Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for Lung Tumors
Gibbs, I. C., & Loo, B. W. (2010). CyberKnife Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for Lung Tumors. TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, 9(6), 589-596.

STEREOTACTIC ABLATIVE RADIOTHERAPY SHOULD BE COMBINED WITH A HYPOXIC CELL RADIOSENSITIZER
Brown, J. M., Diehn, M., & Loo, B. W. (2010). STEREOTACTIC ABLATIVE RADIOTHERAPY SHOULD BE COMBINED WITH A HYPOXIC CELL RADIOSENSITIZER. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 78(2), 323-327.

Alternatives to Surgery for Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer-Ready for Prime Time?
Das, M., Abdelmaksoud, M. Hk., Loo, B. W., & Kothary, N. (2010). Alternatives to Surgery for Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer-Ready for Prime Time?. CURRENT TREATMENT OPTIONS IN ONCOLOGY, 11(1-2), 24-35.

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (stereotactic ablative radiotherapy) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer--updates of radiobiology, techniques, and clinical outcomes.
Hadziahmetovic, M., Loo, B. W., Timmerman, R. D., Mayr, N. A., Wang, J. Z., & Lo, S. S. (2010). Stereotactic body radiation therapy (stereotactic ablative radiotherapy) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer--updates of radiobiology, techniques, and clinical outcomes. Discovery medicine, 9(48), 411-417.

INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF OROPHARYNGEAL CANCER: CLINICAL OUTCOMES AND PATTERNS OF FAILURE
Daly, M. E., Le, Q.-T., Maxim, P. G., Loo, B. W., Kaplan, M. J., & Chang, D. T. (2010). INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF OROPHARYNGEAL CANCER: CLINICAL OUTCOMES AND PATTERNS OF FAILURE. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 76(5), 1339-1346.

Marked Tumor Response and Fatal Hemoptysis During Radiation for Lung Cancer in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Patient Taking Nelfinavir
Chapman, C. H., Shen, J., Filion, E. J., Tran, P. T., Hara, W., & Green, J. (2009). Marked Tumor Response and Fatal Hemoptysis During Radiation for Lung Cancer in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Patient Taking Nelfinavir. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 4(12), 1587-1589.

Re: "The safety and efficacy of robotic image-guided radiosurgery system treatment for intra- and extracranial lesions: A systematic review of the literature" [Radiotherapy and Oncology 89 (2009) 245-253]
Gibbs, I. C., Levendag, P. C., Fariselli, L., Bondiau, P.-Y., Lartigau, E., & Koong, A. (2009). Re: "The safety and efficacy of robotic image-guided radiosurgery system treatment for intra- and extracranial lesions: A systematic review of the literature" [Radiotherapy and Oncology 89 (2009) 245-253]. RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY, 93(3), 656-657.

Cooperative Group Research Efforts in Thoracic Malignancies 2009: A Review From the 10th Annual International Lung Cancer Congress
Wakelee, H., Loo, B. W., Kernstine, K. H., Putnam, J. B., Edelman, M. J., & Gandara, D. R. (2009). Cooperative Group Research Efforts in Thoracic Malignancies 2009: A Review From the 10th Annual International Lung Cancer Congress. CLINICAL LUNG CANCER, 10(6), 395-404.

METABOLIC TUMOR VOLUME PREDICTS FOR RECURRENCE AND DEATH IN HEAD-AND-NECK CANCER
La, T. H., Filion, E. J., Turnbull, B. B., Chu, J. N., Lee, P., & Le, Q.-T. (2009). METABOLIC TUMOR VOLUME PREDICTS FOR RECURRENCE AND DEATH IN HEAD-AND-NECK CANCER. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 74(5), 1335-1341.

Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Fiducial Marker Implantation for Image-guided Radiation Therapy
Kothary, N., Heit, J. J., Louie, J. D., Kuo, W. T., Loo, B. W., & Hofmann, L. V. (2009). Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Fiducial Marker Implantation for Image-guided Radiation Therapy. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 20(2), 235-239.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy for primary and oligometastatic cancers
MT Spiotto, BW Loo Jr, & DT Chang. (2009). Stereotactic body radiotherapy for primary and oligometastatic cancers. Community Oncology, 6(10).

Post-Operative Radiation Therapy (PORT) in Completely Resected Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Krupitskaya, Y., & Loo, B. W. (2008). Post-Operative Radiation Therapy (PORT) in Completely Resected Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. CURRENT TREATMENT OPTIONS IN ONCOLOGY, 9(4-6), 343-356.

RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS IN FOUR-DIMENSIONAL CT IMAGES OF 50 ABDOMINAL AND THORACIC RADIOTHERAPY PATIENTS
Yamamoto, T., Langner, U., Loo, B. W., Shen, J., & Keall, P. J. (2008). RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS IN FOUR-DIMENSIONAL CT IMAGES OF 50 ABDOMINAL AND THORACIC RADIOTHERAPY PATIENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 72(4), 1250-1258.

Excellent local control with stereotactic radiotherapy boost after external beam radiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Hara, W., Loo, B. W., Goffinet, D. R., Chang, S. D., Adler, J. R., & Le, Q.-T. (2008). Excellent local control with stereotactic radiotherapy boost after external beam radiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 71(2), 393-400.

Complications of ablative therapies in lung cancer
Padda, S., Kothary, N., Donington, J., Cannon, W., Loo, B. W., & Wakelee, H. (2008). Complications of ablative therapies in lung cancer. CLINICAL LUNG CANCER, 9(2), 122-126.

Initial evaluation of F-18-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET/CT scanning for primary pancreatic cancer
Quon, A., Chang, S. T., Chin, F., Kamaya, A., Dick, D. W., & Koong, A. C. (2008). Initial evaluation of F-18-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET/CT scanning for primary pancreatic cancer. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING, 35(3), 527-531.

Quantification of motion of different thoracic locations using four-dimensional computed tomography: Implications for radiotherapy planning
Maxim, P. G., Loo, B. W., Shirazi, H., Thorndyke, B., Luxton, G., & Le, Q.-T. (2007). Quantification of motion of different thoracic locations using four-dimensional computed tomography: Implications for radiotherapy planning. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 69(5), 1395-1401.

Metabolic tumor burden predicts for disease progression and death in lung cancer
Lee, P., Weerasuriya, D. K., Lavori, P. W., Quon, A., Hara, W., & Loo, B. W. (2007). Metabolic tumor burden predicts for disease progression and death in lung cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 69(2), 328-333.

RT_Image: An open-source tool for investigating PET in radiation oncology
Graves, E. E., Quon, A., & Loo, B. W. (2007). RT_Image: An open-source tool for investigating PET in radiation oncology. TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, 6(2), 111-121.

Impact of integrated PET/CT on variability of target volume delineation in rectal cancer
Patel, D. A., Chang, S. T., Goodman, K. A., Quon, A., Thorndyke, B., & Koong, A. C. (2007). Impact of integrated PET/CT on variability of target volume delineation in rectal cancer. TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, 6(1), 31-36.

Clinical role of F-18-FDG PET/CT in the management of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and thyroid carcinoma
Quon, A., Fischbein, N. J., McDougall, I. R., Le, Q.-T., Loo, B. W., & Kaplan, M. J. (2007). Clinical role of F-18-FDG PET/CT in the management of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and thyroid carcinoma. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 48, 58S-67S.

Results of a phase I dose-escalation study using single-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy for lung tumors
Le, Q.-T., Loo, B. W., Ho, A., Cotrutz, C., Koong, A. C., & Donington, J. (2006). Results of a phase I dose-escalation study using single-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy for lung tumors. JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, 1(8), 802-809.

Indirect MR lymphangiography of the head and neck using conventional gadolinium contrast: A pilot study in humans
Loo, B. W., Draney, M. T., Sivanandan, R., Ruehm, S. G., Pawlicki, T., & Le, Q.-T. (2006). Indirect MR lymphangiography of the head and neck using conventional gadolinium contrast: A pilot study in humans. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 66(2), 462-468.

Four-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography using an on-board imager
Li, T., Xing, L., Munro, P., McGuinness, C., Chao, M., & Koong, A. (2006). Four-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography using an on-board imager. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 33(10), 3825-3833.

Optical detection of tumors in vivo by visible light tissue oximetry
Maxim, P. G., Carson, J. Jl., Benaron, D. A., Loo, B. W., Xing, L., & Friedland, S. (2005). Optical detection of tumors in vivo by visible light tissue oximetry. TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, 4(3), 227-234.

Plasmablastic lymphoma presenting in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient: a case report
Nguyen, D. D., Loo, B. W., Tillman, G., Natkunam, Y., Cao, T. M., & Advani, R. H. (2003). Plasmablastic lymphoma presenting in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient: a case report. ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY, 82(8), 521-525.

A new sample preparation method for biological soft X-ray microscopy: nitrogen-based contrast and radiation tolerance properties of glycol methacrylate-embedded and sectioned tissue
Loo, B. W., Sauerwald, I. M., Hitchcock, A. P., & Rothman, S. S. (2001). A new sample preparation method for biological soft X-ray microscopy: nitrogen-based contrast and radiation tolerance properties of glycol methacrylate-embedded and sectioned tissue. JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY-OXFORD, 204, 69-86.

Automatic image acquisition, calibration and montage assembly for biological X-ray microscopy
Loo, B. W., Meyer-Ilse, W., & Rothman, S. S. (2000). Automatic image acquisition, calibration and montage assembly for biological X-ray microscopy. JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY-OXFORD, 197, 185-201.

X-RAY STEREOMICROSCOPY - HIGH-RESOLUTION 3-D IMAGING OF HUMAN SPERMATOZOA IN AQUEOUS SUSPENSION WITH NATURAL CONTRAST
Loo, B. W., Williams, S., Meizel, S., & Rothman, S. S. (1992). X-RAY STEREOMICROSCOPY - HIGH-RESOLUTION 3-D IMAGING OF HUMAN SPERMATOZOA IN AQUEOUS SUSPENSION WITH NATURAL CONTRAST. JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY-OXFORD, 166, RP5-RP6.

An environmental sample chamber for x-ray microscopy
Goncz KK, Batson P, Ciarlo D, Loo BW Jr, & Rothman SS. (1992). An environmental sample chamber for x-ray microscopy. J Microsc, 168.