Dissemination of tumor cells from needle biopsy has been observed in a wide range of tumor types. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has become accepted as the first-line test in the evaluation of thyroid nodules. Local recurrence of thyroid cancer from needle track seeding is an extremely rare complication of thyroid FNA.A 59-year-old woman developed local recurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma three years after FNA of the primary cancer. Local metastases developed in the skin and sternocleidomastoid muscle. The location of the recurrent cancer and the linear relationship of the metastases indicated that local recurrence was due to needle track seeding at the time of FNA.Needle track seeding has been recognized as a possible, albeit rare, complication of FNA of thyroid cancer. Although proper FNA technique can reduce the potential for needle track seeding, its occurrence is an unavoidable complication of FNA evaluation of thyroid malignancies.
View details for Web of Science ID 000175644700026
View details for PubMedID 12040660