Biomechanical Evaluation of a Novel Reverse Coracoacromial Ligament Reconstruction for Acromioclavicular Joint Separation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE Shu, B., Johnston, T., Lindsey, D. P., McAdams, T. R. 2012; 40 (2): 440-446

Abstract

Enhancing anterior-posterior (AP) stability in acromioclavicular (AC) reconstruction may be advantageous.To compare the initial stability of AC reconstructions with and without augmentation by either (1) a novel "reverse" coracoacromial (CA) ligament transfer or (2) an intramedullary AC tendon graft.Reverse CA transfer will improve AP stability compared with isolated coracoclavicular (CC) reconstruction.Controlled laboratory study.Six matched pairs of cadaveric shoulders underwent distal clavicle resection and CC reconstruction. Displacement (mm) was measured during cyclic loading along AP (±25 N) and superior-inferior (SI; 10-N compression, 70-N tension) axes. Pairs were randomized to receive each augmentation and the same loading protocol applied.Reverse CA transfer (3.71 ± 1.3 mm, standard error of the mean [SEM]; P = .03) and intramedullary graft (3.41 ± 1.1 mm; P = .03) decreased AP translation compared with CC reconstruction alone. The SI displacement did not differ. Equivalence tests suggest no difference between augmentations in AP or SI restraint.Addition of either reverse CA transfer or intramedullary graft demonstrates improved AP restraint and provides similar SI stability compared with isolated CC reconstruction.Reverse CA ligament transfer may be a reasonable alternative to a free tendon graft to augment AP restraint in AC reconstruction.

View details for DOI 10.1177/0363546511426099

View details for Web of Science ID 000299781300024

View details for PubMedID 22085727