Jeffrey Norton

Surgical oncologist

Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer Program

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Sarcoma Program

  • 875 Blake Wilbur Drive
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-498-6000
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Neurogenetic Oncology Program

  • 300 Pasteur Drive
  • Stanford, CA 94305
  • Phone: 650-723-6469
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Professional Education

Internship: Duke University Medical Center (1974) NC

Residency: Duke University Medical Center (1982) NC

Board Certification: General Surgery, American Board of Surgery (1983)

Fellowship: National Cancer Institute (1979) MD

Medical Education: SUNY Upstate Medical University (1973) NY

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Hospital & Clinics patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Postoperative serum amylase predicts pancreatic fistula formation following pancreaticoduodenectomy.
Cloyd, J. M., Kastenberg, Z. J., Visser, B. C., Poultsides, G. A., & Norton, J. A. (2014). Postoperative serum amylase predicts pancreatic fistula formation following pancreaticoduodenectomy. Journal of gastrointestinal surgery , 18(2), 348-353.

Metabolomic-derived novel cyst fluid biomarkers for pancreatic cysts: glucose and kynurenine.
Park, W. G., Wu, M., Bowen, R., Zheng, M., Fitch, W. L., & Peltz, G. (2013). Metabolomic-derived novel cyst fluid biomarkers for pancreatic cysts: glucose and kynurenine. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 78(2), 295-302 e2.

Preexisting antitumor immunity augments the antitumor effects of chemotherapy.
Zhang, L., Feng, D., Yu, L. X., Tsung, K., & Norton, J. A. (2013). Preexisting antitumor immunity augments the antitumor effects of chemotherapy. Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII, 62(6), 1061-1071.

Seventh edition (2010) of the AJCC/UICC staging system for gastric adenocarcinoma: is there room for improvement?
Patel, M. I., Rhoads, K. F., Ma, Y., Ford, J. M., Visser, B. C., & Poultsides, G. A. (2013). Seventh edition (2010) of the AJCC/UICC staging system for gastric adenocarcinoma: is there room for improvement?. Annals of surgical oncology, 20(5), 1631-1638.

Hospital readmission after a pancreaticoduodenectomy: an emerging quality metric?
Kastenberg, Z. J., Morton, J. M., Visser, B. C., Norton, J. A., & Poultsides, G. A. (2013). Hospital readmission after a pancreaticoduodenectomy: an emerging quality metric?. HPB , 15(2), 142-148.

Long-term Results of Adjuvant Imatinib Mesylate in Localized, High-Risk, Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: ACOSOG Z9000 (Alliance) Intergroup Phase 2 Trial.
Dematteo, R. P., Ballman, K. V., Antonescu, C. R., Corless, C., Kolesnikova, V., & Owzar, K. (2013). Long-term Results of Adjuvant Imatinib Mesylate in Localized, High-Risk, Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: ACOSOG Z9000 (Alliance) Intergroup Phase 2 Trial. Annals of surgery.

Recurrent Duodenal Stricture Secondary to Untreated Crohn's Disease
Plerhoples, T. A., & Norton, J. A. (2012). Recurrent Duodenal Stricture Secondary to Untreated Crohn's Disease. DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, 57(10), 2516-2518.

Value of Surgery in Patients With Negative Imaging and Sporadic Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
Norton, J. A., Fraker, D. L., Alexander, H. richard, & Jensen, R. T. (2012). Value of Surgery in Patients With Negative Imaging and Sporadic Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 256(3), 509-517.

Failure to comply with NCCN guidelines for the management of pancreatic cancer compromises outcomes
Visser, B. C., Ma, Y., Zak, Y., Poultsides, G. A., Norton, J. A., & Rhoads, K. F. (2012). Failure to comply with NCCN guidelines for the management of pancreatic cancer compromises outcomes. HPB, 14(8), 539-547.

Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Radiographic Calcifications Correlate with Grade and Metastasis
Poultsides, G. A., Huang, L. C., Chen, Y., Visser, B. C., Pai, R. K., & Norton, J. A. (2012). Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Radiographic Calcifications Correlate with Grade and Metastasis. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 19(7), 2295-2303.

Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Abelson, J. A., Murphy, J. D., Minn, A. Y., Chung, M., Fisher, G. A., & Chang, D. T. (2012). Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 82(4), E595-E601.

A Prospective Study of Total Gastrectomy for CDH1-Positive Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer
Chen, Y., Kingham, K., Ford, J. M., Rosing, J., Van Dam, J., & Norton, J. A. (2011). A Prospective Study of Total Gastrectomy for CDH1-Positive Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 18(9), 2594-2598.

Surgical Management of Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Huang, L. C., Poultsides, G. A., & Norton, J. A. (2011). Surgical Management of Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract. ONCOLOGY-NEW YORK, 25(9), 794-803.

Ruptured Biliary Cystadenoma Managed by Angiographic Embolization and Interval Partial Hepatectomy
Ghole, S. A., Bakhtary, S., Staudenmayer, K., Sze, D. Y., Pai, R. K., & Poultsides, G. A. (2011). Ruptured Biliary Cystadenoma Managed by Angiographic Embolization and Interval Partial Hepatectomy. DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, 56(7), 1949-1953.

Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors With Major Vascular Abutment, Involvement, or Encasement and Indication for Resection
Norton, J. A., Harris, E. J., Chen, Y., Visser, B. C., Poultsides, G. A., & Jensen, R. T. (2011). Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors With Major Vascular Abutment, Involvement, or Encasement and Indication for Resection. ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 146(6), 724-732.

Pattern of Lymph Node Involvement and Prognosis in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Direct Lymph Node Invasion Has Similar Survival to Node-Negative Disease
Pai, R. K., Beck, A. H., Mitchem, J., Linehan, D. C., Chang, D. T., & Pai, R. K. (2011). Pattern of Lymph Node Involvement and Prognosis in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Direct Lymph Node Invasion Has Similar Survival to Node-Negative Disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY, 35(2), 228-234.

Supercharged Jejunum Flap for Total Esophageal Reconstruction: Single-Surgeon 3-Year Experience and Outcomes Analysis
Barzin, A., Norton, J. A., Whyte, R., & Lee, G. K. (2011). Supercharged Jejunum Flap for Total Esophageal Reconstruction: Single-Surgeon 3-Year Experience and Outcomes Analysis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(1), 173-180.

Expression of p16(INK4A) But Not Hypoxia Markers or Poly Adenosine Diphosphate-Ribose Polymerase Is Associated With Improved Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Chang, D. T., Chapman, C. H., Norton, J. A., Visser, B., Fisher, G. A., & Pai, R. K. (2010). Expression of p16(INK4A) But Not Hypoxia Markers or Poly Adenosine Diphosphate-Ribose Polymerase Is Associated With Improved Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. CANCER, 116(22), 5179-5187.

Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Gastric Cancer
Minn, A. Y., Hsu, A., La, T., Kunz, P., Fisher, G. A., & Chang, D. T. (2010). Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Gastric Cancer. CANCER, 116(16), 3943-3952.

Role of Factor VII in Correcting Dilutional Coagulopathy and Reducing Re-operations for Bleeding Following Non-traumatic Major Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Surgery
Tsai, T. C., Rosing, J. H., & Norton, J. A. (2010). Role of Factor VII in Correcting Dilutional Coagulopathy and Reducing Re-operations for Bleeding Following Non-traumatic Major Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Surgery. JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY, 14(8), 1311-1318.

A NOVEL PRKAR1A MUTATION ASSOCIATED WITH PRIMARY PIGMENTED NODULAR ADRENOCORTICAL DISEASE AND THE CARNEY COMPLEX
Peck, M. C., Visser, B. C., Norton, J. A., Pasche, L., & Katznelson, L. (2010). A NOVEL PRKAR1A MUTATION ASSOCIATED WITH PRIMARY PIGMENTED NODULAR ADRENOCORTICAL DISEASE AND THE CARNEY COMPLEX. ENDOCRINE PRACTICE, 16(2), 198-204.

Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas: An Unexpected Finding After Minor Abdominal Trauma
Cisco, R., Jeffrey, R. B., & Norton, J. A. (2010). Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas: An Unexpected Finding After Minor Abdominal Trauma. DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, 55(2), 240-241.

INTERFRACTIONAL UNCERTAINTY IN THE TREATMENT OF PANCREATIC CANCER WITH RADIATION
Jayachandran, P., Minn, A. Y., Van Dam, J., Norton, J. A., Koong, A. C., & Chang, D. T. (2010). INTERFRACTIONAL UNCERTAINTY IN THE TREATMENT OF PANCREATIC CANCER WITH RADIATION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 76(2), 603-607.

Surgical Management of Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome; State of the Art
Morrow, E. H., & Norton, J. A. (2009). Surgical Management of Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome; State of the Art. SURGICAL CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 89(5), 1091-?.

Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasms Clinicopathologic Study of 116 Cases With Analysis of Factors Predicting Recurrence
Pai, R. K., Beck, A. H., Norton, J. A., & Longacre, T. A. (2009). Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasms Clinicopathologic Study of 116 Cases With Analysis of Factors Predicting Recurrence. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY, 33(10), 1425-1439.

Major Blood Vessel Reconstruction During Sarcoma Surgery
Song, T. K., Harris, E. J., Raghavan, S., & Norton, J. A. (2009). Major Blood Vessel Reconstruction During Sarcoma Surgery. ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 144(9), 817-822.

The value of surgery for retroperitoneal sarcoma.
Gholami, S., Jacobs, C. D., Kapp, D. S., Parast, L. M., & Norton, J. A. (2009). The value of surgery for retroperitoneal sarcoma. Sarcoma, 2009, 605840-?.

INTRAOPERATIVE RADIATION THERAPY FOR LOCALLY ADVANCED AND RECURRENT SOFT-TISSUE SARCOMAS IN ADULTS
Tran, P. T., Hara, W., Su, Z., Lin, H. J., Bendapudi, P. K., & Kapp, D. S. (2008). INTRAOPERATIVE RADIATION THERAPY FOR LOCALLY ADVANCED AND RECURRENT SOFT-TISSUE SARCOMAS IN ADULTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 72(4), 1146-1153.

Gemcitabine chemotherapy and single-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Schellenberg, D., Goodman, K. A., Lee, F., Chang, S., Kuo, T., & Koong, A. C. (2008). Gemcitabine chemotherapy and single-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 72(3), 678-686.

Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer - Implications of genetic testing for screening and prophylactic surgery
Cisco, R. M., Ford, J. M., & Norton, J. A. (2008). Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer - Implications of genetic testing for screening and prophylactic surgery. CANCER, 113(7), 1850-1856.

Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer: surgery, surveillance and unanswered questions
Cisco, R. M., & Norton, J. A. (2008). Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer: surgery, surveillance and unanswered questions. FUTURE ONCOLOGY, 4(4), 553-559.

Risk-reducing total gastrectomy for germline mutations in E-cadherin (CDH1): Pathologic findings with clinical implications
Rogers, W. M., Dobo, E., Norton, J. A., Van Dam, J., Jeffrey, R. B., & Longacre, T. A. (2008). Risk-reducing total gastrectomy for germline mutations in E-cadherin (CDH1): Pathologic findings with clinical implications. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY, 32A(6), 799-809.

Prospective study of surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in multiple endocrine neoplasia-type 1 and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome - Long-term outcome of 6 more virulent form of HPT
Norton, J. A., Venzon, D. J., Berna, M. J., Alexander, H. R., Fraker, D. L., & Jensen, R. T. (2008). Prospective study of surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in multiple endocrine neoplasia-type 1 and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome - Long-term outcome of 6 more virulent form of HPT. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 247(3), 501-510.

High predictive value of pancreatic protocol CT as the only preoperative staging in pancreatic cancer
Cisco, R. M., Jeffrey, R. B., Greco, R. S., & NORTON, J. A. (2008). High predictive value of pancreatic protocol CT as the only preoperative staging in pancreatic cancer. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 15, 88-88.

Tissue effects after stereotactic body radiotherapy using cyberknife for patients with abdominal malignancies
Cupp, J. S., Koong, A. C., Fisher, G. A., NORTON, J. A., & Goodman, K. A. (2008). Tissue effects after stereotactic body radiotherapy using cyberknife for patients with abdominal malignancies. CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 20(1), 69-75.

Role of surgery in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Norton, J. A., & Jensen, R. T. (2007). Role of surgery in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 205(4), S34-S37.

CDH1 truncating mutations in the E-cadherin gene - An indication for total gastrectomy to treat hereditary diffuse gastric cancer
Norton, J. A., Ham, C. M., Van Dam, J., Jeffrey, R. B., Longacre, T. A., & Ford, J. M. (2007). CDH1 truncating mutations in the E-cadherin gene - An indication for total gastrectomy to treat hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 245(6), 873-879.

Surgery for gastrinoma.
Cisco, R. M., & Norton, J. A. (2007). Surgery for gastrinoma. Advances in surgery, 41, 165-176.

Surgery increases survival in patients with gastrinoma
Norton, J. A., Fraker, D. L., Alexander, H. R., Gibril, F., Liewehr, D. J., & Jensen, R. T. (2006). Surgery increases survival in patients with gastrinoma. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 244(3), 410-419.

Lessons from Coley's Toxin
Tsung, K., & Norton, J. A. (2006). Lessons from Coley's Toxin. SURGICAL ONCOLOGY-OXFORD, 15(1), 25-28.

Surgery for primary pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Norton, J. A. (2006). Surgery for primary pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY, 10(3), 327-331.

Surgery for gastrinoma and insulinoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.
Norton, J. A., Fang, T. D., & Jensen, R. T. (2006). Surgery for gastrinoma and insulinoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network , 4(2), 148-153.

Inhibition of host signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 6 results in cure with cyclophosphamide and interleukin 12 immunotherapy
Norton, J. A., Li, M., Lee, N. C., & Tsung, K. (2006). Inhibition of host signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 6 results in cure with cyclophosphamide and interleukin 12 immunotherapy. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 13(1), 118-124.

Surgical treatment and prognosis of gastrinoma
NORTON, J. A. (2005). Surgical treatment and prognosis of gastrinoma. BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH IN CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY, 19(5), 799-805.

Phase II study to assess the efficacy of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy followed by a stereotactic radiosurgery boost in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Koong, A. C., Christofferson, E., Le, Q. T., Goodman, K. A., Ho, A., & Yang, G. P. (2005). Phase II study to assess the efficacy of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy followed by a stereotactic radiosurgery boost in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS, 63(2), 320-323.

Surgery and prognosis of duodenal gastrinoma as a duodenal neuroendocrine tumor
Norton, J. A. (2005). Surgery and prognosis of duodenal gastrinoma as a duodenal neuroendocrine tumor. BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH IN CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY, 19(5), 699-704.

Computed tomography, endoscopic, laparoscopic, and intra-operative sonography for assessing resectability of pancreatic cancer
Long, E. E., Van Dam, J., Weinstein, S., Jeffrey, B., Desser, T., & Norton, J. A. (2005). Computed tomography, endoscopic, laparoscopic, and intra-operative sonography for assessing resectability of pancreatic cancer. SURGICAL ONCOLOGY-OXFORD, 14(2), 105-113.

Endocrine tumours of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgical treatment of neuroendocrine metastases.
Norton, J. A. (2005). Endocrine tumours of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgical treatment of neuroendocrine metastases. Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology, 19(4), 577-583.

A national comparison of surgical versus percutaneous drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts: 1997-2001
Morton, J. M., Brown, A., Galanko, J. A., NORTON, J. A., Grimm, I. S., & Behrns, K. E. (2005). A national comparison of surgical versus percutaneous drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts: 1997-2001. JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY, 9(1), 15-20.

Gastric carcinoid tumors in multiple endocrine neoplasia-1 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can be symptomatic, demonstrate aggressive growth, and require surgical treatment
NORTON, J. A., Melcher, M. L., Gibril, F., & Jensen, R. T. (2004). Gastric carcinoid tumors in multiple endocrine neoplasia-1 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can be symptomatic, demonstrate aggressive growth, and require surgical treatment. SURGERY, 136(6), 1267-1273.

Resolved and unresolved controversies in the surgical management of patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Norton, J. A., & Jensen, R. T. (2004). Resolved and unresolved controversies in the surgical management of patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 240(5), 757-773.

Does the use of routine duodenotomy (DUODX) affect rate of cure, development of liver metastases, or survival in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?
Norton, J. A., Alexander, H. R., FRAKER, D. L., VENZON, D. J., Gibril, F., & Jensen, R. T. (2004). Does the use of routine duodenotomy (DUODX) affect rate of cure, development of liver metastases, or survival in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 239(5), 617-625.

Results of initial operation for hyperparathyroidism in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Elaraj, D. M., SKARULIS, M. C., Libutti, S. K., NORTON, J. A., Bartlett, D. L., & Alexander, H. R. (2003). Results of initial operation for hyperparathyroidism in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. SURGERY, 134(6), 858-864.

Management and outcome of patients with sporadic gastrinoma arising in the duodenum
Zogakis, T. G., Gibril, F., Libutti, S. K., NORTON, J. A., White, D. E., & Alexander, H. R. (2003). Management and outcome of patients with sporadic gastrinoma arising in the duodenum. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 238(1), 42-48.

Possible primary lymph node gastrinoma: Occurrence, natural history, and predictive factors a prospective study
Norton, J. A., Alexander, H. R., FRAKER, D. L., VENZON, D. J., Gibril, F., & Jensen, R. T. (2003). Possible primary lymph node gastrinoma: Occurrence, natural history, and predictive factors a prospective study. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 237(5), 650-657.

Comparison of surgical results in patients with advanced and limited disease with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
NORTON, J. A., Alexander, H. R., FRAKER, D. L., VENZON, D. J., Gibril, F., & Jensen, R. T. (2001). Comparison of surgical results in patients with advanced and limited disease with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 234(4), 495-505.

Prognostic value of initial pasting serum gastrin levels in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Berger, A. C., Gibril, F., VENZON, D. J., DOPPMAN, J. L., NORTON, J. A., & Alexander, H. R. (2001). Prognostic value of initial pasting serum gastrin levels in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 19(12), 3051-3057.

A high-resolution radiation hybrid map of the human genome draft sequence
Olivier, M., Aggarwal, A., Allen, J., Almendras, A. A., Bajorek, E. S., & Cox, D. R. (2001). A high-resolution radiation hybrid map of the human genome draft sequence. SCIENCE, 291(5507), 1298-?.

Results of heterotopic parathyroid autotransplantation: A 13-year experience
Feldman, A. L., Sharaf, R. N., SKARULIS, M. C., Bartlett, D. L., Libutti, S. K., & Alexander, H. R. (1999). Results of heterotopic parathyroid autotransplantation: A 13-year experience. SURGERY, 126(6), 1042-1048.

Surgery to cure the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
NORTON, J. A., FRAKER, D. L., Alexander, H. R., VENZON, D. J., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1999). Surgery to cure the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 341(9), 635-644.

Analysis of factors associated with longterm (five or more years) cure in patients undergoing operation for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Alexander, H. R., Bartlett, D. L., VENZON, D. J., Libutti, S. K., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1998). Analysis of factors associated with longterm (five or more years) cure in patients undergoing operation for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. SURGERY, 124(6), 1160-1166.

Operative management of islet-cell tumors arising in the head of the pancreas
Park, B. J., Alexander, H. R., Libutti, S. K., Huang, J., Royalty, D., & Bartlett, D. L. (1998). Operative management of islet-cell tumors arising in the head of the pancreas. SURGERY, 124(6), 1056-1061.

Surgical treatment of localized gastrinoma within the liver: A prospective study
NORTON, J. A., Doherty, G. M., FRAKER, D. L., Alexander, R., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1998). Surgical treatment of localized gastrinoma within the liver: A prospective study. SURGERY, 124(6), 1145-1152.

Prospective study of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy and its effect on operative outcome in patients with Zolinger-Ellison syndrome
Alexander, H. R., FRAKER, D. L., NORTON, J. A., Bartlett, D. L., Tio, L., & Jensen, R. T. (1998). Prospective study of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy and its effect on operative outcome in patients with Zolinger-Ellison syndrome. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 228(2), 228-238.

A prospective analysis of the frequency, location, and curability of ectopic (nonpancreaticoduodenal, nonnodal) gastrinoma
Wu, P. C., Alexander, H. R., Bartlett, D. L., DOPPMAN, J. L., FRAKER, D. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1997). A prospective analysis of the frequency, location, and curability of ectopic (nonpancreaticoduodenal, nonnodal) gastrinoma. SURGERY, 122(6), 1176-1182.

Is reoperation for gastrinoma excision indicated in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?
Jaskowiak, N. T., FRAKER, D. L., Alexander, H. R., NORTON, J. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1996). Is reoperation for gastrinoma excision indicated in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?. SURGERY, 120(6), 1055-1062.

A prospective trial evaluating a standard approach to reoperation for missed parathyroid adenoma
Jaskowiak, N., NORTON, J. A., Alexander, H. R., DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T., & FRAKER, D. L. (1996). A prospective trial evaluating a standard approach to reoperation for missed parathyroid adenoma. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 224(3), 308-320.

Role of endogenous interferon gamma in murine tumor growth and tumor necrosis factor alpha antitumor efficacy
Doherty, G. M., Alexander, H. R., MERINO, M. J., VENZON, D. J., & NORTON, J. A. (1996). Role of endogenous interferon gamma in murine tumor growth and tumor necrosis factor alpha antitumor efficacy. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 3(2), 198-203.

PLASMA PROINSULIN-LIKE COMPONENT IN INSULINOMA - A 25-YEAR EXPERIENCE
GORDEN, P., SKARULIS, M. C., Roach, P., Comi, R. J., FRAKER, D. L., & DOPPMAN, J. L. (1995). PLASMA PROINSULIN-LIKE COMPONENT IN INSULINOMA - A 25-YEAR EXPERIENCE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 80(10), 2884-2887.

LOCALIZATION OF INSULINOMAS TO REGIONS OF THE PANCREAS BY INTRAARTERIAL STIMULATION WITH CALCIUM
DOPPMAN, J. L., Chang, R., FRAKER, D. L., NORTON, J. A., Alexander, H. R., & GORDEN, P. (1995). LOCALIZATION OF INSULINOMAS TO REGIONS OF THE PANCREAS BY INTRAARTERIAL STIMULATION WITH CALCIUM. ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 123(4), 269-273.

PALLIATIVE OPERATIONS FOR PATIENTS WITH UNRESECTABLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA
Zogakis, T. G., & NORTON, J. A. (1995). PALLIATIVE OPERATIONS FOR PATIENTS WITH UNRESECTABLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA. SURGICAL CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 75(3), 525-538.

LOCALIZATION AND OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF UNDESCENDED PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WITH PERSISTENT PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
Billingsley, K. G., FRAKER, D. L., DOPPMAN, J. L., NORTON, J. A., Shawker, T. H., & Alexander, H. R. (1994). LOCALIZATION AND OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF UNDESCENDED PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WITH PERSISTENT PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM. SURGERY, 116(6), 982-990.

SURGERY IN ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME ALTERS THE NATURAL-HISTORY OF GASTRINOMA
FRAKER, D. L., NORTON, J. A., Alexander, H. R., VENZON, D. J., & Jensen, R. T. (1994). SURGERY IN ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME ALTERS THE NATURAL-HISTORY OF GASTRINOMA. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 220(3), 320-330.

CONTROVERSIES IN SURGICAL THERAPY FOR APUDOMAS
FRAKER, D. L., & NORTON, J. A. (1993). CONTROVERSIES IN SURGICAL THERAPY FOR APUDOMAS. SEMINARS IN SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 9(5), 437-442.

USE OF INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASONOGRAPHY TO LOCALIZE ISLET-CELL TUMORS
ZEIGER, M. A., Shawker, T. H., & NORTON, J. A. (1993). USE OF INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASONOGRAPHY TO LOCALIZE ISLET-CELL TUMORS. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 17(4), 448-454.

INTRAARTERIAL CALCIUM STIMULATION TEST FOR DETECTION OF INSULINOMAS
DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., Chang, R., GORDEN, P., Eastman, R. C., & NORTON, J. A. (1993). INTRAARTERIAL CALCIUM STIMULATION TEST FOR DETECTION OF INSULINOMAS. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 17(4), 439-443.

THE ROLE OF TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR IN THE TOXICITY AND THE ANTINEOPLASTIC ACTIVITY OF INTERLEUKIN-2 IMMUNOTHERAPY
FRAKER, D. L., & NORTON, J. A. (1993). THE ROLE OF TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR IN THE TOXICITY AND THE ANTINEOPLASTIC ACTIVITY OF INTERLEUKIN-2 IMMUNOTHERAPY. TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR : MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE, 221-225.

RECOMBINANT INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST (IL-1RA) - EFFECTIVE THERAPY AGAINST GRAM-NEGATIVE SEPSIS IN RATS
Alexander, H. R., Doherty, G. M., VENZON, D. J., MERINO, M. J., FRAKER, D. L., & NORTON, J. A. (1992). RECOMBINANT INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST (IL-1RA) - EFFECTIVE THERAPY AGAINST GRAM-NEGATIVE SEPSIS IN RATS. SURGERY, 112(2), 188-194.

CURATIVE RESECTION IN ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME - RESULTS OF A 10-YEAR PROSPECTIVE-STUDY
NORTON, J. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1992). CURATIVE RESECTION IN ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME - RESULTS OF A 10-YEAR PROSPECTIVE-STUDY. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 215(1), 8-18.

The use of intraoperative ultrasound during cancer surgery.
Shawker, T. H., NORTON, J. A., & Oldfield, E. H. (1992). The use of intraoperative ultrasound during cancer surgery. Important advances in oncology, 167-187.

RESULTS OF A PROSPECTIVE STRATEGY TO DIAGNOSE, LOCALIZE, AND RESECT INSULINOMAS
Doherty, G. M., DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T. H., MILLER, D. L., Eastman, R. C., & NORTON, J. A. (1991). RESULTS OF A PROSPECTIVE STRATEGY TO DIAGNOSE, LOCALIZE, AND RESECT INSULINOMAS. SURGERY, 110(6), 989-997.

INSULINOMAS - LOCALIZATION WITH SELECTIVE INTRAARTERIAL INJECTION OF CALCIUM
DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., Chang, R., Shawker, T. H., GORDEN, P., & NORTON, J. A. (1991). INSULINOMAS - LOCALIZATION WITH SELECTIVE INTRAARTERIAL INJECTION OF CALCIUM. RADIOLOGY, 178(1), 237-241.

LOCALIZATION AND SURGICAL-TREATMENT OF OCCULT INSULINOMAS
NORTON, J. A., Shawker, T. H., DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., FRAKER, D. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1990). LOCALIZATION AND SURGICAL-TREATMENT OF OCCULT INSULINOMAS. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 212(5), 615-620.

UNDESCENDED PARATHYROID ADENOMA - AN IMPORTANT ETIOLOGY FOR FAILED OPERATIONS FOR PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
FRAKER, D. L., DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T. H., Marx, S. J., Spiegel, A. M., & NORTON, J. A. (1990). UNDESCENDED PARATHYROID ADENOMA - AN IMPORTANT ETIOLOGY FOR FAILED OPERATIONS FOR PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 14(3), 342-348.

THE ROLE OF SURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ISLET CELL TUMORS
FRAKER, D. L., & NORTON, J. A. (1989). THE ROLE OF SURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ISLET CELL TUMORS. GASTROENTEROLOGY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 18(4), 805-830.

REVERSAL OF THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF CACHECTIN BY CONCURRENT INSULIN ADMINISTRATION
FRAKER, D. L., MERINO, M. J., & NORTON, J. A. (1989). REVERSAL OF THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF CACHECTIN BY CONCURRENT INSULIN ADMINISTRATION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 256(6), E725-E731.

TOLERANCE TO TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR
NORTON, J. A., & FRAKER, D. L. (1989). TOLERANCE TO TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR. NUTRITION, 5(2), 131-135.

LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION OF INSULINOMAS AND GASTRINOMAS
FRAKER, D. L., & NORTON, J. A. (1988). LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION OF INSULINOMAS AND GASTRINOMAS. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 259(24), 3601-3605.

INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC LOCALIZATION OF ISLET CELL TUMORS - A PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON TO PALPATION
NORTON, J. A., CROMACK, D. T., Shawker, T. H., DOPPMAN, J. L., Comi, R., & Jensen, R. T. (1988). INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC LOCALIZATION OF ISLET CELL TUMORS - A PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON TO PALPATION. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 207(2), 160-168.

THE USE OF HIGH-RESOLUTION INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND TO LOCALIZE GASTRINOMAS - AN INITIAL REPORT OF A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY
CROMACK, D. T., NORTON, J. A., Sigel, B., Shawker, T. H., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Jensen, R. T. (1987). THE USE OF HIGH-RESOLUTION INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND TO LOCALIZE GASTRINOMAS - AN INITIAL REPORT OF A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 11(5), 648-653.

THE USE OF HIGH-RESOLUTION ULTRASOUND TO LOCATE PARATHYROID TUMORS DURING REOPERATIONS FOR PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
Kern, K. A., Shawker, T. H., DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., Marx, S. J., & NORTON, J. A. (1987). THE USE OF HIGH-RESOLUTION ULTRASOUND TO LOCATE PARATHYROID TUMORS DURING REOPERATIONS FOR PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 11(5), 579-585.

INFERIOR THYROID ARTERY ARISING FROM COMMON CAROTID-ARTERY WITH ABERRANT RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
Simmons, J. T., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Norton, J. (1987). INFERIOR THYROID ARTERY ARISING FROM COMMON CAROTID-ARTERY WITH ABERRANT RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY. CARDIOVASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 10(3), 150-152.

LOCALIZATION OF PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE SURGERY .2. INVASIVE PROCEDURES
MILLER, D. L., DOPPMAN, J. L., Krudy, A. G., Shawker, T. H., NORTON, J. A., & AURBACH, G. D. (1987). LOCALIZATION OF PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE SURGERY .2. INVASIVE PROCEDURES. RADIOLOGY, 162(1), 138-141.

LOCALIZATION OF PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE SURGERY .1. NONINVASIVE IMAGING METHODS
MILLER, D. L., DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T. H., Krudy, A. G., NORTON, J. A., & AURBACH, G. D. (1987). LOCALIZATION OF PARATHYROID ADENOMAS IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE SURGERY .1. NONINVASIVE IMAGING METHODS. RADIOLOGY, 162(1), 133-137.

SELECTIVE VENOUS SAMPLING FOR GASTRIN TO LOCALIZE GASTRINOMAS - A PROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT
CHERNER, J. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., NORTON, J. A., MILLER, D. L., Krudy, A. G., & Jensen, R. T. (1986). SELECTIVE VENOUS SAMPLING FOR GASTRIN TO LOCALIZE GASTRINOMAS - A PROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT. ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 105(6), 841-847.

PROSPECTIVE-STUDY OF GASTRINOMA LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION IN PATIENTS WITH ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME
NORTON, J. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., COLLEN, M. J., Harmon, J. W., Maton, P. N., & Jensen, R. T. (1986). PROSPECTIVE-STUDY OF GASTRINOMA LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION IN PATIENTS WITH ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 204(4), 468-479.

INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND AND REOPERATIVE PARATHYROID SURGERY - AN INITIAL EVALUATION
NORTON, J. A., Shawker, T. H., Jones, B. L., Spiegel, A. M., Marx, S. J., & DOPPMAN, J. L. (1986). INTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND AND REOPERATIVE PARATHYROID SURGERY - AN INITIAL EVALUATION. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 10(4), 631-639.

DEMONSTRATION OF AN ANGIOGRAPHICALLY HYPOVASCULAR INSULINOMA WITH INTRAARTERIAL DYNAMIC CT
FINK, I. J., Krudy, A. G., Shawker, T. H., NORTON, J. A., GORDEN, P., & DOPPMAN, J. L. (1985). DEMONSTRATION OF AN ANGIOGRAPHICALLY HYPOVASCULAR INSULINOMA WITH INTRAARTERIAL DYNAMIC CT. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 144(3), 555-556.

PARATHYMIC PARATHYROID - CT, US, AND ANGIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS
DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T. H., Krudy, A. G., MILLER, D. L., Marx, S. J., & AURBACH, G. D. (1985). PARATHYMIC PARATHYROID - CT, US, AND ANGIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS. RADIOLOGY, 157(2), 419-423.

ULTRASONIC PARATHYROID LOCALIZATION IN PREVIOUSLY OPERATED PATIENTS
Krudy, A. G., Shawker, T. H., DOPPMAN, J. L., Horvath, K., Schneider, P. D., & Spiegel, A. M. (1984). ULTRASONIC PARATHYROID LOCALIZATION IN PREVIOUSLY OPERATED PATIENTS. CLINICAL RADIOLOGY, 35(2), 113-118.

INTRAOPERATIVE URINARY CYCLIC ADENOSINE-MONOPHOSPHATE AS A GUIDE TO SUCCESSFUL REOPERATIVE PARATHYROIDECTOMY
NORTON, J. A., Brennan, M. F., Saxe, A. W., Wesley, R. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Spiegel, A. M. (1984). INTRAOPERATIVE URINARY CYCLIC ADENOSINE-MONOPHOSPHATE AS A GUIDE TO SUCCESSFUL REOPERATIVE PARATHYROIDECTOMY. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 200(4), 389-395.

HYPERFUNCTIONING CYSTIC PARATHYROID-GLANDS - CT AND SONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS
Krudy, A. G., DOPPMAN, J. L., Shawker, T. H., Spiegel, A. M., Marx, S. J., & SCHACHNER, S. H. (1984). HYPERFUNCTIONING CYSTIC PARATHYROID-GLANDS - CT AND SONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 142(1), 175-178.

PARATHYROID ASPIRATION DIRECTED BY ANGIOGRAPHY - AN ALTERNATIVE TO VENOUS SAMPLING
Krudy, A. G., DOPPMAN, J. L., Marx, S. J., NORTON, J. A., Spiegel, A. M., & AURBACH, G. D. (1984). PARATHYROID ASPIRATION DIRECTED BY ANGIOGRAPHY - AN ALTERNATIVE TO VENOUS SAMPLING. RADIOLOGY, 152(1), 207-208.

REMOVAL OF GASTRINOMAS FOR CONTROL OF ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME
Harmon, J. W., NORTON, J. A., Collin, M. J., Krudy, A. G., Shawker, T. H., & Jensen, R. T. (1984). REMOVAL OF GASTRINOMAS FOR CONTROL OF ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 200(4), 396-404.

DETECTION OF MEDIASTINAL PARATHYROID-GLANDS BY NONSELECTIVE DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY
Krudy, A. G., DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., NORTON, J. A., Marx, S. J., & Schaaf, M. (1984). DETECTION OF MEDIASTINAL PARATHYROID-GLANDS BY NONSELECTIVE DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 142(4), 693-695.

LOCALIZATION OF ISLET CELL TUMORS BY DYNAMIC CT - COMPARISON WITH PLAIN CT, ARTERIOGRAPHY, SONOGRAPHY, AND VENOUS SAMPLING
Krudy, A. G., DOPPMAN, J. L., Jensen, R. T., NORTON, J. A., COLLEN, M. J., & GORDEN, P. (1984). LOCALIZATION OF ISLET CELL TUMORS BY DYNAMIC CT - COMPARISON WITH PLAIN CT, ARTERIOGRAPHY, SONOGRAPHY, AND VENOUS SAMPLING. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 143(3), 585-589.

WORK IN PROGRESS - ABNORMAL PARATHYROID-GLANDS - COMPARISON OF NON-SELECTIVE ARTERIAL DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY, SELECTIVE PARATHYROID ARTERIOGRAPHY, AND VENOUS DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY AS METHODS OF DETECTION
Krudy, A. G., DOPPMAN, J. L., MILLER, D. L., Marx, S. J., NORTON, J. A., & AURBACH, G. D. (1983). WORK IN PROGRESS - ABNORMAL PARATHYROID-GLANDS - COMPARISON OF NON-SELECTIVE ARTERIAL DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY, SELECTIVE PARATHYROID ARTERIOGRAPHY, AND VENOUS DIGITAL ARTERIOGRAPHY AS METHODS OF DETECTION. RADIOLOGY, 148(1), 23-29.

ASPIRATION OF ENLARGED PARATHYROID-GLANDS FOR PARATHYROID-HORMONE ASSAY
DOPPMAN, J. L., Krudy, A. G., Marx, S. J., Saxe, A., Schneider, P., & AURBACH, G. D. (1983). ASPIRATION OF ENLARGED PARATHYROID-GLANDS FOR PARATHYROID-HORMONE ASSAY. RADIOLOGY, 148(1), 31-35.

LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION OF CLINICALLY INAPPARENT MEDULLARY CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID
NORTON, J. A., DOPPMAN, J. L., & Brennan, M. F. (1980). LOCALIZATION AND RESECTION OF CLINICALLY INAPPARENT MEDULLARY CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID. SURGERY, 87(6), 616-622.