Despite comparable increases in cardiac output there is a greater reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in sheep during exercise than in dog or man. The mechanism for this marked reduction in PVR in sheep is unknown. To assess the role of arachidonic acid metabolites in producing this low PVR we measured the effect of intravenous acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, 10 mg/kg) on PVR at rest and during exercise in sheep. ASA caused a slight rise in resting PVR (p less than 0.05), but did not affect the exercise-induced decrease in PVR. High-dose ASA (100 mg/kg), presumably sufficient to block the lipoxygenase pathway produced the same responses as low-dose ASA which should only block the cyclo-oxygenase pathway. Products of the cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways which include vasodilator prostaglandins, have only a minor role in maintaining low pulmonary vascular resistance at rest and have no demonstrable role in the reduced PVR that occurs during exercise in sheep.
View details for Web of Science ID A1987K377200003
View details for PubMedID 3118440