Experiments were performed to determine whether different methods of increasing cardiac output would have similar effects on lung lymph flow, and to assess the contribution of the microvasculature (fluid-exchanging vessels) to the total calculated pulmonary vascular resistance. Yearling unanesthetized sheep with chronic vascular catheters and lung lymph fistulas underwent intravenous infusions of isoproterenol at 0.2 micrograms X kg-1. min-1 (n = 8) or were exercised on a treadmill (n = 16). Both isoproterenol and exercise increased cardiac output, lowered calculated total pulmonary and systemic vascular resistances, and had no effect on the calculated pulmonary microvascular pressure. Isoproterenol infusions did not affect lung lymph flow, whereas exercise increased lung lymph flow in proportion to the increase in cardiac output. We conclude that 1) the sheep has a different pulmonary hemodynamic response to exercise than dogs and man, 2) the microvasculature is recruited during exercise-induced but not isoproterenol-induced increases in cardiac output, and 3) the microvasculature represents only a small proportion of the total calculated pulmonary vascular resistance.
View details for Web of Science ID A1986AXV0900006
View details for PubMedID 3944045