To determine whether a portable sodium iodide (NaI) probe could provide a valid measure of the pulmonary half-life (T1/2) of aerosolized technetium-99m-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA, mol wt = 492) in small chests, we measured pulmonary clearance in rabbits using a gamma-scintillation camera and the portable probe. In 10 experiments the lungs of New Zealand White rabbits were insufflated with aerosolized 99mTc-DTPA (0.6 mum aerodynamic mass median diameter) and then simultaneously imaged with the gamma-camera and the probe positioned over the upper right lung. In an additional 12 experiments, alveolar-capillary membrane permeability was increased by either intratracheal instillation of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (HCl) or intravenous injection of 100 mg/kg of oleic acid. All animals tolerated the procedure. There was a significant decrease in pulmonary T1/2 in both the HCl group (53.4 +/- 10.4 min, mean +/- SE) and the oleic acid group (14.7 +/- 2.3 min) when compared with control (127.5 +/- 18.1 min). When we compared the T 1/2 of the right lung determined by the gamma-camera with that measured by the probe, the correlation coefficient was 0.95. Potential nonpulmonary contributions to thoracic radioactivity were not significant. We conclude that a portable NaI probe is a valid means of determining T 1/2 of 99mTc-DTPA in small chests when compared with a gamma-camera and can detect increases in the permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane to small solutes.
View details for Web of Science ID A1984TX58800044
View details for PubMedID 6392229