The cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) affects many cell functions, including the modulation of ion channel activity. In this study patch clamp experiments using primary cultures of fetal distal lung epithelium (FDLE) demonstrated that the elevation of [Ca2+]i modulated a 25pS amiloride-blockable non selective cation (NSC) channel's ion selectivity and sensitivity to amiloride. An elevation of [Ca2+]i from 0.1 microM to 1mM both increased open probability (Po) and decreased the ratio of the permeability to Na to the permeability to K (PNa/PK) from 1.96 +/- 0.11 (SEM, n = 6) to 0.88 +/- 0.04 (n = 6). Within the range of [Ca2+]i from 0.1 microM to 100 microM amiloride (0.5 microM) decreased Po, however amiloride (0.5 microM) no longer affected Po of the NSC channel when [Ca2+]i was increased to 1mM under physiologic membrane potentials. A beta adrenergic agonist (terbutaline, 10 microM) increased Po in cell-attached patches from almost 0 (Po less than 0.01; n = 9) to 0.39 +/- 0.09 (n = 9) and [Ca2+]i from 40 +/- 6nM (n = 9) to more than 1 microM. This suggested that amiloride-blockable NSC channel activity and ion permeability are modulated by changes in [Ca2+]i near physiologic membrane potentials and a beta adrenergic agonist increases [Ca2+]i to more than 1 microM (unlike other epithelial including adult alveolar cells) which is associated with activation the NSC channel.
View details for Web of Science ID A1992JN58500014
View details for PubMedID 1382419