We studied the effect of insulin and lavendustin-A (a tyrosine kinase inhibitor) on the short-circuit current (ISC) of primary cultures of fetal distal rat lung epithelium (FDLE). Insulin (2 microM) on the basolateral side of the monolayer increased ISC from 5.76 +/- 0.83 microA/cm2 (SEM, n = 7) to 7.23 +/- 1.00 microA/cm2 (p less than 0.01) under control conditions, and from 1.00 +/- 0.31 microA/cm1 to 1.53 +/- 0.34 microA/cm2 (p less than 0.05, n = 4) when amiloride (10 microM) was present on the apical side of the monolayer. Thus insulin increased both the amiloride-sensitive and insensitive ISC with the insulin-induced increase in ISC in the absence of amiloride (1.47 +/- 0.22 microA/cm2, n = 7) being significantly larger than that in the presence of 10 microM amiloride (0.53 +/- 0.14 microA/cm2, n = 4; p less than 0.025). Insulin's effect reached steady state in 1 hr. Lavendustin-A (10 microM), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, applied to the apical side of the monolayer attenuated but did not completely block insulin's ability to increase in ISC; i.e., insulin increased ISC in lavendustin-A treated monolayers (0.63 +/- 0.09 microA/cm2, n = 5; p less than 0.0025) but the increase was significantly smaller than that without the pretreatment of lavendustin-A (p less than 0.05). In the presence of amiloride (10 microM) and lavendustin-A (10 microM) insulin was no longer able to increase ISC (change in ISC = 0.04 +/- 0.03 microA/cm2, n = 6), suggesting that lavendustin-A had blocked the insulin's effect on the amiloride-insensitive ISC. Lavendustin-A (10 microM) had no significant effect on the basal ISC in control and amiloride treated monolayers. Our studies demonstrate that insulin increases amiloride-insensitive ISC in FDLE via lavendustin-A sensitive tyrosine kinase and that insulin's action on the amiloride-sensitive ISC of FDLE is mediated through a lavendustin-A insensitive (and presumably tyrosine kinase-independent) pathway.
View details for Web of Science ID A1992JN58500037
View details for PubMedID 1382422