Latha Palaniappan, MD, MS

Clinical Professor, Medicine - General Medical Disciplines
Latha Palaniappan MD, MS, is an internist and clinical researcher. Her work has focused on the study of different racial/ethnic populations in the areas of obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk. Palaniappan seeks to address the gap in knowledge of health in Asian subgroups and other understudied racial/ethnic minorities (The Pan Asian Cohort Study - PACS, 5R01DK081371). During her time at Palo Alto Medical Foundation (PAMF), she led the organization-wide initiative to collect patient race/ethnicity and language information, enabling PAMF researchers to conduct disparities research in the clinical setting. In collaboration with PAMF, her most recent work examines the clinical effectiveness of structured physical activity programs for diabetes management (Initiate and Maintain Physical Activity in Clinics - IMPACT, 5R18DK096394), as well as best exercise regimens for normal-weight diabetics (Strength Training Regimen for Normal Weight Diabetics - STRONG-D, 2R01DK081371). She is also co-principal investigator on the CAUSES (5R01MD007012) study, which examines mortality and socioeconomic differences between diverse Asian subgroups in the U.S.

Professional Education

Residency: Kaiser Found Hosp San Fran (1999) CA

Internship: Kaiser Found Hosp San Fran (1997) CA

Medical Education: University of Michigan School of Medicine (1996) MI

Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (1999)

M.S., Stanford University, Epidemiology (2001)

B.A./M.D., University of Michigan, Integrated Premedical-Medical (1996)

Honors & Awards

Healthcare Hero Award, Silicon Valley Business Journal (2013)

Fellow, American College of Cardiology (2012)

Fellow, American College of Physicians (2009)

"Top Physician", Consumers’ Research Council of America (2007-2009)

BIRCWH (Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women’s Health) Scholar., NIH Career Development Award (K12) (2003 - 2006)

Fellow, American College of Epidemiology (2003)

Katherine McCormick Award, Stanford University (2003)

Fellow, American Heart Association (2006)

Fellow, American Heart Association 27th Ten-Day Seminar on the Epidemiology and Prevention of Heart Disease (2001)

Individual NIH National Research Service Award (F-32), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2000-2003)

Kughn Clinical Research Center Grant, University of Michigan Medical Center (1996)

Administrative Appointments

Medical Director of Clinical Research, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (2012 - 2014)

Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor, Stanford University School of Medicine (2010 - 2014)

Associate Investigator, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (2009 - 2014)

Clinical Assistant Professor, University of California, San Francisco (2008 - 2011)

Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, Stanford University School of Medicine (2006 - 2010)

Assistant Investigator, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (2006 - 2009)

Attending Physician, Preventive Cardiology Clinic (2002 - 2008)

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Proteinuric and Nonproteinuric Diabetic Kidney Disease
Bhalla, V., Zhao, B., Azar, K. Mj., Wang, E. J., Choi, S., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2013). Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Proteinuric and Nonproteinuric Diabetic Kidney Disease. DIABETES CARE, 36(5), 1215-1221.

Incorporation of whole, ancient grains into a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce the burden of chronic disease
Dixit, A. A., Azar, K. Mj., Gardner, C. D., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2011). Incorporation of whole, ancient grains into a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce the burden of chronic disease. NUTRITION REVIEWS, 69(8), 479-488.

Shared Medical Appointments: Promoting Weight Loss in a Clinical Setting
Palaniappan, L. P., Muzaffar, A. L., Wang, E. J., Wong, E. C., & Orchard, T. J. (2011). Shared Medical Appointments: Promoting Weight Loss in a Clinical Setting. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN BOARD OF FAMILY MEDICINE, 24(3), 326-328.

Asian Americans have greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome despite lower body mass index
Palaniappan, L. P., Wong, E. C., Shin, J. J., Fortmann, S. P., & Lauderdale, D. S. (2011). Asian Americans have greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome despite lower body mass index. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY, 35(3), 393-400.

Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association
Palaniappan, L. P., Araneta, M. R. G., Assimes, T. L., Barrett-Connor, E. L., Carnethon, M. R., & Wong, N. D. (2010). Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association. CIRCULATION, 122(12), 1242-1252.

Reconsidering the Age Thresholds for Type II Diabetes Screening in the U.S.
Chung, S., Azar, K. Mj., Baek, M., Lauderdale, D. S., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2014). Reconsidering the Age Thresholds for Type II Diabetes Screening in the U.S. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, 47(4), 375-381.

American Heart Association Guide for Improving Cardiovascular Health at the Community Level, 2013 Update A Scientific Statement for Public Health Practitioners, Healthcare Providers, and Health Policy Makers
Pearson, T. A., Palaniappan, L. P., Artinian, N. T., Carnethon, M. R., Criqui, M. H., & Turner, M. B. (2013). American Heart Association Guide for Improving Cardiovascular Health at the Community Level, 2013 Update A Scientific Statement for Public Health Practitioners, Healthcare Providers, and Health Policy Makers. CIRCULATION, 127(16), 1730-1753.

Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California.
Choi, S. E., Liu, M., Palaniappan, L. P., Wang, E. J., & Wong, N. D. (2013). Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California. Journal of diabetes and its complications.

Finger millet (Ragi, Eleusine coracana L.): a review of its nutritional properties, processing, and plausible health benefits.
Shobana, S., Krishnaswamy, K., Sudha, V., Malleshi, N. G., Anjana, R. M., & Mohan, V. (2013). Finger millet (Ragi, Eleusine coracana L.): a review of its nutritional properties, processing, and plausible health benefits. Advances in food and nutrition research, 69, 1-39.

Racial/ethnic differences in control of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes patients in an insured, ambulatory care population
Holland, A. T., Zhao, B., Wong, E. C., Choi, S. E., Wong, N. D., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2013). Racial/ethnic differences in control of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes patients in an insured, ambulatory care population. JOURNAL OF DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS, 27(1), 34-40.

Perceived poor sleep quality in the absence of polysomnographic sleep disturbance in women with severe premenstrual syndrome
Baker, F. C., Sassoon, S. A., Kahan, T., Palaniappan, L., Nicholas, C. L., & Colrain, I. M. (2012). Perceived poor sleep quality in the absence of polysomnographic sleep disturbance in women with severe premenstrual syndrome. JOURNAL OF SLEEP RESEARCH, 21(5), 535-545.

Problems With the Collection and Interpretation of Asian-American Health Data: Omission, Aggregation, and Extrapolation
Holland, A. T., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2012). Problems With the Collection and Interpretation of Asian-American Health Data: Omission, Aggregation, and Extrapolation. ANNALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 22(6), 397-405.

Clinically Identified Postpartum Depression in Asian American Mothers
Goyal, D., Wang, E. J., Shen, J., Wong, E. C., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2012). Clinically Identified Postpartum Depression in Asian American Mothers. JOGNN-JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC GYNECOLOGIC AND NEONATAL NURSING, 41(3), 408-416.

Accuracy of Data Entry of Patient Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry and Preferred Spoken Language in an Ambulatory Care Setting
Azar, K. Mj., Moreno, M. R., Wong, E. C., Shin, J. J., Soto, C., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2012). Accuracy of Data Entry of Patient Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry and Preferred Spoken Language in an Ambulatory Care Setting. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 47(1), 228-240.

Festival Foods in the Immigrant Diet.
Azar, K. M., Chen, E., Holland, A. T., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2012). Festival Foods in the Immigrant Diet. Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health.

"All of Those Things We Don't Eat": A Culture-Centered Approach to Dietary Health Meanings for Asian Indians Living in the United States
Koenig, C. J., Dutta, M. J., Kandula, N., & Palaniappan, L. (2012). "All of Those Things We Don't Eat": A Culture-Centered Approach to Dietary Health Meanings for Asian Indians Living in the United States. HEALTH COMMUNICATION, 27(8), 818-828.

Underdiagnosis of Hypertension Using Electronic Health Records
Banerjee, D., Chung, S., Wong, E. C., Wang, E. J., Stafford, R. S., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2012). Underdiagnosis of Hypertension Using Electronic Health Records. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 25(1), 97-102.

Spectrum of Cardiovascular Diseases in Asian-American Racial/Ethnic Subgroups
Holland, A. T., Wong, E. C., Lauderdale, D. S., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2011). Spectrum of Cardiovascular Diseases in Asian-American Racial/Ethnic Subgroups. ANNALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 21(8), 608-614.

Type 2 diabetes: Identifying high risk Asian American subgroups in a clinical population
Wang, E. J., Wong, E. C., Dixit, A. A., Fortmann, S. P., Linde, R. B., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2011). Type 2 diabetes: Identifying high risk Asian American subgroups in a clinical population. DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE, 93(2), 248-254.

Racial and Ethnic Variation in Lipoprotein (a) Levels among Asian Indian and Chinese Patients.
Banerjee, D., Wong, E. C., Shin, J., Fortmann, S. P., & Palaniappan, L. (2011). Racial and Ethnic Variation in Lipoprotein (a) Levels among Asian Indian and Chinese Patients. Journal of lipids, 2011, 291954-?.

Population Colorectal Cancer Screening Estimates: Comparing Self-Report to Electronic Health Record Data in California.
Palaniappan, L. P., Maxwell, A. E., Crespi, C. M., Wong, E. C., Shin, J., & Wang, E. J. (2011). Population Colorectal Cancer Screening Estimates: Comparing Self-Report to Electronic Health Record Data in California. International journal of cancer prevention, 4(1).

Using Name Lists to Infer Asian Racial/Ethnic Subgroups in the Healthcare Setting
Wong, E. C., Palaniappan, L. P., & Lauderdale, D. S. (2010). Using Name Lists to Infer Asian Racial/Ethnic Subgroups in the Healthcare Setting. MEDICAL CARE, 48(6), 540-546.

Does the Frequency of Pay-for-Performance Payment Matter?-Experience from a Randomized Trial
Chung, S., Palaniappan, L., Wong, E., Rubin, H., & Luft, H. (2010). Does the Frequency of Pay-for-Performance Payment Matter?-Experience from a Randomized Trial. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 45(2), 553-564.

Report of a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Workshop: Heterogeneity in Cardiometabolic Risk in Asian Americans in the US Opportunities for Research
Narayan, K. Mv., Aviles-Santa, L., Oza-Frank, R., Pandey, M., Curb, J. D., & Barrett-Connor, E. (2010). Report of a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Workshop: Heterogeneity in Cardiometabolic Risk in Asian Americans in the US Opportunities for Research. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 55(10), 966-973.

Effect of Physician-Specific Pay-for-Performance Incentives in a Large Group Practice
Chung, S., Palaniappan, L. P., Trujillo, L. M., Rubin, H. R., & Luft, H. S. (2010). Effect of Physician-Specific Pay-for-Performance Incentives in a Large Group Practice. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MANAGED CARE, 16(2), E35-E42.

LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY OF ASIAN INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA
Palaniappan, L., Mukherjea, A., Holland, A., & Ivey, S. L. (2010). LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY OF ASIAN INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA. ETHNICITY & DISEASE, 20(1), 53-57.

Collecting Patient Race/Ethnicity and Primary Language Data in Ambulatory Care Settings: A Case Study in Methodology
Palaniappan, L. P., Wong, E. C., Shin, J. J., Moreno, M. R., & Otero-Sabogal, R. (2009). Collecting Patient Race/Ethnicity and Primary Language Data in Ambulatory Care Settings: A Case Study in Methodology. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 44(5), 1750-1761.

Ethnic differences in the relationship between adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in south Asian and Caucasian women
Martin, M., Palaniappan, L. P., Kwan, A. C., Reaven, G. M., & Reaven, P. D. (2008). Ethnic differences in the relationship between adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in south Asian and Caucasian women. DIABETES CARE, 31(4), 798-801.

Clinical experience with a relatively low carbohydrate, calorie-restricted diet improves insulin sensitivity and associated metabolic abnormalities in overweight, insulin resistant South Asian Indian women
Backes, A. C., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T. L., Reaven, G., & Palaniappan, L. P. (2008). Clinical experience with a relatively low carbohydrate, calorie-restricted diet improves insulin sensitivity and associated metabolic abnormalities in overweight, insulin resistant South Asian Indian women. ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 17(4), 669-671.

Lipoprotein abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance in South Asian Indian women
Palaniappan, L. P., Kwan, A. C., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T. L., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). Lipoprotein abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance in South Asian Indian women. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 56(7), 899-904.

Sociocultural factors that affect pregnancy outcomes in two dissimilar immigrant groups in the United States
Madan, A., Palaniappan, L., Urizar, G., Wang, Y., Fortmann, S. P., & Gould, J. B. (2006). Sociocultural factors that affect pregnancy outcomes in two dissimilar immigrant groups in the United States. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 148(3), 341-346.

Coronary heart disease mortality for six ethnic groups in California, 1990-2000
Palaniappan, L., Wang, Y., & Fortmann, S. P. (2004). Coronary heart disease mortality for six ethnic groups in California, 1990-2000. ANNALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 14(7), 499-506.

Depression and the metabolic syndrome in young adults: Findings from the third national health and nutrition examination survey
Kinder, L. S., Carnethon, M. R., Palaniappan, L. P., King, A. C., & Fortmann, S. P. (2004). Depression and the metabolic syndrome in young adults: Findings from the third national health and nutrition examination survey. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE, 66(3), 316-322.

Predictors of the incident metabolic syndrome in adults - The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
Palaniappan, L., Carnethon, M. R., Wang, Y., Hanley, A. Jg., Fortmann, S. P., & Wagenknecht, L. (2004). Predictors of the incident metabolic syndrome in adults - The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. DIABETES CARE, 27(3), 788-793.

Risk factors for progression to incident hyperinsulinemia: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
Carnethon, M. R., Fortmann, S. P., Palaniappan, L., Duncan, B. B., Schmidt, M. I., & Chambless, L. E. (2003). Risk factors for progression to incident hyperinsulinemia: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 158(11), 1058-1067.

Association between microalbuminuria and the metabolic syndrome: NHANES III
Palaniappan, L., Carnethon, M., & Fortmann, S. P. (2003). Association between microalbuminuria and the metabolic syndrome: NHANES III. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 16(11), 952-958.

Association of dietary protein intake and microalbuminuria in healthy adults: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Wrone, E. M., Carnethon, M. R., Palaniappan, L., & Fortmann, S. P. (2003). Association of dietary protein intake and microalbuminuria in healthy adults: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES, 41(3), 580-587.

The metabolic syndrome - Prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
Park, Y. W., Zhu, S. K., Palaniappan, L., Heshka, S., Carnethon, M. R., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2003). The metabolic syndrome - Prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 163(4), 427-436.

Risk functions for prediction of cardiovascular disease in elderly Australians: the Dubbo Study
Simons, L. A., SIMONS, J., Friedlander, Y., McCallum, J., & Palaniappan, L. (2003). Risk functions for prediction of cardiovascular disease in elderly Australians: the Dubbo Study. MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 178(3), 113-116.

Comparison of usefulness of systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure and pulse pressure as predictors of cardiovascular death in patients >/=60 years of age (The Dubbo Study).
Palaniappan, L., Simons, L. A., Simons, J., Friedlander, Y., & McCallum, J. (2002). Comparison of usefulness of systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure and pulse pressure as predictors of cardiovascular death in patients >/=60 years of age (The Dubbo Study). American journal of cardiology, 90(12), 1398-1401.

Comparison of usefulness of systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure and pulse pressure as predictors of cardiovascular death in patients not greater than or equal to 60 years of age (The Dubbo Study)
Palaniappan, L., Simons, L. A., SIMONS, J., Friedlander, Y., & McCallum, J. (2002). Comparison of usefulness of systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure and pulse pressure as predictors of cardiovascular death in patients not greater than or equal to 60 years of age (The Dubbo Study). AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 90(12), 1398-?.

Serum insulin, obesity, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in black and white adults - The atherosclerosis risk in communities study: 1987-1998
Carnethon, M. R., Palaniappan, L. P., Burchfiel, C. M., Brancati, F. L., & Fortmann, S. P. (2002). Serum insulin, obesity, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in black and white adults - The atherosclerosis risk in communities study: 1987-1998. DIABETES CARE, 25(8), 1358-1364.

Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin
Palaniappan, L. P., Carnethon, M. R., & Fortmann, S. P. (2002). Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin. DIABETES CARE, 25(8), 1351-1357.

Cardiovascular risk factors in ethnic minority women aged <= 30 years
Palaniappan, L., Anthony, M. N., Mahesh, C., Elliott, M., Killeen, A., & Rubenfire, M. (2002). Cardiovascular risk factors in ethnic minority women aged <= 30 years. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 89(5), 524-529.

Analysis of CYP21 coding polymorphisms in three ethnic populations: Further evidence of nonamplifying CYP21 alleles among whites
Ozturk, I. C., Wei, W. L., Palaniappan, L., Rubenfire, M., & Killeen, A. A. (2000). Analysis of CYP21 coding polymorphisms in three ethnic populations: Further evidence of nonamplifying CYP21 alleles among whites. MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS, 5(1), 47-52.