Gerald Reaven, MD

Endocrinologist

Professor of Medicine, Emeritus

Professional Education

Residency: University of Michigan Hospital (6/1959) MI

Internship: University of Chicago Hospitals (6/1954) IL

Fellowship: Stanford University School of Medicine (6/1960) CA

Medical Education: University of Chicago Hospitals (6/1953) IL

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Evaluation of fasting plasma insulin concentration as an estimate of insulin action in nondiabetic individuals: comparison with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).
Abbasi, F., Okeke, Q., & Reaven, G. M. (2014). Evaluation of fasting plasma insulin concentration as an estimate of insulin action in nondiabetic individuals: comparison with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Acta diabetologica, 51(2), 193-197.

Habitual shortened sleep and insulin resistance: an independent relationship in obese individuals.
Liu, A., Kushida, C. A., & Reaven, G. M. (2013). Habitual shortened sleep and insulin resistance: an independent relationship in obese individuals. Metabolism, 62(11), 1553-1556.

Beyond fasting plasma glucose: The association between coronary heart disease risk and postprandial glucose, postprandial insulin and insulin resistance in healthy, nondiabetic adults
Bhat, S. L., Abbasi, F. A., Blasey, C., Reaven, G. M., & Kim, S. H. (2013). Beyond fasting plasma glucose: The association between coronary heart disease risk and postprandial glucose, postprandial insulin and insulin resistance in healthy, nondiabetic adults. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 62(9), 1223-1226.

Cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity: does it matter whether BMI or waist circumference is the index of obesity?
Abbasi, F., Blasey, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2013). Cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity: does it matter whether BMI or waist circumference is the index of obesity?. American journal of clinical nutrition, 98(3), 637-640.

Measurement of insulin-mediated glucose uptake: Direct comparison of the modified insulin suppression test and the euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp
Knowles, J. W., Assimes, T. L., Tsao, P. S., Natali, A., Mari, A., & Abbasi, F. (2013). Measurement of insulin-mediated glucose uptake: Direct comparison of the modified insulin suppression test and the euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 62(4), 548-553.

Risk for obstructive sleep apnea in obese, nondiabetic adults varies with insulin resistance status.
Liu, A., Kushida, C. A., & Reaven, G. M. (2013). Risk for obstructive sleep apnea in obese, nondiabetic adults varies with insulin resistance status. Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung, 17(1), 333-338.

Is measurement of non-HDL cholesterol an effective way to identify the metabolic syndrome?
Liu, A., & Reaven, G. M. (2013). Is measurement of non-HDL cholesterol an effective way to identify the metabolic syndrome?. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD.

What do we learn from measurements of HOMA-IR?
Reaven, G. M. (2013). What do we learn from measurements of HOMA-IR?. Diabetologia.

Body mass index and waist circumference associate to a comparable degree with insulin resistance and related metabolic abnormalities in South Asian women and men
Abbasi, F., Malhotra, D., Mathur, A., Reaven, G. M., & Molina, C. R. (2012). Body mass index and waist circumference associate to a comparable degree with insulin resistance and related metabolic abnormalities in South Asian women and men. DIABETES & VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH, 9(4), 296-300.

Relations between obesity, insulin resistance, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D
Lamendola, C. A., Ariel, D., Feldman, D., & Reaven, G. M. (2012). Relations between obesity, insulin resistance, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 95(5), 1055-1059.

Comparison of two methods using plasma triglyceride concentration as a surrogate estimate of insulin action in nondiabetic subjects: triglycerides x glucose versus triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2011). Comparison of two methods using plasma triglyceride concentration as a surrogate estimate of insulin action in nondiabetic subjects: triglycerides x glucose versus triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 60(12), 1673-1676.

Plasma glucose and insulin responses to mixed meals: Impaired fasting glucose re-visited
BHAT, S. L., Abbasi, F., Blasey, C., Reaven, G. M., & Kim, S. H. (2011). Plasma glucose and insulin responses to mixed meals: Impaired fasting glucose re-visited. DIABETES & VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH, 8(4), 271-275.

Insulin Resistance: the Link Between Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease
Reaven, G. M. (2011). Insulin Resistance: the Link Between Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease. MEDICAL CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 95(5), 875-?.

Adiposity indices in the prediction of metabolic abnormalities associated with cardiovascular disease in non-diabetic adults
Liu, A., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2011). Adiposity indices in the prediction of metabolic abnormalities associated with cardiovascular disease in non-diabetic adults. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 21(8), 553-560.

Estimates of Insulin Secretory Function in Apparently Healthy Volunteers Vary as a Function of How the Relevant Variables Are Quantified
Johns, B. R., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2011). Estimates of Insulin Secretory Function in Apparently Healthy Volunteers Vary as a Function of How the Relevant Variables Are Quantified. CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 57(4), 627-632.

Relationships Among Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes, Essential Hypertension, and Cardiovascular Disease: Similarities and Differences
Reaven, G. M. (2011). Relationships Among Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes, Essential Hypertension, and Cardiovascular Disease: Similarities and Differences. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL HYPERTENSION, 13(4), 238-243.

Insulin resistance: from bit player to centre stage
Reaven, G. M. (2011). Insulin resistance: from bit player to centre stage. CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL, 183(5), 536-537.

The metabolic syndrome: time to get off the merry-go-round?
Reaven, G. M. (2011). The metabolic syndrome: time to get off the merry-go-round?. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 269(2), 127-136.

What is the effect of rosiglitazone treatment on insulin secretory function in insulin-resistant individuals? It depends on how you measure It
Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2011). What is the effect of rosiglitazone treatment on insulin secretory function in insulin-resistant individuals? It depends on how you measure It. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 60(1), 57-62.

Apelin Decreases Lipolysis via G(q), G(i), and AMPK-Dependent Mechanisms
Yue, P., Jin, H., Xu, S., Aillaud, M., Deng, A. C., & Tsao, P. S. (2011). Apelin Decreases Lipolysis via G(q), G(i), and AMPK-Dependent Mechanisms. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 152(1), 59-68.

Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Gastric Bypass Patients with Hypoglycemic Syndrome: No Evidence for Inappropriate Pancreatic beta-cell Function
Kim, S. H., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Reaven, G. M., & McLaughlin, T. (2010). Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Gastric Bypass Patients with Hypoglycemic Syndrome: No Evidence for Inappropriate Pancreatic beta-cell Function. OBESITY SURGERY, 20(8), 1110-1116.

Relationship between body mass index and insulin resistance in patients treated with second generation antipsychotic agents
Kim, S. H., Nikolics, L., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Link, J., & Lindley, S. (2010). Relationship between body mass index and insulin resistance in patients treated with second generation antipsychotic agents. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 44(8), 493-498.

Pioglitazone Increases the Proportion of Small Cells in Human Abdominal Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue
McLaughlin, T. M., Liu, T., Yee, G., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., & Sherman, A. (2010). Pioglitazone Increases the Proportion of Small Cells in Human Abdominal Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue. OBESITY, 18(5), 926-931.

Apelin is necessary for the maintenance of insulin sensitivity
Yue, P., Jin, H., Aillaud, M., Deng, A. C., Azuma, J., & Tsao, P. S. (2010). Apelin is necessary for the maintenance of insulin sensitivity. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 298(1), E59-E67.

Differential Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue Profiling in Obese, Insulin-resistant Women
Liu, A., McLaughlin, T., Liu, T., Sherman, A., Yee, G., & Tsao, P. S. (2009). Differential Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue Profiling in Obese, Insulin-resistant Women. OBESITY SURGERY, 19(11), 1564-1573.

Plasma Glucose and Insulin Regulation Is Abnormal Following Gastric Bypass Surgery with or Without Neuroglycopenia
Kim, S. H., Liu, T. C., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Morton, J. M., & McLaughlin, T. L. (2009). Plasma Glucose and Insulin Regulation Is Abnormal Following Gastric Bypass Surgery with or Without Neuroglycopenia. OBESITY SURGERY, 19(11), 1550-1556.

Insulin secretory function in type 2 diabetes: Does it matter how you measure it?
Reaven, G. M. (2009). Insulin secretory function in type 2 diabetes: Does it matter how you measure it?. Journal of diabetes, 1(3), 142-150.

Pioglitazone decreases postprandial accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in insulin-resistant smokers
Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Leary, E. T., & Reaven, G. M. (2009). Pioglitazone decreases postprandial accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in insulin-resistant smokers. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 11(8), 779-785.

In search of moderators and mediators of hyperglycemia with atypical antipsychotic treatment
Reaven, G. M., Lieberman, J. A., Sethuraman, G., Kraemer, H., Davis, J. M., & Schatzberg, A. F. (2009). In search of moderators and mediators of hyperglycemia with atypical antipsychotic treatment. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 43(11), 997-1002.

HOMA-beta in the UKPDS and ADOPT. Is the natural history of type 2 diabetes characterised by a progressive and inexorable loss of insulin secretory function? Maybe? Maybe not?
Reaven, G. M. (2009). HOMA-beta in the UKPDS and ADOPT. Is the natural history of type 2 diabetes characterised by a progressive and inexorable loss of insulin secretory function? Maybe? Maybe not?. DIABETES & VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH, 6(2), 133-138.

Is diagnosing metabolic syndrome a uniquely simple way to predict incident type 2 diabetes mellitus?
Reaven, G. M. (2009). Is diagnosing metabolic syndrome a uniquely simple way to predict incident type 2 diabetes mellitus?. CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL, 180(6), 601-602.

Insulin resistance in pulmonary arterial hypertension
Zamanian, R. T., Hansmann, G., Snook, S., Lilienfeld, D., Rappaport, K. M., & Doyle, R. L. (2009). Insulin resistance in pulmonary arterial hypertension. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, 33(2), 318-324.

Comparison of the antilipolytic effects of an A(1) adenosine receptor partial agonist in normal and diabetic rats
Dhalla, A. K., Santikul, M., Chisholm, J. W., Belardinelli, L., & Reaven, G. M. (2009). Comparison of the antilipolytic effects of an A(1) adenosine receptor partial agonist in normal and diabetic rats. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 11(2), 95-101.

Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and Related Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Essential Hypertension
Lima, N. Kc., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2009). Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and Related Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Essential Hypertension. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 22(1), 106-111.

Pioglitazone administration decreases cardiovascular disease risk factors in insulin-resistant smokers
Abbasi, F., Farin, H. Mf., Lemendola, C., McGraw, L., McLaughlin, T., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Pioglitazone administration decreases cardiovascular disease risk factors in insulin-resistant smokers. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 57(8), 1108-1114.

Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia - You can't have one without the other
Kim, S. H., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia - You can't have one without the other. DIABETES CARE, 31(7), 1433-1438.

Comparison of three treatment approaches to decreasing cardiovascular disease risk in nondiabetic insulin-resistant dyslipidemic subjects
Abbasi, F., Chen, Y.-D. I., Farin, H. Mf., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Comparison of three treatment approaches to decreasing cardiovascular disease risk in nondiabetic insulin-resistant dyslipidemic subjects. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 102(1), 64-69.

Comparison of waist circumference versus body mass index in diagnosing metabolic syndrome and identifying apparently healthy subjects at increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Ryan, M. C., Farin, H. M. F., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Comparison of waist circumference versus body mass index in diagnosing metabolic syndrome and identifying apparently healthy subjects at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 102(1), 40-46.

Hyperinsulinemia and impaired leptin-adiponectin ratio associate with endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms in subjects with in-stent restenosis
Galluccio, E., Piatti, Pm., Citterio, L., Lucotti, P. Cg., Setola, E., & Monti, L. D. (2008). Hyperinsulinemia and impaired leptin-adiponectin ratio associate with endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms in subjects with in-stent restenosis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 294(5), E978-E986.

Ethnic differences in the relationship between adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in south Asian and Caucasian women
Martin, M., Palaniappan, L. P., Kwan, A. C., Reaven, G. M., & Reaven, P. D. (2008). Ethnic differences in the relationship between adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in south Asian and Caucasian women. DIABETES CARE, 31(4), 798-801.

Does the association of the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio with fasting serum insulin differ by race/ethnicity?
Li, C., Ford, E. S., Meng, Y.-X., Mokdad, A. H., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Does the association of the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio with fasting serum insulin differ by race/ethnicity?. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 7.

Isolated Impaired Fasting Glucose and Peripheral Insulin Sensitivity Not a simple relationship
Kim, S. H., & Reaven, G. M. (2008). Isolated Impaired Fasting Glucose and Peripheral Insulin Sensitivity Not a simple relationship. DIABETES CARE, 31(2), 347-352.

Metabolic syndrome: do clinical criteria identify similar individuals among overweight premenopausal women?
Alhassan, S., Kiazand, A., Balise, R. R., King, A. C., Reaven, G. M., & Gardner, C. D. (2008). Metabolic syndrome: do clinical criteria identify similar individuals among overweight premenopausal women?. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 57(1), 49-56.

HIF-1 regulates hypoxia- and insulin-induced expression of apelin in adipocytes
Glassford, A. J., Yue, P., Sheikh, A. Y., Chun, H. J., Zarafshar, S., & Tsao, P. S. (2007). HIF-1 regulates hypoxia- and insulin-induced expression of apelin in adipocytes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 293(6), E1590-E1596.

Relationship among alcohol, body weight, and cardiovascular risk factors in 27,030 Korean men
Sung, K.-C., Kim, S. H., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). Relationship among alcohol, body weight, and cardiovascular risk factors in 27,030 Korean men. DIABETES CARE, 30(10), 2690-2694.

Metabolic impact of switching antipsychotic therapy to aripiprazole after weight gain - A pilot study
Kim, S. H., Ivanova, O., Abbasi, F. A., Lamendola, C. A., Reaven, G. M., & Glick, I. D. (2007). Metabolic impact of switching antipsychotic therapy to aripiprazole after weight gain - A pilot study. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 27(4), 365-368.

Enhanced proportion of small adipose cells in insulin-resistant vs insulin-sensitive obese individuals implicates impaired adipogenesis
McLaugblin, T., Sherman, A., Tsao, P., Gonzalez, O., Yee, G., & Cusbman, S. W. (2007). Enhanced proportion of small adipose cells in insulin-resistant vs insulin-sensitive obese individuals implicates impaired adipogenesis. DIABETOLOGIA, 50(8), 1707-1715.

Relationships between estimates of adiposity, insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a large group of nondiabetic Korean adults
Sung, K. C., Ryan, M. C., Kim, B. S., Cho, Y. K., Kim, B. I., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). Relationships between estimates of adiposity, insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a large group of nondiabetic Korean adults. DIABETES CARE, 30(8), 2113-2118.

Lipoprotein abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance in South Asian Indian women
Palaniappan, L. P., Kwan, A. C., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T. L., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). Lipoprotein abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance in South Asian Indian women. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 56(7), 899-904.

The individual components of the metabolic syndrome: Is there a Raison d'Etre?
Reaven, G. M. (2007). The individual components of the metabolic syndrome: Is there a Raison d'Etre?. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NUTRITION, 26(3), 191-195.

A(1) adenosine receptor partial agonist lowers plasma FFA and improves insulin resistance induced by high-fat diet in rodents
Dhalla, A. K., Wong, M. Y., Voshol, P. J., Belardinelli, L., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). A(1) adenosine receptor partial agonist lowers plasma FFA and improves insulin resistance induced by high-fat diet in rodents. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 292(5), E1358-E1363.

ADMA is independently related to flow-mediated vasodilation in subjects at low cardiovascular risk
Ardigo, D., Stuehlinger, M., Franzini, L., Valtuena, S., Piatti, P. M., & Zavaroni, I. (2007). ADMA is independently related to flow-mediated vasodilation in subjects at low cardiovascular risk. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 37(4), 263-269.

Relationship between obesity and several cardiovascular disease risk factors in apparently healthy Korean individuals: comparison of body mass index and waist circumference
Sung, K. C., Ryu, S., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). Relationship between obesity and several cardiovascular disease risk factors in apparently healthy Korean individuals: comparison of body mass index and waist circumference. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 56(3), 297-303.

The relationship between insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia in cigarette smokers
Farin, H. Mf., Abbasi, F., Kim, S. H., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., & Reaven, G. M. (2007). The relationship between insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia in cigarette smokers. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 9(1), 65-69.

The relationship between plasma adiponectin concentration and insulin resistance is altered in smokers
Abbasi, F., Farin, H. Mf., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Schwartz, E. A., & Reaven, P. D. (2006). The relationship between plasma adiponectin concentration and insulin resistance is altered in smokers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 91(12), 5002-5007.

Trends in hyperinsulinemia among nondiabetic adults in the US
Li, C., Ford, E. S., McGuire, L. C., Mokdad, A. H., Little, R. R., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Trends in hyperinsulinemia among nondiabetic adults in the US. DIABETES CARE, 29(11), 2396-2402.

Comparison of body mass index versus waist circumference with the metabolic changes that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in insulin-resistant individuals
Farin, H. Mf., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Comparison of body mass index versus waist circumference with the metabolic changes that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in insulin-resistant individuals. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 98(8), 1053-1056.

Comparison of the 1997 and 2003 American Diabetes Association classification of impaired fasting glucose - Impact on prevalence of impaired fasting glucose, coronary heart disease risk factors, and coronary heart disease in a community-based medical practice
Kim, S. H., Chunawala, L., Linde, R., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Comparison of the 1997 and 2003 American Diabetes Association classification of impaired fasting glucose - Impact on prevalence of impaired fasting glucose, coronary heart disease risk factors, and coronary heart disease in a community-based medical practice. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 48(2), 293-297.

The metabolic syndrome: is this diagnosis necessary ?
Reaven, G. M. (2006). The metabolic syndrome: is this diagnosis necessary ?. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 83(6), 1237-1247.

Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations are elevated in obese insulin-resistant women and fall with weight loss
McLaughlin, T., Stuhlinger, M., Lamendola, C., Abbasi, F., Bialek, J., & Tsao, P. S. (2006). Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations are elevated in obese insulin-resistant women and fall with weight loss. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 91(5), 1896-1900.

Relation of plasma insulin levels to forearm flow-mediated dilatation in healthy volunteers
Ardigo, D., Franzini, L., Valtuena, S., Monti, L. D., Reaven, G. M., & Zavaroni, I. (2006). Relation of plasma insulin levels to forearm flow-mediated dilatation in healthy volunteers. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 97(8), 1250-1254.

Body mass index and waist circumference both contribute to differences in insulin-mediated glucose disposal in nondiabetic adults
Farin, H. Mf., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Body mass index and waist circumference both contribute to differences in insulin-mediated glucose disposal in nondiabetic adults. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 83(1), 47-51.

Improvements in insulin resistance with weight loss, in contrast to rosiglitazone, are not associated with changes in plasma adiponectin or adiponectin multimeric complexes
Abbasi, F., Chang, S. A., Chu, J. W., Ciaraldi, T. P., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, P. D. (2006). Improvements in insulin resistance with weight loss, in contrast to rosiglitazone, are not associated with changes in plasma adiponectin or adiponectin multimeric complexes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 290(1), R139-R144.

Metabolic and ovarian effects of rosiglitazone treatment for 12 weeks in insulin-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Cataldo, N. A., Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T. L., Basina, M., Fechner, P. Y., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Metabolic and ovarian effects of rosiglitazone treatment for 12 weeks in insulin-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 21(1), 109-120.

Insulin resistance/compensatory hyperinsulinemia predict carotid intimal medial thickness in patients with essential hypertension
Zavaroni, I., Ardigo, D., Zuccarelli, A., Pacetti, E., Piatti, P. M., & Reaven, G. M. (2006). Insulin resistance/compensatory hyperinsulinemia predict carotid intimal medial thickness in patients with essential hypertension. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 16(1), 22-27.

Hyperinsulinemia predicts hepatic fat content in healthy individuals with normal transaminase concentrations
Ardigo, D., Numeroso, F., Valtuena, S., Franzini, L., Piatti, P. M., & Zavaroni, I. (2005). Hyperinsulinemia predicts hepatic fat content in healthy individuals with normal transaminase concentrations. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 54(12), 1566-1570.

Effect of a high-carbohydrate versus a high-cis-monounsaturated fat diet on blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes
Shah, M., Adams-Huet, B., Bantle, J. P., Henry, R. R., Griver, K. A., & Garg, A. (2005). Effect of a high-carbohydrate versus a high-cis-monounsaturated fat diet on blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes. DIABETES CARE, 28(11), 2607-2612.

Body mass index and waist circumference correlate to the same degree with insulin-mediated glucose uptake
Farin, H. Mf., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2005). Body mass index and waist circumference correlate to the same degree with insulin-mediated glucose uptake. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 54(10), 1323-1328.

Increased aortic stiffness in the insulin-resistant Zucker fa/fa rat
Sista, A. K., O'Connell, M. K., Hinohara, T., Oommen, S. S., Fenster, B. E., & Tsao, P. S. (2005). Increased aortic stiffness in the insulin-resistant Zucker fa/fa rat. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY, 289(2), H845-H851.

Rosiglitazone reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion rate and increases insulin clearance in nondiabetic, insulin-resistant individuals
Kim, S. H., Abbasi, F., Chu, J. W., McLaughlin, T. L., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2005). Rosiglitazone reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion rate and increases insulin clearance in nondiabetic, insulin-resistant individuals. DIABETES, 54(8), 2447-2452.

Prevalence of insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome with alternative definitions of impaired fasting glucose
Ford, E. S., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2005). Prevalence of insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome with alternative definitions of impaired fasting glucose. ATHEROSCLEROSIS, 181(1), 143-148.

The metabolic syndrome: Requiescat in pace
Reaven, G. M. (2005). The metabolic syndrome: Requiescat in pace. CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 51(6), 931-938.

Hemostatic abnormalities associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome
Reaven, G. M. (2005). Hemostatic abnormalities associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, 3(5), 1074-1085.

Compensatory hyperinsulinemia and the development of an atherogenic lipoprotein profile: The price paid to maintain glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant individuals
Reaven, G. M. (2005). Compensatory hyperinsulinemia and the development of an atherogenic lipoprotein profile: The price paid to maintain glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant individuals. ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 34(1), 49-?.

Effect of rosiglitazone treatment on circulating vascular and inflammatory markers in insulin-resistant subjects.
Chu, J. W., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Reaven, G. M., & Tsao, P. S. (2005). Effect of rosiglitazone treatment on circulating vascular and inflammatory markers in insulin-resistant subjects. Diabetes & vascular disease research , 2(1), 37-41.

Why Syndrome X? From Harold Himsworth to the insulin resistance syndrome
Reaven, G. M. (2005). Why Syndrome X? From Harold Himsworth to the insulin resistance syndrome. CELL METABOLISM, 1(1), 9-14.

The insulin resistance syndrome: Definition and dietary approaches to treatment
Reaven, G. M. (2005). The insulin resistance syndrome: Definition and dietary approaches to treatment. ANNUAL REVIEW OF NUTRITION, 25, 391-406.

Relative effects of insulin resistance and protease inhibitor treatment on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in HIV-infected patients
Beatty, G., Chu, J., Kulkarni, K., Lipshutz, G., Khalili, M., & Reaven, G. M. (2004). Relative effects of insulin resistance and protease inhibitor treatment on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in HIV-infected patients. HIV CLINICAL TRIALS, 5(6), 383-391.

The metabolic syndrome: one step forward, two steps back.
Kim, S. H., & Reaven, G. M. (2004). The metabolic syndrome: one step forward, two steps back. Diabetes & vascular disease research , 1(2), 68-75.

Impact of degree of obesity on surrogate estimates of insulin resistance
Kim, S. H., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2004). Impact of degree of obesity on surrogate estimates of insulin resistance. DIABETES CARE, 27(8), 1998-2002.

Insulin resistance in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy - A possible etiologic link
Witteles, R. M., Tang, W. Hw., Jamali, A. H., Chu, J. W., Reaven, G. M., & Fowler, M. B. (2004). Insulin resistance in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy - A possible etiologic link. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 44(1), 78-81.

Relationship between plasma nitric oxide concentration and insulin resistance in essential hypertension
Zavaroni, I., Ardigo, D., Rossi, P. C., Zuccarelli, A., Pacetti, E., & Reaven, G. M. (2004). Relationship between plasma nitric oxide concentration and insulin resistance in essential hypertension. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 17(7), 549-552.

Relationship to insulin resistance of the Adult Treatment Panel III diagnostic criteria for identification of the metabolic syndrome
Cheal, K. L., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Reaven, G. M., & Ford, E. S. (2004). Relationship to insulin resistance of the Adult Treatment Panel III diagnostic criteria for identification of the metabolic syndrome. DIABETES, 53(5), 1195-1200.

Insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, and the metabolic syndrome - How well do the emperor's clothes fit?
Reaven, G. M. (2004). Insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, and the metabolic syndrome - How well do the emperor's clothes fit?. DIABETES CARE, 27(4), 1011-1012.

Plasma adiponectin concentrations do not increase in association with moderate weight loss in insulin-resistant, obese women
Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Hayden, J., Reaven, G. M., & Reaven, P. D. (2004). Plasma adiponectin concentrations do not increase in association with moderate weight loss in insulin-resistant, obese women. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 53(3), 280-283.

Discrimination between obesity and insulin resistance in the relationship with adiponectin
Abbasi, F., Chu, J. W., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Hayden, J., & Reaven, P. D. (2004). Discrimination between obesity and insulin resistance in the relationship with adiponectin. DIABETES, 53(3), 585-590.

Effect of metformin treatment on multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Abbasi, F., Chu, J. W., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., Leary, E. T., & Reaven, G. M. (2004). Effect of metformin treatment on multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 53(2), 159-164.

What is the contribution of differences in three measures of tumor necrosis factor-alpha activity to insulin resistance in healthy volunteers?
Zavaroni, I., Numeroso, F., Dongiovanni, P., Ardigo, D., Valenti, L., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). What is the contribution of differences in three measures of tumor necrosis factor-alpha activity to insulin resistance in healthy volunteers?. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 52(12), 1593-1596.

The insulin resistance syndrome.
Reaven, G. M. (2003). The insulin resistance syndrome. Current atherosclerosis reports, 5(5), 364-371.

Lipoprotein risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with oral antihyperglycaemic agents
Chu, J. W., Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T. L., Lamendola, C., Schaaf, P., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). Lipoprotein risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with oral antihyperglycaemic agents. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 5(5), 333-337.

A novel peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, CLX-0921, has potent antihyperglycemic activity with low adipogenic potential
Dey, D., Medicherla, S., Neogi, P., Gowri, M., Cheng, J., & Nag, B. (2003). A novel peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, CLX-0921, has potent antihyperglycemic activity with low adipogenic potential. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 52(8), 1012-1018.

Methods for quantifying insulin resistance in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients
Chu, J. W., Abbasi, F., Beatty, G. W., Khalili, M., KOCH, J., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). Methods for quantifying insulin resistance in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 52(7), 858-861.

Multiple lipoprotein abnormalities associated with insulin resistance in healthy volunteers are identified by the vertical auto profile-II methodology
Chu, J. W., Abbasi, F., Kulkarni, K. R., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T. L., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). Multiple lipoprotein abnormalities associated with insulin resistance in healthy volunteers are identified by the vertical auto profile-II methodology. CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 49(6), 1014-1017.

Insulin resistance/compensatory hyperinsulinemia, essential hypertension, and cardiovascular disease
Reaven, G. M. (2003). Insulin resistance/compensatory hyperinsulinemia, essential hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 88(6), 2399-2403.

American College of Endocrinology position statement on the insulin resistance syndrome.
Einhorn, D., Reaven, G. M., Cobin, R. H., Ford, E., Ganda, O. P., & Wilson, P. Wf. (2003). American College of Endocrinology position statement on the insulin resistance syndrome. Endocrine practice , 9(3), 237-252.

Quantification of insulin-mediated glucose disposal in HIV-infected individuals: Comparison of patients treated and untreated with protease inhibitors
Beatty, G., Khalili, M., Abbasi, T., Chu, J., Reaven, G. M., & KOCH, J. (2003). Quantification of insulin-mediated glucose disposal in HIV-infected individuals: Comparison of patients treated and untreated with protease inhibitors. JAIDS-JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES, 33(1), 34-40.

Beyond type 2 diabetes: The need for a clinically useful way to identify insulin resistance
McLaughlin, T. L., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). Beyond type 2 diabetes: The need for a clinically useful way to identify insulin resistance. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 114(6), 501-502.

Effect of orlistat added to diet (30% of calories from fat) on plasma lipids, glucose, and insulin in obese patients with hypercholesterolemia
Lucas, C. P., Boldrin, M. N., & Reaven, G. M. (2003). Effect of orlistat added to diet (30% of calories from fat) on plasma lipids, glucose, and insulin in obese patients with hypercholesterolemia. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 91(8), 961-964.

Importance of identifying the overweight patient who will benefit the most by losing weight
Reaven, G. M. (2003). Importance of identifying the overweight patient who will benefit the most by losing weight. ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 138(5), 420-423.

Comparison in patients with type 2 diabetes of fibric acid versus hepatic hydroxymethyl glutaryl- coenzyme a reductase inhibitor treatment of combined dyslipidemia
McLaughlin, T., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Leary, E., & Reaven, G. M. (2002). Comparison in patients with type 2 diabetes of fibric acid versus hepatic hydroxymethyl glutaryl- coenzyme a reductase inhibitor treatment of combined dyslipidemia. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 51(10), 1355-1359.

Relationship between obesity, insulin resistance, and coronary heart disease risk
Abbasi, F., Brown, B. W., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., & Reaven, G. M. (2002). Relationship between obesity, insulin resistance, and coronary heart disease risk. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 40(5), 937-943.

Preferential involvement of larger vessels in a rat model of diabetes induced graft vasculopathy
Cantin, B., Zhu, D., Wen, P. Z., Panchal, S. N., Gwathmey, J. K., & Valantine, H. A. (2002). Preferential involvement of larger vessels in a rat model of diabetes induced graft vasculopathy. JOURNAL OF HEART AND LUNG TRANSPLANTATION, 21(9), 1040-1043.

Impaired nitric oxide synthase pathway in diabetes mellitus - Role of asymmetric dimethylarginine and dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase
LIN, K. Y., Ito, A., Asagami, T., Tsao, P. S., Adimoolam, S., & Cooke, J. P. (2002). Impaired nitric oxide synthase pathway in diabetes mellitus - Role of asymmetric dimethylarginine and dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase. CIRCULATION, 106(8), 987-992.

Metformin treatment lowers asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes
Asagami, T., Abbasi, F., Stuelinger, M., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., & Tsao, P. S. (2002). Metformin treatment lowers asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 51(7), 843-846.

Reversal of diabetes-induced rat graft transplant coronary artery disease by metformin
Cantin, B., Zhu, D., Wen, P., Panchal, S. N., Dai, X., & Valantine, H. A. (2002). Reversal of diabetes-induced rat graft transplant coronary artery disease by metformin. JOURNAL OF HEART AND LUNG TRANSPLANTATION, 21(6), 637-643.

Relationship between fasting and day-long plasma glucose concentrations in diet-treated patients with type 2 diabetes
Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2002). Relationship between fasting and day-long plasma glucose concentrations in diet-treated patients with type 2 diabetes. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 51(4), 457-459.

Relationship between insulin resistance and an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor
Stuhlinger, M. C., Abbasi, F., Chu, J. W., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T. L., & Tsao, P. S. (2002). Relationship between insulin resistance and an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 287(11), 1420-1426.

Evaluation of the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index as an estimate of insulin sensitivity in humans
Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2002). Evaluation of the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index as an estimate of insulin sensitivity in humans. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 51(2), 235-237.

Relative impact of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration and insulin resistance on carotid wall thickening in nondiabetic, normotensive volunteers
Wang, P. W., Liou, C. W., Wang, S. T., Eng, H. L., Liu, R. T., & Reaven, G. M. (2002). Relative impact of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration and insulin resistance on carotid wall thickening in nondiabetic, normotensive volunteers. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 51(2), 255-259.

Multiple CHD risk factors in type 2 diabetes: beyond hyperglycaemia
Reaven, G. M. (2002). Multiple CHD risk factors in type 2 diabetes: beyond hyperglycaemia. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 4(1), S13-S18.

Relationship between plasma insulin concentration and plasma remnant lipoprotein response to an oral fat load in patients with type 2 diabetes
Ai, M., Tanaka, A., Ogita, K., Sekinc, M., Numano, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2001). Relationship between plasma insulin concentration and plasma remnant lipoprotein response to an oral fat load in patients with type 2 diabetes. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 38(6), 1628-1632.

Plasma concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine are increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Abbasi, F., Asagmi, T., Cooke, J. P., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., & Tsao, P. S. (2001). Plasma concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine are increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 88(10), 1201-?.

Improvement in insulin sensitivity followed by ovulation and pregnancy in a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome who was treated with rosiglitazone
Cataldo, N. A., Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T. L., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2001). Improvement in insulin sensitivity followed by ovulation and pregnancy in a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome who was treated with rosiglitazone. FERTILITY AND STERILITY, 76(5), 1057-1059.

Effect of insulin resistance on postprandial elevations of remnant lipoprotein concentrations in postmenopausal women
Kim, H. S., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., & Reaven, G. M. (2001). Effect of insulin resistance on postprandial elevations of remnant lipoprotein concentrations in postmenopausal women. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 74(5), 592-595.

Insulin resistance as a predictor of age-related diseases
Facchini, F. S., Hua, N., Abbasi, F., & Raven, G. M. (2001). Insulin resistance as a predictor of age-related diseases. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 86(8), 3574-3578.

Metabolic changes following sibutramine-assisted weight loss in obese individuals: Role of plasma free fatty acids in the insulin resistance of obesity
McLaughlin, T., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Kim, H. S., & Reaven, G. M. (2001). Metabolic changes following sibutramine-assisted weight loss in obese individuals: Role of plasma free fatty acids in the insulin resistance of obesity. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 50(7), 819-824.

Insulin resistance, dietary cholesterol, and cholesterol concentration in postmenopausal women
Reaven, G. M., Abbasi, F., Bernhart, S., Coulston, A., Darnell, B., & Segrest, J. (2001). Insulin resistance, dietary cholesterol, and cholesterol concentration in postmenopausal women. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 50(5), 594-597.

Why is it important to be insulin sensitive?
Reaven, G. M. (2001). Why is it important to be insulin sensitive?. Diabetes & metabolism, 27(2), 189-192.

Insulin resistance: why is it important to treat?
Reaven, G. M. (2001). Insulin resistance: why is it important to treat?. DIABETES & METABOLISM, 27(2), 247-253.

Familial factors in the antihypertensive response to lisinopril
Hollenberg, N. K., Anzalone, D. A., Falkner, B., Fisher, N. Dl., Hopkins, P. N., & Reaven, G. M. (2001). Familial factors in the antihypertensive response to lisinopril. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 14(3), 218-223.

Hyperinsulinemia: The missing link among oxidative stress and age-related diseases?
Facchini, F. S., Hua, N. W., Reaven, G. M., & Stoohs, R. A. (2000). Hyperinsulinemia: The missing link among oxidative stress and age-related diseases?. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 29(12), 1302-1306.

A new rat model of type 2 diabetes: The fat-fed, streptozotocin-treated rat
Reed, M. J., Meszaros, K., Entes, L. J., Claypool, M. D., Pinkett, J. G., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). A new rat model of type 2 diabetes: The fat-fed, streptozotocin-treated rat. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(11), 1390-1394.

Diet and Syndrome X.
Reaven, G. M. (2000). Diet and Syndrome X. Current atherosclerosis reports, 2(6), 503-507.

Relationship between hyperinsulinemia and remnant lipoprotein concentrations in patients with impaired glucose tolerance
Ai, M., Tanaka, A., Ogita, K., Sekine, M., Numano, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Relationship between hyperinsulinemia and remnant lipoprotein concentrations in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 85(10), 3557-3560.

Masoprocol decreases serum triglyceride concentrations in rats with fructose-induced hypertriglyceridemia
Scribner, K. A., Gadbois, T. M., Gowri, M., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Masoprocol decreases serum triglyceride concentrations in rats with fructose-induced hypertriglyceridemia. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(9), 1106-1110.

Relation between insulin resistance and plasma concentrations of lipid hydroperoxides, carotenoids, and tocopherols
Facchini, F. S., Humphreys, M. H., DoNascimento, C. A., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Relation between insulin resistance and plasma concentrations of lipid hydroperoxides, carotenoids, and tocopherols. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 72(3), 776-779.

Masoprocol decreases rat lipolytic activity by decreasing the phosphorylation of HSL
Gowri, M. S., Azhar, R. K., Kraemer, F. B., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (2000). Masoprocol decreases rat lipolytic activity by decreasing the phosphorylation of HSL. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 279(3), E593-E600.

The relationship between plasma glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose, LDL oxidation, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in healthy volunteers
Chen, N. G., Azhar, S., Abbasi, F., Carantoni, M., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). The relationship between plasma glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose, LDL oxidation, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in healthy volunteers. ATHEROSCLEROSIS, 152(1), 203-208.

Plasma nitric oxide concentrations are elevated in insulin-resistant healthy subjects
Zavaroni, I., Platti, P. M., Monti, L. D., Gasparini, P., Barilli, L. A., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Plasma nitric oxide concentrations are elevated in insulin-resistant healthy subjects. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(8), 959-961.

Are the results really different?
Reaven, G. M. (2000). Are the results really different?. DIABETES CARE, 23(7), 1040-1040.

Erythrocyte insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity is increased in glyburide-treated patients with type 2 diabetes in good glycaemic control
Santos, R. F., Nomizo, R., Oliveira, E., Ursich, M., Wajchenberg, B., & Azhar, S. (2000). Erythrocyte insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity is increased in glyburide-treated patients with type 2 diabetes in good glycaemic control. DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM, 2(4), 237-241.

Comparison of fasting plasma leptin concentrations in healthy subjects with high and low plasma insulin
Zavaroni, I., Gasparini, P., Barilli, A. I., Massironi, P., Campanini, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Comparison of fasting plasma leptin concentrations in healthy subjects with high and low plasma insulin. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(4), 499-502.

Plasma insulin concentration is more tightly linked to plasma leptin concentration than is the body mass index
Abbasi, F., Carantoni, M., McLaughlin, T., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Plasma insulin concentration is more tightly linked to plasma leptin concentration than is the body mass index. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(4), 544-547.

Roles of insulin resistance and obesity in regulation of plasma insulin concentrations
Jones, C. No., Abbasi, F., Carantoni, M., Polonsky, K. S., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Roles of insulin resistance and obesity in regulation of plasma insulin concentrations. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 278(3), E501-E508.

The relationship between glucose disposal in response to physiological hyperinsulinemia and basal glucose and free fatty acid concentrations in healthy volunteers
Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). The relationship between glucose disposal in response to physiological hyperinsulinemia and basal glucose and free fatty acid concentrations in healthy volunteers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 85(3), 1251-1254.

Insulin-mediated glucose disposal is decreased in normal subjects with relatively low plasma magnesium concentrations
Rosolova, H., Mayer, O., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Insulin-mediated glucose disposal is decreased in normal subjects with relatively low plasma magnesium concentrations. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(3), 418-420.

Insulin regulation of plasma free fatty acid concentrations is abnormal in healthy subjects with muscle insulin resistance
Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Insulin regulation of plasma free fatty acid concentrations is abnormal in healthy subjects with muscle insulin resistance. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 49(2), 151-154.

Relationship between several surrogate estimates of insulin resistance and quantification of insulin-mediated glucose disposal in 490 healthy nondiabetic volunteers
Yeni-Komshian, H., Carantoni, M., Abbasi, F., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). Relationship between several surrogate estimates of insulin resistance and quantification of insulin-mediated glucose disposal in 490 healthy nondiabetic volunteers. DIABETES CARE, 23(2), 171-175.

High carbohydrate diets, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and coronary heart disease risk
Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., Kim, H. S., Tanaka, A., & Reaven, G. M. (2000). High carbohydrate diets, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and coronary heart disease risk. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 85(1), 45-48.

Fasting remnant lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations are elevated in nondiabetic, insulin-resistant, female volunteers
Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., Yeni-Komshian, H., Tanaka, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Fasting remnant lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations are elevated in nondiabetic, insulin-resistant, female volunteers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 84(11), 3903-3906.

Comparison of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 concentration in insulin-resistant versus insulin-sensitive healthy women
Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T., Lamendola, C., Lipinska, I., Tofler, G., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Comparison of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 concentration in insulin-resistant versus insulin-sensitive healthy women. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 19(11), 2818-2821.

PPAR gamma agonists enhance human vascular endothelial adhesiveness by increasing ICAM-1 expression
Chen, N. G., Sarabia, S. F., Malloy, P. J., Zhao, X. Y., Feldman, D., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). PPAR gamma agonists enhance human vascular endothelial adhesiveness by increasing ICAM-1 expression. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 263(3), 718-722.

Relationship between insulin resistance, soluble adhesion molecules, and mononuclear cell binding in healthy volunteers
Chen, N. G., Holmes, M., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Relationship between insulin resistance, soluble adhesion molecules, and mononuclear cell binding in healthy volunteers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 84(10), 3485-3489.

Fatty acid inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is enhanced in pancreatic islets from insulin-resistant rats
Chen, N. G., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Fatty acid inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is enhanced in pancreatic islets from insulin-resistant rats. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 48(10), 1314-1317.

Plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers are not related to differences in insulin-mediated glucose disposal
Abbasi, F., Facchini, F., Humphreys, M. H., & Reaven, G. R. (1999). Plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers are not related to differences in insulin-mediated glucose disposal. ATHEROSCLEROSIS, 146(1), 175-178.

Enhanced monocyte adherence to thoracic aortae from rats with two forms of experimental hypertension
Asagami, T., Reaven, G. M., & Tsao, P. S. (1999). Enhanced monocyte adherence to thoracic aortae from rats with two forms of experimental hypertension. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 12(9), 890-893.

Mononuclear cell adherence to cultured endothelium is enhanced by hypertension and insulin resistance in healthy nondiabetic volunteers
Chen, N. G., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., McLaughlin, T., Cooke, J. P., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Mononuclear cell adherence to cultured endothelium is enhanced by hypertension and insulin resistance in healthy nondiabetic volunteers. CIRCULATION, 100(9), 940-943.

Hyperinsulinemia in a normal population as a predictor of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary heart disease: The barilla factory revisited
Zavaroni, I., Bonini, L., Gasparini, P., Barilli, A. L., Zuccarelli, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Hyperinsulinemia in a normal population as a predictor of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary heart disease: The barilla factory revisited. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 48(8), 989-994.

Metformin treatment leads to an increase in basal, but not insulin-stimulated, glucose disposal in obese patients with impaired glucose tolerance
Morel, Y., Golay, A., Perneger, T., Lehmann, T., Vadas, L., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Metformin treatment leads to an increase in basal, but not insulin-stimulated, glucose disposal in obese patients with impaired glucose tolerance. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 16(8), 650-655.

Masoprocol lowers blood pressure in rats with fructose-induced hypertension
Gowri, M. S., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (1999). Masoprocol lowers blood pressure in rats with fructose-induced hypertension. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 12(7), 744-746.

Measurements of insulin-mediated glucose disposal are stable over time
Facchini, F., Humphreys, M. H., Jeppesen, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Measurements of insulin-mediated glucose disposal are stable over time. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 84(5), 1567-1569.

Effect of masoprocol on glucose transport and lipolysis by isolated rat adipocytes
Gowri, M. S., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (1999). Effect of masoprocol on glucose transport and lipolysis by isolated rat adipocytes. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 48(4), 411-414.

Intensive blood pressure glucose control in type 2 diabetes: Why is it so difficult to decrease coronary heart disease?
Reaven, G. M. (1999). Intensive blood pressure glucose control in type 2 diabetes: Why is it so difficult to decrease coronary heart disease?. JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION, 13, S19-S23.

Blood pressure, sodium intake, insulin resistance, and urinary nitrate excretion
Facchini, F. S., DoNascimento, C., Reaven, G. M., Yip, J. W., Ni, X. P., & Humphreys, M. H. (1999). Blood pressure, sodium intake, insulin resistance, and urinary nitrate excretion. HYPERTENSION, 33(4), 1008-1012.

Can changes in plasma insulin concentration explain the variability in leptin response to weight loss in obese women with normal glucose tolerance?
Carantoni, M., Abbasi, F., Azhar, S., Schaaf, P., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Can changes in plasma insulin concentration explain the variability in leptin response to weight loss in obese women with normal glucose tolerance?. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 84(3), 869-872.

Insulin resistance, the key to survival: a rose by any other name
Reaven, G. M. (1999). Insulin resistance, the key to survival: a rose by any other name. DIABETOLOGIA, 42(3), 384-385.

Novel terpenoid-type quinones isolated from Pycnanthus angolensis of potential utility in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Luo, J. A., Cheung, J., Yevich, E. M., Clark, J. P., Tsai, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Novel terpenoid-type quinones isolated from Pycnanthus angolensis of potential utility in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS, 288(2), 529-534.

Effect of masoprocol on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in a rat model of Type II diabetes
Reed, M. J., Meszaros, K., Entes, L. J., Claypool, M. D., Pinkett, J. G., & Reaven, G. M. (1999). Effect of masoprocol on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in a rat model of Type II diabetes. DIABETOLOGIA, 42(1), 102-106.

Insulin resistance: A chicken that has come to roost
Reaven, G. M. (1999). Insulin resistance: A chicken that has come to roost. THE METABOLIC SYNDROME X, 892, 45-57.

Insulin resistance may or may not play a role in blood pressure regulation
Reaven, G. M. (1998). Insulin resistance may or may not play a role in blood pressure regulation. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 244(4), 359-360.

Can weight gain in healthy, nonobese volunteers be predicted by differences in baseline plasma insulin concentration?
Zavaroni, I., Zuccarelli, A., Gasparini, P., Massironi, P., Barilli, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Can weight gain in healthy, nonobese volunteers be predicted by differences in baseline plasma insulin concentration?. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 83(10), 3498-3500.

Further evidence for a central role of adipose tissue in the antihyperglycemic effect of metformin
Abbasi, F., Carantoni, M., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Further evidence for a central role of adipose tissue in the antihyperglycemic effect of metformin. DIABETES CARE, 21(8), 1301-1305.

Resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal as a predictor of cardiovascular disease
Yip, J., Facchini, F. S., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal as a predictor of cardiovascular disease. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 83(8), 2773-2776.

Antihyperglycemic activities of cryptolepine analogues: An ethnobotanical lead structure isolated from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta
Bierer, D. E., Dubenko, L. G., Zhang, P. S., Lu, Q., Imbach, P. A., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Antihyperglycemic activities of cryptolepine analogues: An ethnobotanical lead structure isolated from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 41(15), 2754-2764.

Hematocrit and hemoglobin are independently related to insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia in healthy, non-obese men and women
Facchini, F. S., Carantoni, M., Jeppesen, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Hematocrit and hemoglobin are independently related to insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia in healthy, non-obese men and women. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 47(7), 831-835.

Nongenetic mouse models of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Luo, J., Quan, J., Tsai, J., Hobensack, C. K., Sullivan, C., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Nongenetic mouse models of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 47(6), 663-668.

Interaction of diabetes and hypertension on determinants of endothelial adhesiveness
Tsao, P. S., Niebauer, J., Buitrago, R., Lin, P. S., Wang, B. Y., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Interaction of diabetes and hypertension on determinants of endothelial adhesiveness. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 18(6), 947-953.

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta: an ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery and the isolation of a potentially useful new antihyperglycaemic agent
Luo, J., Fort, D. M., Carlson, T. J., NOAMESI, B. K., nii-Amon-Kotei, D., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Cryptolepis sanguinolenta: an ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery and the isolation of a potentially useful new antihyperglycaemic agent. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 15(5), 367-374.

Relationship between insulin resistance and partially oxidized LDL particles in healthy, nondiabetic volunteers
Carantoni, M., Abbasi, F., Warmerdam, F., Klebanov, M., Wang, P. W., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Relationship between insulin resistance and partially oxidized LDL particles in healthy, nondiabetic volunteers. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 18(5), 762-767.

Masoprocol (nordihydroguaiaretic acid): a new antihyperglycemic agent isolated from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata)
Luo, J., Chuang, T., Cheung, J., Quan, J., Tsai, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Masoprocol (nordihydroguaiaretic acid): a new antihyperglycemic agent isolated from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 346(1), 77-79.

Individuals with high total cholesterol HDL cholesterol ratios are insulin resistant
Jeppesen, J., Facchini, F. S., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Individuals with high total cholesterol HDL cholesterol ratios are insulin resistant. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 243(4), 293-298.

Hypothesis: muscle insulin resistance is the ("not-so") thrifty genotype
Reaven, G. M. (1998). Hypothesis: muscle insulin resistance is the ("not-so") thrifty genotype. DIABETOLOGIA, 41(4), 482-484.

Plasma leptin concentrations do not appear to decrease insulin-mediated glucose disposal or glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in women with normal glucose tolerance
Carantoni, M., Abbasi, F., Azhar, S., CHEN, Y. Di., Klebanov, M., & Reaven, G. M. (1998). Plasma leptin concentrations do not appear to decrease insulin-mediated glucose disposal or glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in women with normal glucose tolerance. DIABETES, 47(2), 244-247.

Insulin resistance and human disease: a short history.
Reaven, G. M. (1998). Insulin resistance and human disease: a short history. Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology, 9(2-4), 387-406.

The kidney: An unwilling accomplice in syndrome X
Reaven, G. M. (1997). The kidney: An unwilling accomplice in syndrome X. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES, 30(6), 928-931.

Results of a placebo-controlled study of the metabolic effects of the addition of metaformin to sulfonylurea-treated patients - Evidence for a central role of adipose tissue
Abbasi, F., Kamath, V., Rizvi, A. A., Carantoni, M., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Results of a placebo-controlled study of the metabolic effects of the addition of metaformin to sulfonylurea-treated patients - Evidence for a central role of adipose tissue. DIABETES CARE, 20(12), 1863-1869.

Effects of a quick-release form of bromocriptine (ergoset) on fasting and postprandial plasma glucose, insulin, lipid, and lipoprotein concentrations in obese nondiabetic hyperinsulinemic women
Kamath, V., Jones, C. N., Yip, J. C., VARASTEH, B. B., Cincotta, A. H., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1997). Effects of a quick-release form of bromocriptine (ergoset) on fasting and postprandial plasma glucose, insulin, lipid, and lipoprotein concentrations in obese nondiabetic hyperinsulinemic women. DIABETES CARE, 20(11), 1697-1701.

Evidence that insulin can directly inhibit hepatic glucose production
Maheux, P., CHEN, Y. Di., Polonsky, K. S., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Evidence that insulin can directly inhibit hepatic glucose production. DIABETOLOGIA, 40(11), 1300-1306.

Insulin resistance does not change the ratio of proinsulin to insulin in normal volunteers
Wang, P. W., Abbasi, F., Carantoni, M., CHEN, Y. Di., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Insulin resistance does not change the ratio of proinsulin to insulin in normal volunteers. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 82(10), 3221-3224.

Adherence of mononuclear cells to endothelium in vitro is increased in patients with NIDDM
Carantoni, M., Abbasi, F., Chu, L., CHEN, Y. Di., Reaven, G. M., & Cooke, J. P. (1997). Adherence of mononuclear cells to endothelium in vitro is increased in patients with NIDDM. DIABETES CARE, 20(9), 1462-1465.

Alterations in the glucose-stimulated insulin secretory dose-response curve and in insulin clearance in nondiabetic insulin-resistant individuals
Jones, C. No., Pei, D., Staris, P., Polonsky, K. S., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Alterations in the glucose-stimulated insulin secretory dose-response curve and in insulin clearance in nondiabetic insulin-resistant individuals. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 82(6), 1834-1838.

From plant to patient: An ethnomedical approach to the identification of new drugs for the treatment of NIDDM
Oubre, A. Y., Carlson, T. J., King, S. R., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). From plant to patient: An ethnomedical approach to the identification of new drugs for the treatment of NIDDM. DIABETOLOGIA, 40(5), 614-617.

Effects of low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets on risk factors for ischemic heart disease in postmenopausal women
Jeppesen, J., Schaaf, P., Jones, G., Zhou, M. Y., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Effects of low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets on risk factors for ischemic heart disease in postmenopausal women. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 65(4), 1027-1033.

Effect of metformin on insulin-stimulated tyrosine kinase activity of erythrocytes from obese women with normal glucose tolerance
Santos, R. F., Nomizo, R., Bopsco, A., Wajchenberg, B. L., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (1997). Effect of metformin on insulin-stimulated tyrosine kinase activity of erythrocytes from obese women with normal glucose tolerance. DIABETES & METABOLISM, 23(2), 143-148.

Editorial: Growth hormone-ready for prime time?
Marcus, R., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Editorial: Growth hormone-ready for prime time?. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 82(3), 725-726.

Much ado about (almost) nothing
Coulston, A. M., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Much ado about (almost) nothing. DIABETES CARE, 20(3), 241-243.

Do high carbohydrate diets prevent the development or attenuate the manifestations (or both) of syndrome X? A viewpoint strongly against
Reaven, G. M. (1997). Do high carbohydrate diets prevent the development or attenuate the manifestations (or both) of syndrome X? A viewpoint strongly against. CURRENT OPINION IN LIPIDOLOGY, 8(1), 23-27.

Ethnic differences in insulin resistance and its consequences in older Mexican American and non-hispanic white women
Aguirre, M. A., Jones, C. No., Pei, D., Villa, M. L., & Reaven, G. M. (1997). Ethnic differences in insulin resistance and its consequences in older Mexican American and non-hispanic white women. JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES A-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND MEDICAL SCIENCES, 52(1), M56-M60.

Banting Lecture 1988. Role of insulin resistance in human disease. 1988.
Reaven, G. M. (1997). Banting Lecture 1988. Role of insulin resistance in human disease. 1988. Nutrition , 13(1), 65-?.

Enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity - The Linchpin between insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and heart rate
Facchini, F. S., Stoohs, R. A., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity - The Linchpin between insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and heart rate. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 9(10), 1013-1017.

Insulin resistance in patients with essential hypertension can occur in the absence of microalbuminuria
Yip, J. W., Jones, C., Facchini, F., Chen, I., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Insulin resistance in patients with essential hypertension can occur in the absence of microalbuminuria. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 9(10), 959-963.

Lack of a relationship between urinary albumin excretion rate and insulin resistance in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Rizvi, A., Varasteh, B., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Lack of a relationship between urinary albumin excretion rate and insulin resistance in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 45(9), 1062-1064.

Dissociation between urinary albumin excretion and variables associated with insulin resistance in a healthy population
Zavaroni, I., Bonini, L., Gasparini, P., Zuccarelli, A., DALLAGLIO, E., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Dissociation between urinary albumin excretion and variables associated with insulin resistance in a healthy population. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 240(3), 151-156.

Gemfibrozil treatment of endogenous hypertriglyceridemia: Effect on insulin-mediated glucose disposal and plasma insulin concentrations
Jeng, C. Y., Sheu, W. Hh., Fuh, M. Mt., Shieh, S. M., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Gemfibrozil treatment of endogenous hypertriglyceridemia: Effect on insulin-mediated glucose disposal and plasma insulin concentrations. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 81(7), 2550-2553.

Relation between dietary vitamin intake and resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal in healthy volunteers
Facchini, F., Coulston, A. M., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Relation between dietary vitamin intake and resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal in healthy volunteers. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 63(6), 946-949.

Insulin resistance, its consequences, and coronary heart disease - Must we choose one culprit?
Reaven, G. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1996). Insulin resistance, its consequences, and coronary heart disease - Must we choose one culprit?. CIRCULATION, 93(10), 1780-1783.

Quantitative trait locus mapping of human blood pressure to a genetic region at or near the lipoprotein lipase gene locus on chromosome 8p22
Wu, D. A., Bu, X. D., Warden, C. H., SHEN, D. Dc., Jeng, C. Y., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1996). Quantitative trait locus mapping of human blood pressure to a genetic region at or near the lipoprotein lipase gene locus on chromosome 8p22. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 97(9), 2111-2118.

Resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the absence of obesity or microalbuminuria - A clinical research center study
SHEU, W., Jeng, C. Y., Fuh, M., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1996). Resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the absence of obesity or microalbuminuria - A clinical research center study. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 81(3), 1156-1159.

Hypertension and associated metabolic abnormalities--the role of insulin resistance and the sympathoadrenal system.
Reaven, G. M., Lithell, H., & Landsberg, L. (1996). Hypertension and associated metabolic abnormalities--the role of insulin resistance and the sympathoadrenal system. New England journal of medicine, 334(6), 374-381.

EFFECT OF GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT ON RESPONSE TO AN INFUSED GLUCOSE-LOAD IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM
Sheu, W. Hh., Jeng, C. Y., Fuh, M. Mt., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). EFFECT OF GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT ON RESPONSE TO AN INFUSED GLUCOSE-LOAD IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM. DIABETES CARE, 18(12), 1582-1587.

EFFECT OF VARIATIONS IN ORAL FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE LOAD ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA
Jeppesen, J., CHEN, Y. Di., Zhou, M. Y., Wang, T., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). EFFECT OF VARIATIONS IN ORAL FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE LOAD ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 62(6), 1201-1205.

EFFECT OF WEIGHT-LOSS ON BLOOD-PRESSURE AND INSULIN-RESISTANCE IN NORMOTENSIVE AND HYPERTENSIVE OBESE INDIVIDUALS
Su, H. Y., Sheu, W. Hh., Chin, H. Ml., Leng, C. Y., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). EFFECT OF WEIGHT-LOSS ON BLOOD-PRESSURE AND INSULIN-RESISTANCE IN NORMOTENSIVE AND HYPERTENSIVE OBESE INDIVIDUALS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 8(11), 1067-1071.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE DISPOSAL BY MUSCLE AND ADIPOSE-TISSUE LIPOLYSIS IN HEALTHY-VOLUNTEERS
Pei, D., CHEN, Y. Di., Hollenbeck, C. B., Bhargava, R., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE DISPOSAL BY MUSCLE AND ADIPOSE-TISSUE LIPOLYSIS IN HEALTHY-VOLUNTEERS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 80(11), 3368-3372.

CHANGES IN INSULIN-RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE-ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH METFORMIN TREATMENT OF TYPE-2 DIABETES
Santos, R. F., Nomizo, R., WAJHENBERG, B. L., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (1995). CHANGES IN INSULIN-RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE-ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH METFORMIN TREATMENT OF TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETES & METABOLISM, 21(4), 274-280.

EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF HYPERGLYCEMIA
Reaven, G. M. (1995). EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF HYPERGLYCEMIA. DIABETES-METABOLISM REVIEWS, 11, S97-S108.

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SALT SENSITIVITY AND INSULIN CONCENTRATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Zavaroni, I., Coruzzi, P., Bonini, L., MOSSINI, G. L., Musiari, L., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SALT SENSITIVITY AND INSULIN CONCENTRATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 8(8), 855-858.

RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN WOMEN WHO HAD PREECLAMPSIA DURING PREGNANCY
Fuh, M. Mt., Yin, C. S., Pei, D., Sheu, W. Hh., Jeng, C. Y., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN WOMEN WHO HAD PREECLAMPSIA DURING PREGNANCY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 8(7), 768-771.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF INSULIN-RESISTANCE IN HUMAN-DISEASE
Reaven, G. M. (1995). PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF INSULIN-RESISTANCE IN HUMAN-DISEASE. PHYSIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, 75(3), 473-486.

RELATIONS BETWEEN DELETION POLYMORPHISM OF THE ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME GENE AND INSULIN-RESISTANCE, GLUCOSE-INTOLERANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND DYSLIPIDEMIA
Katsuya, T., Horiuchi, M., CHEN, Y. Di., Koike, G., Pratt, R. E., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). RELATIONS BETWEEN DELETION POLYMORPHISM OF THE ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME GENE AND INSULIN-RESISTANCE, GLUCOSE-INTOLERANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND DYSLIPIDEMIA. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 15(6), 779-782.

COMPARISON OF THE HEMODYNAMIC AND METABOLIC EFFECTS OF LOW-DOSE HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE AND LISINOPRIL TREATMENT IN OBESE PATIENTS WITH HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE
Reaven, G. M., Clinkingbeard, C., Jeppesen, J., Maheux, P., Pei, D., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1995). COMPARISON OF THE HEMODYNAMIC AND METABOLIC EFFECTS OF LOW-DOSE HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE AND LISINOPRIL TREATMENT IN OBESE PATIENTS WITH HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 8(5), 461-466.

ARE INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND/OR COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA INVOLVED IN THE ETIOLOGY AND CLINICAL COURSE OF PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Reaven, G. M. (1995). ARE INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND/OR COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA INVOLVED IN THE ETIOLOGY AND CLINICAL COURSE OF PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY, 19, S2-S5.

Effects of low sodium diet and unilateral nephrectomy on the development of carbohydrate-induced hypertension.
Donnelly, R., Ho, H., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). Effects of low sodium diet and unilateral nephrectomy on the development of carbohydrate-induced hypertension. Blood pressure, 4(3), 164-169.

COMPARISON OF THE METABOLIC CHANGES IN RATS WITH HYPERTENSION SECONDARY TO FRUCTOSE FEEDING OR RENAL-ARTERY STENOSIS
DALLAGLIO, E., TOSINI, P., Zavaroni, I., Olivetti, G., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). COMPARISON OF THE METABOLIC CHANGES IN RATS WITH HYPERTENSION SECONDARY TO FRUCTOSE FEEDING OR RENAL-ARTERY STENOSIS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 8(5), 524-527.

POSTPRANDIAL TRIGLYCERIDE AND RETINYL ESTER RESPONSES TO ORAL FAT - EFFECTS OF FRUCTOSE
Jeppesen, J., CHEN, Y. Di., Zhou, M. Y., Schaaf, P., Coulston, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). POSTPRANDIAL TRIGLYCERIDE AND RETINYL ESTER RESPONSES TO ORAL FAT - EFFECTS OF FRUCTOSE. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 61(4), 787-791.

RELATION BETWEEN INSULIN-RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, POSTHEPARIN PLASMA-LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE ACTIVITY, AND POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA
Jeppesen, J., Hollenbeck, C. B., Zhou, M. Y., Coulston, A. M., Jones, C., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). RELATION BETWEEN INSULIN-RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, POSTHEPARIN PLASMA-LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE ACTIVITY, AND POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 15(3), 320-324.

TISSUE-DEPENDENT ACTIVATION OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C IN FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN-RESISTANCE
Donnelly, R., Chang, H., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (1995). TISSUE-DEPENDENT ACTIVATION OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C IN FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN-RESISTANCE. ENDOCRINE, 3(2), 129-133.

The fourth musketeer--from Alexandre Dumas to Claude Bernard.
Reaven, G. M. (1995). The fourth musketeer--from Alexandre Dumas to Claude Bernard. Diabetologia, 38(1), 3-13.

WHY DO LOW-FAT HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE DIETS ACCENTUATE POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENT WITH NIDDM
CHEN, Y. Di., Hollenbeck, C. B., Coulston, A. M., Reaven, G. M., & Zhou, M. Y. (1995). WHY DO LOW-FAT HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE DIETS ACCENTUATE POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENT WITH NIDDM. DIABETES CARE, 18(1), 10-16.

EXPRESSION OF THE MAJOR ISOENZYME OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C IN SKELETAL-MUSCLE, NPKC-THETA, VARIES WITH MUSCLE-TYPE AND IN RESPONSE TO FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN-RESISTANCE
Donnelly, R., Reed, M. J., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). EXPRESSION OF THE MAJOR ISOENZYME OF PROTEIN-KINASE-C IN SKELETAL-MUSCLE, NPKC-THETA, VARIES WITH MUSCLE-TYPE AND IN RESPONSE TO FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN-RESISTANCE. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 135(6), 2369-2374.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION AND FASTING PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM
Jeng, C. Y., Sheu, W. Hh., Fuh, M. Mt., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION AND FASTING PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM. DIABETES, 43(12), 1440-1444.

ADDITIVE EFFECTS OF OBESITY, HYPERTENSION, AND TYPE-2 DIABETES ON INSULIN-RESISTANCE
Maheux, P., Jeppesen, J., Sheu, W. Hh., Hollenbeck, C. B., Clinkingbeard, C., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). ADDITIVE EFFECTS OF OBESITY, HYPERTENSION, AND TYPE-2 DIABETES ON INSULIN-RESISTANCE. HYPERTENSION, 24(6), 695-698.

EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH FAIRLY TO POORLY CONTROLLED NIDDM
Jeppesen, J., CHEN, Y. Di., Zhou, M. Y., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH FAIRLY TO POORLY CONTROLLED NIDDM. DIABETES CARE, 17(10), 1093-1099.

Nutritional status modifies insulin-mediated glucose uptake in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PLATO, P. A., Mondon, C. E., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). Nutritional status modifies insulin-mediated glucose uptake in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Blood pressure, 3(5), 336-339.

INSULIN-RESISTANCE, COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
Reaven, G. M., & Laws, A. (1994). INSULIN-RESISTANCE, COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND CORONARY HEART-DISEASE. DIABETOLOGIA, 37(9), 948-952.

EFFECT OF GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM
Jeppesen, J., Zhou, M. Y., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). EFFECT OF GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM. DIABETOLOGIA, 37(8), 781-787.

EVALUATION OF OCTREOTIDE TO ASSESS INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE DISPOSAL BY THE INSULIN SUPPRESSION TEST
Pei, D., Jones, C. No., Bhargava, R., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). EVALUATION OF OCTREOTIDE TO ASSESS INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE DISPOSAL BY THE INSULIN SUPPRESSION TEST. DIABETOLOGIA, 37(8), 843-845.

EFFECTS OF GEMFIBROZIL ON TRIGLYCERIDE-METABOLISM IN DAHL SALT-SENSITIVE RATS
Donnelly, R., PLATO, P. A., Chang, H., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). EFFECTS OF GEMFIBROZIL ON TRIGLYCERIDE-METABOLISM IN DAHL SALT-SENSITIVE RATS. JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS, 270(2), 809-813.

METABOLIC RISK-FACTORS FOR ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN HEART-TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS
Kemna, M. S., Valantine, H. A., Hunt, S. A., Schroeder, J. S., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). METABOLIC RISK-FACTORS FOR ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN HEART-TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS. AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL, 128(1), 68-72.

RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND DYSLIPIDEMIA IN ASIAN INDIANS
Laws, A., JEPPESEN, J. L., MAHEUX, P. C., Schaaf, P., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND DYSLIPIDEMIA IN ASIAN INDIANS. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS, 14(6), 917-922.

Salt-sensitive and carbohydrate-sensitive rodent hypertension: evidence of strain differences.
Reed, M. J., Ho, H., Donnelly, R., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). Salt-sensitive and carbohydrate-sensitive rodent hypertension: evidence of strain differences. Blood pressure, 3(3), 197-201.

HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIC MICE TRANSGENIC FOR THE HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-III GENE ARE NEITHER INSULIN-RESISTANT NOR HYPERINSULINEMIC
Reaven, G. M., Mondon, C. E., CHEN, Y. Di., & Breslow, J. L. (1994). HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIC MICE TRANSGENIC FOR THE HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-III GENE ARE NEITHER INSULIN-RESISTANT NOR HYPERINSULINEMIC. JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH, 35(5), 820-824.

CHANGES IN GLUCOSE, INSULIN, LIPID, LIPOPROTEIN, AND APOPROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS AND INSULIN ACTION IN DOXAZOSIN-TREATED PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION - COMPARISON BETWEEN NONDIABETIC INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Maheux, P., Facchini, F., Jeppesen, J., GREENFIELD, M. S., Clinkingbeard, C., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). CHANGES IN GLUCOSE, INSULIN, LIPID, LIPOPROTEIN, AND APOPROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS AND INSULIN ACTION IN DOXAZOSIN-TREATED PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION - COMPARISON BETWEEN NONDIABETIC INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 7(5), 416-424.

LIGHT-TO-MODERATE ALCOHOL INTAKE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ENHANCED INSULIN SENSITIVITY
Facchini, F., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1994). LIGHT-TO-MODERATE ALCOHOL INTAKE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ENHANCED INSULIN SENSITIVITY. DIABETES CARE, 17(2), 115-119.

Syndrome X: 6 years later.
Reaven, G. M. (1994). Syndrome X: 6 years later. Journal of internal medicine. Supplement, 736, 13-22.

METABOLIC AND BEHAVIORAL COVARIATES OF HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
Laws, A., King, A. C., Haskell, W. L., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). METABOLIC AND BEHAVIORAL COVARIATES OF HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, 41(12), 1289-1294.

VERBAL-LEARNING AND OR MEMORY IMPROVES WITH GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN OLDER SUBJECTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
GRADMAN, T. J., Laws, A., Thompson, L. W., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). VERBAL-LEARNING AND OR MEMORY IMPROVES WITH GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN OLDER SUBJECTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, 41(12), 1305-1312.

Role of insulin resistance in the pathophysiology of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Reaven, G. M. (1993). Role of insulin resistance in the pathophysiology of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetes/metabolism reviews, 9, 5S-12S.

INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND RISK-FACTORS FOR CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
Laws, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND RISK-FACTORS FOR CORONARY HEART-DISEASE. BAILLIERES CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 7(4), 1063-1078.

INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND INSULIN-SECRETION ARE DETERMINANTS OF ORAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS
Reaven, G. M., Brand, R. J., CHEN, Y. Di., Mathur, A. K., & Goldfine, I. (1993). INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND INSULIN-SECRETION ARE DETERMINANTS OF ORAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS. DIABETES, 42(9), 1324-1332.

WHY DOES INSULIN-RESISTANCE DEVELOP DURING MATURATION
Reed, M. J., Reaven, G. M., Mondon, C. E., & Azhar, S. (1993). WHY DOES INSULIN-RESISTANCE DEVELOP DURING MATURATION. JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY, 48(4), B139-B144.

INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN INDIVIDUALS WITH SMALL, DENSE, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN PARTICLES
Reaven, G. M., CHEN, Y. Di., Jeppesen, J., Maheux, P., & Krauss, R. M. (1993). INSULIN-RESISTANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN INDIVIDUALS WITH SMALL, DENSE, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN PARTICLES. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 92(1), 141-146.

PLASMA LACTATE CONCENTRATION IN OBESITY AND TYPE-2 DIABETES
CHEN, Y. Di., VARASTEH, B. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). PLASMA LACTATE CONCENTRATION IN OBESITY AND TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETES & METABOLISM, 19(4), 348-354.

Clinical review 43: Treatment of hypertension: focus on prevention of coronary heart disease.
Reaven, G. M. (1993). Clinical review 43: Treatment of hypertension: focus on prevention of coronary heart disease. journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 76(3), 537-540.

EFFECT OF VARIATIONS IN DIETARY-FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
CHEN, Y. Di., Swami, S., Skowronski, R., Coulston, A. M., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). EFFECT OF VARIATIONS IN DIETARY-FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 76(2), 347-351.

DIFFERENCES IN POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA BETWEEN PATIENTS WITH NORMAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AND NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
CHEN, Y. Di., Swami, S., Skowronski, R., Coulston, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1993). DIFFERENCES IN POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA BETWEEN PATIENTS WITH NORMAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AND NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 76(1), 172-177.

Are triglycerides important as a risk factor for coronary disease?
Reaven, G. M. (1993). Are triglycerides important as a risk factor for coronary disease?. Heart disease and stroke : a journal for primary care physicians, 2(1), 44-48.

ROLE OF INSULIN RESISTANCE IN HUMAN-DISEASE (SYNDROME-X) - AN EXPANDED DEFINITION
Reaven, G. M. (1993). ROLE OF INSULIN RESISTANCE IN HUMAN-DISEASE (SYNDROME-X) - AN EXPANDED DEFINITION. ANNUAL REVIEW OF MEDICINE, 44, 121-131.

PLASMA-INSULIN, C-PEPTIDE, AND PROINSULIN CONCENTRATIONS IN OBESE AND NONOBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
Reaven, G. M., CHEN, Y. Di., Hollenbeck, C. B., Sheu, W. Hh., Ostrega, D., & Polonsky, K. S. (1993). PLASMA-INSULIN, C-PEPTIDE, AND PROINSULIN CONCENTRATIONS IN OBESE AND NONOBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 76(1), 44-48.

LACTATE PRODUCTION AND PYRUVATE-DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY IN FAT AND SKELETAL-MUSCLE FROM DIABETIC RATS
Mondon, C. E., Jones, I. R., Azhar, S., Hollenbeck, C. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). LACTATE PRODUCTION AND PYRUVATE-DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY IN FAT AND SKELETAL-MUSCLE FROM DIABETIC RATS. DIABETES, 41(12), 1547-1554.

GLUCOSE, INSULIN, AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN DOXAZOSIN-TREATED PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Shieh, S. M., Sheu, W. Hh., Shen, D. C., Fuh, M. Mt., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). GLUCOSE, INSULIN, AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN DOXAZOSIN-TREATED PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 5(11), 827-831.

INSULIN RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND DYSLIPIDEMIA IN NONOBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH A FAMILY HISTORY OF HYPERTENSION
Facchini, F., CHEN, Y. Di., Clinkingbeard, C., Jeppesen, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). INSULIN RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, AND DYSLIPIDEMIA IN NONOBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH A FAMILY HISTORY OF HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 5(10), 694-699.

DEMONSTRATION OF A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WHITE BLOOD-CELL COUNT, INSULIN RESISTANCE, AND SEVERAL RISK-FACTORS FOR CORONARY HEART-DISEASE IN WOMEN
Facchini, F., Hollenbeck, C. B., Chen, Y. N., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). DEMONSTRATION OF A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WHITE BLOOD-CELL COUNT, INSULIN RESISTANCE, AND SEVERAL RISK-FACTORS FOR CORONARY HEART-DISEASE IN WOMEN. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 232(3), 267-272.

EFFECT OF NICOTINIC-ACID ON PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS
Landau, C., CHEN, Y. Di., Skowronski, R., Hollenbeck, C. B., Jaspan, J. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). EFFECT OF NICOTINIC-ACID ON PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 24(9), 424-428.

INSULIN RESISTANCE AND CIGARETTE-SMOKING
Facchini, F. S., Hollenbeck, C. B., Jeppesen, J., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). INSULIN RESISTANCE AND CIGARETTE-SMOKING. LANCET, 339(8802), 1128-1130.

THE ROLE OF INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
Reaven, G. M. (1992). THE ROLE OF INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN CORONARY HEART-DISEASE. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 41(5), 16-19.

COMBINED METFORMIN-SULFONYLUREA TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES IN FAIR TO POOR GLYCEMIC CONTROL
Reaven, G. M., Johnston, P., Hollenbeck, C. B., Skowronski, R., Zhang, J. C., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1992). COMBINED METFORMIN-SULFONYLUREA TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES IN FAIR TO POOR GLYCEMIC CONTROL. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 74(5), 1020-1026.

RENAL VASCULAR HYPERTENSION DOES NOT LEAD TO HYPERINSULINEMIA IN SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS
Reaven, G. M., & Ho, H. (1992). RENAL VASCULAR HYPERTENSION DOES NOT LEAD TO HYPERINSULINEMIA IN SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 5(5), 314-317.

Syndrome X.
Reaven, G. M. (1992). Syndrome X. Blood pressure. Supplement, 4, 13-16.

EVIDENCE FOR AN INDEPENDENT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN RESISTANCE AND FASTING PLASMA HDL-CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDE AND INSULIN CONCENTRATIONS
Laws, A., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). EVIDENCE FOR AN INDEPENDENT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN RESISTANCE AND FASTING PLASMA HDL-CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDE AND INSULIN CONCENTRATIONS. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 231(1), 25-30.

EFFECT OF ACUTE VARIATIONS IN DIETARY-FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE ON RETINYL ESTER CONTENT OF INTESTINALLY DERIVED LIPOPROTEINS
CHEN, Y. Di., Skowronski, R., Coulston, A. M., Pietarinen, J., Hollenbeck, C. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1992). EFFECT OF ACUTE VARIATIONS IN DIETARY-FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE ON RETINYL ESTER CONTENT OF INTESTINALLY DERIVED LIPOPROTEINS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 74(1), 28-32.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE, URINARY URIC-ACID CLEARANCE, AND PLASMA URIC-ACID CONCENTRATION
Facchini, F., CHEN, Y. Di., Hollenbeck, C. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-MEDIATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE, URINARY URIC-ACID CLEARANCE, AND PLASMA URIC-ACID CONCENTRATION. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 266(21), 3008-3011.

ABNORMALITIES OF CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN DAHL RATS
Reaven, G. M., Twersky, J., & Chang, H. (1991). ABNORMALITIES OF CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN DAHL RATS. HYPERTENSION, 18(5), 630-635.

RELATION OF FASTING PLASMA-INSULIN CONCENTRATION TO HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN MEN
Laws, A., King, A. C., Haskell, W. L., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). RELATION OF FASTING PLASMA-INSULIN CONCENTRATION TO HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN MEN. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS, 11(6), 1636-1642.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTENSION
Reaven, G. M. (1991). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTENSION. DIABETES CARE, 14, 33-38.

DIFFERENCES IN INSULIN ACTION AS A FUNCTION OF ORIGINAL ANATOMICAL SITE OF NEWLY DIFFERENTIATED ADIPOCYTES OBTAINED IN PRIMARY CULTURE
Sztalryd, C., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). DIFFERENCES IN INSULIN ACTION AS A FUNCTION OF ORIGINAL ANATOMICAL SITE OF NEWLY DIFFERENTIATED ADIPOCYTES OBTAINED IN PRIMARY CULTURE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 88(5), 1629-1635.

EFFECTS OF METFORMIN ON GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH MILD HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA AND NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES BY GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE TEST CRITERIA
Hollenbeck, C. B., Johnston, P., VARASTEH, B. B., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). EFFECTS OF METFORMIN ON GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH MILD HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA AND NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES BY GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE TEST CRITERIA. DIABETES & METABOLISM, 17(5), 483-489.

INTESTINALLY-DERIVED LIPOPROTEINS - METABOLISM AND CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE
CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). INTESTINALLY-DERIVED LIPOPROTEINS - METABOLISM AND CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE. DIABETES-METABOLISM REVIEWS, 7(3), 191-208.

AGE-ASSOCIATED DIFFERENCES IN BETA ADRENERGIC-STIMULATED LIPOLYSIS IN ADIPOCYTES FROM SPRAGUE-DAWLEY AND FISCHER-344 RATS
Twersky, J., Hoffman, B. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). AGE-ASSOCIATED DIFFERENCES IN BETA ADRENERGIC-STIMULATED LIPOLYSIS IN ADIPOCYTES FROM SPRAGUE-DAWLEY AND FISCHER-344 RATS. JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY, 46(4), B125-B129.

SUGAR-INDUCED HYPERTENSION IN SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS
Reaven, G. M., & Ho, H. (1991). SUGAR-INDUCED HYPERTENSION IN SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 4(7), 610-614.

Abnormalities of carbohydrate and lipoprotein metabolism in patients with hypertension. Relationship to obesity.
Reaven, G. M. (1991). Abnormalities of carbohydrate and lipoprotein metabolism in patients with hypertension. Relationship to obesity. Annals of epidemiology, 1(4), 305-311.

REGULATION OF NONESTERIFIED FATTY-ACID AND GLYCEROL CONCENTRATION BY INSULIN IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES
Skowronski, R., Hollenbeck, C. B., VARASTEH, B. B., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). REGULATION OF NONESTERIFIED FATTY-ACID AND GLYCEROL CONCENTRATION BY INSULIN IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 8(4), 330-333.

Resistance to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and hyperinsulinemia: role in non-insulin-dependent diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease.
Reaven, G. M. (1991). Resistance to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and hyperinsulinemia: role in non-insulin-dependent diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease. Diabète & métabolisme, 17(1), 78-86.

LOW-DOSE STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES IN THE SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RAT
Reaven, G. M., & Ho, H. (1991). LOW-DOSE STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES IN THE SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RAT. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 40(4), 335-337.

INSULIN RESISTANCE AND COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA - ROLE IN HYPERTENSION, DYSLIPIDEMIA, AND CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
Reaven, G. M. (1991). INSULIN RESISTANCE AND COMPENSATORY HYPERINSULINEMIA - ROLE IN HYPERTENSION, DYSLIPIDEMIA, AND CORONARY HEART-DISEASE. AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL, 121(4), 1283-1288.

HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN TURNOVER IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
CHEN, Y. Di., Sheu, W. Hh., Swislocki, A. Lm., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN TURNOVER IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. HYPERTENSION, 17(3), 386-393.

INSULIN RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA, AND HYPERTENSION - PARALLELS BETWEEN HUMAN-DISEASE AND RODENT MODELS
Reaven, G. M. (1991). INSULIN RESISTANCE, HYPERINSULINEMIA, HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA, AND HYPERTENSION - PARALLELS BETWEEN HUMAN-DISEASE AND RODENT MODELS. DIABETES CARE, 14(3), 195-202.

COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF ATENOLOL AND NIFEDIPINE ON GLUCOSE, INSULIN, AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Sheu, W. Hh., Swislocki, A. Lm., Hoffman, B., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF ATENOLOL AND NIFEDIPINE ON GLUCOSE, INSULIN, AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 4(3), 199-205.

Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia in the etiology and clinical course of hypertension.
Reaven, G. M. (1991). Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia in the etiology and clinical course of hypertension. American journal of medicine, 90(2A), 7S-12S.

HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA IN DAHL RATS - EFFECT OF SODIUM-INTAKE AND GENDER
Reaven, G. M., Twersky, J., Ho, H., & Chang, H. (1991). HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA IN DAHL RATS - EFFECT OF SODIUM-INTAKE AND GENDER. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 23(1), 44-45.

CHANGES IN CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN ASSOCIATION WITH GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT OF TYPE-2 DIABETES
Jeng, C. Y., Hollenbeck, C. B., Wu, M. S., Foley, J. E., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). CHANGES IN CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN ASSOCIATION WITH GLIPIZIDE TREATMENT OF TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 8(1), 32-39.

CHARACTERIZATION OF INSULIN-RECEPTOR KINASE-ACTIVITY AND AUTOPHOSPHORYLATION IN DIFFERENT SKELETAL-MUSCLE TYPES
Azhar, S., BUTTE, J. C., Santos, R. F., Mondon, C. E., & Reaven, G. M. (1991). CHARACTERIZATION OF INSULIN-RECEPTOR KINASE-ACTIVITY AND AUTOPHOSPHORYLATION IN DIFFERENT SKELETAL-MUSCLE TYPES. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 260(1), E1-E7.

ACUTE CHANGES IN PLASMA NONESTERIFIED FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION DO NOT CHANGE HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION IN PEOPLE WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES
Johnston, P., Hollenbeck, C., SHEU, W., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). ACUTE CHANGES IN PLASMA NONESTERIFIED FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION DO NOT CHANGE HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION IN PEOPLE WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 7(10), 871-875.

EFFECTS OF INSULIN ON CARBOHYDRATE AND PROTEIN-METABOLISM IN VOLUNTARY RUNNING RATS
Rodnick, K. J., Reaven, G. M., Azhar, S., Goodman, M. N., & Mondon, C. E. (1990). EFFECTS OF INSULIN ON CARBOHYDRATE AND PROTEIN-METABOLISM IN VOLUNTARY RUNNING RATS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 259(5), E706-E714.

EFFECT OF CENTRAL OBESITY ON REGULATION OF CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN OBESE PATIENTS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
Golay, A., Chen, N., CHEN, Y. Di., Hollenbeck, C., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). EFFECT OF CENTRAL OBESITY ON REGULATION OF CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN OBESE PATIENTS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 71(5), 1299-1304.

EFFECT OF PRAZOSIN TREATMENT ON HDL KINETICS IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Sheu, W. Hh., Swislocki, A. Lm., Hoffman, B. B., Reaven, G. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1990). EFFECT OF PRAZOSIN TREATMENT ON HDL KINETICS IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 3(10), 761-768.

EFFECT OF ACARBOSE ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS POORLY CONTROLLED BY SULFONYLUREAS
Reaven, G. M., LARDINOIS, C. K., GREENFIELD, M. S., Schwartz, H. C., & Vreman, H. J. (1990). EFFECT OF ACARBOSE ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS POORLY CONTROLLED BY SULFONYLUREAS. DIABETES CARE, 13, 32-36.

EFFECTS OF A FRUCTOSE-ENRICHED DIET ON PLASMA-INSULIN AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATION IN SHR AND WKY RATS
Reaven, G. M., Ho, H., & Hoffman, B. B. (1990). EFFECTS OF A FRUCTOSE-ENRICHED DIET ON PLASMA-INSULIN AND TRIGLYCERIDE CONCENTRATION IN SHR AND WKY RATS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 22(7), 363-365.

EFFECT OF DIFFERENCE IN GLUCOSE-INFUSION RATE ON QUANTIFICATION OF HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION
Sheu, W. Hh., Hollenbeck, C. B., Wu, M. S., Jaspan, J. B., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). EFFECT OF DIFFERENCE IN GLUCOSE-INFUSION RATE ON QUANTIFICATION OF HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 70(5), 1354-1360.

EFFECT OF CHRONIC-RENAL-FAILURE ON HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN KINETICS
Fuh, M. Mt., Lee, C. M., Jeng, C. Y., Shen, D. C., Shieh, S. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1990). EFFECT OF CHRONIC-RENAL-FAILURE ON HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN KINETICS. KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL, 37(5), 1295-1300.

GLUCOREGULATION AND HORMONAL RESPONSES TO MAXIMAL EXERCISE IN NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES
Kjaer, M., Hollenbeck, C. B., FREYHEWITT, B., Galbo, H., Haskell, W., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). GLUCOREGULATION AND HORMONAL RESPONSES TO MAXIMAL EXERCISE IN NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 68(5), 2067-2074.

DOES GLUCAGON INCREASE PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION IN HUMANS WITH NORMAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
Wu, M. S., Jeng, C. Y., Hollenbeck, C. B., CHEN, Y. Di., JASPAN, J., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). DOES GLUCAGON INCREASE PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION IN HUMANS WITH NORMAL GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 70(2), 410-416.

DIFFERENCES IN INSULIN-INDUCED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND ENZYME-ACTIVITY IN RUNNING RATS
Rodnick, K. J., Mondon, C. E., Haskell, W. L., Azhar, S., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). DIFFERENCES IN INSULIN-INDUCED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE AND ENZYME-ACTIVITY IN RUNNING RATS. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 68(2), 513-519.

EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS
Wu, M. S., Johnston, P., Sheu, W. Hh., Hollenbeck, C. B., Jeng, C. Y., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). EFFECT OF METFORMIN ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS. DIABETES CARE, 13(1), 1-8.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYPERGLYCEMIA AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN OLDER NIDDM PATIENTS
Reaven, G. M., Thompson, L. W., NAHUM, D., & HASKINS, E. (1990). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYPERGLYCEMIA AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN OLDER NIDDM PATIENTS. DIABETES CARE, 13(1), 16-21.

INSULIN AND HYPERTENSION
Reaven, G. M. (1990). INSULIN AND HYPERTENSION. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION PART A-THEORY AND PRACTICE, 12(5), 803-816.

ROLE OF ABNORMALITIES OF CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN THE PATHOGENESIS AND CLINICAL COURSE OF HYPERTENSION
Reaven, G. M. (1990). ROLE OF ABNORMALITIES OF CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN THE PATHOGENESIS AND CLINICAL COURSE OF HYPERTENSION. JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY, 15, S4-S7.

DIETARY-MANAGEMENT OF NURSING-HOME RESIDENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Coulston, A. M., Mandelbaum, D., & Reaven, G. M. (1990). DIETARY-MANAGEMENT OF NURSING-HOME RESIDENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 51(1), 67-71.

Hypertension as a disease of carbohydrate and lipoprotein metabolism.
Reaven, G. M., & Hoffman, B. B. (1989). Hypertension as a disease of carbohydrate and lipoprotein metabolism. American journal of medicine, 87(6A), 2S-6S.

ABNORMAL INSULIN METABOLISM BY SPECIFIC ORGANS FROM RATS WITH SPONTANEOUS HYPERTENSION
Mondon, C. E., Reaven, G. M., Azhar, S., Lee, C. M., & Rabkin, R. (1989). ABNORMAL INSULIN METABOLISM BY SPECIFIC ORGANS FROM RATS WITH SPONTANEOUS HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 257(4), E491-E498.

RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN ADIPOCYTES ISOLATED FROM SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS
Reaven, G. M., Chang, H., Hoffman, B. B., & Azhar, S. (1989). RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN ADIPOCYTES ISOLATED FROM SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS. DIABETES, 38(9), 1155-1160.

EFFECT OF AGE ON GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AND GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN HEALTHY-INDIVIDUALS
Reaven, G. M., Chen, N., Hollenbeck, C., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1989). EFFECT OF AGE ON GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AND GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN HEALTHY-INDIVIDUALS. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, 37(8), 735-740.

SOMATOSTATIN INHIBITION OF FRUCTOSE-INDUCED HYPERTENSION
Reaven, G. M., Ho, H., & Hoffmann, B. B. (1989). SOMATOSTATIN INHIBITION OF FRUCTOSE-INDUCED HYPERTENSION. HYPERTENSION, 14(2), 117-120.

INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA IN NONDIABETIC RELATIVES OF PATIENTS WITH NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Laws, A., Stefanick, M. L., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA IN NONDIABETIC RELATIVES OF PATIENTS WITH NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 69(2), 343-347.

INSULIN RESISTANCE, GLUCOSE-INTOLERANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Swislocki, A. Lm., Hoffman, B. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). INSULIN RESISTANCE, GLUCOSE-INTOLERANCE AND HYPERINSULINEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 2(6), 419-423.

HOW DOES GLIBENCLAMIDE LOWER PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES
Jeng, C. Y., Hollenbeck, C. B., Wu, M. S., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). HOW DOES GLIBENCLAMIDE LOWER PLASMA-GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 6(4), 303-308.

CELLULAR TOLERANCE TO ADENOSINE RECEPTOR-MEDIATED INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS - ALTERED ADENSOINE 3',5'-MONOPHOSPHATE METABOLISM AND PROTEIN-KINASE ACTIVATION
Hoffman, B. B., Prokocimer, P., Thomas, J. M., Vagelos, R., Chang, H., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). CELLULAR TOLERANCE TO ADENOSINE RECEPTOR-MEDIATED INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS - ALTERED ADENSOINE 3',5'-MONOPHOSPHATE METABOLISM AND PROTEIN-KINASE ACTIVATION. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 124(5), 2434-2442.

EFFECTS OF EXERCISE TRAINING ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN BINDING AND INSULIN-STIMULATED TYROSINE KINASE-ACTIVITY IN RAT SKELETAL-MUSCLE
Santos, R. F., Mondon, C. E., Reaven, G. M., & Azhar, S. (1989). EFFECTS OF EXERCISE TRAINING ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSULIN BINDING AND INSULIN-STIMULATED TYROSINE KINASE-ACTIVITY IN RAT SKELETAL-MUSCLE. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 38(4), 376-386.

IMPAIRED INSULIN-MEDIATED INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS AND GLUCOSE-TRANSPORT WITH AGING
Reaven, G. M., Chang, H., & Hoffman, B. B. (1989). IMPAIRED INSULIN-MEDIATED INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS AND GLUCOSE-TRANSPORT WITH AGING. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 21(4), 168-171.

THE COMBINED USE OF INSULIN AND SULFONYLUREA THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Reaven, G. M., FRAZE, E., Chen, N. Y., Hollenbeck, C., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1989). THE COMBINED USE OF INSULIN AND SULFONYLUREA THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 21(3), 132-136.

VARIATIONS IN RUNNING ACTIVITY AND ENZYMATIC ADAPTATIONS IN VOLUNTARY RUNNING RATS
Rodnick, K. J., Reaven, G. M., Haskell, W. L., Sims, C. R., & Mondon, C. E. (1989). VARIATIONS IN RUNNING ACTIVITY AND ENZYMATIC ADAPTATIONS IN VOLUNTARY RUNNING RATS. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 66(3), 1250-1257.

PERSISTENCE OF HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIC EFFECT OF LOW-FAT HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE DIETS IN NIDDM PATIENTS
Coulston, A. M., Hollenbeck, C. B., Swislocki, A. Lm., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). PERSISTENCE OF HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIC EFFECT OF LOW-FAT HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE DIETS IN NIDDM PATIENTS. DIABETES CARE, 12(2), 94-101.

EFFECT OF PRAZOSIN TREATMENT ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Swislocki, A. Lm., Hoffman, B. B., Sheu, W. Hh., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). EFFECT OF PRAZOSIN TREATMENT ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 86(1B), 14-18.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE, INSULIN-SECRETION, AND INSULIN ACTION IN NON-OBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
Reaven, G. M., Hollenbeck, C. B., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1989). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE, INSULIN-SECRETION, AND INSULIN ACTION IN NON-OBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH VARYING DEGREES OF GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE. DIABETOLOGIA, 32(1), 52-55.

EFFECTS OF SUCROSE ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS
Hollenbeck, C. B., Coulston, A. M., & Reaven, G. M. (1989). EFFECTS OF SUCROSE ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN NIDDM PATIENTS. DIABETES CARE, 12(1), 62-66.

Banting lecture 1988. Role of insulin resistance in human disease.
Reaven, G. M. (1988). Banting lecture 1988. Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes, 37(12), 1595-1607.

ROLE OF ABNORMAL FREE FATTY-ACID METABOLISM IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Reaven, G. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1988). ROLE OF ABNORMAL FREE FATTY-ACID METABOLISM IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 85(5A), 106-112.

EFFECT OF TIME ON MEASUREMENT OF HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION
CHEN, Y. Di., Swislocki, A. Lm., Jeng, C. Y., Juang, J. H., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). EFFECT OF TIME ON MEASUREMENT OF HEPATIC GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 67(5), 1084-1088.

ROLE OF INSULIN IN REGULATION OF LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN DIABETES
Reaven, G. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1988). ROLE OF INSULIN IN REGULATION OF LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN DIABETES. DIABETES-METABOLISM REVIEWS, 4(7), 639-652.

EFFECT OF ENPROSTIL ON PLASMA-GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
Reaven, G. M., Swislocki, A. Lm., Jeng, C. Y., Hollenbeck, C. B., Schwartz, K., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1988). EFFECT OF ENPROSTIL ON PLASMA-GLUCOSE, INSULIN AND LIPID-METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 20(10), 633-636.

EVIDENCE FOR AGE-RELATED-CHANGES IN PYRIDINE-NUCLEOTIDE CONTENT OF ISOLATED RAT ISLETS
Azhar, S., HO, H. Ym., Reaven, E., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). EVIDENCE FOR AGE-RELATED-CHANGES IN PYRIDINE-NUCLEOTIDE CONTENT OF ISOLATED RAT ISLETS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 20(9), 559-561.

AMINO-TERMINAL PEPTIDE OF GROWTH-HORMONE ENHANCES INSULIN ACTION IN NORMAL RATS
Mondon, C. E., Reaven, G. M., Ling, N., Lewis, U. J., & Frigeri, L. G. (1988). AMINO-TERMINAL PEPTIDE OF GROWTH-HORMONE ENHANCES INSULIN ACTION IN NORMAL RATS. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 123(2), 827-833.

ATTENUATION OF FRUCTOSE-INDUCED HYPERTENSION IN RATS BY EXERCISE TRAINING
Reaven, G. M., Ho, H., & Hoffman, B. B. (1988). ATTENUATION OF FRUCTOSE-INDUCED HYPERTENSION IN RATS BY EXERCISE TRAINING. HYPERTENSION, 12(2), 129-132.

MEASUREMENT OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE, FREE FATTY-ACID, LACTATE, AND INSULIN FOR 24-H IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM
Reaven, G. M., Hollenbeck, C., Jeng, C. Y., Wu, M. S., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1988). MEASUREMENT OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE, FREE FATTY-ACID, LACTATE, AND INSULIN FOR 24-H IN PATIENTS WITH NIDDM. DIABETES, 37(8), 1020-1024.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLASMA-GLUCOSE AND INSULIN CONCENTRATION, GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION, AND GLUCOSE DISPOSAL IN NORMAL SUBJECTS AND PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES
CHEN, Y. Di., Jeng, C. Y., Hollenbeck, C. B., Wu, M. S., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLASMA-GLUCOSE AND INSULIN CONCENTRATION, GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION, AND GLUCOSE DISPOSAL IN NORMAL SUBJECTS AND PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 82(1), 21-25.

EVIDENCE OF ABNORMALITIES OF INSULIN METABOLISM IN RATS WITH SPONTANEOUS HYPERTENSION
Mondon, C. E., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). EVIDENCE OF ABNORMALITIES OF INSULIN METABOLISM IN RATS WITH SPONTANEOUS HYPERTENSION. METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 37(4), 303-305.

COMPARISON OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE AND INSULIN RESPONSES TO MIXED MEALS OF HIGH-GLYCEMIC, INTERMEDIATE-GLYCEMIC, AND LOW-GLYCEMIC POTENTIAL
Hollenbeck, C. B., Coulston, A. M., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). COMPARISON OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE AND INSULIN RESPONSES TO MIXED MEALS OF HIGH-GLYCEMIC, INTERMEDIATE-GLYCEMIC, AND LOW-GLYCEMIC POTENTIAL. DIABETES CARE, 11(4), 323-329.

RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED-GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Shen, D. C., Shieh, S. M., Fuh, M. Mt., Wu, D. A., CHEN, Y. Di., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED-GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 66(3), 580-583.

ADDITIVE HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECTS OF DRUGS THAT MODIFY FREE FATTY-ACID METABOLISM BY DIFFERENT MECHANISMS IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES
Reaven, G. M., Chang, H., & Hoffman, B. B. (1988). ADDITIVE HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECTS OF DRUGS THAT MODIFY FREE FATTY-ACID METABOLISM BY DIFFERENT MECHANISMS IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES. DIABETES, 37(1), 28-32.

INSULIN-SECRETION AND INSULIN ACTION IN TAIWANESE WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES
Shen, D. C., Kuo, S. W., SHIAN, L. R., Fuh, M. T., Wu, D. A., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). INSULIN-SECRETION AND INSULIN ACTION IN TAIWANESE WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES. DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE, 4(4), 289-293.

LOWERING OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE IN DIABETIC RATS BY ANTILIPOLYTIC AGENTS
Reaven, G. M., Chang, H., Ho, H., Jeng, C. Y., & Hoffman, B. B. (1988). LOWERING OF PLASMA-GLUCOSE IN DIABETIC RATS BY ANTILIPOLYTIC AGENTS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 254(1), E23-E30.

EFFECT OF INSULIN DEFICIENCY ON LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN RABBITS
Golay, A., ZECH, L., Shi, M. Z., CHIOU, Y. Am., Reaven, G. M., & CHEN, Y. Di. (1988). EFFECT OF INSULIN DEFICIENCY ON LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN RABBITS. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 20(1), 11-14.

EVIDENCE OF A DEFECT IN INSULIN-RECEPTOR RECYCLING IN ADIPOCYTES FROM OLDER RATS
Trischitta, V., & Reaven, G. M. (1988). EVIDENCE OF A DEFECT IN INSULIN-RECEPTOR RECYCLING IN ADIPOCYTES FROM OLDER RATS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 254(1), E39-E44.

EFFECT OF AGE AND SEX ON RAT ENDOCRINE PANCREAS
REAVEN, E. P., Curry, D. L., & Reaven, G. M. (1987). EFFECT OF AGE AND SEX ON RAT ENDOCRINE PANCREAS. DIABETES, 36(12), 1397-1400.

FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTENSION IN RATS
Hwang, I. S., Ho, H., Hoffman, B. B., & Reaven, G. M. (1987). FRUCTOSE-INDUCED INSULIN RESISTANCE AND HYPERTENSION IN RATS. HYPERTENSION, 10(5), 512-516.

IMPROVED INSULIN ACTION IN MUSCLE, LIVER, AND ADIPOSE-TISSUE IN PHYSICALLY TRAINED HUMAN-SUBJECTS
Rodnick, K. J., Haskell, W. L., Swislocki, A. Lm., Foley, J. E., & Reaven, G. M. (1987). IMPROVED INSULIN ACTION IN MUSCLE, LIVER, AND ADIPOSE-TISSUE IN PHYSICALLY TRAINED HUMAN-SUBJECTS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 253(5), E489-E495.

STIMULATION AND INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS IN ISOLATED RAT ADIPOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR AGE-RELATED-CHANGES IN RESPONSES TO FORSKOLIN AND PGE1
Hoffman, B. B., Chang, H., & Reaven, G. M. (1987). STIMULATION AND INHIBITION OF LIPOLYSIS IN ISOLATED RAT ADIPOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR AGE-RELATED-CHANGES IN RESPONSES TO FORSKOLIN AND PGE1. HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH, 19(8), 358-360.

INSULIN SUPPRESSION OF PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 (NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT) DIABETES
Swislocki, A. Lm., CHEN, Y. Di., Golay, A., Chang, M. O., & Reaven, G. M. (1987). INSULIN SUPPRESSION OF PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATION IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 (NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT) DIABETES. DIABETOLOGIA, 30(8), 622-626.