To evaluate a localized two-dimensional correlated magnetic resonance spectroscopic (L-COSY) technique in patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and healthy subjects, and to correlate the cerebral metabolite changes with neuropsychological (NP) test scores.Eighteen minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) patients and 21 healthy controls have been investigated. A GE 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) scanner was used in combination with a body MR coil for transmission and a 3-inch surface coil for reception. A 27-mL voxel was localized by three slice-selective radio frequency (RF) pulses (90 degrees-180 degrees-90 degrees) in the anterior cingulate region. The total duration of each two-dimensional L-COSY spectrum was approximately 25 minutes. The NP battery included a total of 15 tests, which were grouped into six domains.MR spectroscopic results showed a statistically significant decrease in myo-inositol (mI) and choline (Ch) and an increase in glutamate/glutamine (Glx) in patients when compared to healthy controls. There was also an increase in taurine (Tau) in patients. The NP results indicated a significant correlation between motor function assessed by NP tests and mI ratios recorded using two-dimensional L-COSY.The study demonstrated the feasibility of evaluating the two-dimensional L-COSY sequence in a clinical environment. The results showed additional cerebral metabolites that can be measured with the technique in comparison to one-dimensional study.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jmri.20291
View details for Web of Science ID 000228029900012
View details for PubMedID 15779041