Intra-abdominal infection is common and frequently seen by the surgeon. Mortality is related to disease acuity and organ failure. This report, based on medical literature and personal experience, is a brief review of this subject, highlighting important historical milestones and recent advances in surgical and antibiotic therapy. Peritonitis remains a clinical challenge. Aggressive resuscitation, diagnostic imaging, and surgical treatment are the mainstays of appropriate therapy. Percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal collections has increased over time and is particularly helpful in certain postoperative patients. Adjunctive antibiotic therapy against gram-negative aerobes and anaerobes should be limited to a 7- to 10-day course, except in selected patients, such as those with inadequate source controls.
View details for PubMedID 14684221