Linda M. Dairiki Shortliffe

Urologist

Linda. M. Dairiki Shortliffe is the Stanley McCormick Memorial Professor of Urology (tenured) at Stanford University. She is past Chair of the Department of Urology at Stanford (1995-2011), Residency Program Director (1993-2006), and founding Chief of Pediatric Urology at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (1988-2012). She was the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute Center for Advanced Study at Harvard, a Stanford University Clayman Institute Faculty Research Fellow, and Stanford Asian American Faculty Awardee. She was a Featured Physician in the National Library of Medicine Exhibit, “Changing the Face of Medicine” http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_293.html.
She was born in Boston, MA grew up and Weston, MA and Palo Alto, CA. She received AB cum laude in History and Science from Harvard, MD from Stanford, and training at Stanford University Medical Center. She served as Chief of Urology at the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Medical Center (1981-1986). While Chair she made 25 faculty appointments in urooncology, female-neurourology, pediatric urology, fertility, and laboratory research. She increased the residency program from 12-18 residents, received ACGME approval for the 2-year Pediatric Urology Fellowship in 2004, and through newly recruited faculty developed Female Reconstructive and Neurourology, Laparoscopy, and Oncology Fellowships.
She was on the editorial boards of Western Journal of Medicine, Urology, Molecular Urology, and Nature Urology. She had VA Merit Review grants for study the immune responses to prostatitis, NIH R01 for effects of pregnancy and hormones on the urinary tract, and other grants for study of pediatric urinary tract imaging and physiology. She was Deputy chair of the NIH Consensus Panel on Impotence, subcommittee Co-Chair for the World Health Organization Conference on Health Care Associated Infections in Urology, and was on the NIDDK Special Grants Chartered Review Committee (1990-1994). In 2001 she was Chair and Editor for the NIH Bladder Research Program Review Group that convened over 50 scientists and culminated in the NIH publication guiding funding in the past decade: Overcoming Bladder Disease: a Strategic Plan For Research http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/07B67810-CFC8-467D-BA0A-8EAC8CA72519/0/Bladder_Disease_2002_Strategic_Plan.pdf.
Dr. Shortliffe was a Trustee, Treasurer, and President of the American Board of Urology, President of the Society of University Urologists, Chair of the Society of University Chairs and Program Directors, and Chair of the Urology Section of the AAP. She is certified by the ABU, and FACS, FAAP, Fellow of the Society of Pediatric Urology. She served on the ABU/AUA Joint Examination Committee, ACGME Urology Residency Review Committee, Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infections for the AAP, Executive Committee of the AAP Section on Urology, and as oral examiner for the ABU since 1996. She also served on the Bladder Health Council of the American Foundation for Urologic Disease, Board of AFUD, AUA Committee on Women’s Issues in Urology, Chair of the American Urological Association/European Association of Urology (AUA/EAU) Academic Fellowship Program Committee, AUA Council on Education, AUA Publications Committee, AUA Core Curriculum Steering Committee, the AUA Annual Program Committee, and as an Associate Editor for AUA News. She is an elected member of the AAGUS, CSGUS, and Society of Paediatric Urological Surgeons (SPUS).

Professional Education

Residency: Stanford University Medical Center (1981) CA

Residency: Stanford University Medical Center (1977) CA

Board Certification: Pediatric Urology, American Board of Urology (2008)

Fellowship: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (1987) PA

Board Certification: Urology, American Board of Urology (1983)

Internship: Stanford University Medical Center (1976) CA

Medical Education: Stanford University School of Medicine (1975) CA

Subspecialty Certification, American Board of Urology, Pediatric Urology (2008)

Certification, American Board of Urology, Urology (1983)

AB, Harvard University, History and Science (1971)

MD, Stanford University, Medicine (1975)

Honors & Awards

Featured Physician http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_293.html, National Library of Medicine (2003-2005)

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Fellow, Radcliffe Institute Center for Advanced Study at Harvard University (2008-2009)

Stanford Faculty Research Fellow, Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Stanford University (2012-2013)

Distinguished Alumnae, Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA (2012)

Asian American Faculty Award, Stanford University Asian American Association (2008)

Top Doctors US News & World Report (Urology), US News & World Report (http://health.usnews.com/top-doctors) (2011, 2012, 2013)

America's Top Doctors, Castle Connolly (2001- 2010)

Best Doctors in America--Pediatric Urology, Naifeh & Smith; Woodward and White (1991-2, 1994-5, 1996-7)

Best Doctors, San Francisco Magazine (2003-)

Top Doctors in Silicon Valley, San Jose Magazine (2001-)

Administrative Appointments

Faculty Advisor, Asian Pacific American Medical Student Association (APAMSA), 2013

Pediatric Urology Program Director, Stanford University Medical Center, 2005

Chair, Stanford University School of Medicine Department of Urology, 1995

Chair, American Academy Pediatrics Urology Section, 2007

Member, Residency Review Committee, 2003

President, American Board of Urology, 2006

President, Society University Urologists, 2004

Chair, Society Urology Chairs & Program Directors, 2007

Program Director, Urology Residency, 1993

Trustee, American Board of Urology, 2001

Director, American Foundation for Urologic Disease, 2004

Testosterone Changes Bladder and Kidney Structure in Juvenile Male Rats (Accepted Feb 07, 2014)
Shortliffe, L. Md., Ye, Y., Behr, B., & Wang, B. (2014). Testosterone Changes Bladder and Kidney Structure in Juvenile Male Rats (Accepted Feb 07, 2014). Journal of Urology (Available ahead of publication: unedited mss), (June).

Three differentiation states risk-stratify bladder cancer into distinct subtypes
Volkmer, J.-P., Sahoo, D., Chin, R. K., Ho, P. L., Tang, C., & Chan, K. S. (2012). Three differentiation states risk-stratify bladder cancer into distinct subtypes. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(6), 2078-2083.

Trends in Hospitalization for Pediatric Pyelonephritis: A Population Based Study of California From 1985 to 2006
Copp, H. L., Halpern, M. S., Maldonado, Y., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2011). Trends in Hospitalization for Pediatric Pyelonephritis: A Population Based Study of California From 1985 to 2006. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 186(3), 1028-1034.

Epidemiologic trends in penile anomalies and hypospadias in the state of California, 1985-2006
Elliott, C. S., Halpern, M. S., Paik, J., Maldonado, Y., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2011). Epidemiologic trends in penile anomalies and hypospadias in the state of California, 1985-2006. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC UROLOGY, 7(3), 294-298.

Clinical Decisions: Treatment of a 6-Year-Old Girl with Vesicoureteral Reflux--Repair of the Vesicoureteral Reflux
Shortliffe LD, Hoberman A, & Alon U. (2011). Clinical Decisions: Treatment of a 6-Year-Old Girl with Vesicoureteral Reflux--Repair of the Vesicoureteral Reflux. New England Journal of Medicine, 365(3).

Evaluation of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI in Detecting Renal Scarring in a Rat Injury Model
Wang, B., Sommer, G., Spielman, D., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2010). Evaluation of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI in Detecting Renal Scarring in a Rat Injury Model. JOURNAL OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, 31(5), 1132-1136.

Compliance With Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Children With Vesicoureteral Reflux: Results From a National Pharmacy Claims Database
Copp, H. L., Nelson, C. P., Shortliffe, L. D., Lai, J., Saigel, C. S., & Kennedy, W. A. (2010). Compliance With Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Children With Vesicoureteral Reflux: Results From a National Pharmacy Claims Database. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 183(5), 1994-1999.

Urinary Tract Infection in Children: When to Worry
Clark, C. J., Kennedy, W. A., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2010). Urinary Tract Infection in Children: When to Worry. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 37(2), 229-?.

Evaluation of asymptomatic, atraumatic hematuria in children and adults
Tu, W. H., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2010). Evaluation of asymptomatic, atraumatic hematuria in children and adults. NATURE REVIEWS UROLOGY, 7(4), 189-194.

Top-down Approach for Evaluation of Urinary Tract Infection
Wu, H.-Y., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2010). Top-down Approach for Evaluation of Urinary Tract Infection. UROLOGY, 75(3), 514-515.

Quantitative Ultrasound Renal Parenchymal Area Correlates With Renal Volume and Identifies Reflux Nephropathy
Wong, I. Y.-Z., Copp, H. L., Clark, C. J., Wu, H.-Y., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2009). Quantitative Ultrasound Renal Parenchymal Area Correlates With Renal Volume and Identifies Reflux Nephropathy. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 182(4), 1683-1687.

Identification, molecular characterization, clinical prognosis, and therapeutic targeting of human bladder tumor-initiating cells
Chan, K. S., Espinosa, I., Chao, M., Wong, D., Ailles, L., & Weissman, I. L. (2009). Identification, molecular characterization, clinical prognosis, and therapeutic targeting of human bladder tumor-initiating cells. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 106(33), 14016-14021.

The management of renal angiomyolipomas in a patient with tuberous sclerosis
Wong, I. Y., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2009). The management of renal angiomyolipomas in a patient with tuberous sclerosis. NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE UROLOGY, 6(3), 168-172.

Certification, Recertification and Maintenance: Continuing to Learn
Shortliffe, L. Md. (2009). Certification, Recertification and Maintenance: Continuing to Learn. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 36(1), 79-?.

A case of ectopic dysplastic kidney and ectopic ureter diagnosed by MRI
Duong, D. T., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2008). A case of ectopic dysplastic kidney and ectopic ureter diagnosed by MRI. NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE UROLOGY, 5(11), 632-636.

Management of Wilms tumor: current standard of care
Sonn, G., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2008). Management of Wilms tumor: current standard of care. NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE UROLOGY, 5(10), 551-560.

Magnetic resonance Imaging detected renal volume reduction in refluxing and nonrefluxing kidneys
Chang, S. L., Caruso, T. J., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2007). Magnetic resonance Imaging detected renal volume reduction in refluxing and nonrefluxing kidneys. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 178(6), 2550-2554.

Pediatric urinary tract infections
Chang, S. L., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2006). Pediatric urinary tract infections. PEDIATRIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 53(3), 379-?.

Management of delayed bladder augmentation perforation
Adams, W., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2006). Management of delayed bladder augmentation perforation. NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE UROLOGY, 3(6), 341-344.

Hypnosis reduces distress and duration of an invasive medical procedure for children
Butler, L. D., Symons, B. K., Henderson, S. L., Shortliffe, L. D., & Spiegel, D. (2005). Hypnosis reduces distress and duration of an invasive medical procedure for children. PEDIATRICS, 115(1), E77-E85.

Structural changes in the bladder walls of pregnant and hormone-treated rats: correlation with bladder dynamics
Rodriguez, L. V., Wang, B. Y., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2004). Structural changes in the bladder walls of pregnant and hormone-treated rats: correlation with bladder dynamics. BJU INTERNATIONAL, 94(9), 1366-1372.

Laparoscopic mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy
Hsu, T. Hs., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2004). Laparoscopic mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy. UROLOGY, 64(4), 802-804.

Urinary tract infection in children: etiology and epidemiology
Ma, J. F., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2004). Urinary tract infection in children: etiology and epidemiology. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 31(3), 517-?.

Neuroblastoma: Management, recurrence, and follow-up
Lee, K. L., Ma, J. F., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2003). Neuroblastoma: Management, recurrence, and follow-up. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 30(4), 881-?.

Evaluation of renal growth by magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography volumes
Heuer, R., Sommer, G., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2003). Evaluation of renal growth by magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography volumes. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 170(4), 1659-1663.

Effect of urinary tract infection on ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a rat model
Hansen, M. H., Wang, B. Y., Afzal, N., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2003). Effect of urinary tract infection on ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a rat model. UROLOGY, 61(4), 858-863.

Fetal renal growth as assessed through renal parenchymal area derived from prenatal and perinatal ultrasonography
Kennedy, W. A., Chitkara, U., Abidari, J. M., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2003). Fetal renal growth as assessed through renal parenchymal area derived from prenatal and perinatal ultrasonography. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 169(1), 298-302.

Serial followup of the contralateral renal size in children with multicystic dysplastic kidney
Abidari, J. M., Park, K. H., Kennedy, W. A., & Shortliffe, A. D. (2002). Serial followup of the contralateral renal size in children with multicystic dysplastic kidney. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 168(4), 1821-1825.

Urinary incontinence in girls
Abidari, J. M., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2002). Urinary incontinence in girls. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 29(3), 661-?.

Urinary tract infection at the age extremes: Pediatrics and geriatrics
Shortliffe, L. Md., & McCue, J. D. (2002). Urinary tract infection at the age extremes: Pediatrics and geriatrics. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 113, 55S-66S.

Prospective study of urinary tract infections and urinary antibodies after radical prostatectomy and cystoprostatectomy
Iwakiri, J., Freiha, F. S., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2002). Prospective study of urinary tract infections and urinary antibodies after radical prostatectomy and cystoprostatectomy. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 29(1), 251-?.

Pediatric urinary tract infections
Chon, C. H., Lai, F. C., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2001). Pediatric urinary tract infections. PEDIATRIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 48(6), 1441-?.

Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of hydronephrosis, reflux and renal scarring in children
Rodriguez, L. V., Spielman, D., Herfkens, R. J., & Shortliffe, L. D. (2001). Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of hydronephrosis, reflux and renal scarring in children. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 166(3), 1023-1027.

The effects of intravesical lidocaine on bladder dynamics of children with myelomeningocele
Lapointe, S. P., Wang, B. Y., Kennedy, W. A., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2001). The effects of intravesical lidocaine on bladder dynamics of children with myelomeningocele. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 165(6), 2380-2382.

Evaluation of sonographic renal parenchymal area in the management of hydronephrosis
Rodriguez, L. V., Lock, J., Kennedy, W. A., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (2001). Evaluation of sonographic renal parenchymal area in the management of hydronephrosis. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 165(2), 548-551.

Revealing the spatiotemporal patterns of bacterial infectious diseases using bioluminescent pathogens and whole body imaging.
Burns, S. M., Joh, D., Francis, K. P., Shortliffe, L. D., Gruber, C. A., & Contag, C. H. (2001). Revealing the spatiotemporal patterns of bacterial infectious diseases using bioluminescent pathogens and whole body imaging. Contributions to microbiology, 9, 71-88.

Evaluation and management of pediatric urinary tract infections
Lindert, K. A., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1999). Evaluation and management of pediatric urinary tract infections. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 26(4), 719-?.

Progressive renal shrinkage after simple pyelonephritis
Hansen, M. H., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1998). Progressive renal shrinkage after simple pyelonephritis. UROLOGY, 52(5), 893-896.

Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of hydronephrosis, reflux, and renal scarring in children.
Rodriguez, L. V., Spielman, D., Herfkens, R. J., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1998). Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of hydronephrosis, reflux, and renal scarring in children. PEDIATRICS, 102(3), 874-875.

Oxybutynin lowers elevated renal pelvic pressures in a rat congenital unilateral hydronephrosis
Fichtner, J., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1998). Oxybutynin lowers elevated renal pelvic pressures in a rat congenital unilateral hydronephrosis. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 160(3), 887-891.

Oxybutynin decreases renal pelvic pressures in normal and infected rat urinary tract
Cowan, B. E., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1998). Oxybutynin decreases renal pelvic pressures in normal and infected rat urinary tract. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 160(3), 882-886.

Multicenter experience with the Mitchell technique for epispadias repair
Zaontz, M. R., Steckler, R. E., Shortliffe, L. Md., Kogan, B. A., Baskin, L., & Tekgul, S. (1998). Multicenter experience with the Mitchell technique for epispadias repair. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 160(1), 172-176.

The urodynamic relationship of renal pelvic and bladder pressures, and urinary flow rate in rats with congenital vesicoureteral reflux
Angell, S. K., Pruthi, R. S., & Shortliffe, L. D. (1998). The urodynamic relationship of renal pelvic and bladder pressures, and urinary flow rate in rats with congenital vesicoureteral reflux. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 160(1), 150-156.

Laparoscopy for the evaluation and management of the nonpalpable testicle
Merguerian, P. A., Mevorach, R. A., Shortliffe, L. Ds., & Cendron, M. (1998). Laparoscopy for the evaluation and management of the nonpalpable testicle. UROLOGY, 51(5A), 3-6.

The use of renal parenchymal area in children with high grade vesicoureteral reflux
Pruthi, R. S., Angell, S. K., Dubocq, F., Merguerian, P. A., & Shortliffe, L. R. (1997). The use of renal parenchymal area in children with high grade vesicoureteral reflux. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 158(3), 1232-1235.

Normal pediatric testis: Comparison of power Doppler and color Doppler US in the detection of blood flow
Barth, R. A., & Shortliffe, L. D. (1997). Normal pediatric testis: Comparison of power Doppler and color Doppler US in the detection of blood flow. RADIOLOGY, 204(2), 389-393.

Sonographic renal parenchymal and pelvicaliceal areas: New quantitative parameters for renal sonographic followup
Cost, G. A., Merguerian, P. A., Cheerasarn, S. P., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1996). Sonographic renal parenchymal and pelvicaliceal areas: New quantitative parameters for renal sonographic followup. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 156(2), 725-729.

Testicular torsion with contralateral vanishing testis
Gong, M., GEARY, E. S., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1996). Testicular torsion with contralateral vanishing testis. UROLOGY, 48(2), 306-307.

Outcome analysis of the modified Mathieu hypospadias repair: Comparison of stented and unstented repairs
Hakim, S., Merguerian, P. A., Rabinowitz, R., Shortliffe, L. D., & McKenna, P. H. (1996). Outcome analysis of the modified Mathieu hypospadias repair: Comparison of stented and unstented repairs. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 156(2), 836-838.

Prostate specific antigen releases a kinin-like substance on proteolysis of seminal vesicle fluid that stimulates smooth muscle contraction
Fichtner, J., GRAVES, H. Cb., THATCHER, K., Yemoto, C., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1996). Prostate specific antigen releases a kinin-like substance on proteolysis of seminal vesicle fluid that stimulates smooth muscle contraction. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 155(2), 738-742.

PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN
Fichtner, J., GRAVES, H., Shortliffe, L., & Stamey, T. (1995). PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. GEORG THIEME VERLAG.

DISCUSSION
Mesrobian, H. G., Puri, P., Passerini, G., Allen, T., Khoury, A., & DJUHUUS. (1995). DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 154(2), 706-707.

THE EFFECT OF PREGNANCY ON RAT URINARY-TRACT DYNAMICS
Hsia, T. Y., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1995). THE EFFECT OF PREGNANCY ON RAT URINARY-TRACT DYNAMICS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 154(2), 684-689.

Pediatric genitourinary tumors.
JULIAN, J. C., Merguerian, P. A., & SHORTLIFFE, L. M. (1995). Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 7(3), 265-274.

THE MANAGEMENT OF URINARY-TRACT INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN WITHOUT URINARY-TRACT ABNORMALITIES
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1995). THE MANAGEMENT OF URINARY-TRACT INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN WITHOUT URINARY-TRACT ABNORMALITIES. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 22(1), 67-73.

ULTRAFAST CONTRAST-ENHANCED MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING OF CONGENITAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL
Fichtner, J., Spielman, D., Herfkens, R., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1994). ULTRAFAST CONTRAST-ENHANCED MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING OF CONGENITAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 152(2), 682-687.

CONGENITAL UNILATERAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL - CONTINUOUS RENAL, PELVIC AND BLADDER PRESSURES
Fichtner, J., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., Sibley, R. K., Vari, R. C., & Shortliffe, L. Md. (1994). CONGENITAL UNILATERAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL - CONTINUOUS RENAL, PELVIC AND BLADDER PRESSURES. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 152(2), 652-657.

BOVINE BLADDER COMPLIANCE INCREASES WITH NORMAL FETAL DEVELOPMENT - DISCUSSION
Wacksman, J., Fichtner, J., Djurhuus, J. C., Atala, A., Shortliffe, L., & Thomas, D. Fm. (1994). BOVINE BLADDER COMPLIANCE INCREASES WITH NORMAL FETAL DEVELOPMENT - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 152(2), 696-697.

Biology and treatment of pediatric genitourinary tumors.
GEARY, E. S., Gong, M. C., & SHORTLIFFE, L. M. (1994). Biology and treatment of pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 6(3), 292-300.

ENDOSCOPIC BLADDER NECK SUSPENSION FOR TREATMENT OF FEMALE STRESS-INCONTINENCE - THE STAMEY PROCEDURE
Fichtner, J., VOGES, G., Shortliffe, L., & Stamey, T. (1994). ENDOSCOPIC BLADDER NECK SUSPENSION FOR TREATMENT OF FEMALE STRESS-INCONTINENCE - THE STAMEY PROCEDURE. AKTUELLE UROLOGIE, 25(2), R1-R6.

PRIMARY NOCTURNAL ENURESIS - INTRODUCTION
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1993). PRIMARY NOCTURNAL ENURESIS - INTRODUCTION. CLINICAL PEDIATRICS, 3-4.

Pediatric genitourinary tumors.
Fichtner, J., & Dairiki Shortliffe, L. M. (1993). Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 5(3), 530-537.

RENAL DAMAGE, INFECTION AND REFLUX - DISCUSSION
Belman, A. B., Smellie, J., Bailey, R., KINCAIDSMITH, P., Braren, V., & Snyder, H. (1992). RENAL DAMAGE, INFECTION AND REFLUX - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(5), 1735-1738.

THE CHARACTERIZATION OF NONBACTERIAL PROSTATITIS - SEARCH FOR AN ETIOLOGY
Shortliffe, L. Md., Sellers, R. G., & SCHACHTER, J. (1992). THE CHARACTERIZATION OF NONBACTERIAL PROSTATITIS - SEARCH FOR AN ETIOLOGY. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(5), 1461-1466.

RESEARCH - DISCUSSION
Diamond, D., Kambic, H., Khoury, A., Kay, R., Tanagho, E., & Spencer, J. (1992). RESEARCH - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(2), 564-565.

THE EFFECT OF BACTERIURIA ON BLADDER AND RENAL PELVIC PRESSURES IN THE RAT
Issa, M. M., Shortliffe, L. Md., & Constantinou, C. E. (1992). THE EFFECT OF BACTERIURIA ON BLADDER AND RENAL PELVIC PRESSURES IN THE RAT. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(2), 559-563.

NEUROPATHIC BLADDER INCONTINENCE - DISCUSSION
Bartholomew, T., Wan, J., Steinhardt, G., Schwartz, R., Shortliffe, L., & Decter, R. (1992). NEUROPATHIC BLADDER INCONTINENCE - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(2), 654-654.

OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE - DISCUSSION
Parrott, T., Bassiouny, I., Kramer, S., Ransley, P., Belman, A. B., & Scherz, H. (1992). OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(2), 711-713.

VESICOURETERAL REFLUX URINARY-INFECTION - DISCUSSION
Braren, V., Elder, J., Starr, N., Frey, P., Zaontz, M., & Zaontz, M. (1992). VESICOURETERAL REFLUX URINARY-INFECTION - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 148(2), 737-738.

Pediatric genitourinary tumors.
Cowan, B. E., & SHORTLIFFE, L. M. (1992). Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 4(3), 455-462.

EVALUATION OF NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION FOR SCHEDULING OF FOLLOW-UP CYSTOSCOPIES TO DETECT RECURRENT BLADDER-CANCER
Kent, D. L., NEASE, R. A., Sox, H. C., Shortliffe, L. D., & Shachter, R. (1991). EVALUATION OF NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION FOR SCHEDULING OF FOLLOW-UP CYSTOSCOPIES TO DETECT RECURRENT BLADDER-CANCER. MEDICAL DECISION MAKING, 11(4), 240-248.

THE EFFECT OF URINARY FLOW AND BLADDER FULLNESS ON RENAL PELVIC PRESSURE IN A RAT MODEL
SMYTH, T. B., Shortliffe, L. Md., & Constantinou, C. E. (1991). THE EFFECT OF URINARY FLOW AND BLADDER FULLNESS ON RENAL PELVIC PRESSURE IN A RAT MODEL. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 146(2), 592-596.

Pediatric genitourinary tumors.
Issa, M. M., & SHORTLIFFE, L. M. (1991). Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 3(3), 545-552.

THE HISTOLOGY OF INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS
LYNES, W. L., Flynn, S. D., Shortliffe, L. D., & Stamey, T. A. (1990). THE HISTOLOGY OF INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY, 14(10), 969-976.

Pediatric genitourinary tumors.
SMYTH, T. B., & SHORTLIFFE, L. M. (1990). Pediatric genitourinary tumors. Current opinion in oncology, 2(3), 507-513.

TREATMENT OF URINARY-INCONTINENCE BY THE PERIURETHRAL IMPLANTATION OF GLUTARALDEHYDE CROSS-LINKED COLLAGEN
Shortliffe, L. Md., Freiha, F. S., Kessler, R., Stamey, T. A., & Constantinou, C. E. (1989). TREATMENT OF URINARY-INCONTINENCE BY THE PERIURETHRAL IMPLANTATION OF GLUTARALDEHYDE CROSS-LINKED COLLAGEN. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 141(3), 538-541.

MEASUREMENT OF URINARY ANTIBODIES TO CRUDE BACTERIAL-ANTIGEN IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC BACTERIAL PROSTATITIS
Shortliffe, L. Md., Elliott, K., & Sellers, R. G. (1989). MEASUREMENT OF URINARY ANTIBODIES TO CRUDE BACTERIAL-ANTIGEN IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC BACTERIAL PROSTATITIS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 141(3), 632-636.

EFFICIENT SCHEDULING OF CYSTOSCOPIES IN MONITORING FOR RECURRENT BLADDER-CANCER
Kent, D. L., Shachter, R., Sox, H. C., HUI, N. S., Shortliffe, L. D., & Torti, F. M. (1989). EFFICIENT SCHEDULING OF CYSTOSCOPIES IN MONITORING FOR RECURRENT BLADDER-CANCER. MEDICAL DECISION MAKING, 9(1), 26-37.

BUYING TIME FOR THE GOOD THINGS IN LIFE
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1988). BUYING TIME FOR THE GOOD THINGS IN LIFE. WESTERN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 149(6), 773-774.

ALPHA-INTERFERON IN SUPERFICIAL BLADDER-CANCER - A NORTHERN CALIFORNIA ONCOLOGY GROUP-STUDY
Torti, F. M., Shortliffe, L. D., Williams, R. D., Pitts, W. C., Kempson, R. L., & Freiha, F. (1988). ALPHA-INTERFERON IN SUPERFICIAL BLADDER-CANCER - A NORTHERN CALIFORNIA ONCOLOGY GROUP-STUDY. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 6(3), 476-483.

MAST-CELL INVOLVEMENT IN INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS
LYNES, W. L., Flynn, S. D., Shortliffe, L. D., Lemmers, M., ZIPSER, R., & Stamey, T. A. (1987). MAST-CELL INVOLVEMENT IN INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 138(4), 746-752.

ADHERENCE OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI AND PROTEUS-MIRABILIS TO HUMAN TRANSITIONAL CELLS
Szabo, R. J., Shortliffe, L. Md., & Stamey, T. A. (1987). ADHERENCE OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI AND PROTEUS-MIRABILIS TO HUMAN TRANSITIONAL CELLS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 137(4), 793-797.

SUPERFICIAL BLADDER-CANCER - THE PRIMACY OF GRADE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INVASIVE DISEASE
Torti, F. M., Lum, B. L., Aston, D., Mackenzie, N., FAYSEL, M., & Freiha, F. (1987). SUPERFICIAL BLADDER-CANCER - THE PRIMACY OF GRADE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INVASIVE DISEASE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 5(1), 125-130.

THE CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIAL AND NONBACTERIAL PROSTATITIS BY PROSTATIC IMMUNOGLOBULINS
Shortliffe, L. Md., & Wehner, N. (1986). THE CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIAL AND NONBACTERIAL PROSTATITIS BY PROSTATIC IMMUNOGLOBULINS. MEDICINE, 65(6), 399-414.

INFECTION STONES - EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT
Shortliffe, L. Md., & SPIGELMAN, S. S. (1986). INFECTION STONES - EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 13(4), 717-726.

ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA - SHOULD IT BE TREATED
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1986). ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA - SHOULD IT BE TREATED. UROLOGY, 27(2), 19-25.

PROSTATIC EVALUATION BY TRANS-RECTAL ENDOSONOGRAPHY - DETECTION OF CARCINOMA
Rifkin, M. D., Friedland, G. W., & Shortliffe, L. (1986). PROSTATIC EVALUATION BY TRANS-RECTAL ENDOSONOGRAPHY - DETECTION OF CARCINOMA. RADIOLOGY, 158(1), 85-90.

PROSTATITIS
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1985). PROSTATITIS. PRIMARY CARE, 12(4), 787-794.

A RANDOMIZED STUDY OF DOXORUBICIN VERSUS DOXORUBICIN PLUS CISPLATIN IN ENDOCRINE-UNRESPONSIVE METASTATIC PROSTATIC-CARCINOMA
Torti, F. M., Shortliffe, L. D., Carter, S. K., Hannigan, J. F., Aston, D., & Freiha, F. S. (1985). A RANDOMIZED STUDY OF DOXORUBICIN VERSUS DOXORUBICIN PLUS CISPLATIN IN ENDOCRINE-UNRESPONSIVE METASTATIC PROSTATIC-CARCINOMA. CANCER, 56(11), 2580-2586.

THE ROLE OF AN INDIUM LEUKOCYTE SCAN IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF A PYELODUODENAL FISTULA ASSOCIATED WITH SPONTANEOUS DISAPPEARANCE OF A STAGHORN CALCULUS
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1985). THE ROLE OF AN INDIUM LEUKOCYTE SCAN IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF A PYELODUODENAL FISTULA ASSOCIATED WITH SPONTANEOUS DISAPPEARANCE OF A STAGHORN CALCULUS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 133(6), 1020-1021.

CISPLATIN, METHOTREXATE, AND VINBLASTINE (CMV) - AN EFFECTIVE CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN FOR METASTATIC TRANSITIONAL CELL-CARCINOMA OF THE URINARY-TRACT - A NORTHERN-CALIFORNIA-ONCOLOGY-GROUP STUDY
Harker, W. G., Meyers, F. J., Freiha, F. S., Palmer, J. M., Shortliffe, L. D., & Torti, F. M. (1985). CISPLATIN, METHOTREXATE, AND VINBLASTINE (CMV) - AN EFFECTIVE CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN FOR METASTATIC TRANSITIONAL CELL-CARCINOMA OF THE URINARY-TRACT - A NORTHERN-CALIFORNIA-ONCOLOGY-GROUP STUDY. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 3(11), 1463-1470.

THE FATE OF THE BLADDER IN PATIENTS WITH METASTATIC BLADDER-CANCER TREATED WITH CISPLATIN, METHOTREXATE AND VINBLASTINE - A NORTHERN-CALIFORNIA-ONCOLOGY-GROUP STUDY
Meyers, F. J., Palmer, J. M., Freiha, F. S., HARKER, E. G., Shortliffe, L. D., & Torti, F. M. (1985). THE FATE OF THE BLADDER IN PATIENTS WITH METASTATIC BLADDER-CANCER TREATED WITH CISPLATIN, METHOTREXATE AND VINBLASTINE - A NORTHERN-CALIFORNIA-ONCOLOGY-GROUP STUDY. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 134(6), 1118-1121.

PERSISTENT URINARY INFECTIONS IN A YOUNG WOMAN WITH BILATERAL RENAL STONES
Shortliffe, L. Md., McNeal, J. E., Wehner, N., & Stamey, T. A. (1984). PERSISTENT URINARY INFECTIONS IN A YOUNG WOMAN WITH BILATERAL RENAL STONES. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 131(6), 1147-1151.

THE EXTENT OF SURGERY AFTER CHEMOTHERAPY FOR ADVANCED GERM-CELL TUMORS
Freiha, F. S., Shortliffe, L. D., Rouse, R. V., Mark, J. Bd., Hannigan, J. F., & Torti, F. M. (1984). THE EXTENT OF SURGERY AFTER CHEMOTHERAPY FOR ADVANCED GERM-CELL TUMORS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 132(5), 915-917.

TAMOXIFEN IN ADVANCED PROSTATIC-CARCINOMA - A DOSE ESCALATION STUDY
Torti, F. M., Lum, B. L., Lo, R., Freiha, F., & Shortliffe, L. (1984). TAMOXIFEN IN ADVANCED PROSTATIC-CARCINOMA - A DOSE ESCALATION STUDY. CANCER, 54(4), 739-743.

PROSTATITIS - STILL A DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC DILEMMA
Shortliffe, L. Md. (1983). PROSTATITIS - STILL A DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC DILEMMA. WESTERN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 139(4), 542-544.

WEEKLY DOXORUBICIN IN ENDOCRINE REFRACTORY CARCINOMA OF THE PROSTATE
Torti, F. M., Aston, D., Lum, B. L., Kohler, M., WILLIAMS, R., & Freiha, F. S. (1983). WEEKLY DOXORUBICIN IN ENDOCRINE REFRACTORY CARCINOMA OF THE PROSTATE. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY, 1(8), 477-482.

NEWER APPROACHES TO THE CORRECTION OF URINARY STRESS-INCONTINENCE IN FEMALE PATIENTS
Shortliffe, L. Md., & Stamey, T. A. (1982). NEWER APPROACHES TO THE CORRECTION OF URINARY STRESS-INCONTINENCE IN FEMALE PATIENTS. SURGICAL CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 62(6), 1035-1045.

USE OF A SOLID-PHASE RADIOIMMUNOASSAY AND FORMALIN-FIXED WHOLE BACTERIAL-ANTIGEN IN THE DETECTION OF ANTIGEN-SPECIFIC IMMUNOGLOBULIN IN PROSTATIC FLUID
Shortliffe, L. Md., Wehner, N., & Stamey, T. A. (1981). USE OF A SOLID-PHASE RADIOIMMUNOASSAY AND FORMALIN-FIXED WHOLE BACTERIAL-ANTIGEN IN THE DETECTION OF ANTIGEN-SPECIFIC IMMUNOGLOBULIN IN PROSTATIC FLUID. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 67(3), 790-799.

RESOLUTION OF BONY METASTASES AFTER BILATERAL ORCHIECTOMY FOR CARCINOMA OF PROSTATE
Shortliffe, L. D., & Freiha, F. S. (1981). RESOLUTION OF BONY METASTASES AFTER BILATERAL ORCHIECTOMY FOR CARCINOMA OF PROSTATE. UROLOGY, 17(4), 353-355.

THE DETECTION OF A LOCAL PROSTATIC IMMUNOLOGICAL RESPONSE TO BACTERIAL PROSTATITIS
Shortliffe, L. Md., Wehner, N., & Stamey, T. A. (1981). THE DETECTION OF A LOCAL PROSTATIC IMMUNOLOGICAL RESPONSE TO BACTERIAL PROSTATITIS. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 125(4), 509-515.

Prospects for research on schizophrenia. IV. Genetic and environmental factors. Schizophrenia X normal matings: predictions of the polygenic model.
Matthysse, S., & Shortliffe, L. (1972). Prospects for research on schizophrenia. IV. Genetic and environmental factors. Schizophrenia X normal matings: predictions of the polygenic model. Neurosciences Research Program bulletin, 10(4), 419-421.