What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot properly use the energy it gets from food. Normally, most of the food we eat is broken down or digested into sugar or glucose. Glucose provides the body's cells with the energy they need. Insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, helps the glucose get inside the cells where the glucose is burned for energy. In diabetes the body cannot make enough insulin or is resistant to the insulin it makes. As a result, your blood glucose can become much higher than usual. A normal fasting blood glucose range is about 65 -100. When your blood sugar is 126 or higher after fasting for eight hours, the diagnosis of diabetes is made.

Over sixteen million people in the United States have diabetes. About 90-95% of people with diabetes develop it as an adult. We call this Type 2 diabetes. Less than 10% of people with diabetes have Type 1 or insulin dependent diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic illness that will not go away. While we cannot cure diabetes, we can control diabetes. The best way to cope with diabetes is to learn as much as you can about taking care of yourself.

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Our Clinic


See a Stanford specialist to learn about your treatment options. Visit our clinic to make an appointment.

Call 650-723-6961 to make an appointment