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A developmental condition of the ball-and-socket hip joint, where the acetabulum (socket) is shallow and provides insufficient coverage of the femoral head (ball). This can lead to instability or dislocation of the hip and abnormal growth of the hip joint.
A condition of mechanical instability of the hip caused by inadequate coverage of the femoral head (ball) by a shallow or obliquely oriented acetabulum (socket). Usually, the shallowness of the socket is less severe than in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).
A condition in which there is mechanical conflict between the acetabulum (socket) and femoral head (ball), as they move together as the ball-and-socket hip joint. The socket may be too deep or turned backwards.
The labrum is a fibrocartilage ring attached to the rim of the acetabulum (socket) that provides stability to the hip joint and is important in normal function of the hip. Because of its location on the acetabular rim, it is often the first soft tissue structure to become damaged by mechanical problems.
Hip cartilage defects
Cartilage is the soft, smooth lining of the hip joint. It can become damaged either from a traumatic event such as a hip dislocation, or from wear and tear over time.
Sports injuries around the hip
Injuries to the hip joint caused by sports activities include psoas tendinitis, snapping hip, labral tears, stress fractures, dislocations, and articular cartilage injuries.
Conditions that describe the degree to which the hip or knee is rotated towards the front of the body or towards the back of the body in relation to their normal position.
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)
A condition unique to older children and young adolescents, a SCFE is a fracture through the growth plate near the femoral head, causing the femoral head to slip off of the femoral neck.
A childhood disorder with an unknown cause that affects the ball-and-socket joint of the hip. It is thought that inadequate blood supply to the femoral head may cause it to soften and break down.
Post-traumatic hip deformities
These deformities can result from a wide variety of traumatic injuries, most commonly bony fractures. Over time, these injuries may heal improperly and cause further complications requiring a range of treatments.
Complex hip deformities
Signs and symptoms of both acetabular dysplasia and femoroacetabular impingement can be found in the same hip. Deciphering which treatments are best requires familiarity with both conditions and determining which deformity is the prevailing problem. In complex cases, a combination of surgeries may be needed.
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