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Specific treatment for kyphosis will be determined by your physician based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the condition
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies
Expectation for the course of the disease
Your opinion or preference
The goal of treatment is to stop the progression of the curve and prevent deformity. According to the Scoliosis Research Society, treatment may include:
Observation and repeated examinations
Observation and repeated examinations for curves that measure less than 60 degrees on an X-ray. Progression of the curve depends upon the amount of skeletal growth, or how skeletally mature, the child is. Curve progression slows down or stops after the child reaches puberty.
Bracing may be used when the curve measures between 60 to 80 degrees on an X-ray, but skeletal growth remains. The type of brace and the amount of time spent in the brace will be determined by your physician.
In rare instances, surgery is recommended when the curve measures 80 degrees or more on X-ray and bracing is not successful in slowing down the progression of the curve.