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Atheroembolic renal disease occurs when a piece of plaque from the aorta and/or other large arteries breaks off and travels through the bloodstream, blocking small arteries such as the renal arteries. Atheroembolic renal disease is becoming a common cause of renal insufficiency (poor kidney function) in the elderly.
Atheroembolic renal disease symptoms
Skin lesions such as purpura (a type of rash in which blood cells leak into the skin or mucous membranes)
Mottling (discolored areas) of the toes and feet
Kidney failure (either sudden or occurring over a longer period of time)
Treatment for atheroembolic renal disease
Treatment of atheroembolic renal disease depends on the extent of the disease and the individual situation.
Medical treatment may include medications to reduce cholesterol, blood pressure, and other related medical conditions, such as diabetes.
Surgical treatment may include:
Endovascular procedures such as angioplasty (the opening of a renal artery using a balloon or other method) or placement of a stent (a tiny expandable metal coil placed inside an artery to keep the artery open)
Open surgical procedures to bypass the occluded renal artery. There are several variations of such procedures.