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In adults, metastatic brain tumors are the most common type of brain tumors. These are tumors that begin in another part of the body and spread to the brain through the bloodstream and lymph nodes. Lung, breast, nasopharyngeal and colon cancers frequently travel to the brain, as do certain skin cancers like melanoma.
Metastatic brain cancers are described and treated based on the specific type of the original cancer. For example, breast cancer that has spread to the brain is called metastatic breast cancer. Metastatic brain tumors may be quite aggressive and may return after surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.