Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
Symptoms of frontotemporal dementia start gradually and progress steadily, and in some cases, rapidly. They vary from person to person, depending on the areas of the brain involved. Common symptoms of frontotemporal dementia include:
Behavior and/or dramatic personality changes, such as swearing, stealing, increased interest in sex, or a deterioration in personal hygiene habits
Socially inappropriate, impulsive, or repetitive behaviors
Lack of empathy
Decreased self awareness
Loss of interest in normal daily activities
Emotional withdrawal from others
Loss of energy and motivation
Inability to use or understand language; this may include difficulty naming objects, expressing words, or understanding the meanings of words
Hesitation when speaking
Less frequent speech
Difficulty planning and organizing
Frequent mood changes
Some people with frontotemporal dementia have physical or psychiatric symptoms such as tremors, muscle spasms or weakness, rigidity, poor coordination and/or balance, difficulty swallowing, hallucinations, or delusions. These signs are not as common as behavioral and language changes.