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Specific treatment for aplastic anemia will be determined by your doctor based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the disease
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the disease
Your opinion or preference
Aplastic anemia is a serious illness and treatment usually depends on the underlying cause. For certain causes, recovery can be expected after treatment, however, relapses can occur. To treat the low blood counts, initially treatment is usually supportive, meaning that it is necessary to treat the symptoms but not possible to cure the disease. Supportive therapy may include:
Blood transfusion (both red blood cells and platelets)
Preventative antibiotic therapy
Meticulous hand washing
Special care to food preparation (such as only eating well-cooked foods)
Avoiding construction sites which may be a source of certain fungi
Medications (to stimulate the bone marrow to produce cells)
In the appropriate patient, bone marrow transplantation may cure aplastic anemia.