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Although the exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known, it may be possible to lower your risk of colorectal cancer by addressing the factors listed below.
Diet, Weight, and Exercise: It is important to manage the risk factors you can control, such as diet, body weight, and exercise. Eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods, and avoiding high-fat, low-fiber foods, plus exercising appropriately, even small amounts on a regular basis, can be helpful. Avoiding excess alcohol intake may also lower your risk. Learn more about colorectal cancer nutrition.
Drug Therapy: Some studies have shown that low doses of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, and hormone replacement therapy for post-menopausal women may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. These drugs also have their own risks, so it is important to discuss this with your doctor.
Screenings: Perhaps most important to the prevention of colorectal cancer is having screening tests at appropriate ages. Screening may find some colorectal polyps that can be removed before they have a chance to become cancerous. Because some colorectal cancers cannot be prevented, finding them early is the best way to improve the chance of successful treatment, and reduce the number of deaths caused by colorectal cancer. Learn more about colonoscopies.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.