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How carcinoma in situ spreads to become a metastatic tumor.
Doctors need to know the stage of your cancer to know what treatment to recommend. There are three different systems doctors use for staging colorectal cancer. They are Dukes, Astler-Coller, and AJCC, which stands for American Joint Committee on Cancer. The AJCC, which is the most commonly used system for staging, is also called the TNM System. It is the system we describe here. Because staging is so important for deciding what treatment to use, you should ask your doctor to explain the stage of your cancer to you in terms you can understand.
The TNM system consists of several different components. Each one is given a score. Then the scores are grouped to determine an overall stage for your cancer. With the TNM system, there are two different types of stages. The first is the clinical stage. Your oncologist will determine this from a physical exam and from imaging tests such as a CT scan. The clinical stage is used to decide what type of surgery you need. Later, the tissue that is removed during surgery will be examined, and the cancer will be given a new stage called its pathologic stage. This stage will be used to decide what other treatment you might need, if any.
The stage of your cancer is based on the size and extent of your tumor, the number of lymph nodes that are involved, and whether the cancer has spread to distant organs.
The Stanford Medicine Online Second Opinion program offers you easy access to our world-class doctors. It’s all done remotely and you don’t have to visit our hospital or one of our clinics for this service. You don’t even need to leave home!
Open trials refer to studies currently recruiting participants or that may recruit participants in the near future. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but similar studies may open in the future.
To learn more about the clinical trials we offer, contact CT CONTACT NAME and Phone NUMBER
Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.