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The first step in staging your cancer is to decide the individual values for each part of the TNM system. Here's what the letters stand for in the TNM system.
T tells how far a tumor has spread into the lining of your colon or rectum and nearby tissue.
N tells whether or not the lymph nodes in the area of the original tumor have become cancerous.\
M tells whether or not the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other distant organs in the body, such as your liver, lung, or lining of your abdomen.
Numerical values are assigned to the T, N, and M categories. There are also two other values that can be assigned. The first is X, which means the doctor does not have enough information to assess the tumor size, lymph node involvement, or metastatic spread. This value is often assigned before surgery. The other value is "in situ (is)." This means the cancer is in its earliest stages and has not spread beyond the first layer of the colon or rectum wall.
The Stanford Medicine Online Second Opinion program offers you easy access to our world-class doctors. It’s all done remotely and you don’t have to visit our hospital or one of our clinics for this service. You don’t even need to leave home!
Open trials refer to studies currently recruiting participants or that may recruit participants in the near future. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but similar studies may open in the future.
To learn more about the clinical trials we offer, contact CT CONTACT NAME and Phone NUMBER
Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.