Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
The following protective factors may decrease the risk of esophageal cancer:
Avoiding tobacco and alcohol use
Many studies have shown that the risk of esophageal cancer is lower in people who do not use tobacco and alcohol. The Stanford Cancer Center offers free smoking cessation services to help you stop smoking. Learn about other support programs and services offered to patients undergoing cancer treatment.
A diet high in green and yellow fruits and vegetables and cruciferous vegetables (such as cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower) may lower the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Some studies have shown that the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may lower the risk of esophageal cancer. NSAIDS include aspirin and other drugs that reduce swelling and pain. Use of NSAIDs, however, increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, and stroke, bleeding in the stomach and intestines, and kidney damage.
Radiofrequency ablation Radiofrequency ablation is being studied in clinical trials for certain patients with Barrett's esophagus. This procedure uses radio waves to heat and destroy abnormal cells, which may become cancer.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.