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What Are the Different Types of Esophageal Cancer?
There are two main types of esophageal cancer:
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcniomas, which accounts for about half of all esophageal cancers, grow in the cells that form the top layer of the lining of the esophagus, known as squamous cells. This type of cancer can grow anywhere along the esophagus. This cancer is most often found in the upper and middle part of the esophagus, but can occur anywhere along the esophagus. This is also called epidermoid carcinoma. Learn more about squamous cell carcinoma.
Adenocarcinoma develops in the glandular (secretory) tissue cells in the lower part of the esophagus, near the opening of the stomach. Glandular cells in the lining of the esophagus produce and release fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinomas usually form in the lower part of the esophagus, near the stomach.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.