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The same diagnostic tools are used for both primary and metastatic liver cancer. Our doctors start by taking a complete medical history and completing a thorough physical examination.
Our doctors then choose which tests will give you an accurate diagnosis, including:
Abdominal Ultrasound: Also called sonography, this diagnostic imaging technique uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs within the abdomen, such as the liver, spleen, and kidneys, and to assess blood flow through various vessels. Learn more about ultrasound.
Computed Tomography Scan (CT or CAT scan): CT imaging uses a combination of special X-ray equipment and sophisticated computer technology to produce cross-sectional body images (often called slices), both horizontally and vertically. These cross-sectional images are then examined on a computer monitor or printed. Learn more about computed tomography scan.
Liver Function Tests: A series of special blood tests determines if the liver is functioning properly. Learn more about liver disease testing.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI scanners create a strong magnetic field around the person and then send pulses of radio waves. The waves knock nuclei in the body’s atoms out of position. When they return, they send signals that are recorded by the machine, analyzed by a computer and converted into an image. Learn more about magnetic resonance imaging.
FibroScan®: This advanced technology estimates the need for a liver biopsy and is only available in prestigious programs such as Stanford.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.