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Some risk factors for thyroid cancer are within your control, while others are not. Having one or more of these factors does not necessarily mean that you will develop thyroid cancer. Some people without major risk factors can also develop the disease.
Thyroid cancer risk factors that you cannot change include:
Gender: Women are much more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men.
Age: Thyroid cancer risk increases with age, especially in women in their 40s and 50s, and men in their 60s and 70s.
Hereditary conditions: Medullary thyroid cancers result from inheriting an abnormal gene.
Family history of thyroid cancer: Having a close relative who had thyroid cancer increases your risk.
Risk factors that are within your control include:
A diet low in iodine: Most people in the United States get enough iodine, because it is added to table salt.
Radiation exposure: People who have been treated with radiation therapy to the neck have a higher risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.