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Diagnosing acoustic neuromas is challenging because they can be slow to cause symptoms. This type of tumor develops in the inner, causing problems with balance and hearing. Common symptoms include:
Balance problems and vertigo, an abnormal feeling of movement
Difficulty understanding speech
Numbness or pain in the affected ear or the face
Ringing (tinnitus) in the affected ear
If an acoustic neuroma becomes grows very large, it can press on facial nerves, leading to weakness or paralysis in the face.
Patients may delay seeing a doctor because they mistake symptoms as being related to another condition. If left untreated, an acoustic neuroma can become life threatening as it presses on nearby brain structures such as the brain stem. That’s why it’s important to see an experienced neurologist for proper diagnosis and treatment at a center dedicated to brain tumors.
Causes of Acoustic Neuromas
The causes of acoustic neuromas are as yet unclear, although people who have the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2) may be at a higher risk. NF-2 is a rare, inherited nervous system disorder that causes tumors of the brain and spinal cord.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.