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Medicare and most private insurers cover DBS surgery. Insurance authorization is obtained before the patient is admitted to the hospital.
Insurers usually pay for DBS for dystonia, but they may deny payment in some cases because DBS is not a standard dystonia treatment. Deep Brain Stimulation for certain types of dystonia has been designated a Humanitarian Use Device (HUD) by the FDA. An HUD is a device that is intended to benefit patients in the treatment or diagnosis of diseases or conditions that affect fewer than 4,000 individuals per year in the U.S.