As plans took shape for the new Stanford Hospital, attention turned to the soaring atrium, where thousands of patients, family members and staff would pass through each day. The space needed a focal point -- something that would make the atrium a peaceful yet energizing space, where family members could gather or simply spend a contemplative moment.
Initially, there were thoughts of a fountain, but that idea got nixed because of infection control concerns. The volunteers in charge of selecting the art for the hospital turned to New York sculptor and MacArthur Fellow James Carpenter, who has been captivated by the properties of light and glass for 50 years. They asked him to find a way to convey a sense of water without liquid.
Carpenter designed the Sky Reflector-Net at New York's Fulton Center transit hub, the Ice Falls water feature in the Hearst Center, also in New York, and the St. Louis Gateway Arch museum expansion.
But the new Stanford Hospital is the first health care facility Carpenter has worked on. His team started planning for the project in 2013 and recently completed the installation of Liquid Light.
"We wanted to produce something that had a sense of beauty and a recall of nature and would be rather calming," Carpenter said in an interview. "It's something that can really occupy your thoughts."
Liquid Light is made up of rippled glass prisms designed to resemble a wave pattern moving across the ocean's surface, Carpenter said. To create the prisms, the designer used nearly 100 textured glass planks, roughly three inches thick, made by Oakland glass artist John Lewis, and affixed the glass to small posts on a 30-foot-wide circular metal base. Positioning the glass as if it's floating allows the sun pouring in through the atrium's skylight to reflect off both the glass and the metal, creating different patterns of light and shadows, said Connie Wolf, consulting director of the art program for the new hospital.
"It almost feels like when you throw a penny into a pond; it shimmers and moves and shifts and changes over time," Wolf said. "It's quite stunning and at the same time very calming."
As daylight begins to diminish, a series of lights rimming the skylight come on gradually in varying levels of brightness, moving around on the surface so the sculpture is never still, Carpenter explained.