Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the critical care patient. Cardiology clinics Heidenreich, P. A. 2000; 18 (4): 789-?


Critically ill patients often pose special diagnostic problems to the clinician, intensified by limited physical examination findings and difficulty in transportation to imaging suites. Mechanical ventilation and the limited ability to position the patient make transthoracic echocardiography difficult. Transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) imaging, however, is well suited to the critical care patient and is frequently used to evaluate hemodynamic status, the presence of vegetations, a cardioembolic source, and an intracardiac cause of hypoxemia. Using proper precautions, TEE can be performed safely in unstable patients and frequently leads to important changes in management.

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