Differential Expression of Sclerostin in Adult and Juvenile Mouse Calvariae PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY Kwan, M. D., Quarto, N., Gupta, D. M., Slater, B. J., Wan, D. C., Longaker, M. T. 2011; 127 (2): 595-602


An understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling bone formation is central to skeletal tissue engineering efforts. The observation that immature animals are able to heal calvarial defects while adult animals are not has proven to be a useful tool for examining these mechanisms. Thus, the authors compared expression of sclerostin, a bone inhibitor, between the calvariae of juvenile and adult mice.Parietal bone was harvested from juvenile (6-day-old; n = 20) and adult (60-day-old; n = 20) mice. Sclerostin transcript and protein levels were compared between the parietal bone of juvenile and adult mice using polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Finally, osteoblasts from the parietal bone of juvenile and adult mice were harvested and cultured under osteogenic differentiation conditions with and without recombinant sclerostin (200 ng/ml). Terminal osteogenic differentiation was assessed at 21 days with alizarin red staining.Polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry all confirmed greater expression of sclerostin in the parietal bone of adult mice when compared with that of juvenile mice. Osteoblasts, whether from juvenile or adult parietal bones, demonstrated reduced capacity for osteogenic differentiation when exposed to recombinant sclerostin.Given the role of sclerostin in inhibiting bone formation, the authors' findings suggest that differences in expression levels of sclerostin may play a role in the differential regenerative capacity of calvariae from juvenile and adult animals. These findings suggest it as a potential target to abrogate in future tissue engineering studies.

View details for DOI 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181fed60d

View details for Web of Science ID 000286928100014

View details for PubMedID 21285764

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3072034