Upstream Use of Small-Molecule Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibitors in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes A Systematic Overview of Randomized Clinical Trials CIRCULATION-CARDIOVASCULAR QUALITY AND OUTCOMES Tricoci, P., Newby, L. K., Hasselblad, V., Kong, D. F., Giugliano, R. P., White, H. D., Theroux, P., Stone, G. W., Moliterno, D. J., Van de Werf, F., Armstrong, P. W., Prabhakaran, D., Rasoul, S., Bolognese, L., durand, e., Braunwald, E., Califf, R. M., Harrington, R. A. 2011; 4 (4): 448-458


The use of upstream small-molecule glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) has been studied in multiple randomized clinical trials. We systematically reviewed the effect of upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use in NSTE ACS as reported in published clinical trials.Randomized clinical trials of upstream small-molecule GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in NSTE ACS were identified through a PubMed and EMBASE search and were included if they contained 30-day outcome data. Odds ratios were generated from the published data and pooled by means of random effects modeling. The primary outcome measures were 30-day death and 30-day death or myocardial infarction. Primary safety measures were major bleeding and transfusion during the index hospitalization. Twelve clinical trials were included, evaluating tirofiban, eptifibatide, and lamifiban. Of these, 7 evaluated upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors versus placebo (n=24 031) and 5 evaluated a strategy of upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors versus upstream placebo with later provisional use at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (n=19 643). Overall, upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use was associated with an 11% reduction in 30-day death/myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR], 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83 to 0.95) but no significant mortality effect (OR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.05). The risk of major bleeding was 23% higher in patients treated with upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.48). Results were similar when only trials comparing upstream GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors versus placebo were considered: 30-day death/myocardial infarction (OR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.81 to 0.95); 30-day death (OR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.76 to 1.03); and major bleeding (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.54). Upstream versus selective use at percutaneous coronary intervention trended toward lower 30-day death/myocardial infarction (OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.01) but had no effect on mortality (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.81 to 1.23) and increased major bleeding risk by 34% (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.63).In NSTE ACS, treatment with upstream small-molecule GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors provides a significant but modest ischemic benefit when compared with initial placebo. Compared with delayed, selective use at percutaneous coronary intervention, early upstream use is associated with a trend toward fewer ischemic events. However, these modest benefits are associated with an increased risk of bleeding.

View details for DOI 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.110.960294

View details for Web of Science ID 000292872500012

View details for PubMedID 21712522