Relationship between Patient Safety and Hospital Surgical Volume HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Hernandez-Boussard, T., Downey, J. R., McDonald, K., Morton, J. M. 2012; 47 (2): 756-769

Abstract

To examine the relationship between hospital volume and in-hospital adverse events.Patient safety indicator (PSI) was used to identify hospital-acquired adverse events in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database in abdominal aortic aneurysm, coronary artery bypass graft, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass from 2005 to 2008.In this observational study, volume thresholds were defined by mean year-specific terciles. PSI risk-adjusted rates were analyzed by volume tercile for each procedure.Overall, hospital volume was inversely related to preventable adverse events. High-volume hospitals had significantly lower risk-adjusted PSI rates compared to lower volume hospitals (p < .05).These data support the relationship between hospital volume and quality health care delivery in select surgical cases. This study highlights differences between hospital volume and risk-adjusted PSI rates for three common surgical procedures and highlights areas of focus for future studies to identify pathways to reduce hospital-acquired events.

View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01310.x

View details for Web of Science ID 000301229300012

View details for PubMedID 22091561