Bronchial anastomotic stricture caused by ossification of an intercostal muscle flap ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY Deeb, M. E., Sterman, D. H., Shrager, J. B., Kaiser, L. R. 2001; 71 (5): 1700-1702


We report a case of heterotopic ossification of a pedicled intercostal muscle flap that had been wrapped circumferentially around a bronchial sleeve anastomosis. This ossification caused severe bronchial stenosis and recurrent pneumonias. Stent insertion failed, and the patient ultimately required completion pneumonectomy. We recommended that caution be used when wrapping intercostal muscle around any important lumen.

View details for Web of Science ID 000168734300065

View details for PubMedID 11383836